The Italian hydrofoil Gianni M, the largest hydrofoil in the world.
The two types of hydrofoils: surface-piercing and fully submerged
Forlanini's hydrofoil over Lake Maggiore, 1906
Alexander Graham Bell's HD-4 on a test run, c. 1919
A schematic illustration of self-stabilizing systems for fully submerged hydrofoils. Its computer gathers data for the boom position and current water level to determine the required flap position.
A Project 206M "Shtorm" patrol fast attack craft hydrofoil of the Cuban Navy.
Aerial port beam view of the Italian Sparviero class hydrofoil-missile NIBBIO P-421 underway.
USS Aquila, a military hydrofoil. The T-shaped foils are visible just below the water.
HMCS Bras d'Or, a military concept hydrofoil.
Team New Zealand's AC72 at the 2013 America's Cup, San Francisco Bay.
Ukrainian-built Voskhod on the North Sea Canal, the Netherlands
TurboJET's Urzela JetFoil on West Lamma Channel, Hong Kong
TurboJET's Barca Foilcat
Flying Poseidon (built 1982 ) had just berthed at Rhodes from Fethiye when the sister Kometas hydrofoil from Bodrum also arrived from Turkey in 2011.
The first Kometa 120M, named Chaika (Seagull) after Valentina Tereshkova's callsign, moored in Sevastopol
Hydrofoil high-speed boat Meteor on a Lake Ladoga, Russia.
Passenger hydrofoil Flying Dolphin Zeus moving at high speed near Piraeus, Greece.

Lifting surface, or foil, that operates in water.

- Hydrofoil

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Island located in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the Sorrento Peninsula, on the south side of the Gulf of Naples in the Campania region of Italy.

The remains of Villa Jovis, built by emperor Tiberius and completed in AD 27
Certosa di San Giacomo, a Carthusian monastery founded in 1363
In 1909–1911 Maxim Gorky lived on Capri at villa Behring (burgundy).
A beach in Capri
The Blue Grotto
John Singer Sargent: Head of a Capri Girl, 1878
Panoramic view from Piazzetta, in Capri Centre
Grotta Meravigliosa
Harbour of Capri
Typical local taxi

Capri is served by ferry or hydrofoil from Naples, Sorrento, Positano and Amalfi as well as by boat services from the ports of the Bay of Naples and the Sorrentine Peninsula.


Vessel used to carry passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo, across a body of water.

The U.S. Gunboat Commodore Morris, a ferry of the American Civil War
The Staten Island Ferry in the United States shuttles commuters between Manhattan and Staten Island in New York City.
A typical car ferry in Istanbul, Turkey
C/P/F "Dionisios Solomos" owned by Greek ferry company Zanteferries at Folegandros island port, West Cycades islands, Aegean Sea.
A ferry underway in Penang, Malaysia.
The inside of a passenger ferry on route between Shikoku and Kyushu. The number of actual seats is usually very limited on Japanese passenger ferries, with larger spaces dedicated to tatami or broadloom areas where passengers can sit or lie down
M/S Gullbritt in the Gullmar Fjord close to Lysekil, Sweden. Sweden has many of these yellow ferries that are run by the Swedish Transport Administration. Almost all of them are free of charge.
leaving Helsinki via the Kustaanmiekka strait to the Baltic Sea.
Ro-Pax Festos Palace in Piraeus, Greece
A road ferry between Oulu and the Hailuoto Island on the Bothnian Bay
en route to Tsawwassen from Swartz Bay. Route 1 is BC Ferries busiest route.
The MV Spokane sailing from Edmonds to Kingston, one of ten routes served by Washington State Ferries.
Alaska Marine Highway System ferries MV LeConte and MV Kennicott near Juneau, Alaska
at port in Devonport, Australia.
The Manly Ferry 'MV Freshwater'
Ferry in Ontario (Manitoulin Island) vehicles load via the front and back of the ferry opening hull
Mark 3 SR.N4 hovercraft, Dover
Incat built Catamaran HSC Manannan entering Douglas, Isle of Man
Trucks preparing to unload from the Pont-Aven, the Brittany Ferries flagship
MS Superfast XI
Turntable ferry MV Glenachulish operating between Glenelg on the Scottish mainland, and Kylerhea on the Isle of Skye. Built in 1969, she is the last manually operated turntable ferry in the world.
The Lower Kingswear to Dartmouth ferry, Devon, England. The pontoon carries eight cars and is towed across the River Dart by a small tug. Two ropes connect the tug to the pontoon.
Train and car ferry between Calabria and Sicily, Italy
One of several self-propelled cable ferries that cross the lower reaches of the Murray River in South Australia
Drawbridge of the ferry lies on the ferry slip. This double sided ferry measures 74 x, and carries 2000 passengers with 60 cars
Fast Ro-Pax ferries, like MS Star, have notable CO2 emissions.

Hydrofoils have the advantage of higher cruising speeds, succeeding hovercraft on some English Channel routes where the ferries now compete against the Eurotunnel and Eurostar trains that use the Channel Tunnel.

Public transport

System of transport for passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public unlike private transport, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.

