Idaho Territory

Territory of IdahoIdahoterritorialIdaho TerritorialterritoryI Boise (Idaho)Idaho Territorial LegislatureIdaho territoriesterritorial Idahoterritorial legislature
The Territory of Idaho was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 3, 1863, until July 3, 1890, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as Idaho.wikipedia
337 Related Articles

Idaho

IDState of Idaho(ID)
The Territory of Idaho was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 3, 1863, until July 3, 1890, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as Idaho. The original newly organized territory covered all of the present-day states of Idaho and Montana, and almost all of the present-day state of Wyoming, omitting only a corner in the state's extreme southwest portion.
It officially became U.S. territory with the signing of the Oregon Treaty of 1846, but a separate Idaho Territory was not organized until 1863, instead being included for periods in Oregon Territory and Washington Territory.

Montana

MTState of MontanaMontana, USA
The original newly organized territory covered all of the present-day states of Idaho and Montana, and almost all of the present-day state of Wyoming, omitting only a corner in the state's extreme southwest portion.
The name Montana was added to a bill by the United States House Committee on Territories, which was chaired at the time by Rep. James Ashley of Ohio, for the territory that would become Idaho Territory.

Montana Territory

MontanaTerritory of MontanaMontana Territorial
In 1864, the Montana Territory was organized from the northeastern section of the territory east of the Bitterroot Range.
The Montana Territory was organized out of the existing Idaho Territory by Act of Congress and signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln on May 26, 1864.

Lewiston, Idaho

LewistonLewiston, IDLewiston (ID)
The first territorial capital was at Lewiston from the inception in 1863 to 1866.
In 1863, Lewiston became the first capital of the newly created Idaho Territory.

Boise, Idaho

BoiseBoise, IDBoise City
Boise was made the territorial capital from 1866 by a one-vote margin of the Territorial Supreme Court. Regular newspapers were active in Lewiston, Boise and Silver City by 1865.
The first capital of the Idaho Territory was Lewiston in north central Idaho, which in 1863 was the largest community, exceeding the populations of Olympia and Seattle, Washington Territory and Portland, Oregon combined.

David W. Ballard

David Ballard
The political infighting became particularly vicious in 1867 when Governor David W. Ballard asked for protection from federal troops stationed at Fort Boise against the territorial legislature.
David Wesley Ballard (February 21, 1824 – September 18, 1883) was governor of Idaho Territory from 1866 to 1870.

Washington Territory

Territory of WashingtonWashingtonterritorial government
It is a successor region that was created by areas from existing territories undergoing parallel political transitions beginning with disputes over which country owned the region (See Oregon Country); by 1863 the area west of the Continental Divide that was formerly part of the huge Oregon Territory (by now some was a state) had been sundered from the coastal Washington Territory north of the young State of Oregon to the far west and the remnant of the Oregon Territory was officially 'unorganized'— whereas most of the area east of the Continental Divide had been part of the loosely defined Dakota Territory ending along the 49th parallel—now the border with Canada, then a colonial possession of Great Britain.
In 1863, the area of Washington Territory east of the Snake River and the 117th meridian was reorganized as part of the newly created Idaho Territory, leaving the territory within the current boundaries of Washington State, which was admitted to the Union on November 11, 1889 as the 42nd US state.

Old Idaho State Penitentiary

Idaho State Penitentiarystate penitentiaryIdaho Territorial Penitentiary
The Old Idaho State Penitentiary was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974 for its significance as a Territorial Prison.
The first building, also known as the Territorial Prison, was constructed in the Territory of Idaho in 1870; the territory was seven years old when the prison was built, a full two decades before statehood.

Edward A. Stevenson

Governor Edward Stevenson
In 1887 Idaho Territory was nearly legislated out of existence, but as a favor to Governor Edward A. Stevenson, President Grover Cleveland refused to sign a bill that would have split Idaho Territory between Washington Territory in the north and Nevada in the south.
Edward Augustus Stevenson (June 15, 1831 – July 6, 1895) was an American politician who was Governor of the Idaho Territory from 1885 to 1889.

