Illinois

ILState of IllinoisIll.Illinois, USAIllinois, U.S.(IL)Culture of Illinoiseducation in IllinoisIllinois, United StatesEast Central Illinois
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of the United States.wikipedia
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Midwestern United States

MidwestMidwesternAmerican Midwest
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of the United States.
The Census Bureau's definition consists of 12 states in the north central United States: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Springfield, Illinois

SpringfieldSpringfield, ILCapital
The capital of Illinois is Springfield, which is located in the central part of the state.
Springfield is the capital of the U.S. state of Illinois and the county seat of Sangamon County.

O'Hare International Airport

Chicago O'Hare International AirportO'Hare AirportChicago–O'Hare, Illinois
For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
O'Hare International Airport, typically referred to as O'Hare Airport, Chicago O'Hare, or simply O'Hare, is an international airport located on the Northwest Side of Chicago, Illinois, 14 mi northwest of the Loop business district; operated by the Chicago Department of Aviation and covering some 7627 acres, O'Hare has non-stop flights to 228 destinations in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia and Oceania.

Mississippi River

MississippiMississippi ValleyMississippi Basin
The Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River.
The river either borders or passes through the states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Louisiana.

Ohio River

OhioOhio ValleyList of cities and towns along the Ohio River
The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, and the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois.
It is located in the midwestern United States, flowing southwesterly from western Pennsylvania south of Lake Erie to its mouth on the Mississippi River at the southern tip of Illinois.

Illinois River

IllinoisIllinois River ValleyIllinois Valley
The Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River.
The Illinois River is a principal tributary of the Mississippi River, approximately 273 mi long, in the U.S. state of Illinois.

Wabash River

WabashWabash River ValleyLower Wabash Valley
The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, and the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois.
The Wabash River (French: Ouabache) is a 503 mi river in Ohio and Indiana, United States, that flows from the headwaters near the middle of Ohio's western border northwest then southwest across northern Indiana turning south along the Illinois border where the southern portion forms the Indiana-Illinois border before flowing into the Ohio River.

Lake Michigan

Michiganlakefrontlake
Following increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes after the construction of the Erie Canal, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River at one of the few natural harbors on the southern section of Lake Michigan.
Lake Michigan is shared, from west to east, by the U.S. states of Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan.

Great Lakes

North American Great LakesGreat Lakethe Great Lakes
The Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River.
The lakes are divided among the jurisdictions of the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. states of Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York.

Chicago metropolitan area

Chicago areaChicagoChicago market
Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population.
The Chicago metropolitan area, or Chicagoland, is the metropolitan area that includes the city of Chicago, Illinois, and its suburbs.

Barack Obama

ObamaPresident ObamaPresident Barack Obama
Three U.S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, and Barack Obama.
He previously served as a U.S. senator from Illinois from 2005 to 2008 and an Illinois state senator from 1997 to 2004.

Illinois Country

Upper LouisianaPays des IllinoisIllinois
Although today Illinois's largest population center is in its northeast, the state's European population grew first in the west as the French settled lands near the Mississippi River, when the region was known as Illinois Country and was part of New France.
While these names generally referred to the entire Upper Mississippi River watershed, French colonial settlement was concentrated along the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers in what is now the U.S. states of Illinois and Missouri, with outposts in Indiana.

Kentucky

KYCommonwealth of KentuckyKentuckian
Following the American Revolutionary War, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, and the population grew from south to north.
West Virginia lies to the east, Virginia to the southeast, Tennessee to the south, Missouri to the west, Illinois and Indiana to the northwest, and Ohio to the north and northeast.

Ronald Reagan

ReaganRonald W. ReaganPresident Reagan
Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in the state.
Reagan was raised in a low-income family in small towns of northern Illinois.

Port of Chicago

Calumet HarborIllinois International Port DistrictLake Calumet Harbor
The Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River.
The Port of Chicago consists of several major port facilities within the city of Chicago, Illinois operated by the Illinois International Port District (formerly known as the Chicago Regional Port District).

Vehicle registration plates of Illinois

Illinoislicense platesIllinois plates
Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, which has been displayed on its license plates since 1954.
The U.S. state of Illinois first required its residents to register their motor vehicles in 1907.

Illinois and Michigan Canal

Illinois & Michigan CanalI&MIllinois and Michigan (I&M) Canal
The Illinois and Michigan Canal (1848) made transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, and new railroads carried immigrants to new homes in the country's west and shipped commodity crops to the nation's east.
In Illinois, it ran 96 mi from the Chicago River in Bridgeport, Chicago to the Illinois River at LaSalle-Peru.

Illinois Waterway

Illinois Waterway Lock and dams
The Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River.
The Illinois Waterway system consists of 336 mi of water from the mouth of the Calumet River to the mouth of the Illinois River at Grafton, Illinois.

Collinsville, Illinois

CollinsvilleCollinsville, ILCarbondale, Illinois
Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois.
Collinsville is a city located mainly in Madison County, and partially in St. Clair County, both in Illinois.

Cahokia

Cahokia MoundsCahokia Mounds State Historic SiteCahokia Mounds, Illinois
Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois.
This historic park lies in southern Illinois between East St. Louis and Collinsville.

Miami-Illinois language

Miami-IllinoisMiamiIllinois
American scholars previously thought the name "Illinois" meant "man" or "men" in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois.
Miami-Illinois (Myaamia ) is an indigenous Algonquian language formerly spoken in the United States, primarily in Illinois, Missouri, Indiana, western Ohio and adjacent areas along the Mississippi River by the Miami and Wea as well as the tribes of the Illinois Confederation, including the Kaskaskia, Peoria, Tamaroa, and Mitchigamea.

Starved Rock State Park

Starved RockFort St. LouisFort Saint Louis (Illinois)
In 1680, French explorers under René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle and Henri de Tonti constructed a fort at the site of present-day Peoria, and in 1682, a fort atop Starved Rock in today's Starved Rock State Park.
Starved Rock State Park is a state park in the U.S. state of Illinois, characterized by the many canyons within its 2630 acres.

Ho-Chunk

WinnebagoWinnebagosWinnebago Indians
As the Illini declined during the Beaver Wars era, members of the Algonquian-speaking Potawatomi, Miami, Sauk, and other tribes including the Fox (Mesquakie), Ioway, Kickapoo, Mascouten, Piankashaw, Shawnee, Wea, and Winnebago (Ho-Chunk) came into the area from the east and north around the Great Lakes.
The Ho-Chunk, also known as Hoocąągra or Winnebago, are a Siouan-speaking Native American people whose historic territory includes parts of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, and Illinois.

Shawnee

Shawnee IndiansShawneesShawnee people
As the Illini declined during the Beaver Wars era, members of the Algonquian-speaking Potawatomi, Miami, Sauk, and other tribes including the Fox (Mesquakie), Ioway, Kickapoo, Mascouten, Piankashaw, Shawnee, Wea, and Winnebago (Ho-Chunk) came into the area from the east and north around the Great Lakes.
In colonial times they were a semi-migratory Native American nation, primarily inhabiting areas of the Ohio Valley, extending from what became Ohio and Kentucky eastward to West Virginia, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Western Maryland; south to Alabama and South Carolina; and westward to Indiana, and Illinois.

Prairie

prairieswet prairieprairie grasslands
John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden.
In the U.S., the area is constituted by most or all of the states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, and Oklahoma, and sizable parts of the states of Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, Missouri, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, and western and southern Minnesota.