Early trolley car in Newton, Massachusetts
Passenger Capacity of different Transport Modes
Transperth bus operating in Perth, Western Australia
A trolley bus in front of the Baltic railway station in Tallinn, Estonia
A Sydney Trains A Set arriving to Flemington, New South Wales
A Chinese HSR train en route from Nanning East to Beijing West
A SEPTA Regional Rail train in Cheltenham, Pennsylvania, a form of commuter rail
The SkyTrain in Vancouver is the longest rapid transit system in Canada.
A streetcar in Toronto, which operates the largest tramway in North America
A monorail from Chiba, Japan
People mover vehicle of Morgantown Personal Rapid Transit
Gulmarg Gondola in Gulmarg, India
Water bus (vaporetto) at bus stop in Venice, Italy
Cycle Superhighway CS6 is part of Central London's Cycle Network mass transit infrastructure
A contactless ticket validator used in Moscow, Russia
The SmartRider is a smart card for public transportation tickets in Perth, Western Australia
A police officer and a police dog patrol a Moscow Metro platform
The pink bus rapid transit of Metz uses a diesel-electric hybrid driving system, developed by Belgian Van Hool manufacturer.
A survey by the European Development Bank found that a majority of Europeans wanted to prioritize public transit in Climate change mitigation policies.
Traffic jam in São Paulo, Brazil

However, even today, traditional ships and hydrofoils are used on the routes.


One of the Ōsumi Islands in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

Relief Map
Osumi Islands map
Yaku-sugi (Jōmon-sugi)
Location of Yakushima (red circle) compared to the rest of Japan.

Access to the island is by hydrofoil ferry (7 or 8 times a day from Kagoshima, depending on the season), slow car ferry (once or twice a day from Kagoshima), or by air to Yakushima Airport (3 to 5 times daily from Kagoshima, once daily from Fukuoka and once daily from Osaka).


Sixth-largest city in Japan, the second-largest port city after Yokohama, and the capital city of Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan.

Satellite photo of Fukuoka
Fukuoka MEA
ACROS Fukuoka
Canal City Hakata
Hakata Ramen
Fukuoka City Museum
Hakata Gion Yamakasa
International terminal of Fukuoka Airport
Bayside Place Hakata Port
Fukuoka PayPay Dome
Level-5 Stadium
Takezaki Suenaga
Genkō Bōrui
Kuroda Nagamasa
Fukuoka and Hakata, c.1640
Chikuzen Province(Famous Views of the Sixty-odd Provinces)
Fukuoka Castle
Kyushu University (Former Imperial University)
Fukuoka war damage monument
Skyline of Fukuoka
View from Fukuoka Tower
Seaside Momochi aerial view
Tenjin area
Fukuoka Tower
JR Kyushu's Hakata Station
Ōhori Park
Tenjin Underground City
The uniform used during the ceremonies and preparation.
The uniform used during the competition.

JR Kyushu and a Korean company operate hydrofoil ferries (named Beetle and Kobee) between Hakata and Busan, South Korea.

Beinn Bhreagh

Name of the former estate of Alexander Graham Bell, in Victoria County, Nova Scotia.

The second and larger home, Beinn Bhreagh Hall (known locally as "The Point") was built in 1893 on the Beinn Bhreagh Estate of Alexander Graham & Mabel Bell at Baddeck, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia.
{{lang|gd|Beinn Bhreagh|italic=no}}'s little harbor offered the Bells opportunities for recreation, and later a shelter area for experiments in aviation and hydrofoils.
Alexander Graham Bell relaxing on {{lang|gd|Beinn Bhreagh|italic=no}} with three of his granddaughters.
Mabel and Alexander Graham Bell were depicted in a postcard walking in front of their home, {{lang|gd|Beinn Bhreagh|italic=no}} Hall.
Red Head Point and the peninsula of {{lang|gd|Beinn Bhreagh|italic=no}} can be seen across the bay from the town of Baddeck, Nova Scotia in a 1906 postcard.
The town of Baddeck can be seen from one of the lookouts on {{lang|gd|Beinn Bhreagh|italic=no}} in a postcard from the 1920s.

Bell constructed a laboratory and boatyard on this property, conducting experiments in powered flight and hydrofoil technology, among many other things.

Charles de Lambert (aviator)

Early European aviator.

Charles, Count de Lambert

In 1904 Count Lambert built an experimental hydrofoil boat which was first tested in May 1904 on the River Seine near Paris.


South Korea's second-most populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.4 million inhabitants.

View from Geumjeong Mountain
Gwangan Bridge
Administrative divisions
Hanjin Heavy Industries
Busan New Port
Jagalchi Market
A panoramic view of Pusan National University.
Korea Maritime and Ocean University.
Dadaepo Beach
Nurimaru APEC House
Beomeosa Temple
Haedong Yonggungsa Temple
Busan Exhibition and Convention Center
Museum of Contemporary Art Busan
Dongnae pajeon
Sajik Baseball Stadium
Busan Asiad Main Stadium.
Busan Port Pier 1 with the International Ferry Terminal (3 docked ferries shown)
Busan Metro Line 2

The other ferry service to Fukuoka is assumed by the Beetles and the Kobees, 2 fleets of high-speed hydrofoils operated by Miraejet. About five departures from each city are scheduled every day. By hydrofoil it only takes 2 hours 55 minutes to cross the Korea Strait to Fukuoka. The Beetles are owned by JR Kyushu.

Arona, Piedmont

Town and comune on Lake Maggiore, in the province of Novara (northern Italy).

The famous Sancarlone, a giant statue of St. Charles Borromeo
Train station

Arona is the southernmost port on Lake Maggiore, and transport by boat or hydrofoil is available to both sides of the lake up to the Swiss city of Locarno.

Outer Harbour Ferry Terminal

Ferry terminal located at Porto Exterior, Sé, Macau, China.

Macau Ferry Heliport in August 2013

The terminal provides 12 berths for hydrofoils and 2 for ferries.