Ice skating

skatingice skaterice-skatingice skatersskateskaterice skateiceice-skaterskaters
Ice skating is the act of motion by wearer of the ice skates to propel the participant across a sheet of ice.wikipedia
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Ice skate

ice skatesskatesskate
Ice skating is the act of motion by wearer of the ice skates to propel the participant across a sheet of ice. Skates now cut into the ice instead of gliding on top of it. Adding edges to ice skates was invented by the Dutch in the 13th or 14th century.
Ice skates are metal blades attached underfoot and used to propel the bearer across a sheet of ice while ice skating.

Speed skating

speed skaterice speed skaterspeedskater
From this description and others, it is apparent that the form of skating practiced by club members was indeed an early form of figure skating rather than speed skating.
Speed skating is a competitive form of ice skating in which the competitors race each other in travelling a certain distance on skates.

Ice rink

ice skating rinkskating rinkrink
Ice skating occurs both on specially prepared ice surfaces (arenas, tracks, parks), both indoors and outdoors, as well as on naturally occurring bodies of frozen water, such as ponds, lakes and rivers.
Gamgee operated the rink on a membership-only basis and attempted to attract a wealthy clientele, experienced in open-air ice skating during winters in the Alps.

Fen skating

Bury Fen Bandy ClubEnglish bandy and speed skatingice skating
Skating became popular as a recreation, a means of transport and spectator sport in The Fens in England for people from all walks of life.
Fen skating is a traditional form of ice skating in the Fenland of England.

Ice

water iceicyicing
Ice skating is the act of motion by wearer of the ice skates to propel the participant across a sheet of ice. Ice skating occurs both on specially prepared ice surfaces (arenas, tracks, parks), both indoors and outdoors, as well as on naturally occurring bodies of frozen water, such as ponds, lakes and rivers.
Ice also plays a central role in winter recreation and in many sports such as ice skating, tour skating, ice hockey, bandy, ice fishing, ice climbing, curling, broomball and sled racing on bobsled, luge and skeleton.

Figure skating

figure skaterfigure skatersskating
From this description and others, it is apparent that the form of skating practiced by club members was indeed an early form of figure skating rather than speed skating.
Although people have been ice skating for centuries, figure skating in its current form originated in the mid-19th century.

International Skating Union

ISUInternational Skating Union (ISU)ISU championships
The International Skating Union was founded in 1892 as the first international ice skating organization in Scheveningen, in the Netherlands.
The International Skating Union (ISU) is the international governing body for competitive ice skating disciplines, including figure skating, synchronized skating, speed skating, and short track speed skating.

Short track speed skating

short track speed skatershort trackshort-track speed-skater
While serious injury is rare, a number of short track skaters have been paralysed after a fall when they hit the boarding.
Short track speed skating is a form of competitive ice speed skating.

Glaciarium

An item in the 8 May 1844 issue of Littell's 'Living Age' headed the 'Glaciarium' reported that "This establishment, which has been removed to Grafton street East' Tottenham Court Road, was opened on Monday afternoon. The area of artificial ice is extremely convenient for such as may be desirous of engaging in the graceful and manly pastime of skating".
Gamgee operated the rink on a membership-only basis and attempted to attract a wealthy clientele, experienced in open-air ice skating during winters in the Alps.

Ice hockey

hockeyice-hockeywomen's ice hockey
Ice hockey
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.

Tour skating

ice skatingskaterstour skaters
Tour skating
Tour skating is recreational long distance ice skating on natural ice.

Patten (shoe)

pattenspatten
In the Fens skates were called pattens, fen runners, or Whittlesey runners.
The word was also used for ice-skates, as it is in French (patiner, to skate).

Ice cross downhill

Ice cross downhill
Ice cross downhill (or downhill ice cross), is a winter extreme sporting event which involves direct competitive downhill skating on a walled track featuring sharp turns and high vertical drops.

British Ice Skating

National Skating AssociationNational Skating Association of Great BritainNISA
On Saturday 1 February 1879, a number of professional ice skaters from Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire met in the Guildhall, Cambridge, to set up the National Skating Association, the first national ice skating body in the world.

Kite ice skating

Kite ice skating
Kite ice skating, sometimes referred to as para-skating or para ice skating, is an ice-based sport using a large controllable kite to propel ice skaters across frozen rivers, frozen lakes and other frozen surfaces.

Finland

🇫🇮FinnishFIN
Research suggests that the earliest ice skating happened in southern Finland more than 4,000 years ago.

Netherlands

Dutch🇳🇱the Netherlands
Skates now cut into the ice instead of gliding on top of it. Adding edges to ice skates was invented by the Dutch in the 13th or 14th century. In the Netherlands, ice skating was considered proper for all classes of people, as shown in many pictures by the Old Masters.

Old Master

old mastersold master paintingmasters
In the Netherlands, ice skating was considered proper for all classes of people, as shown in many pictures by the Old Masters.

Song dynasty

SongSouthern SongNorthern Song dynasty
Ice skating was also practiced in China during the Song dynasty, and became popular among the ruling family of the Qing dynasty.

Qing dynasty

QingChinaQing China
Ice skating was also practiced in China during the Song dynasty, and became popular among the ruling family of the Qing dynasty.

James II of England

James IIKing James IIDuke of York
Ice skating was brought to Britain from the Netherlands, where James II was briefly exiled in the 17th century.

Figure skating club

skating club
The first organised skating club was the Edinburgh Skating Club, formed in the 1740s, (some claim the club was established as early as 1642).

Edinburgh Skating Club

The first organised skating club was the Edinburgh Skating Club, formed in the 1740s, (some claim the club was established as early as 1642).

Encyclopædia Britannica

BritannicaEncyclopedia BritannicaThe New Encyclopædia Britannica
An early contemporary reference to the club appeared in the second edition (1783) of the Encyclopædia Britannica:

Compulsory figures

compulsory figurefigure eightfigures
For admission to the club, candidates had to pass a skating test where they performed a complete circle on either foot (e.g., a figure eight), and then jumped over first one hat, then two and three, placed over each other on the ice.