Illegal drug trade

drug traffickingdrug dealerdrug dealingdrug smugglingdrug traffickerdrug dealersdrug tradenarcotics traffickingtraffickingdrug traffickers
The illegal drug trade or drug trafficking is a global black market dedicated to the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs that are subject to drug prohibition laws.wikipedia
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Black market

underground economyblack moneyblack-market
The illegal drug trade or drug trafficking is a global black market dedicated to the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs that are subject to drug prohibition laws.
Illegal economy participants engage in the production and distribution of prohibited goods and services, such as drug trafficking, arms trafficking, and prostitution.

Opium

opium tradeopium addictionraw opium
The Chinese government responded by enforcing a ban on the import of opium; this led to the First Opium War (1839-1842) between the United Kingdom and Qing-dynasty China.
Approximately 12 percent of opium is made up of the analgesic alkaloid morphine, which is processed chemically to produce heroin and other synthetic opioids for medicinal use and for illegal drug trade.

Prohibition of drugs

illegal drugsillegal drugdrug prohibition
The illegal drug trade or drug trafficking is a global black market dedicated to the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs that are subject to drug prohibition laws.
Though the prohibition of illegal drugs was established under Sharia law, particularly against the use of hashish as a recreational drug, classical jurists of medieval Islamic jurisprudence accepted the use of hashish for medicinal and therapeutic purposes, and agreed that its "medical use, even if it leads to mental derangement, should remain exempt [from punishment]".

Drug prohibition law

controlled drugdrug controlcontrolled drugs
Most jurisdictions prohibit trade, except under license, of many types of drugs through the use of drug prohibition laws.
The aforementioned legislation is the cultural institution and social fact that de facto divides world drug trade as illegal vs legal, according to geopolitical issues.

'Ndrangheta

NdranghetaCalabrian MafiaItalian mafia
As a result, international organized crime syndicates such as the Sinaloa Cartel and 'Ndrangheta have increased cooperation among each other in order to facilitate trans-Atlantic drug-trafficking.
A US diplomat estimated that the organization's narcotics trafficking, extortion and money laundering activities accounted for at least 3% of Italy's GDP in 2010.

Drug

drugsagentserum
Most jurisdictions prohibit trade, except under license, of many types of drugs through the use of drug prohibition laws.
Many recreational drugs are illicit and international treaties such as the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs exist for the purpose of their prohibition.

Organized crime

mobunderworldcriminal organization
As a result, international organized crime syndicates such as the Sinaloa Cartel and 'Ndrangheta have increased cooperation among each other in order to facilitate trans-Atlantic drug-trafficking.
Activities of organized crime include loansharking of money at very high interest rates, assassination, blackmailing, bombings, bookmaking and illegal gambling, confidence tricks, copyright infringement, counterfeiting of intellectual property, fencing, kidnapping, prostitution, smuggling, drug trafficking, arms trafficking, oil smuggling, antiquities smuggling, organ trafficking, contract killing, identity document forgery, money laundering, bribery, seduction, electoral fraud, insurance fraud, point shaving, price fixing, illegal taxicab operation, illegal dumping of toxic waste, illegal trading of nuclear materials, military equipment smuggling, nuclear weapons smuggling, passport fraud, providing illegal immigration and cheap labor, people smuggling, trading in endangered species, and trafficking in human beings.

Narcosobrinos affair

Narcosobrinos incidentNarcosobrinos'' incident
On 18 November 2016, following what was known as the Narcosobrinos incident, Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro's two nephews were found guilty of trying to ship drugs into the United States so they could "obtain a large amount of cash to help their family stay in power".
The word Narcosobrinos is the word narco, meaning "drug dealer", followed by sobrinos, which translates to "nephews".

Money laundering

money-launderinglaunderinganti-money laundering
The money is often laundered in countries such as Nigeria, Ghana and Senegal.
Money obtained from certain crimes, such as extortion, insider trading, drug trafficking, and illegal gambling is "dirty" and needs to be "cleaned" to appear to have been derived from legal activities, so that banks and other financial institutions will deal with it without suspicion.

Darknet market

darknet marketsdarknet drug marketsAbraxas (market)
Drugs are increasingly traded online on the dark web on darknet markets.
They function primarily as black markets, selling or brokering transactions involving drugs, cyber-arms, weapons, counterfeit currency, stolen credit card details, forged documents, unlicensed pharmaceuticals, steroids, and other illicit goods as well as the sale of legal products.

Illegal drug trade in Colombia

illegal drug tradeColombian cartelsNarcotrafficking
Venezuela has been a path to the United States and Europe for illegal drugs originating in Colombia, through Central America, Mexico and Caribbean countries such as Haiti, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico.
The issues are difficult to address because of the wealth and power of drug traffickers.

