ITunes

Apple iTunesApple PodcastsiTunes IndiaGenius playlistiTuneiTunes Storei-TunesApple iTunes StoreiTunes JapaniTunes India Charts
iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, mobile device management utility, and the client app for iTunes Store, developed by Apple Inc.wikipedia
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ITunes Store

iTunesiTunes Music StoreiTunes U
iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, mobile device management utility, and the client app for iTunes Store, developed by Apple Inc. It is used to purchase, play, download, and organize digital multimedia, on personal computers running the macOS and Windows operating systems, and can be used to rip songs from CDs, as well as play content with the use of dynamic, smart playlists.
The iTunes Store is available on most Apple devices, including the Mac (inside the iTunes app), the iPhone, the iPad, the iPod touch, and the Apple TV, as well as on Windows (inside iTunes).

Apple Inc.

AppleApple ComputerApple Inc
iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, mobile device management utility, and the client app for iTunes Store, developed by Apple Inc. It is used to purchase, play, download, and organize digital multimedia, on personal computers running the macOS and Windows operating systems, and can be used to rip songs from CDs, as well as play content with the use of dynamic, smart playlists. SoundJam MP, released by Casady & Greene in 1998, was renamed "iTunes" when Apple purchased it in 2000.
Apple's software includes the macOS, iOS, iPadOS, watchOS, and tvOS operating systems, the iTunes media player, the Safari web browser, the Shazam acoustic fingerprint utility, and the iLife and iWork creativity and productivity suites, as well as professional applications like Final Cut Pro, Logic Pro, and Xcode.

Media player software

media playeraudio playervideo player
iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, mobile device management utility, and the client app for iTunes Store, developed by Apple Inc. It is used to purchase, play, download, and organize digital multimedia, on personal computers running the macOS and Windows operating systems, and can be used to rip songs from CDs, as well as play content with the use of dynamic, smart playlists.
For example, Windows comes with Windows Media Player, while macOS comes with QuickTime Player and iTunes.

MacOS

Mac OS XOS XMac
iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, mobile device management utility, and the client app for iTunes Store, developed by Apple Inc. It is used to purchase, play, download, and organize digital multimedia, on personal computers running the macOS and Windows operating systems, and can be used to rip songs from CDs, as well as play content with the use of dynamic, smart playlists.
Considering music to be a key market, Apple developed the iPod music player and music software for the Mac, including iTunes and GarageBand.

IPhone

iPhonesApple iPhoneiPhone app
The original iPhone required iTunes for activation.
Among other deficiencies, the ROKR E1's firmware limited storage to only 100 iTunes songs to avoid competing with Apple's iPod nano.

App Store (iOS)

App StoreiOS App StoreApple App Store
In 2005, however, Apple expanded on the core features with support for digital video, podcasts, e-books, and mobile apps purchased from the iOS App Store, the last of which it discontinued in 2017.
Prior to September 2017, Apple offered a way for users to manage their iOS app purchases through the iTunes computer software.

IOS 5

5iOS 5.0iOS 5.1
Until the release of iOS 5 in 2011, iTunes was required for updating mobile apps.
For the first time, system software updates can be installed wirelessly, without requiring a computer and iTunes.

IOS

Apple iOSiPhone OSiPhone
The software supports importing digital audio tracks that can then be transferred to iOS devices, as well as supporting ripping content from CDs.
Forstall was also responsible for creating a software development kit for programmers to build iPhone apps, as well as an App Store within iTunes.

SoundJam MP

SoundJam
SoundJam MP, released by Casady & Greene in 1998, was renamed "iTunes" when Apple purchased it in 2000.
Apple, Inc. purchased SoundJam MP in 2000 and further developed the code to create iTunes version 1.0.

Music (software)

MusicMTV Music GeneratorMTV Music Generator 2
On June 3, 2019, Apple announced that iTunes in macOS Catalina would be replaced by separate apps, namely Music, Podcasts, and TV.
It was released with macOS Catalina on October 7, 2019 as one of three applications created to replace iTunes.

Advanced Audio Coding

AACAAC-LCMPEG-4 AAC
iTunes supports WAV, AIFF, Apple Lossless, AAC, and MP3 audio formats.
AAC is the default or standard audio format for iPhone, iPod, iPad, Nintendo DSi, Nintendo 3DS, iTunes, DivX Plus Web Player, PlayStation 3 and various Nokia Series 40 phones.

Podcasts (software)

Podcasts
On June 3, 2019, Apple announced that iTunes in macOS Catalina would be replaced by separate apps, namely Music, Podcasts, and TV.
A standalone Podcasts app was initially released for iOS on June 26, 2012, after formerly being a section of the iTunes app.