Wyoming Territory

Territory of WyomingWyomingearly statehood
In 1868, the areas east of the 111th meridian west were made part of the newly created Wyoming Territory.
In 1863, the Idaho Territory was formed; it included the entirety of the modern states of Idaho and Montana and almost all of modern Wyoming save the southwest corner.

Idaho City, Idaho

Idaho CityAnnie Lee (Idaho City)Boise Basin
The 1870 census reported there were 1,751 Chinese in Idaho City who were nearly half of city residents.
As its population swelled, the new Idaho Territorial legislature changed the town’s name to “Idaho City,” to avoid confusion with Bannack, in present-day Beaverhead County, the southwestern corner of Montana.

University of Idaho

IdahoAdministration BuildingUniversity of Idaho Library
In 1889, the University of Idaho was awarded to the northern town of Moscow instead of its original planned location at Eagle Rock (now Idaho Falls) in the south.
Formed by the territorial legislature on January 30, 1889, the university opened its doors in 1892 on October 3, with an initial class of 40 students.

Polly Bemis

Annie Lee was a legendary Idaho city woman who like Polly Bemis, escaped enslavement as a prostitute.
An intermediary took her from San Francisco via Portland, Oregon, to Idaho, where her buyer, a wealthy Chinese man, possibly named Hong King, ran a saloon in a mining camp in Warrens, Idaho Territory, now Warren, Idaho.

Dakota Territory

DakotaTerritory of DakotaDakota in the American Civil War
It is a successor region that was created by areas from existing territories undergoing parallel political transitions beginning with disputes over which country owned the region (See Oregon Country); by 1863 the area west of the Continental Divide that was formerly part of the huge Oregon Territory (by now some was a state) had been sundered from the coastal Washington Territory north of the young State of Oregon to the far west and the remnant of the Oregon Territory was officially 'unorganized'— whereas most of the area east of the Continental Divide had been part of the loosely defined Dakota Territory ending along the 49th parallel—now the border with Canada, then a colonial possession of Great Britain.

Idaho in the American Civil War

On March 3, 1863, the Idaho Territory was formed, consisting of the entirety of modern-day Idaho, Montana, and all but southwest Wyoming.

Silver City, Idaho

Silver CitySilver City Historic District (Silver City, Idaho)
Regular newspapers were active in Lewiston, Boise and Silver City by 1865.
The settlement grew quickly and was soon considered one of the major cities in Idaho Territory.

Moscow, Idaho

MoscowMoscow, IDMoscow (ID)
In 1889, the University of Idaho was awarded to the northern town of Moscow instead of its original planned location at Eagle Rock (now Idaho Falls) in the south.
The capital of the Idaho Territory was relocated from Lewiston to Boise in December 1864.

List of governors of Idaho

Governor of IdahoGovernorGovernor of Idaho Territory
Idaho Territory had 16 territorial governors appointed by the President of the United States from the territory's organization in 1863 until the formation of the state of Idaho in 1890.

History of Idaho

Idaho's historyMining regions of IdahoStatehood in 1890
On March 4, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln signed an act creating Idaho Territory from portions of Washington Territory and Dakota Territory with its capital at Lewiston.

Territorial evolution of the United States

westward expansionAmerican expansionismacquire various other North American territories

Organized incorporated territories of the United States

organized incorporated territory of the United StatesOrganized incorporated territoryorganized incorporated territories
The Territory of Idaho was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 3, 1863, until July 3, 1890, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as Idaho.

Nebraska Territory

NebraskaTerritory of NebraskaNebraska State Constitution
On March 3, 1863, the Idaho Territory was formed of all the territory west of 104°03′ W (27° W of Washington, D.C.).

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
The Territory of Idaho was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 3, 1863, until July 3, 1890, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as Idaho.

United States Congress

CongressU.S. CongressCongressional
The territory was officially organized on March 3, 1863, by Act of Congress, and signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln.