Hyper-V

Microsoft Hyper-VMicrosoft Hyper-V ServerHyper VMicrosoft HyperV/ViridianWindows Server Virtualization
Microsoft Hyper-V, codenamed Viridian, formerly known as Windows Server Virtualization, is a native hypervisor; it can create virtual machines on x86-64 systems running Windows.wikipedia
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Windows Virtual PC

Virtual PCMicrosoft Virtual PCWindows XP Mode
Starting with Windows 8, Hyper-V superseded Windows Virtual PC as the hardware virtualization component of the client editions of Windows NT.
Starting with Windows 8, Hyper-V supersedes Windows Virtual PC.

Windows Server 2012

2012Server 2012Automated Tiering
Hyper-V was first released with Windows Server 2008, and has been available without additional charge since Windows Server 2012 and Windows 8. Hyper-V in Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2 changes the support list above as follows:
Various features were added or improved over Windows Server 2008 R2 (with many placing an emphasis on cloud computing), such as an updated version of Hyper-V, an IP address management role, a new version of Windows Task Manager, and ReFS, a new file system.

Hypervisor

hypervisorsvirtual machine monitorhost machine
Microsoft Hyper-V, codenamed Viridian, formerly known as Windows Server Virtualization, is a native hypervisor; it can create virtual machines on x86-64 systems running Windows.

Windows NT

NTMicrosoft Windows NTWindows NT family
Starting with Windows 8, Hyper-V superseded Windows Virtual PC as the hardware virtualization component of the client editions of Windows NT.
Major features of the Windows NT family include Windows Shell, Windows API, Native API, Active Directory, Group Policy, Hardware Abstraction Layer, NTFS, BitLocker, Windows Store, Windows Update, and Hyper-V.

Windows Server 2008

2008Server 2008Windows 2008
Hyper-V was first released with Windows Server 2008, and has been available without additional charge since Windows Server 2012 and Windows 8.
A Server Core machine can be configured for several basic roles: Domain controller/Active Directory Domain Services, ADLDS (ADAM), DNS Server, DHCP server, file server, print server, Windows Media Server, IIS 7 web server and Hyper-V virtual server.

Microsoft

Microsoft CorporationMicrosoft Corp.MS
Microsoft Hyper-V, codenamed Viridian, formerly known as Windows Server Virtualization, is a native hypervisor; it can create virtual machines on x86-64 systems running Windows.
In December 2018, Microsoft announced Project Mu, an open source release of the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) core used in Microsoft Surface and Hyper-V products.

Windows Server 2008 R2

Server 2008 R22008 R2Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2
Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 (an edition of Windows Server 2008 R2) was made available in September 2009 and includes Windows PowerShell v2 for greater CLI control. However, with the release of Windows Server 2008 R2, live migration is supported with the use of Cluster Shared Volumes (CSVs).
These include new virtualization capabilities (Live Migration, Cluster Shared Volumes using Failover Clustering and Hyper-V), reduced power consumption, a new set of management tools and new Active Directory capabilities such as a "recycle bin" for deleted objects.

Virtual machine

virtual machinesVMvirtual server
Microsoft Hyper-V, codenamed Viridian, formerly known as Windows Server Virtualization, is a native hypervisor; it can create virtual machines on x86-64 systems running Windows.
Examples outside the mainframe field include Parallels Workstation, Parallels Desktop for Mac, VirtualBox, Virtual Iron, Oracle VM, Virtual PC, Virtual Server, Hyper-V, VMware Workstation, VMware Server (discontinued, formerly called GSX Server), VMware ESXi, QEMU, Adeos, Mac-on-Linux, Win4BSD, Win4Lin Pro, and Egenera vBlade technology.

Windows 8

8Microsoft Windows 8Windows 8.0
Starting with Windows 8, Hyper-V superseded Windows Virtual PC as the hardware virtualization component of the client editions of Windows NT.
For example, Pro added BitLocker, Hyper-V, the ability to join a domain, and the ability to install Windows Media Center as a paid add-on.

Microsoft Windows

WindowsPCMS Windows
Microsoft Hyper-V, codenamed Viridian, formerly known as Windows Server Virtualization, is a native hypervisor; it can create virtual machines on x86-64 systems running Windows.
It is a more specific implementation with an emphasis on virtualization (using Hyper-V) as it is three operating systems running at once, consisting of the core operating system, a second implemented for games and a more Windows-like environment for applications.

