Hutchinson system

Hutchinson Hutchinson system of plant taxonomyHis work on thisJ. HutchinsonJohn Hutchinsonradical revisionwithin his expanded Amaryllidaceae
A system of plant taxonomy by John Hutchinson, the Hutchinson system, was published as The families of flowering plants, arranged according to a new system based on their probable phylogeny (two volumes) in three editions; 1st edition 1926–1934; 2nd edition 1959; 3rd edition, 1973.wikipedia
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John Hutchinson (botanist)

Hutch.John HutchinsonHutchinson
A system of plant taxonomy by John Hutchinson, the Hutchinson system, was published as The families of flowering plants, arranged according to a new system based on their probable phylogeny (two volumes) in three editions; 1st edition 1926–1934; 2nd edition 1959; 3rd edition, 1973.
John Hutchinson proposed a radical revision of the angiosperm classification system devised by Hooker and by Engler and Prantl that had become widely accepted during the 20th century.

Zingiberales

Zingiberales sp.zingiberaleans
Hutchinson (1926), although initially using Scitamineae, later followed Takenoshin Nakai (1930).

Thismiaceae

The family has been recognized by some authors (like J. Hutchinson, Chase et al. 1995, 2000; Caddick et al. 2000; Neyland 2002; Thiele & Jordan 2002, Merckx et al. 2006 and Woodward et al. 2007 ).

Gilliesieae

These corresponded to Hutchinson's (1959) three tribes within his expanded Amaryllidaceae (Agapantheae, Allieae, and Gilesieae).

Amaryllidaceae

Amaryllis familyAmaryllidaceae sp.Amaryllid family
His work on this has been upheld by subsequent research and his definition remains valid today.

Poales

Graminales
In early systems, an order including the grass family did not go by the name Poales but by a descriptive botanical name such as Graminales in the Engler system (update of 1964) and in the Hutchinson system (first edition, first volume, 1926), Glumiflorae in the Wettstein system (last revised 1935) or Glumaceae in the Bentham & Hooker system (third volume, 1883).

Ranales

R ANALES
Later, Hutchinson (1959) circumscribed the Ranales more narrowly with only four families (Ranunculaceae, Cabombaceae, Ceratophyllaceae, Nymphaeaceae) within the Archychlamydeae.

Aristolochiales

In the Hutchinson system the carnivorous Nepenthaceae (now placed in Caryophyllales) and the parasitic Cytinaceae (now placed in Malvales) and Hydnoraceae (now placed in Piperales) are also included.

Personales

Personales was an order of dicotyledons in the Hutchinson system.

Asterales

The name and order Asterales is botanically venerable, dating back to at least 1926 in the Hutchinson system of plant taxonomy when it contained only five families, of which only two are retained in the APG III classification.

List of systems of plant taxonomy

systemssystem of plant taxonomysystems of plant taxonomy
A system of plant taxonomy by John Hutchinson, the Hutchinson system, was published as The families of flowering plants, arranged according to a new system based on their probable phylogeny (two volumes) in three editions; 1st edition 1926–1934; 2nd edition 1959; 3rd edition, 1973.
* Hutchinson system

Monocotyledon

monocotmonocotsmonocotyledonous
This classification is according to the 1st Edition Volume 1: Monocotyledonae 1926 and Volume 2:Dicotyledonae 1934.

Dicotyledon

dicotdicotsdicotyledons
This classification is according to the 1st Edition Volume 1: Monocotyledonae 1926 and Volume 2:Dicotyledonae 1934.

Habit (biology)

habithabitshabitus
A key feature of his third edition in 1973 was based on the habit of the plant namely that herbaceous plants or Herbaceae are phylogenetically more recent than woody plants or Lignosae.

Herbaceous plant

herbherbaceousherbs
A key feature of his third edition in 1973 was based on the habit of the plant namely that herbaceous plants or Herbaceae are phylogenetically more recent than woody plants or Lignosae.

Phylogenetics

phylogeneticphylogenetic analysisphylogenetically
A key feature of his third edition in 1973 was based on the habit of the plant namely that herbaceous plants or Herbaceae are phylogenetically more recent than woody plants or Lignosae.

Woody plant

woodywoody plantsligneous
A key feature of his third edition in 1973 was based on the habit of the plant namely that herbaceous plants or Herbaceae are phylogenetically more recent than woody plants or Lignosae.

Alismataceae

water plantain familywater plantainwater-plantain

Scheuchzeria

Rannoch-rushPod grassScheuchzeria palustris'' ssp. ''americana