Hydronym

hydronymshydronymyriver-nameriver namesfor a riverhidronymshydro-Hydronomasticsnames of rivers and other bodies of waterriver name
A hydronym (from ὕδωρ, hydor, "water" and ὄνομα, onoma, "name") is a proper name of a body of water.wikipedia
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Toponymy

toponymtoponymsplace name
Hydronymy, a subset of toponymy, the taxonomic study of place-names, is the study of the names of bodies of water, the origins of those names, and how they are transmitted through history.
Related, more specific types of toponym include hydronym for a body of water and oronym for a mountain or hill.

Old European hydronymy

Old EuropeanBaltic hydronymydur-
Old European hydronymy
Old European (Alteuropäisch) is the term used by Hans Krahe (1964) for the language of the oldest reconstructed stratum of European hydronymy (river names) in Central and Western Europe.

List of river name etymologies

linguistic origins
List of river name etymologies
Hydronymy

Rhine

River RhineRhine RiverRhine Valley
For example, the Rhine in Germany bears a Celtic name, not a German name.

Germany

🇩🇪GermanGER
For example, the Rhine in Germany bears a Celtic name, not a German name.

Gaulish language

GaulishGallicCeltic
For example, the Rhine in Germany bears a Celtic name, not a German name.

German language

GermanGerman-languageGerman-speaking
For example, the Rhine in Germany bears a Celtic name, not a German name.

Mississippi River

MississippiMississippi ValleyMississippi River Valley
The Mississippi River in the United States bears an Anishinaabe name, not a French or English one.

United States

American🇺🇸U.S.
The Mississippi River in the United States bears an Anishinaabe name, not a French or English one.

Ojibwe language

OjibweOjibwaAnishinaabe
The Mississippi River in the United States bears an Anishinaabe name, not a French or English one.

Kenneth H. Jackson

Kenneth JacksonJackson, Kenneth H.Jackson, Kenneth
For example, history professor Kenneth H. Jackson identified a river-name pattern against which to fit the story of the Anglo-Saxon invasion of Britain and pockets of surviving native British culture.

Anglo-Saxons

Anglo-SaxonSaxonSaxons
For example, history professor Kenneth H. Jackson identified a river-name pattern against which to fit the story of the Anglo-Saxon invasion of Britain and pockets of surviving native British culture.

Tibetic languages

TibetanTibeticTibetan language
For example, and แม่น้ำโขง are the Tibetan and Thai names, respectively, for the same river, the Mekong in southeast Asia.

Thai language

ThaiThai:Central Thai
For example, and แม่น้ำโขง are the Tibetan and Thai names, respectively, for the same river, the Mekong in southeast Asia.

Mekong

Mekong RiverLancang (Mekong) RiverMekong basin
For example, and แม่น้ำโขง are the Tibetan and Thai names, respectively, for the same river, the Mekong in southeast Asia.

Southeast Asia

south-east AsiaSoutheastSouth East Asia
For example, and แม่น้ำโขง are the Tibetan and Thai names, respectively, for the same river, the Mekong in southeast Asia.

Etymology

etymologicaletymologiesetymologically
Hydronyms from various languages may all share a common etymology.

Danube

Danube RiverDanubianRiver Danube
For example, the Danube, Don, Dniester, Dnieper, and Donets rivers all contain the Scythian name for "river" (cf.

Don River

DonRiver DonDon region
For example, the Danube, Don, Dniester, Dnieper, and Donets rivers all contain the Scythian name for "river" (cf.

Dniester

Dniester RiverDniestr RiverDnister River
For example, the Danube, Don, Dniester, Dnieper, and Donets rivers all contain the Scythian name for "river" (cf.

Dnieper

DniproDnieper RiverDniepr
For example, the Danube, Don, Dniester, Dnieper, and Donets rivers all contain the Scythian name for "river" (cf.

Donets

Donets RiverSeversky DonetsSiverskyi Donets river
For example, the Danube, Don, Dniester, Dnieper, and Donets rivers all contain the Scythian name for "river" (cf.

Scythian languages

ScythianSarmatianAlanic
For example, the Danube, Don, Dniester, Dnieper, and Donets rivers all contain the Scythian name for "river" (cf.

Ossetian language

OssetianOsseticOssete
don, "river, water" in modern Ossetic).

Jordan River

JordanRiver JordanJordan Valley
A similar suggestion is that the Yarden, Yarkon, and Yarmouk (and possibly, with distortion, Yabbok and/or Arnon) rivers in the Israel/Jordan area contain the Egyptian word for river (itrw, transliterated in the Bible as ye'or).