Iguana

iguanasCaribbean iguanaHypsilophusiguaninesspinytail iguanas
Iguana is a genus of herbivorous lizards that are native to tropical areas of Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.wikipedia
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Green iguana

Iguana iguanaiguanagreen iguanas
Two species are included in the genus Iguana: the green iguana, which is widespread throughout its range and a popular pet, and the Lesser Antillean iguana, which is native to the Lesser Antilles and endangered due to habitat destruction, introduced feral predators, hunting, and hybridization with introduced green iguanas.
The green iguana (Iguana iguana), also known as the American iguana, is a large, arboreal, mostly herbivorous species of lizard of the genus Iguana.

Lesser Antillean iguana

Iguana delicatissima
Two species are included in the genus Iguana: the green iguana, which is widespread throughout its range and a popular pet, and the Lesser Antillean iguana, which is native to the Lesser Antilles and endangered due to habitat destruction, introduced feral predators, hunting, and hybridization with introduced green iguanas.
It is one of two species of lizard of the genus Iguana and is in severe decline due to habitat destruction, introduced feral predators, hunting, and hybridization with its introduced sister species, the green iguana (Iguana iguana).

Lizard

lizardsLacertiliaLacertilia indet.
Iguana is a genus of herbivorous lizards that are native to tropical areas of Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. The two species of lizard within the genus Iguana possess a dewlap and a row of elongated scales running from the midline of their necks down to their tails.
Numerous species of lizard are kept as pets, including bearded dragons, iguanas, anoles, and geckos (such as the popular leopard gecko).

Taíno

TainoTaínosTaíno people
The word "iguana" is derived from the original Taino name for the species, iwana.
Wild parrots were decoyed with domesticated birds, and iguanas were taken from trees and other vegetation.

Reptile

reptilesReptiliaSauropsida
Like most reptiles, an iguana has a three-chambered heart with two atria, one ventricle, and two aortae with a systemic circulation.
For example, Iguana hearts, like the majority of the squamates hearts, are composed of three chambers with two aorta and one ventricle, cardiac involuntary muscles.

Iguanomorpha

iguaniaiguanianiguanians
A phylogeny based on nuclear protein-coding genes, reviewed by Vidal and Hedges (2009) suggested that the subclade Iguania is in a group with snakes and anguimorphs (lizards).
Iguania is an infraorder of squamate reptiles that includes iguanas, chameleons, agamids, and New World lizards like anoles and phrynosomatids.

Saint Lucia

St. LuciaSt LuciaSt. Lucian
There is evidence to suggest that the Arawak called the island Iouanalao, meaning 'Land of the Iguanas', due to the island's high number of iguanas.

Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad & TobagoTrinidadianTrinidad
There are also 47 species of snake, including four venomous species, lizards such as the gecko, iguana, matte lizard and also several species of turtle.

Genus

generageneric namegeneric
Iguana is a genus of herbivorous lizards that are native to tropical areas of Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.

Mexico

MexicanMéxicoMEX
Iguana is a genus of herbivorous lizards that are native to tropical areas of Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.

Central America

CentralCentral AmericanCentral American Isthmus
Iguana is a genus of herbivorous lizards that are native to tropical areas of Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.

South America

South AmericanSouthSouth-America
Iguana is a genus of herbivorous lizards that are native to tropical areas of Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.

Caribbean

the CaribbeanWest IndiesWest Indian
Iguana is a genus of herbivorous lizards that are native to tropical areas of Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.

Natural history

naturalistnaturalistsnatural historian
The genus was first described in 1768 by Austrian naturalist Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti in his book Specimen Medicum, Exhibens Synopsin Reptilium Emendatam cum Experimentis circa Venena.

Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti

LaurentiLaurenti JNJoseph Nicolaus Lorenz
The genus was first described in 1768 by Austrian naturalist Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti in his book Specimen Medicum, Exhibens Synopsin Reptilium Emendatam cum Experimentis circa Venena.

Species

specificspecific epithetspecific name
Two species are included in the genus Iguana: the green iguana, which is widespread throughout its range and a popular pet, and the Lesser Antillean iguana, which is native to the Lesser Antilles and endangered due to habitat destruction, introduced feral predators, hunting, and hybridization with introduced green iguanas.

Lesser Antilles

Lesser AntilleanLesserPetites Antilles
Two species are included in the genus Iguana: the green iguana, which is widespread throughout its range and a popular pet, and the Lesser Antillean iguana, which is native to the Lesser Antilles and endangered due to habitat destruction, introduced feral predators, hunting, and hybridization with introduced green iguanas.

Habitat destruction

habitat losshabitat degradationloss of habitat
Two species are included in the genus Iguana: the green iguana, which is widespread throughout its range and a popular pet, and the Lesser Antillean iguana, which is native to the Lesser Antilles and endangered due to habitat destruction, introduced feral predators, hunting, and hybridization with introduced green iguanas.

Feral

strayferal animalferal dogs
Two species are included in the genus Iguana: the green iguana, which is widespread throughout its range and a popular pet, and the Lesser Antillean iguana, which is native to the Lesser Antilles and endangered due to habitat destruction, introduced feral predators, hunting, and hybridization with introduced green iguanas.

Dewlap

dewlapsthroat fan
The two species of lizard within the genus Iguana possess a dewlap and a row of elongated scales running from the midline of their necks down to their tails.

Neck

cervicalnuchalcervical region
The two species of lizard within the genus Iguana possess a dewlap and a row of elongated scales running from the midline of their necks down to their tails.

Tail

caudalcaudal appendagevestigial tail
The two species of lizard within the genus Iguana possess a dewlap and a row of elongated scales running from the midline of their necks down to their tails.

Reptile scale

scalesscalescalation
Iguanas have varying types of scales covering different areas of their body, for example, there are some large round tuberculate scales scattered around the lateral region of the neck among smaller, overlapping scales.

Anatomical terms of location

ventraldorsalanterior
The scales on the dorsal trunk of their body are also thicker and more tightly packed than those on the ventral side.

Tympanum (anatomy)

tympanumtympanitympanic
The tympanum, the iguana's eardrum, is located above the sub-tympanic shield (or "ear shield") behind each eye.