System Center Virtual Machine Manager

System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2012 R2Virtual Machine Manager
However, administration and configuration of the host OS and the guest virtual machines is generally done over the network, using either Microsoft Management Consoles on another Windows computer or System Center Virtual Machine Manager.
SCVMM is designed for management of large numbers of Virtual Servers based on Microsoft Virtual Server and Hyper-V, and was released for enterprise customers in October 2007.

Windows 10

10Windows HelloMicrosoft Windows 10
The following table lists supported guest operating systems on Windows 10 Pro RS5, and Windows Server 2019.
A new feature on Pro and Enterprise known as Windows Sandbox allows users to run applications within a secured Hyper-V environment.

Desktop virtualization

virtual desktop infrastructureVDIDesktop as a Service
Desktop virtualization (VDI) products from third-party companies (such as Quest Software vWorkspace, Citrix XenDesktop, Systancia AppliDis Fusion and Ericom PowerTerm WebConnect) provide the ability to host and centrally manage desktop virtual machines in the data center while giving end users a full PC desktop experience.
). Forrester Research identified in its report the Forrester Wave on Server-Hosted Virtual Desktops (VDI), Q3 2015 the seven most significant software providers: Citrix (XenDesktop), Dell (Quest – EOL), LISTEQ, Microsoft (Hyper-V), Nimboxx (VERDE – now part of NComputing), Oracle (VirtualBox), and VMware (Horizon View).

Systancia

AppliDis
Desktop virtualization (VDI) products from third-party companies (such as Quest Software vWorkspace, Citrix XenDesktop, Systancia AppliDis Fusion and Ericom PowerTerm WebConnect) provide the ability to host and centrally manage desktop virtual machines in the data center while giving end users a full PC desktop experience.
The desktop virtualization (also called Virtual Desktop or VDI - Virtual Desktop Infrastructure) is based on the exchange with different hypervisors such as ESX, VMware Vcenter, Citrix XenServer, Microsoft Hyper-V Server, Parallels Inc., Virtual Iron.

Hardware-assisted virtualization

virtualizationaccelerateshardware assists
Well-known implementations of hardware-assisted x86 virtualization include VMware Workstation (for 64-bit guests only), XenCenter, Xen 3.x (including derivatives like Virtual Iron), Linux KVM and Microsoft Hyper-V.

NetApp

Network ApplianceSolidFireNetApp Inc.
Third-party support for FreeBSD 8.2 and later guests is provided by a partnership between NetApp and Citrix.

Second Level Address Translation

EPTExtended Page TableRapid Virtualization Indexing
Hyper-V can hardware accelerate the address translation of Guest Virtual Address-spaces by using second level address translation provided by the CPU, referred to as EPT on Intel and RVI (formerly NPT) on AMD.

Linux kernel

LinuxLinux kernel mainlinekernel
On July 20, 2009, Microsoft submitted Hyper-V drivers for inclusion in the Linux kernel under the terms of the GPL.
Its developers had first started contributing to the kernel in 2009 to improve the performance of Linux virtual machines running on top of the Windows Hyper-V hypervisor.

Cluster Shared Volumes

However, with the release of Windows Server 2008 R2, live migration is supported with the use of Cluster Shared Volumes (CSVs).
Cluster Shared Volumes (CSV) is a feature of Failover Clustering first introduced in Windows Server 2008 R2 for use with the Hyper-V role.

Ubuntu

Ubuntu LinuxUbuntu operating systemUbuntu (operating system)

Windows Server 2012 R2

2012 R2Server 2012 R2R2
Hyper-V in Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2 changes the support list above as follows:

Comparison of platform virtualization software

Comparison of platform virtual machineshardware levelplatform hypervisors

VHD (file format)

VHDVirtual Hard DiskVirtual Floppy Disk
It supports the older .vhd format, as well as the newer .vhdx.
Later however, Microsoft used the VHD format in Hyper-V, the hypervisor-based virtualization technology of Windows Server 2008.

Windows Server 2003

Server 20032003Windows Server 2003 R2
Non-"enlightened" operating systems will run with emulated I/O; however, integration components (which include the VSC drivers) are available for Windows Server 2003 SP2, Windows Vista SP1 and Linux to achieve better performance.