Hurricane Sandy

Superstorm SandySandySuper Storm SandyFrankenstormHurricane Sandy (2012)HurricaneHurricane Sandy disaster reliefHurricanes SandyLessons from the StormOctober 29 – November 2
Hurricane Sandy (unofficially referred to as Superstorm Sandy) was the deadliest and most destructive, as well as the strongest, hurricane of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season.wikipedia
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2012 Atlantic hurricane season

2012annual hurricane seasonHurricane Gordon
Hurricane Sandy (unofficially referred to as Superstorm Sandy) was the deadliest and most destructive, as well as the strongest, hurricane of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season.
The final storm to form, Tony, dissipated on October 25 – however, Hurricane Sandy, which formed before Tony, became extratropical on October 29.

New Jersey

NJState of New JerseyJersey
In the United States, Hurricane Sandy affected 24 states, including the entire eastern seaboard from Florida to Maine and west across the Appalachian Mountains to Michigan and Wisconsin, with particularly severe damage in New Jersey and New York.
Hurricanes and tropical storms (such as Tropical Storm Floyd in 1999 ), tornadoes, and earthquakes are rare, although New Jersey was severely impacted by Hurricane Sandy on October 29, 2012 with the storm making landfall in the state with top winds of 90 mph.

New York (state)

New YorkNew York StateNY
In the United States, Hurricane Sandy affected 24 states, including the entire eastern seaboard from Florida to Maine and west across the Appalachian Mountains to Michigan and Wisconsin, with particularly severe damage in New Jersey and New York.
On October 29 and 30, 2012, Hurricane Sandy caused extensive destruction of the state's shorelines, ravaging portions of New York City and Long Island with record-high storm surge, with severe flooding and high winds causing power outages for hundreds of thousands of New Yorkers, and leading to gasoline shortages and disruption of mass transit systems.

New York City

New YorkNew York, New YorkNew York City, New York
Its storm surge hit New York City on October 29, flooding streets, tunnels and subway lines and cutting power in and around the city.
Hurricane Sandy brought a destructive storm surge to New York City on the evening of October 29, 2012, flooding numerous streets, tunnels, and subway lines in Lower Manhattan and other areas of the city and cutting off electricity in many parts of the city and its suburbs.

Storm surge

storm tidetidal surgestorm surges
Its storm surge hit New York City on October 29, flooding streets, tunnels and subway lines and cutting power in and around the city.
A storm surge of 14 ft (4.2 m) occurred in New York City during Hurricane Sandy in October 2012.

Post-tropical cyclone

remnant lowpost-tropicalpost-tropical depression
Early on October 29, Sandy curved west-northwest (the "left turn" or "left hook") and then moved ashore near Brigantine, New Jersey, just to the northeast of Atlantic City, as a post-tropical cyclone with hurricane-force winds.

Chris Christie

Christopher J. ChristieGovernor Chris ChristieGovernor Christie
Governor of New Jersey Chris Christie ordered all residents of barrier islands from Sandy Hook to Cape May to evacuate and closed Atlantic City casinos.
In his first term, he was credited with cutting spending, capping property tax growth, and engaging in recovery efforts after Hurricane Sandy.

Long Beach Township, New Jersey

Long Beach TownshipNorth BeachHolgate
There was also a voluntary evacuation for Mantoloking, Bay Head, Barnegat Light, Beach Haven, Harvey Cedars, Long Beach, Ship Bottom, and Stafford in Ocean County.
In October 2012, Long Beach Township was severely affected by Hurricane Sandy, with township mayor Joe Mancini estimating that potential costs to repair the damage estimated as high as $1 billion across Long Beach Island.

Bay Head, New Jersey

Bay HeadBay Head BoroughBay Head Jct.
There was also a voluntary evacuation for Mantoloking, Bay Head, Barnegat Light, Beach Haven, Harvey Cedars, Long Beach, Ship Bottom, and Stafford in Ocean County.
The 1,260 m stone rubble seawall built in 1882, which had been buried by dunes and largely forgotten, played a role in reducing damage to the town by Hurricane Sandy.

Fire Island

Fire Island, New YorkFireFire Island, NY
In Suffolk County, mandatory evacuations were ordered for residents of Fire Island and six towns.
In 2012, Hurricane Sandy breached Fire Island in three places.

Mantoloking, New Jersey

MantolokingMantoloking Borough
There was also a voluntary evacuation for Mantoloking, Bay Head, Barnegat Light, Beach Haven, Harvey Cedars, Long Beach, Ship Bottom, and Stafford in Ocean County.
During Hurricane Sandy in 2012, storm surge damaged about 90% of the properties in Mantoloking with the largest damage occurring when a breach was formed between the Barnegat Bay and the Atlantic Ocean in the vicinity of Herbert Street (CR 528).

Atlantic City, New Jersey

Atlantic CityAtlantic City, NJAtlantic City Boardwalk
Early on October 29, Sandy curved west-northwest (the "left turn" or "left hook") and then moved ashore near Brigantine, New Jersey, just to the northeast of Atlantic City, as a post-tropical cyclone with hurricane-force winds. Governor of New Jersey Chris Christie ordered all residents of barrier islands from Sandy Hook to Cape May to evacuate and closed Atlantic City casinos.
"Superstorm Sandy" struck Atlantic City on October 29, 2012, causing flooding and power-outages but left minimal damage to any of the tourist areas including the Boardwalk and casino resorts, despite widespread belief that the city's boardwalk had been destroyed.

