A report on New York City and Hurricane Sandy

Radar image of Hurricane Sandy approaching the Jersey Shore
New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York"
The National Hurricane Center (NHC)'s forecast for the storm as of October 28, 2012
Fort George and the City of New York c. 1731. Royal Navy ships of the line are seen guarding what would become New York Harbor.
White House conference with FEMA and Department of Homeland Security in preparation for arrival of the hurricane.
Columbia University was founded by royal charter in 1754 under the name of King's College.
A tilted satellite image of the storm on October 28, with most of the U.S. coastline artificially highlighted. The entire east coast is visible, with a cloudless Florida coast seen at the bottom of the image and the outline of the coast of Maine at the top right.
The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution, took place in Brooklyn in 1776.
Airmen of the New Jersey National Guard's 108th Wing assemble before being sent to assist at various emergency shelters.
Broadway follows the Native American Wickquasgeck Trail through Manhattan.
A downed tree in Cheltenham Township, Pennsylvania.
The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814. Bronx was in Westchester County, Queens County included modern Nassau County, Kings County had 6 towns, one of which was Brooklyn, New York City is shown by hatching in southern New York County on the island of Manhattan, and Richmond County on Staten Island.
Special MTA service alerts, posted in subway stations on October 26, urged travelers to be alert for future evacuation orders or service suspension announcements.
A construction worker atop the Empire State Building as it was being built in 1930. The Chrysler Building is behind him.
The Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel remained flooded on the Tuesday morning after the storm.
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
Flooding in Marblehead, Massachusetts, caused by Hurricane Sandy on October 29.
The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, a designated U.S. National Historic Landmark and National Monument, as the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots and the cradle of the modern gay rights movement
Connecticut governor Dannel Malloy discusses the hurricane on the phone with President Obama on October 28 from the State Emergency Operations Center
United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South Tower of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
Snowfall totals in the Appalachian mountain range (amount in inches)
The core of the New York City metropolitan area, with Manhattan Island at its center
Hurricane Sandy damage in Guantanamo Bay
Damage to Casino Pier in Seaside Heights, New Jersey
Lower and Midtown Manhattan, as seen by a SkySat satellite in 2017
Storm total rainfall for Sandy (2012) across the United States
Central Park in Winter by Raymond Speers, in Munsey's Magazine, February 1900
The 180-foot (55 m) sailing ship, Bounty, is shown nearly submerged during Hurricane Sandy in the Atlantic Ocean approximately 90 mi southeast of Hatteras, North Carolina on Monday, October 29, 2012.
Flushing Meadows–Corona Park was used in both the 1939 and 1964 New York World's Fair, with the Unisphere as the centerpiece of the latter and which remains today.
Damaged road at Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge on Assateague Island
The Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom, democracy, and opportunity.
Flooding in Crisfield, Maryland
View of The Pond and Midtown Manhattan from the Gapstow Bridge in Central Park, one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, in 2019
Before and after image of flooding caused by Hurricane Sandy at Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge
California sea lions play at the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
Damage to Mantoloking, New Jersey
A map of racial distribution in New York, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
Downed tree in Kutztown, Pennsylvania
The landmark Neo-Gothic Roman Catholic St. Patrick's Cathedral, Midtown Manhattan
Manhattan suffered a widespread power outage during the storm.
Ultra-Orthodox Jewish residents in Brooklyn. Brooklyn has the largest Jewish community in the United States, with approximately 600,000 individuals.
Suomi NPP satellite imagery showing the power outages in New York and New Jersey on November 1 compared to October 21.
