A report on Idukki district

Thekkady
Sree Krishna Swami Temple, Thodupuzha
Calvary Mount Church, Narakakanam
Tea plantations in Munnar
Nilagiri Tahr
Neelakurinji
Giant grizzled squirrel
Thommankuthu Waterfalls
Thodupuzha Civil Station
Taluks in Idukki district with their headquarters
Kundala dam and lake
Idukki arch Dam
Topography and elevation of the High Range region and the Cardamom Hills on Kerala
A dolmen erected by Neolithic people in Marayur
Kerala during 11th century CE (the region which is marked as Chera). The location of Keezhmalanadu is also marked.
Map of Thekkumkur kingdom after the separation of the Poonjar dynasty.
A map of the British Princely state of Travancore published in 1871

One of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala.

- Idukki district
Thekkady

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Kerala

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State on the Malabar Coast of India.

State on the Malabar Coast of India.

Portrait of Parashurama by Raja Ravi Varma relating to Keralolpathi.
Poovar is often identified with Biblical Ophir
Portrait of the sword of Zamorins of Kozhikode, relating to the legend of Cheraman Perumal.
Ancient Silk Road map showing the then trade routes. The spice trade was mainly along the water routes (blue).
Names, routes and locations of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (1st century CE)
Ezhimala, the early historic headquarters of Mushika dynasty, which was succeeded by the kingdom of Kannur later.
Quilon Syrian copper plates granted to Saint Thomas Christians by Venad (Kollam) ruler Sthanu Ravi Varma, testified about merchant guilds and trade corporations in Early Medieval Kerala. The sixth plate also contains a number of signatures of the witnesses to the grant in Arabic (Kufic script), Middle Persian (cursive Pahlavi script) and Judeo-Persian (standard square Hebrew script).
A panorama of port Kozhikode, shows several types of ships, shipbuilding, net fishing, dinghy traffic and a rugged, sparsely populated interior (Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg's atlas Civitates orbis terrarum, 1572)
Uru, a type of ship that was historically used for maritime trade, built at Beypore, Kozhikode
A 1652 Map of India (Malabar Coast is highlighted separately on the right side)
The path Vasco da Gama took to reach Kozhikode (black line) in 1498, which was also the discovery of a sea route from Europe to India, and eventually paved way for the European colonisation of Indian subcontinent.
Bolgatty Palace, built in 1744 by Dutch Malabar, also acted as the British Residency in Kochi
The Mattancherry Palace at Kochi was built and gifted by the Portuguese as a present to the Kingdom of Cochin around 1545
Bekal Fort at Kasaragod built in 1650 CE, the largest fort in Kerala
British Residency in Asramam, Kollam
A 1744 map of Malabar Coast (Malabar coast is on the left side)
Kanakakkunnu Palace at Thiruvananthapuram. Thiruvananthapuram became a major city on Malabar Coast after the ruler Marthanda Varma annexed all minor kingdoms up to Cochin to form Travancore in 18th century CE.
Kerala in British India (1909). Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode, Kochi, and Kannur, were the major cities of the state at that time as indicated in the map
Topography of Kerala
Administrative Subdivisions
Coconuts are an important regional cash crop.
Infopark, Kochi
Jackfruits are the state fruit, and are a cultural icon of Kerala.
A paddy field at Palakkad, also known as The Granary of Kerala
Black pepper is an important cash crop in Kerala, which leads the country in production.
Cheena vala (Chinese fishing net)
A panoramic view of Vyttila Mobility Hub integrated transit terminal in the city of Kochi
KSRTC Bus Station at Kozhikode
Kochi Metro train at Palarivattom Metro station
Cochin International Airport, the first airport in the world to be fully powered by solar energy
Cranes at the Cochin Shipyard
The Population pyramid of Kerala
Participants at a pride parade in Thrissur in October 2018
Human Development Index map for Indian states in 2006, as calculated by Government of India and United Nations Development Programme.
Malayala Manorama office in Kottiyam, Kollam
The annual snake boat race is performed during Onam on the Pamba River
Greenfield International Stadium in Thiruvananthapuram.
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Kochi.

Pre-historical archaeological findings include dolmens of the Neolithic era in the Marayur area of the Idukki district, which lie on the eastern highland made by Western Ghats.

Periyar River

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Longest river and the river with the largest discharge potential in the Indian state of Kerala.

Longest river and the river with the largest discharge potential in the Indian state of Kerala.

