I and Thou

I-thouI, ThouI–Thou relationshipI–ThouI and Thou' philosophy
Ich und Du, usually translated as I and Thou(You), is a book by Martin Buber, published in 1923, and first translated from German to English in 1937.wikipedia
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Martin Buber

BuberBuberianM. Buber
Ich und Du, usually translated as I and Thou(You), is a book by Martin Buber, published in 1923, and first translated from German to English in 1937.
June 13, 1965) was an Austrian-born Israeli Jewish philosopher best known for his philosophy of dialogue, a form of existentialism centered on the distinction between the I–Thou relationship and the I–It relationship.

Philosophy of dialogue

dialogical philosophyphilosopher of dialogue
Philosophy of dialogue
Philosophy of dialogue is a type of philosophy based on the work of the Austrian-born Jewish philosopher Martin Buber best known through its classic presentation in his 1923 book I and Thou.


Living educational theory

Carson and Sumara transformed the concept of traditional action research with the idea that, ..." participation in action research practices are particular ways of living and understanding that require more of the researcher than the "application" of research methods. Rather, action research is a lived practice that requires that the researcher not only investigate the subject at hand but, as well, provide some account of the way in which the investigation both shapes and is shaped by the investigator . This requires what Martin Buber called an "I-Thou" approach toward other and this approach applied to action research as well. To make Buber's language more modern and accessible, LET translated Buber's "I-Thou" approach toward another human being to an "I/you/we" approach to action research. This differs greatly from an approach to living theory action research imagined by Jack Whitehead (2002) where he imagines living theory action research as forming an "I-theory" of knowledge.

E. E. Cummings

e.e. cummingse e cummingsCummings
As he matured, Cummings moved to an "I, Thou" relationship with God.


In 1923, Martin Buber published an essay "Ich und Du" (I and You), in which he pointed out that our narcissism often leads us to relate to others as objects instead of as equals.

Culture of Israel

Israeli cultureIsraeliculture
Martin Buber best known for his philosophy of dialogue, a form of existentialism centered on the distinction between the I–Thou relationship and the I–It relationship.

Terje Gerotti Simonsen

Among other things, he has written the essay "In the Beginning is the Relationship" as introduction to the Norwegian release of I and Thou, the main work of the Jewish philosopher Martin Buber, published in the renowned series "The Cultural Library" (2003).

Reciprocity (social and political philosophy)

reciprocityreciprocal relationshipreciprocation
There are similar limitations in discussions of the do-unto-others golden rule, or ethical principles that are modeled on the mutuality and mutual benevolence that come out of the face-to-face relations envisaged by Emmanuel Levinas or the I-Thou relationships described by Martin Buber.


His best-known philosophical work was the short book I and Thou, published in 1922.

Miguel Abensour

In his works and numerous articles, he has sought to reconcile democracy, understood as "democracy against the state", with the idea of utopia, conceived from Emmanuel Levinas's criticism of Martin Buber's idea of interpersonal relations: the I and Thou relationship opposed to the I and It.

Existentialist anarchism

In his essay Ich und Du published in 1923, he writes how we cannot relate to other people through the "I" towards an "It", towards an object that is separate in itself.


As van Dusen writes: "His last night had been spent in the residency of Sture Linner (sv), head of the United Nations mission to the Congo. He left there the copy of the German original of Ich und Du (I and Thou) presented to him by Martin Buber and the first dozen pages of his translation into Swedish...Beside the bed was the cherished copy of Thomas a Kempis' The Imitation of Christ which was always on the table of his New York City apartment next to his bed where the manuscript of Markings was found."

Face-to-face (philosophy)

Lévinas' account of the face-to-face encounter bears many similarities to Martin Buber's "I and Thou" relation.

Physicist and Christian

Physicist and Christian: A dialogue between the communities
Chapter five Knowledge discusses epistemology as found in both science and religion communities incorporating ideas from Martin Buber's book I and Thou and a diagram from Henry Margenau.

Louis Ormont

The insulation barrier is a developmental concept that has roots in psychoanalytic theories of defense, and in humanistic psychology's respect for the self-directing capacities of human beings, as well as the developmental need for genuine I-Thou encounters.


dialoguesspoken dialoguedialogical
His most influential work is titled I and Thou.

Jim Simkin

He is one of the early Gestalt therapists who took much from Martin Buber's emphasis on the I-thou relationship (Kiritz, Reminiscences of Jim Simkin, unpublished manuscript, 1984).

I and Thou (band)

I and Thou
Hart stated in an interview that the name was chosen to pay homage to the Martin Buber book I and Thou.

Master–slave dialectic

master-slave dialecticlord and bondsmanslavery
Furthermore, Hegel's master–slave trope, and particularly the emphasis on recognition, has been of crucial influence on Martin Buber's relational schema in I and Thou, Simone de Beauvoir's account of the history and dynamics of gender relations in The Second Sex and Frantz Fanon's description of the colonial relation in Black Skin, White Masks.

Jewish existentialism

existentialistsJewish philosopherphilosophy
He made a major contribution to Jewish existentialism with his popular 1923 book I and Thou (from the German, Ich und Du). The book is concerned with the dual concepts of the "I and You (Thou)" and "I and It" relationship, which is Buber's attempt to answer several age-old existential questions about the meaning of human existence.