The Islamic Cultural Center of New York in Upper Manhattan was the first mosque built in New York City.
Damage from Hurricane Sandy to a house in Brooklyn, New York.
Ganesh Temple in Flushing, Queens, is the oldest Hindu temple in the Western Hemisphere.
Snow from Hurricane Sandy in West Virginia
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018. Pictured is the exchange's building on Wall Street.
October 30, 2012, President Barack Obama visits the American Red Cross Digital Command Center following Hurricane Sandy
The Deutsche Bank Center as viewed from Central Park West
In Long Beach, New York, five years after the storm, homes were still being raised—lifted on temporary pilings so that permanent foundations could be put in.
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a media center. It also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million.
President Barack Obama and New Jersey Governor Chris Christie talking to storm victims in Brigantine
The I Love New York logo, designed by Milton Glaser in 1977
A 2014 sign warned NYC commuters that the G train would shut down for repair due to 2012 Hurricane Sandy flooding. Several subway lines flooded by Hurricane Sandy would eventually require saltwater corrosion repair.
Rockefeller Center is home to NBC Studios.
Times Square Studios, home of Good Morning America
Butler Library at Columbia University, described as one of the most beautiful college libraries in the United States
The Washington Square Arch, an unofficial icon of both New York University (NYU) and its Greenwich Village neighborhood
New York-Presbyterian Hospital, affiliated with Columbia University and Cornell University, the largest hospital and largest private employer in New York City and one of the world's busiest
The New York Police Department (NYPD) is the largest police force in the United States.
Police officers of New York Police Department (NYPD)
The Fire Department of New York (FDNY) is the largest municipal fire department in the United States.
The Stephen A. Schwarzman Headquarters Building of the New York Public Library, at 5th Avenue and 42nd Street
The fast-paced streets of New York City, January 2020
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, part of Museum Mile, is one of the largest museums in the world.
Smorgasburg opened in 2011 as an open-air food market and is part of the Brooklyn Flea.
As of 2012, the city had about 6,000 hybrid taxis (shown) in service, the largest number of any city in North America.
New York City Hall is the oldest City Hall in the United States that still houses its original governmental functions.
The New York County Courthouse houses the New York Supreme Court and other offices.
Eric Adams, the current and 110th Mayor of New York City
New York City is home to the two busiest train stations in the U.S., including Grand Central Terminal.
The New York City Subway is the world's largest rapid transit system by number of stations.
The Port Authority Bus Terminal, the world's busiest bus station, at 8th Avenue and 42nd Street
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Staten Island Ferry shuttles commuters between Manhattan and Staten Island.
Yellow medallion taxicabs are widely recognized icons of the city.
8th Avenue, looking northward ("uptown"). Most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration.
The George Washington Bridge, connecting Upper Manhattan (background) from Fort Lee, New Jersey across the Hudson River, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge.
The growing skyline of Long Island City, Queens (background),<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/nyc-s-fastest-growing-neighborhood-gets-180-million-investment|title=NYC's Fastest-Growing Neighborhood Gets $180 Million Investment|first=Henry|last=Goldman|date=October 30, 2018|publisher=Bloomberg L.P|access-date=October 30, 2018}}</ref> facing the East River and Manhattan in May 2017
The Grand Concourse in the Bronx, foreground, with Manhattan in the background in February 2018
St. George, Staten Island as seen from the Staten Island Ferry, the world's busiest passenger-only ferry system, shuttling passengers between Manhattan and Staten Island
The Asia gate entrance to the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
The Spanish Harlem Orchestra. New York City is home to nearly 3 million Latino Americans, the largest Hispanic population of any city outside Latin America and Spain.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan including Wall Street, the world's principal financial center