Periyar river at Bhoothathankettu near Kothamangalam, Ernakulam.
Panoramic view of Periyar River from Bhoothathankettu Dam
Anamudi peak, on the right, is the highest point of the Periyar basin at 2695 m.
Cardamom Hills, Southern Western ghats, Near Thekkady in Kerala
Idukki Dam across the Periyar river
Thattekad Bird Sanctuary is an evergreen low-land forest located between the branches of Periyar River
Sand mining

Periyar originates at the southeastern border of Idukki district.

Inchathotty Bridge near Kothamangalam

Ernakulam district

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One of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala, that takes its name from the eponymous city division in Kochi.

One of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala, that takes its name from the eponymous city division in Kochi.

Inchathotty Bridge near Kothamangalam
Ernakulathappan Temple
Rama Varma XV at the Delhi Durbar of 1903.
Chinese fishing nets, Fort Kochi
The Grey hornbill
Mangalavanam
Kochi Marine Drive Day View
The beauty in the night, Marine Drive, Kochi
Infopark, Kochi
Administrative Block of Cochin University of Science and Technology
Thrikkakara Temple-one of the few temples in India and only temple in Kerala dedicated to Lord Vamana
Chottanikkara Temple
Paradesi Cochin Jewish Synagogue
St. Francis Church
Chinese Net Bridge at Marine Drive walkway
The old Dutch cemetery in Kochi
Hill Palace, Tripunithura
High Court of Kerala at Ernakulam
Heritage Building of Ernakulam District Court

In the year 1998, Kuttampuzha village was added to the district from Idukki district following which the district got a political boundary with neighbouring state of Tamil Nadu.

Topography: Western Ghats (southern part)

Western Ghats

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Mountain range that covers an area of 160,000 km2 in a stretch of 1,600 km parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, traversing the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Mountain range that covers an area of 160,000 km2 in a stretch of 1,600 km parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, traversing the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Topography: Western Ghats (southern part)
Munnar hillstation on Western Ghats is often called The Kashmir of South India
Spring blossom in Ooty, the Queen of the Western ghats
Chorla Ghat on the Goa-Karnataka border, during late monsoon
Annual rainfall along the Western Ghat region
Sholas, part of the rainforests
Dense rainforests cover the Western Ghats.
The Western Ghats are a UNESCO heritage site.
Tiger in Mudumalai National Park, Tamil Nadu
Nilgiri tahr, female
Denison barb is endemic to only three rivers in the Western Ghats
The Nilgiri wood-pigeon
Tropical rainforest, Agumbe
Forest fires 2019

The Western Ghats have several man-made lakes and reservoirs with major lakes at Ooty (34 ha) in Nilgiris, Kodaikanal (26 ha) and Berijam in Palani Hills, Pookode lake, Karlad Lake in Wayanad, Vagamon lake, Devikulam (6 ha) and Letchmi (2 ha) in Idukki, Kerala.

Nilgiri tahr

Eravikulam National Park

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Nilgiri tahr
Neelakurinji blooms from Eravikulam National park
Trekking route in Eravikulam National Park
View of the Munnar Mountains from the top of Eravikulam National Park
Nilgiri Tahr – Eravikulam National Park
Anamudi, on the right, in the Eravikulam National Park
Naikolli Mala, near Anamudi from Eravikulam National Park

Eravikulam National Park is a 97 km2 national park located along the Western Ghats in the Idukki and Ernakulam districts of Kerala in India.

Travancore

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Indian kingdom from c. 1729 until 1949.

Indian kingdom from c. 1729 until 1949.

