ISIL beheading incidents

2014 ISIL beheading incidentsHaruna YukawaHervé GourdelbeheadingbeheadingsISIL beheadingISIL beheadingsa campaign of beheading Western and Japanese civilian hostagesa series of videosAbdul-Rahman Kassig
Beginning in 2014, a number of people from various countries were beheaded by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), a radical Sunni Islamist group operating in Iraq and parts of Syria.wikipedia
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American-led intervention in Iraq (2014–present)

American-led intervention in IraqIraq2014 American intervention in Iraq
On 12 August 2014, ISIL started a campaign of beheading Western and Japanese civilian hostages (announced 12 August, James Foley 19 August, Steven Sotloff 2 September, David Haines 13 September, Hervé Gourdel 24 September, Alan Henning 3 October, Peter Kassig 16 November, Haruna Yukawa sometime January 2015, Kenji Goto 30 January 2015) marketed via the internet.

Jihadi John

Mohammed EmwaziJohnmilitants
Several of the videoed beheadings were conducted by Mohammed Emwazi, whom the media referred to as "Jihadi John" (“John” because of his English accent) before his identification. Sky News spoke to a defector member of Islamic State, who claimed he witnessed Mohammed Emwazi, known as Jihadi John, murder Japanese hostage Kenji Goto.
Mohammed Emwazi (born Muhammad Jassim Abdulkarim Olayan al-Dhafiri; محمد جاسم عبد الكريم عليان الظفيري; 17 August 1988 – 12 November 2015) was a British Arab believed to be the person seen in several videos produced by the Islamist extremist group ISIL showing the beheadings of a number of captives in 2014 and 2015.

Beheading video

a videobeheading videosbeheadings are videotaped
Beheading videos have been frequently posted by ISIL members to social media.

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

ISISISILIslamic State
Beginning in 2014, a number of people from various countries were beheaded by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), a radical Sunni Islamist group operating in Iraq and parts of Syria.
ISIL is widely known for its videos of beheadings and other types of executions of both soldiers and civilians, including journalists and aid workers, and its destruction of cultural heritage sites.

Opération Chammal

Airstrikes against "Islamic Stateairstrikes against ISILOperation Chammal
On 25 September, while in a reconnaissance mission, two Rafale jets conducted France's second airstrike after the jets received information about targets near them by the Coordination air operation center, a day after the beheading of the French hostage, Hervé Gourdel, by the Jund al-Khilafah terrorist group in Algeria.

Islamism

IslamistIslamistspolitical Islam
Beginning in 2014, a number of people from various countries were beheaded by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), a radical Sunni Islamist group operating in Iraq and parts of Syria.
The group is adept at social media, posting Internet videos of beheadings of soldiers, civilians, journalists and aid workers, and is known for its destruction of cultural heritage sites.

Kenji Goto

beheading of two Japanese hostagesKenji Goto Jogo
Sky News spoke to a defector member of Islamic State, who claimed he witnessed Mohammed Emwazi, known as Jihadi John, murder Japanese hostage Kenji Goto.
In October 2014, he was captured and held hostage by Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) militants after entering Syria in the hopes of rescuing Japanese hostage Haruna Yukawa.

Afghan National Army Commando Corps

Afghan commandosCommandosAfghan National Army Commandos
For further information see 2014 ISIL beheading incidents.

Killing of captives by ISIL

executionsmurders
ISIL has released a number of propaganda/publicity videos of beheadings or shootings of captives.

2015 kidnapping and beheading of Copts in Libya

beheading of 21 Coptic Christians from Egypt21 Coptic Martyrs of Libyafollowing the beheading of 21 Egyptian Coptic Christians

James Foley (journalist)

James FoleyJames Foley (photojournalist)James Wright Foley
In response to the beheading of journalists James Foley and Steven Sotloff, Agence France-Presse (AFP) released a statement saying that it would "no longer accept work from freelance journalists who travel to places where we ourselves would not venture" including Syria.

Decapitation

beheadeddecapitatedbeheading
Beginning in 2014, a number of people from various countries were beheaded by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), a radical Sunni Islamist group operating in Iraq and parts of Syria.

Sunni Islam

SunniSunni MuslimSunni Muslims
Beginning in 2014, a number of people from various countries were beheaded by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), a radical Sunni Islamist group operating in Iraq and parts of Syria.

Iraq

Republic of IraqIraqiIrak
Beginning in 2014, a number of people from various countries were beheaded by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), a radical Sunni Islamist group operating in Iraq and parts of Syria.

Syria

Syrian Arab RepublicSyrianEtymology of Syria
Beginning in 2014, a number of people from various countries were beheaded by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), a radical Sunni Islamist group operating in Iraq and parts of Syria.

Social media

socialsocial media platformsocial media campaign
Beheading videos have been frequently posted by ISIL members to social media.

Tanzim Qaidat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn

al-Qaeda in IraqAl Qaeda in Iraqal-Qaida in Iraq
Political scientist Max Abrahms posited that ISIL may be using well-publicized beheadings as a means of differentiating itself from Al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI), and identifying itself with Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the al-Qaeda member who beheaded Daniel Pearl.

Khalid Sheikh Mohammed

Khalid Shaikh MohammedKhalid Sheik MohammedKhalid Sheikh Mohammad
Political scientist Max Abrahms posited that ISIL may be using well-publicized beheadings as a means of differentiating itself from Al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI), and identifying itself with Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the al-Qaeda member who beheaded Daniel Pearl.

Al-Qaeda

Al Qaedaal-QaidaAl Qaida
Political scientist Max Abrahms posited that ISIL may be using well-publicized beheadings as a means of differentiating itself from Al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI), and identifying itself with Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the al-Qaeda member who beheaded Daniel Pearl.

Daniel Pearl

ADL Daniel PearlDaniel Pearl AwardPearl, Daniel
Political scientist Max Abrahms posited that ISIL may be using well-publicized beheadings as a means of differentiating itself from Al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI), and identifying itself with Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the al-Qaeda member who beheaded Daniel Pearl.

Ibrahim al-Marashi

According to Professor Ibrahim al-Marashi, ISIL's earlier incarnations used beheadings to force foreign policy changes such as getting the Philippines to withdraw from the Iraq War.