Its storm surge hit New York City on October 29, flooding streets, tunnels and subway lines and cutting power in and around the city.

- Hurricane Sandy

Hurricane Sandy brought a destructive storm surge to New York City on the evening of October 29, 2012, flooding numerous streets, tunnels, and subway lines in Lower Manhattan and other areas of the city and cutting off electricity in many parts of the city and its suburbs.

- New York City

17 related topics with Alpha

Overall

New York metropolitan area

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Largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass, at 4669.0 mi2, and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.

Largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass, at 4669.0 mi2, and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.

Map of the counties in the four divisions of the New York Metropolitan Area
Nocturnal view of the New York City metropolitan area, the world's most brightly illuminated conurbation and largest urban landmass. Long Island extends 120 miles eastward from Manhattan, the central core of the conurbation.
Part of the Palisades Interstate Park, the cliffs of the New Jersey Palisades of Bergen County overlook the Hudson River as well as The Bronx and Upper Manhattan in New York.
Enveloped by the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound, New York City and Long Island alone are home to approximately 11 million residents conjointly.
The Bear Mountain Bridge connecting Westchester and Orange Counties, New York, across the Hudson River, as seen from Bear Mountain
High Point Monument as seen from Lake Marcia at High Point, Sussex County, the highest elevation in New Jersey at 1803 ft above sea level.
The Village of Garden City in Nassau County, Long Island's Town of Hempstead, which with over 770,000 people is the New York metropolitan area's most populous individual municipality outside New York City.
Westhampton, Suffolk County, New York, on the East End of Long Island, December 2008
The Great Falls of the Passaic River in Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey, dedicated as a National Historical Park in November 2011, incorporates one of the largest waterfalls in the eastern United States.
Downtown Trenton in Mercer County, including the New Jersey State House topped by its golden dome, alongside the Delaware River
Downtown New Brunswick, Middlesex County, New Jersey, an educational and cultural district undergoing gentrification
The Mohonk Mountain House, Ulster County, New York, in the Hudson Valley, was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1986.
Sugarloaf Hill in Putnam County, New York, in the Hudson Valley
A deer in a suburban street (Highland Park, Middlesex County, NJ)
Mohawk Mountain Ski Area, Cornwall, Litchfield County, Connecticut, in the Berkshire Mountains
Dingmans Falls in the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area, Pike County, northeastern Pennsylvania
Downtown Stamford in Fairfield County, Connecticut
The New Haven Green Historic District in Connecticut was designated a National Historic Landmark District in 1970.
Aerial view of Newark, Essex County, New Jersey's most populous city
Public Library in Yonkers, Westchester County, New York
Barnum Museum in Bridgeport, Fairfield County, Connecticut's most populous city
Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey, known as the "Silk City", seen here from Garret Mountain Reservation, is a prime destination for a diverse pool of international immigrants.
Peter Minuit is credited with the purchase of the island of Manhattan in 1626.
New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it New York
Little Italy, Lower East Side, Manhattan, circa 1900.
The United Nations Headquarters, established in Midtown Manhattan in 1952
Liberty Enlightening the World, known as the Statue of Liberty, on Liberty Island in New York Harbor, is a globally recognized symbol of both the United States and ideals such as freedom, democracy, and opportunity.
The Unisphere in Flushing Meadows – Corona Park, iconic of Queens, the most ethnically diverse U.S. county and a borough of New York.
The main concourse of Grand Central Terminal, which opened in 1913.
A flooded Avenue C in Manhattan just moments before the explosion at an electrical substation caused by Hurricane Sandy on October 29, 2012.
Spanish Harlem (El Barrio) in Upper Manhattan
Chinatown, Manhattan (紐約華埠). The New York metropolitan area is home to the largest population of overseas Chinese outside of Asia, over three-quarters of a million in 2013.
Bergen County (버겐 카운티), New Jersey, is home to [[List of U.S. cities with significant Korean-American populations#Top ten municipalities as ranked by Korean-American percentage of overall population in 2010|all of the nation's top ten municipalities by percentage of Korean population]], led by Palisades Park (벼랑 공원) (above), a borough where Koreans comprise the majority (52%) of the population.
India Square, Jersey City, New Jersey, known as Little Bombay, home to the highest concentration of Asian Indians in the Western Hemisphere.
The Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree, considered the “worldwide symbol of Christmas”, is an annual staple of the New York metropolitan area during the Holiday season
The New York metropolitan area is home to the largest gay and bisexual community in the United States and one of the world's largest.
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory on the North Shore of Long Island is an internationally renowned biomedical research facility and home to eight scientists awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
The NY Stock Exchange on Wall St. is the world's largest by total market capitalization of listed companies.
Manhattan's Flatiron District was the cradle of Silicon Alley, now metonymous for the New York metropolitan region's high tech sector, which has since expanded beyond the area.
Butler Library at Columbia University, described as one of the most beautiful college libraries in the United States.
Low Library, the Neoclassical centerpiece of the Columbia University campus
The bronze clock on Harkness Tower at Yale University, a structure reflecting the Collegiate Gothic architectural genre
Watercolor of Cleveland Tower, Princeton University, seen in the noon autumn sun
The George Washington Bridge, connecting Washington Heights in Upper Manhattan across the Hudson River to Fort Lee in Bergen County, New Jersey, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge. Interstate 95 and U.S. Route 1/9 cross the river via the bridge, while U.S. Route 46, which lies entirely within New Jersey, ends halfway across the bridge at the state border with New York.
The Walkway over the Hudson, the world's longest pedestrian bridge, connects Ulster and Dutchess counties in New York.
The Long Island Expressway (I-495), viewing eastbound in Corona, Queens
Heavy traffic on the Garden State Parkway in Wall Township, Monmouth County, New Jersey
The AirTrain at JFK International Airport in Jamaica, Queens
Skyline of Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson Township, Ocean County, New Jersey, the world's largest theme park in 2013. To the far left is Kingda Ka, the world's tallest roller coaster.

The metropolitan area includes New York City (the most populous city in the United States), Long Island, the Mid and Lower Hudson Valley in the State of New York; the six largest cities in New Jersey: Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth, Lakewood, and Edison, and their vicinities; and six of the seven largest cities in Connecticut: Bridgeport, New Haven, Stamford, Waterbury, Norwalk, and Danbury, and their vicinities.

On October 29 and 30, 2012, Hurricane Sandy caused extensive destruction in the metropolitan area, ravaging portions of the Atlantic coastline with record-high storm surge, severe flooding, and high winds, causing power outages for millions of residents via downed trees and power lines and malfunctions at electrical substations, leading to gasoline shortages and snarling mass transit systems.

New York (state)

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State in the Northeastern United States.

State in the Northeastern United States.

New York was dominated by Iroquoian (purple) and Algonquian (pink) tribes.
New Amsterdam, present-day Lower Manhattan, 1660
New York and neighboring provinces, by Claude Joseph Sauthier, 1777
British general John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga in 1777
1800 map of New York from Low's Encyclopaedia
The Erie Canal at Lockport, New York, in 1839
Flight 175 hitting the South Tower on September11, 2001
Flooding on AvenueC in Lower Manhattan caused by Hurricane Sandy
New York is bordered by six U.S. states, two Great Lakes, and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
Enveloped by the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound, New York City and Long Island alone are home to about eleven million residents conjointly.
Lake-effect snow is a major contributor to heavy snowfall totals in western New York, including the Tug Hill region.
Two major state parks (in green) are the Adirondack Park (north) and the Catskill Park (south).
The Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals.
The African Burial Ground National Monument in Lower Manhattan
Map of the counties in New York
New York population distribution map. New York's population is primarily concentrated in the Greater New York area, including New York City and Long Island.
The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Lower Manhattan, site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots, the cradle of the modern LGBT rights movement
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The main laboratory building of the IBM Watson Research Center is located in Yorktown Heights, New York.
Times Square in Midtown Manhattan, hub of the Broadway theater district, a media center, and one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections
"I Love New York"
CMA CGM Theodore Roosevelt, the largest container ship to enter the Port of New York and New Jersey as of September7, 2017
Harris Hall of the City College of New York, a public college of the City University of New York
Butler Library at Columbia University
University of Rochester
South campus of the University at Buffalo, the flagship of the State University of New York
The New York City Subway is one of the world's busiest, serving more than five million passengers per average weekday.
Grand Central Terminal in New York City
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The New York State Capitol in Albany
New York State Court of Appeals
Kirsten Gillibrand and Chuck Schumer, New York's U.S. Senators
Kathy Hochul (D), the 57th Governor of New York
Yankee Stadium in The Bronx
Koppen climate of New York

It is often called New York State to distinguish it from its largest city, New York City.

On October 29 and 30, 2012, Hurricane Sandy caused extensive destruction of the state's shorelines, ravaging portions of New York City, Long Island, and southern Westchester with record-high storm surge, with severe flooding and high winds causing power outages for hundreds of thousands of New Yorkers, and leading to gasoline shortages and disruption of mass transit systems.

Staten Island

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Skeletons unearthed at Lenape burial ground in Staten Island, the largest pre-European burial ground in New York City
Voorlezer's House
Billiou–Stillwell–Perine House
Sir William Howe established his headquarters at the Rose and Crown Tavern at New Dorp Lane and Richmond Road prior to the invasions of Long Island and Manhattan.
The Conference House
Historic Richmond Town museum complex is located in the heart of Staten Island.
New housing on Staten Island, 1973. Photo by Arthur Tress.
US Navy ships tied up at the home port pier during Fleet Week in 2007
View of the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge from the South Beach on Staten Island.
The geology of Staten Island.
Serpentinite shown in rock cut along I-278 in Staten Island by Todt Hill marked on USGS geological map.
Location of Staten Island (red) within New York City (remainder yellow)
Population density and elevation above sea level in Greater NYC, U.S. (2010). Staten Island is especially vulnerable to sea level rise.
Aerial view of Staten Island from the east at night
Deer found in Charleston, Staten Island. Deer may be part of 40-large herd in Clay Pit Ponds State Park Preserves.
Borough Hall in St. George, Staten Island.
"Postcards 9/11 Memorial", at St. George Esplanade
Sailors' Snug Harbor
The Richmond County Bank Ballpark
A 1905 golf match with Isaac Mackie (right) at Fox Hills Golf Club, Staten Island, NY
The Staten Island Ferry provides travel between lower Manhattan and the St. George Terminal.
The Staten Island Railway operates along the Richmond/Amboy Roads corridor.

Staten Island is a borough of New York City, coextensive with Richmond County, in the U.S. state of New York.

On October 29, 2012, the island experienced severe damage and loss of life along with the destruction of many homes during Hurricane Sandy.

Queens

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Borough of New York City, coextensive with Queens County, in the U.S. state of New York.

Borough of New York City, coextensive with Queens County, in the U.S. state of New York.

Catherine of Braganza, Queen of England
Queens Boulevard, looking east from Van Dam Street, in 1920. The newly built IRT Flushing Line is in the boulevard's median.
Location of Queens (red) within New York City (remainder white)
Aerial view of Queens looking north from the vicinity of John F. Kennedy International Airport, showing development patterns typical of the borough
A typical residential street in Jackson Heights
Long Island City, a neighborhood in western Queens
Forest Hills Gardens
The Elmhurst Chinatown (艾姆赫斯特 唐人街) at the corner of Broadway and Dongan Avenue
Street scene in Astoria, a largely Greek-American neighborhood
Little India in Jackson Heights
Ridgewood is home to a large Puerto Rican community
Rocket Thrower (1963) at Flushing Meadows–Corona Park
JetBlue headquarters in Queens
Long Island City is one of New York City's fastest-growing neighborhoods.
Citi Field, the home of the New York Mets
Arthur Ashe Stadium interior, US Open 2014
The Queens County Courthouse was built in 1938 and houses the borough's Supreme Court, Surrogate Court and County Clerk.
LaGuardia Community College in Long Island City, Queens
Queens College is part of the City University of New York.
A branch of the Queens Public Library in Flushing
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
A multibillion-dollar reconstruction of LaGuardia Airport was announced in July 2015.
46th Street – Bliss Street subway station
Flushing – Main Street LIRR station
Newtown Creek with the Midtown Manhattan skyline in the background.
Air Train JFK path above the Van Wyck Expressway
Standard cross-street signs for a single-named Boulevard and a co-named Avenue, in Queens
The Triborough Bridge connects Queens with Manhattan and the Bronx.