Kingdom of Travancore in India
India in 1320 CE. The Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram-Kanyakumari area in the southernmost tip of the Indian subcontinent was the main seat of the Ay dynasty, was under the influence of Pandya dynasty.
Kingdom of Travancore in India
Thambiran Vanakkam was printed at Kollam, the capital of Venad in 1578, during the Portuguese Era. It holds the record of the first book printed in any Indian language. It was written in the language Lingua Malabar Tamul, which was spoken in southern Kerala (Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram-Kanyakumari area) during the medieval period.
British Residency in Quilon. Till 1829, Quilon was the capital of the Travancore State with British Residency as the headquarters of the kingdom.
A map of the Malabar Coast in 1733. At that time, Travancore was only a small territory wedged between Kollam and Kanyakumari, as shown in the map (Present-day districts of Trivandrum and Kanyakumari only). The vast region of the Malabar Coast between Kannur and Kollam was under the control of the Zamorin of Calicut then. In the latter half of the 18th century Travancore inherited the kingdoms as far as Cochin and became a powerful kingdom.
Padmanabhapuram Palace
Eustachius De Lannoy of the Dutch East India Company surrenders to Maharaja Marthanda Varma of the Kingdom of Travancore after the Battle of Colachel. (Depiction at Padmanabhapuram Palace)
Tipu Sultan at the lines of Travancore. Illustration from Cassell's Illustrated History of India by James Grant (c 1896).
A language map of India prepared in 1822. Note that a major portion of Travancore was included in Tamil-spoken region.
Colin Macaulay, British Resident of Travancore, by John Smart (1792), by permission of the Provost and Fellows of Kings College, Cambridge
Adoption Durbar, Trivandrum
A block of 1887 Travancore revenue stamps depicting Queen Victoria.
Malayalam letters on old Travancore Rupee coin
Travancore in the Madras Presidency in 1909
Dewan Rajah Sir T. Madhava Rao
Kowdiar Palace, Trivandrum
Map of Travancore in 1871.
A Canal scene in Travancore.
Sree Padmanabha Swamy was the national deity of the Kingdom of Travancore.<ref>{{Cite book|last=Mateer|first=Samuel|title=The Land of Charity|publisher=University of Michigan Libraries|year=1871|pages=160}}</ref>
Travancore's postal service adopted a standard cast iron pillar box, made by Massey & Co in Madras, similar to the British Penfold model introduced in 1866. This Anchal post box is in Perumbavoor.
Ayilyam Thirunal of Travancore (centre) with the first prince (left) and Dewan Rajah Sir T. Madhava Rao (right).
The last King of Travancore, Sree Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma.
Travancore Nair Brigade in 1861.

At its zenith, the kingdom covered most of the south of modern-day Kerala (Idukki, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta, Kollam, and Thiruvananthapuram districts, and some portions of Ernakulam district), and the southernmost part of modern-day Tamil Nadu (Kanyakumari district and some parts of Tenkasi district) with the Thachudaya Kaimal's enclave of Irinjalakuda Koodalmanikyam temple in the neighbouring Kingdom of Cochin.

House Boat in Kumarakom

Kottayam district

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One of fourteen districts in the Indian state of Kerala.

One of fourteen districts in the Indian state of Kerala.

House Boat in Kumarakom
Ilaveezha Poonchira
Vaikom temple is known as the Kasi of the South
St. George Orthodox Church, Puthuppally
Thazhathangady Juma Mosque is one among the oldest mosques in India
C.M.S. College
The extent of the Chera dynasty (known as Keralaputras in the inscriptions of the emperor Ashoka of the Maurya Empire (322 BCE – 184 BCE) during the early centuries of the Common Era.
Kerala during 11th century CE (the region which is marked as Chera)
The Vazhappally copper plate (882/883 CE) written in Old Malayalam, found near Changanassery.
The Perunna inscription (1099 CE) of Rama Kulasekhara written in Old Malayalam, found near Changanassery.
A political map of the Kingdom of Thekkumkur (1102-1749)
The CMS College Kottayam, established in 1815, was the first Western model institute of higher education in India.
A map of the British Princely state of Travancore published in 1871

The province Kuttanad of the ancient kingdom of Keralaputras included the modern-day districts of Kottayam, Ernakulam, Idukki, and parts of Alappuzha, which can be defined as the region between the rivers Periyar and Pamba.

Munnar

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Sunrise at Munnar
Tea plantation at Munnar
Munnar KSRTC bus stand
Tea plantations at Munnar
A Nilgiri tahr at Rajamalai near Munnar
Hills around the tea plantations, Munnar

Munnar is a town and hill station in the Idukki district of the southwestern Indian state of Kerala.

Anamudi as seen from an aircraft. The peak is in the center of the image with a small white cloud seen behind its rounded summit

Anamudi

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Anamudi as seen from an aircraft. The peak is in the center of the image with a small white cloud seen behind its rounded summit
Anamudi, on the right, as seen on the descent towards Cochin International Airport from the Delhi-Kochi flight
Anamudi, on the right, as seen from the Munnar-Udumalpettai highway

Anamudi is a mountain located in Ernakulam district and Idukki district of the Indian state of Kerala.

Thodupuzha

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Sarvadhikari Elasamprathi Narayana Varma of Vadakkumkur
University College of Engineering
Sri Krishna Swami temple
Old bridge of Thodupuzha
Civil Station

Thodupuzha (തൊടുപുഴ) is a municipality located in Idukki, Kerala, India, that covers an area of 35.43 km2.