Software bloat

bloatwarebloatbloated
iTunes has received significant criticism for a bloated user experience, with Apple adopting an all-encompassing feature-set in iTunes rather than sticking to its original music-based purpose.
Apple's iTunes has been accused of being bloated by efforts to turn it from a simple media player to an e-commerce and advertising platform, with former PC World editor Ed Bott accusing the company of hypocrisy in its advertising attacks on Windows for similar practices.

MacOS Catalina

macOS 10.15 CatalinaCatalinamacOS 10.15
On June 3, 2019, Apple announced that iTunes in macOS Catalina would be replaced by separate apps, namely Music, Podcasts, and TV.
iTunes is replaced by separate Music, Podcasts, and TV apps, in line with iOS.

Gracenote

TrackID
It uses the Gracenote music database to provide track name listings for audio CDs.
Several software applications which were capable of playing CDs (i.e.; Media Go and iTunes,) used Gracenote's CDDB technology.

Apple Lossless

ALACApple Lossless Audio Codec.m4a
iTunes supports WAV, AIFF, Apple Lossless, AAC, and MP3 audio formats.
These other lossless codecs, such as FLAC and Shorten, are not natively supported by Apple's iTunes nor the later Music applications (either the Mac OS or Windows versions) or by older iOS devices, but there are free converter tools available to change the format from FLAC to ALAC or vice versa.

Apple TV (software)

Apple TV ChannelsTVApple TV
On June 3, 2019, Apple announced that iTunes in macOS Catalina would be replaced by separate apps, namely Music, Podcasts, and TV.
TV was released with macOS Catalina on October 7, 2019 as one of three applications created to replace iTunes.

Audio Interchange File Format

AIFF.aiffAIF
iTunes supports WAV, AIFF, Apple Lossless, AAC, and MP3 audio formats.
Apple uses this new little-endian AIFF type as its standard on Mac OS X. When a file is imported to or exported from iTunes in "AIFF" format, it is actually AIFF-C/sowt that is being used.

Apple Books

iBooksiBookstoreiBooks Store
In January 2010, Apple announced the iPad tablet, and along with it, a new app for it called Apple Books (previously known as iBooks).
Initially, iBooks was not pre-loaded onto iOS devices, but users could install it free of charge from the iTunes App Store.

Casady & Greene

SoundJam MP, released by Casady & Greene in 1998, was renamed "iTunes" when Apple purchased it in 2000.
C&G was the initial distributor of SoundJam MP, a program which was the basis for Apple Computer's iTunes.

Beats 1

Beats 1 RadioBeats1Beats One
In June 2015, Apple announced Apple Music, its paid music streaming service, and subsequently rebranded iTunes Radio into Beats 1, a radio station accompanying Apple Music.
Beats 1 is a 24/7 music radio station owned and operated by Apple Inc. It is accessible through iTunes on a computer, and Apple Music on a smartphone or tablet.

Apple Music

Beats 1AppleiPod
In June 2015, Apple announced Apple Music, its paid music streaming service, and subsequently rebranded iTunes Radio into Beats 1, a radio station accompanying Apple Music.
The service is compatible with iOS devices running version 8.4 or later, iPadOS devices running version 13.0 or later, Music app on macOS Catalina or later, iTunes version 12.2 or later for Windows PCs, as well as Apple Watch, Apple TV, Apple CarPlay, and Apple HomePod.

Podcast

podcastspodcastingpodcaster
In 2005, however, Apple expanded on the core features with support for digital video, podcasts, e-books, and mobile apps purchased from the iOS App Store, the last of which it discontinued in 2017.
Use of the term "podcast" predated Apple's addition of formal support for podcasting to the iPod, or its iTunes software.

ITunes Radio

ItunesApple Radio's Beats 1Apple's iTunes Radio
In June 2013, the company announced iTunes Radio, a free music streaming service.
It was launched on September 18, 2013, as part of iOS 7 and was available in the Music app on iOS devices and Apple TV (2nd generation and newer) as well as in iTunes 11.1 on OS X (10.7 Lion; it requires Mac OS 10.7.5 or newer to run) and Windows.

ITunes Ping

Ping
With the release of iTunes 10 in September 2010, Apple announced iTunes Ping, which then-CEO Steve Jobs described as "social music discovery".
iTunes Ping, or simply Ping, was a software-based, music-oriented social networking and recommender system service developed and operated by Apple Inc. It was announced and launched on September 1, 2010, as part of the tenth major release of iTunes.