Located on Long Island, it is the largest borough of New York City in area; it is bordered by the borough of Brooklyn at the western tip of Long Island to its west and Nassau County to the east.

In late October 2012, much of Queens' Breezy Point area was destroyed by a massive six-alarm fire caused by Hurricane Sandy.

PATH (rail system)

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One of the original plans, with branches to the Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal (lower left) and the IRT Lexington Avenue Line at Astor Place (center)
Hudson tunnels shortly after their completion
Park Place Station in Newark was the H&MRR's terminus until the completion of Newark Penn Station in the late 1930s.
Historic tile work at current 14th street PATH station
The 19th Street station, abandoned since 1954
PATH train at Newark Penn Station, 1966
PATH arriving at Harrison, NJ in 1969
The completed World Trade Center Transportation Hub in April 2016
Newark Liberty Airport International Station, to which PATH service would be extended
SmartLink turnstiles at the WTC station accept both PATH SmartLink cards and MTA MetroCards.
The PA5 cars at Newark Penn Station
Interior of a PA5 car
View of the Dock Bridge, which is used by PATH but owned by Amtrak
View from the front of a Newark-bound train, 1997
Map of the PATH system (regular service)
Map of the PATH system (late-night hours and on weekends/holidays)
To-scale map of the PATH system

Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) is a 13.8 mi rapid transit system in the northeastern New Jersey cities of Newark, Harrison, Jersey City, and Hoboken, as well as Lower and Midtown Manhattan in New York City.

In the 2000s and 2010s the system suffered considerably from disasters that affected the region, most notably the September 11 attacks and Hurricane Sandy.

East River

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A navigation map for Hell Gate from c. 1885, after many of the obstructions had been removed.
A map from 1781
A "bird's-eye" view of New York City from 1859; Wallabout Bay and the East River are in the foreground, the Hudson River and New York Bay in the background
James E. Serrell's plan for an expanded Manhattan and a straightened East River
The excavations and tunnels used to undermine Hallert's Point
Firefighters working to put out the fire on the listing General Slocum
A panorama of the suspension section of the Robert F. Kennedy Bridge (left) and the Hell Gate Bridge (right), as seen from Astoria Park in Queens
Exposition display showing cross-section of East River railroad tunnel to Pennsylvania Station
William Glackens's 1902 painting of East River Park, in the Brooklyn Museum
A "shot tower" at 53rd Street in Manhattan on the East River (1831)
Blackwells Island from Eighty Sixth Street, Currier & Ives (1862); Blackwell's Island is now known as Roosevelt Island
Manhattan Bridge (top) and Brooklyn Bridge (bottom); Manhattan is on the left, Brooklyn on the right (1981)
The East River passes children playing football in East River Park (2008)
Powell's Cove, in Whitestone, Queens (2009)
The East River flows past the Upper East Side (2009)
The East River with Brooklyn Heights in the background, Topsail Schooner Clipper City (2013)
The East River and Lower Manhattan (2013)

The East River is a salt water tidal estuary in New York City.

The new seawall helps protect Manhattan island from storm surges, although it is only 5 ft above the mean sea level, so that particularly dangerous storms, such as the nor'easter of 1992 and Hurricane Sandy in 2012, which hit the city in a way to create surges which are much higher, can still do significant damage.

Lower Manhattan

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The pre-9/11 Lower Manhattan skyline in May 2001, seen from the Empire State Building. The skyline was dominated by The Twin Towers.
New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York".
The Cooper Union at Astor Place, where Abraham Lincoln gave his famed Cooper Union speech, is one of the area's most storied buildings.
Photo of Lower Manhattan pictured in 1931
Peter Stuyvesant
View of New York harbor, ca. 1770
Norman Friend. Sidney's Map Twelve Miles Around New York, 1849. Chromo lithograph, Brooklyn Museum
View from the Woolworth Building in 1913
View from an airplane in 1981
The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, a designated U.S. National Historic Landmark and National Monument, as the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots and the cradle of the modern gay rights movement.
United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South Tower of the original World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
Picture of Lower Manhattan skyline, including the One World Trade Center; taken from Little Island at Pier 55 in November 2021
Chinatown is home to the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere.
The park and surrounding neighborhood of Union Square, located between 14th and 17th Streets, may be considered a part of either Lower or Midtown Manhattan.
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018. Pictured is the exchange's building on Wall Street.
New York City Hall in Lower Manhattan's Civic Center neighborhood
Chinatown is home to the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere.

