Hypoalbuminemia

hypoalbuminaemiaLow albuminlow blood albumin levelsAlbumindecreased protein in the bloodhypoalbuminemic statesliver fails to make albuminlow blood albuminlow levels of albumin in the bloodlow serum albumin
Hypoalbuminemia (or hypoalbuminaemia) is a medical sign in which the level of albumin in the blood is low.wikipedia
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Nephrotic syndrome

a serious kidney disorderGlomerulosclerosisidiopathic nephrotic syndrome
Patients often present with hypoalbuminemia as a result of another disease process such as sepsis, cirrhosis in the liver, nephrotic syndrome in the kidneys, or protein-losing enteropathy in the gastrointestinal tract.
This includes protein in the urine, low blood albumin levels, high blood lipids, and significant swelling.

Cirrhosis

cirrhosis of the liverliver cirrhosisliver fibrosis
Patients often present with hypoalbuminemia as a result of another disease process such as sepsis, cirrhosis in the liver, nephrotic syndrome in the kidneys, or protein-losing enteropathy in the gastrointestinal tract.

Human serum albumin

albuminhuman albuminserum albumin
Hypoalbuminemia (or hypoalbuminaemia) is a medical sign in which the level of albumin in the blood is low.
Hypoalbuminemia means low blood albumin levels.

Liver

hepaticliver protein synthesislivers
Patients often present with hypoalbuminemia as a result of another disease process such as sepsis, cirrhosis in the liver, nephrotic syndrome in the kidneys, or protein-losing enteropathy in the gastrointestinal tract. This can be due to decreased production in the liver, increased loss in the gastrointestinal tract or kidneys, increased use in the body, or abnormal distribution between body compartments.

Minimal change disease

lipoid nephrosisMinimal change lesionminimal change nephropathy
After renal biopsy, these syndromes are commonly diagnosed as minimal change disease, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, or focal segmental glomerulosclerosis.
The clinical signs of minimal change disease are proteinuria (abnormal excretion of proteins, mainly albumin, into the urine), edema (swelling of soft tissues as a consequence of water retention), weight gain, and hypoalbuminaemia (low serum albumin).

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis

focal segmental glomerular sclerosisFSGSFocal and segmental glomerular lesions
After renal biopsy, these syndromes are commonly diagnosed as minimal change disease, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, or focal segmental glomerulosclerosis.
In children and some adults, FSGS presents as a nephrotic syndrome, which is characterized by edema (associated with weight gain), hypoalbuminemia (low serum albumin, a protein in the blood), hyperlipidemia and hypertension (high blood pressure).

Kwashiorkor

edematous
Kwashiorkor is a disease of malnutrition characterized by decreased protein intake and amino acid deficiency resulting in hypoalbuminemia and a characteristic physical presentation.
The typical swollen abdomen is due to two causes: ascites because of hypoalbuminemia (low oncotic pressure), and enlarged fatty liver.

Hypovolemia

hemorrhagic shockhypovolemic shockvolume depletion
By itself, hypoalbuminemia can cause hypovolemia and circulatory collapse secondary to decreased oncotic pressure within the vascular system.

Medical sign

signsclinical signsign
Hypoalbuminemia (or hypoalbuminaemia) is a medical sign in which the level of albumin in the blood is low.

Concentration

concentrationsanalytical concentrationM
Hypoalbuminemia (or hypoalbuminaemia) is a medical sign in which the level of albumin in the blood is low.

Blood

human bloodhematologicaloxygen consumption
Hypoalbuminemia (or hypoalbuminaemia) is a medical sign in which the level of albumin in the blood is low.

Gastrointestinal tract

intestinegastrointestinaldigestive tract
Patients often present with hypoalbuminemia as a result of another disease process such as sepsis, cirrhosis in the liver, nephrotic syndrome in the kidneys, or protein-losing enteropathy in the gastrointestinal tract. This can be due to decreased production in the liver, increased loss in the gastrointestinal tract or kidneys, increased use in the body, or abnormal distribution between body compartments.

Kidney

kidneysrenalkidney disorder
Patients often present with hypoalbuminemia as a result of another disease process such as sepsis, cirrhosis in the liver, nephrotic syndrome in the kidneys, or protein-losing enteropathy in the gastrointestinal tract. This can be due to decreased production in the liver, increased loss in the gastrointestinal tract or kidneys, increased use in the body, or abnormal distribution between body compartments.

Sepsis

septicaemiablood poisoningseptic
Patients often present with hypoalbuminemia as a result of another disease process such as sepsis, cirrhosis in the liver, nephrotic syndrome in the kidneys, or protein-losing enteropathy in the gastrointestinal tract.

Protein losing enteropathy

protein-losing enteropathyprotein-losing conditionprotein-losing enteropathic
Patients often present with hypoalbuminemia as a result of another disease process such as sepsis, cirrhosis in the liver, nephrotic syndrome in the kidneys, or protein-losing enteropathy in the gastrointestinal tract.

Edema

dropsyoedemaswelling
As a result, associated symptoms include edema in the lower legs, ascites in the abdomen, and effusions around internal organs.

Effusion (disambiguation)

effusions
As a result, associated symptoms include edema in the lower legs, ascites in the abdomen, and effusions around internal organs.

Organ (anatomy)

organorgansviscera
As a result, associated symptoms include edema in the lower legs, ascites in the abdomen, and effusions around internal organs.

Protein

proteinsproteinaceousstructural proteins
By itself, hypoalbuminemia decreases the total protein concentration in blood plasma, also known as the colloid osmotic pressure, which causes fluid to exit the blood vessels into tissues to equalize the concentrations.

Blood plasma

plasmaserumblood serum
By itself, hypoalbuminemia decreases the total protein concentration in blood plasma, also known as the colloid osmotic pressure, which causes fluid to exit the blood vessels into tissues to equalize the concentrations.

Oncotic pressure

colloid osmotic pressureosmotic pressureoncotic" or "colloid" osmotic pressure
By itself, hypoalbuminemia can cause hypovolemia and circulatory collapse secondary to decreased oncotic pressure within the vascular system. By itself, hypoalbuminemia decreases the total protein concentration in blood plasma, also known as the colloid osmotic pressure, which causes fluid to exit the blood vessels into tissues to equalize the concentrations. One of the roles of albumin is being the major driver of oncotic pressure (protein concentration within the blood) in the bloodstream and the body.

Fatigue

exhaustionOverexertiontiredness
Patients also present with nonspecific findings such as fatigue and excessive weakness.

Weakness

astheniamuscular weaknessphysical weakness
Patients also present with nonspecific findings such as fatigue and excessive weakness.

Analbuminaemia

analbuminemia
Hypoalbuminemia by itself may present without any symptoms, as the congenital and complete loss of albumin seen in analbuminemia can be asymptomatic.

Asymptomatic

subclinicalsub-clinicalno symptoms
Hypoalbuminemia by itself may present without any symptoms, as the congenital and complete loss of albumin seen in analbuminemia can be asymptomatic.