Ice road

Ice road on Lake Saimaa in Finland.
Ice road between Oulunsalo and Hailuoto. This is the longest ice road in Finland.
Truck on the former winter road between Inuvik and Tuktoyaktuk.
The pressures of the water, related with ice buoyancy, upon short-term vertical loading an ice cover (adapted from ). Not to scale — for illustrative purposes only.
Freeboard on an ice road at different time intervals.
Ice waves caused by a traveling vehicle - the vertical displacement of the ice surface, vastly exaggerated for illustrative purposes (see vertical scale at right), is indicated as a function of distance to vehicle. Adapted from, and based on satellite imagery.
A low head pump used for flooding an ice surface
Clear ice overlain by constructed white ice (hand/foot for scale at right)
Fracture planes in clear ice - boot for scale at lower left. Note the tire tread imprints at lower right
Snowmobile used to pull a sleigh on which there is a ground-penetrating radar, to obtain a continuous ice thickness profile

Human-made structure that runs on a frozen water surface .

- Ice road
Ice road on Lake Saimaa in Finland.

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Example of an over-land segment along a winter road, in northern British Columbia

Winter road

Seasonal road only usable during the winter, i.e. they have to be re-built every year.

Seasonal road only usable during the winter, i.e. they have to be re-built every year.

Example of an over-land segment along a winter road, in northern British Columbia
Example of an over-ice segment, here crossing the frozen Albany River in Northern Ontario

Segments of a winter road that cross an expanse of floating ice are also referred to as an ice road or an ice bridge.

Ice Road Truckers

Reality television series that premiered on History Channel, on June 17, 2007.

Reality television series that premiered on History Channel, on June 17, 2007.

Based on Edith Iglauer's book Denison's Ice Road, the episode details the treacherous job of driving trucks over frozen lakes, also known as ice roads, in Canada's Northwest Territories.

Clinton Creek, Yukon

Clinton Creek

Ghost town in Yukon.

Ghost town in Yukon.

Clinton Creek, Yukon

Mining product was transported across the Yukon River at Dawson City by ferry in summer, ice road in winter, and by a tram system in the spring and fall.

Attawapiskat, situated between the Attawapiskat River and James Bay

Attawapiskat First Nation

Isolated First Nation located in Kenora District in northern Ontario, Canada, at the mouth of the Attawapiskat River on James Bay.

Isolated First Nation located in Kenora District in northern Ontario, Canada, at the mouth of the Attawapiskat River on James Bay.

Attawapiskat, situated between the Attawapiskat River and James Bay
The new elementary school's construction ground
Fiber optics were installed in July 2009, providing high-speed Internet service and improved cable service to Attawapiskat
M. Koostachin & Sons (1976), a locally owned store
Attawapiskat First Nation Office, 1990s

The community is connected to other towns along the shore of James Bay by the seasonal ice road/winter road constructed each December, linking it to the towns of Kashechewan First Nation, Fort Albany, and Moosonee (Minkin 2008:1) Attawapiskat, Fort Albany, and Kashechewan operate and manage the James Bay Winter Road through the jointly owned Kimesskanemenow Corporation, named after the Cree word for "our road" -kimesskanemenow.

Pielinen as seen from Räsävaara.

Pielinen

Fourth largest lake of Finland, with a drainage basin area of 12823 km2 equally distributed between eastern Finland and Russia.

Fourth largest lake of Finland, with a drainage basin area of 12823 km2 equally distributed between eastern Finland and Russia.

Pielinen as seen from Räsävaara.
Location
Map of the lake
Lake Pielinen, a view from a hill in Koli National Park

Helsingin Sanomat has stated that the road is probably the longest of its kind in Europe; however, this assertion is incorrect, as the Hiiumaa Ice Road in Estonia is 25 km, and is more widely believed to Europe's longest.

Elliot Highway

Elliott Highway

Highway in the U.S. state of Alaska that extends 152 miles from Fox, about 10 miles (16 km) north of Fairbanks, to Manley Hot Springs.

Highway in the U.S. state of Alaska that extends 152 miles from Fox, about 10 miles (16 km) north of Fairbanks, to Manley Hot Springs.

Elliot Highway

The road ends on the south side of the Yukon River, so a boat trip or an ice road is also needed to reach Tanana.

Urban structure of Sortavala, a town in Republic of Karelia, Russia

Ugolnye Kopi

Urban locality ( an urban-type settlement) in Anadyrsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located east of Anadyr, the administrative center of the autonomous okrug, on the opposite side of the Anadyr River.

Urban locality ( an urban-type settlement) in Anadyrsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located east of Anadyr, the administrative center of the autonomous okrug, on the opposite side of the Anadyr River.

Urban structure of Sortavala, a town in Republic of Karelia, Russia

In summer, those arriving to the airport and heading to Anadyr may do so using a ferry crossing; however, winter arrivals need to use the ice road across the Anadyr River which leads straight into the town.

Scene from Meynypilgyno in Beringovsky District

Beringovsky District

Administrative district (raion) of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia, which existed in 1957 –2011.

Administrative district (raion) of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia, which existed in 1957 –2011.

Scene from Meynypilgyno in Beringovsky District
Aerial of photo of Pekulney Lake, near Meynypilgyno.

There is a short paved road at around 10 km from Beringovsky to the airport, a 150 km ice road from Beringovsky to Meynypilgyno, and a 130 km ice road from Meynypilgyno to Khatyrka.

Keperveyem Airport terminal which serves Bilibino

Bilibinsky District

Administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the six in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia.

Administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the six in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia.

Keperveyem Airport terminal which serves Bilibino

Instead most of the roads are winter-only ice roads, so the district is heavily reliant on air travel to move goods and people.

Northstar Island is almost entirely occupied by drilling equipment and structures.

Northstar Island

5 acre artificial island in the Beaufort Sea, 12 mi northwest of Prudhoe Bay, Alaska and 6 mi north of the Alaska coast.

5 acre artificial island in the Beaufort Sea, 12 mi northwest of Prudhoe Bay, Alaska and 6 mi north of the Alaska coast.

Northstar Island is almost entirely occupied by drilling equipment and structures.

In the winter, an ice road was built across the frozen Beaufort Sea.