Capital punishment

death penaltyexecutionexecuted
Sentencing may include lengthy periods of incarceration, flogging and even the death penalty (in Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and elsewhere).
Crimes that are punishable by death are known as capital crimes, capital offences or capital felonies, and vary depending on the jurisdiction, but commonly include serious offences such as murder, mass murder, aggravated cases of rape, child rape, child sexual abuse, terrorism, treason, espionage, sedition, piracy, aircraft hijacking, drug trafficking and drug dealing, war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide, and in some cases, the most serious acts of recidivism, aggravated robbery, and kidnapping.

Al-Qaeda

Al Qaedaal-QaidaAl Qaida
When drugs are sent over land, through the Sahara, the drug traders have been forced to cooperate with terrorist organizations, such as Al Qaida in Islamic Maghreb.
Other sources of income included the heroin trade and donations from supporters in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and other Islamic Gulf states.

Ghana

GhanaianRepublic of GhanaGHA
Cocaine produced in Colombia and Bolivia increasingly has been shipped via West Africa (especially in Cape Verde, Mali, Benin, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Guinea-Bissau and Ghana).
The social context within which narcotic trafficking, storage, transportation, and repacking systems exist in Ghana and the state's location along the Gulf of Guinea within the Atlantic Ocean – only a few degrees north of the Equator – makes Ghana an attractive country for the narcotics business.

Political corruption

corruptioncorruptAnti-corruption
This political corruption obscured justice, making it difficult to identify violence when it related to drugs.
Corruption may facilitate criminal enterprise such as drug trafficking, money laundering, and human trafficking, though it is not restricted to these activities.

Gulf Cartel

GulfMatamoros cartel
Besides drug trafficking, the Gulf Cartel operates through protection rackets, assassinations, extortions, kidnappings, and other criminal activities.

Colima Cartel

Colima
The Colima Cartel (Cártel de Colima) was a Mexican drug trafficking and methamphetamine producing cartel operating in Guadalajara, Jalisco.

Sinaloa Cartel

SinaloaSinaloa Drug Carteldel ''Cártel de Sinaloa
As a result, international organized crime syndicates such as the Sinaloa Cartel and 'Ndrangheta have increased cooperation among each other in order to facilitate trans-Atlantic drug-trafficking.

Heroin

diamorphinediacetylmorphinesmack
A report by the UK government's Drug Strategy Unit that was leaked to the press, stated that due to the expensive price of highly addictive drugs heroin and cocaine, drug use was responsible for the great majority of crime, including 85% of shoplifting, 70–80% of burglaries and 54% of robberies.
Turkey maintains strict laws against the use, possession or trafficking of illegal drugs.

Cannabis (drug)

marijuanacannabispot
The beginning of the 21st century saw drug use increase in North America and Europe, with a particularly increased demand for marijuana and cocaine.
Forty-four percent of American 12th graders have tried the drug at least once, and the typical age of first-use is 16, similar to the typical age of first-use for alcohol but lower than the first-use age for other illicit drugs.

Van Tuong Nguyen

Nguyen Tuong VanDarshan SinghDarshan Singh (executioner)
In December 2005, Van Tuong Nguyen, a 25-year-old Australian drug smuggler, was hanged in Singapore after being convicted in March 2004.

Corruption in Mexico

corruptioncorruption from Mexican investigatorspolitical corruption
Corruption in Mexico has contributed to the domination of Mexican cartels in the illicit drug trade.
Mexico’s geographic location has played largely in the development of the country’s role in organized crime and drug trafficking.

HSBC

HSBC Holdings plcHSBC HoldingsHSBC Group
Between local and international sales, such as to Europe and the United States, drug cartels in Mexico see a $25–30bn yearly profit, a great deal of which circulates through international banks such as HSBC.
Among other things, it concluded that HSBC had been transferring $7 billion in banknotes from its Mexican to its US subsidiary (much of it related to drug dealing ), was disregarding terrorist financing links and was actively circumventing US safeguards to block transactions involving terrorists, drug lords and rogue regimes, including hiding $19.4 billion in transactions with Iran.

Clandestine chemistry

meth labclandestine chemistmethamphetamine lab
According to the Community Epidemiology Work Group, the number of clandestine methamphetamine laboratory incidents reported to the National Clandestine Laboratory Database decreased from 1999 to 2009.
Clandestine chemistry is chemistry carried out in secret, and particularly in illegal drug laboratories.

Golden Triangle (Southeast Asia)

Golden Trianglean area that extends across Thailand, Myanmar, Laos, and ChinaChinese opium
Up until around 2004 the majority of the world's heroin was produced in an area known as the Golden Triangle.
Myanmar is the world's second largest producer of illicit opium, after Afghanistan and has been a significant cog in the transnational drug trade since World War II.