Lower Manhattan, also known as Downtown Manhattan or Downtown New York, is the southernmost part of Manhattan, the central borough for business, culture, and government in New York City, which is the most populated city in the United States with over 8.8 million residents as of the 2020 census.

On October 29 and 30, 2012, Hurricane Sandy ravaged portions of Lower Manhattan with record-high storm surge from New York Harbor, severe flooding, and high winds, causing power outages for hundreds of thousands of Manhattanites and leading to gasoline shortages and disruption of mass transit systems.

Eastbound tube of the Holland Tunnel as seen in December 2019

Holland Tunnel

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Eastbound tube of the Holland Tunnel as seen in December 2019
1973 aerial view of rotary with parked buses. A fifth exit was added in 2004.
Bust of Clifford Milburn Holland at the tunnel entrance
Clifford Milburn Holland, 1919
Construction of Holland Tunnel, November 25, 1922
Construction progress, 1923
Jersey City entrance
Manhattan entrance

The Holland Tunnel is a vehicular tunnel under the Hudson River that connects the New York City neighborhood of SoHo in Lower Manhattan to the east with Jersey City in New Jersey to the west.

The Holland Tunnel was closed on October 29, 2012, as Hurricane Sandy approached.

New York Stock Exchange

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The Stock Exchange at 10–12 Broad Street, 1882
The floor of the New York Stock Exchange in 1908
NYSE's stock exchange traders floor before the introduction of electronic readouts and computer screens
The NYSE Building at Christmas time (December 2008)
The NYSE trading floor in 2009
The trading floor of the New York Stock Exchange in March 2022
U.S. Secretary of Commerce Donald L. Evans rings the opening bell at the NYSE on April 23, 2003. Former chairman Richard Grasso is also in this picture.
NASA astronauts Scott Altman and Mike Massimino ring the 'closing bell'

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE, nicknamed "The Big Board") is an American stock exchange in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan in New York City.

On October 29, 2012, the stock exchange was shut down for two days due to Hurricane Sandy.

Connecticut

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Southernmost state in the New England region of the United States.

Southernmost state in the New England region of the United States.

A map of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies
A 1799 map of Connecticut which shows The Oblong, from Low's Encyclopaedia
View of New London in 1854
1895 map from Rand McNally
Köppen climate types of Connecticut, using 1991–2020 climate normals.
Connecticut's population density map
A welcome sign on I-91 in Enfield.
The Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge, locally known as the QBridge, carries ten lanes over the Quinnipiac River in New Haven, along the Connecticut Turnpike.
A Metro-North Railroad New Haven Line train leaving Stamford Station
Bradley International Airport, the state's largest
The Connecticut State Capitol in downtown Hartford
Connecticut political party registration 1958–2012, marked with presidential influence
Yale's motto means “light and truth.”
University of Connecticut, the state's main public university
Lime Rock, a home of the American Le Mans Series
Yale Bowl during "The Game" between Yale and Harvard. The Bowl was also the home of the NFL's New York Giants in 1973–74.
The Charter Oak
The {{USS|Nautilus|SSN-571}}

For the winter of 1778–79, General George Washington decided to split the Continental Army into three divisions encircling New York City, where British General Sir Henry Clinton had taken up winter quarters.

Some notable hurricanes to impact the state include the 1938 New England hurricane, Hurricane Carol in 1954, Hurricane Sandy in 2012, and Hurricane Isaias in 2020.