PATH (rail system)

PATHHudson and Manhattan RailroadPort Authority Trans-Hudson
PATH train service and stations as well as the Port Authority Bus Terminal were shut down in the early morning hours of October 29.
In the 2000s and 2010s the system suffered considerably from disasters that affected the region, most notably the September 11 attacks and Hurricane Sandy.

East Coast of the United States

East CoastEastern SeaboardUnited States East Coast
On October 23, 2012, the path of Hurricane Sandy was correctly predicted by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) headquartered in Reading, England nearly eight days in advance of its striking the American East Coast.
Hurricanes Hazel, Hugo, Bob, Isabel, Irene, Sandy, and most recently Florence are some of the more significant storms to have affected the region.

Beach Haven, New Jersey

Beach HavenBeach Haven BoroughBeach Haven, NJ
There was also a voluntary evacuation for Mantoloking, Bay Head, Barnegat Light, Beach Haven, Harvey Cedars, Long Beach, Ship Bottom, and Stafford in Ocean County.
Pavilions could be found at Fifth and Pearl Streets, both of which were washed away by Hurricane Sandy in October 2012 and subsequently rebuilt in June 2013.

Cape May County, New Jersey

Cape May CountyCape MayOcean City, NJ Metropolitan Statistical Area
Preparations began on October 26, when officials in Cape May County advised residents on barrier islands to evacuate.
Former Hurricane Sandy struck the state on October 31, causing at least $150 million in damage in the county from its high winds and high tides.

Hurricane Harvey

HarveyHarvey 2017Hurricane Harvey (2017)
Inflicting nearly $70 billion (2012 USD) in damage, it was the second-costliest hurricane on record in the United States until surpassed by Hurricanes Harvey and Maria in 2017.
A similar, larger baby boom also occurred after Hurricane Sandy in 2012.

Chesapeake Bay Bridge

Bay BridgeWilliam Preston Lane Jr. Memorial BridgeGovernor William Preston Lane, Jr. Memorial Bridge
On October 29, the Chesapeake Bay Bridge over the Chesapeake Bay and the Millard E. Tydings Memorial Bridge and Thomas J. Hatem Memorial Bridge over the Susquehanna River were closed to traffic in the midday hours.
On October 29, 2012, the bridge was closed due to the effects of Hurricane Sandy.

Dawn Zimmer

On October 28, Mayor of Hoboken Dawn Zimmer ordered residents of basement and street-level residential units to evacuate, due to possible flooding.
In 2012 Zimmer was widely acclaimed for leadership during the aftermath Hurricane Sandy.

European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts

ECMWFEuropean Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF)European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting
On October 23, 2012, the path of Hurricane Sandy was correctly predicted by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) headquartered in Reading, England nearly eight days in advance of its striking the American East Coast.
In October 2012 the ECMWF model suggested seven days in advance that Hurricane Sandy was likely to make landfall on the East Coast of the United States.

Extratropical cyclone

extratropicalextratropical transitionextratropical storm
Sandy continued drifting inland for another few days while gradually weakening, until it was absorbed by another approaching extratropical storm on November 2.
In 2012, Hurricane Sandy transitioned to a post-tropical cyclone on the night of October 29; a few minutes later it made landfall on the New Jersey coast as an extratropical storm with winds similar to a Category 1 hurricane and a wind field of over 1150 mi.

National Weather Service

United States Weather BureauWeather BureauU.S. Weather Bureau
By October 27, four days after the ECMWF made its prediction, the National Weather Service and National Hurricane Center confirmed the path of the hurricane predicted by the European model.
This was most notable in the GFS model incorrectly predicting Hurricane Sandy turning out to sea until four days before landfall; while the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts' model predicted landfall correctly at seven days.

Michael Bloomberg

Michael R. BloombergMike BloombergBloomberg
On October 29, Mayor Michael Bloomberg ordered public schools closed and called for a mandatory evacuation of Zone A, which comprised areas near coastlines or waterways.
Bloomberg unveiled the Special Initiative for Rebuilding and Resiliency (SIRR) in June 2013, after the city was affected by Hurricane Sandy in October 2012.

Bounty (1960 ship)

BountyBounty IIHMS ''Bounty
On October 29, the Coast Guard responded to a distress call from Bounty, which was built for the 1962 movie Mutiny on the Bounty.
Built in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia in 1960, she sank off the coast of North Carolina during Hurricane Sandy on 29 October 2012.

Hurricane Sandy: Coming Together

Hurricane Sandy: Coming Together, a live telethon on November 2 that featured rock and pop stars such as Bruce Springsteen, Billy Joel, Jon Bon Jovi, Mary J. Blige, Sting and Christina Aguilera, raised around $23 million for American Red Cross hurricane relief efforts.
The special raised money for the relief efforts from the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy, which had struck the U.S. Northeast four days earlier.