A report on Illinois and Michigan

Mississippian copper plate found at the Saddle Site in Union County, Illinois
Père Marquette and the Indians (1869) by Wilhelm Lamprecht
Illinois in 1718, approximate modern state area highlighted, from Carte de la Louisiane et du cours du Mississipi by Guillaume de L'Isle
Map of British America showing the original boundaries of the Province of Quebec and its Quebec Act of 1774 post-annexation boundaries
The bell donated by King Louis XV in 1741 to the mission at Kaskaskia. It was later called the "Liberty Bell of the West", after it was rung to celebrate U.S. victory in the Revolution
Treaty of Paris, by Benjamin West (1783), an unfinished painting of the American diplomatic negotiators of the Treaty of Paris which brought official conclusion to the Revolutionary War and gave possession of Michigan and other territory to the new United States
In 1818, Illinois became the 21st U.S. state. The southern portion of Illinois Territory was admitted as the state of Illinois, and the rest was joined to Michigan Territory.
Detroit in the mid-twentieth century. At the time, the city was the fourth-largest U.S. metropolis by population, and held about one-third of the state's population.
[[Old State Capitol State Historic Site|
Old State Capitol]]: Abraham Lincoln and other area legislators were instrumental in moving the state capitol to centrally located Springfield in 1839.
The Michigan State Capitol in Lansing houses the legislative branch of the government of the U.S. state of Michigan.
Embarkation of Union troops from Cairo on January 10, 1862
The floor of the Michigan House of Representatives
Charles Mound, the highest natural point in Illinois at 1,235 feet above sea level, is located in the Driftless Area in the northwestern part of the state.
Governor Gretchen Whitmer (D) speaking at a National Guard ceremony in 2019
At 279 feet above sea level, the lowest elevation point in the state is located near Cairo and the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers.
Michigan Supreme Court at the Hall of Justice
Köppen climate types of Illinois
Map of the Saint Lawrence River/Great Lakes Watershed in North America. Its drainage area includes the Great Lakes, the world's largest system of freshwater lakes. The basin covers nearly all of Michigan.
Density map displaying the population of Illinois
The Huron National Wildlife Refuge, one of the fifteen federal wildernesses in Michigan
The Baháʼí House of Worship in Wilmette, Illinois
Mackinac Island, an island and resort area at the eastern end of the Straits of Mackinac. More than 80% of the island is preserved as Mackinac Island State Park.
The Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago at the heart of Chicago's financial center
Sleeping Bear Dunes, along the northwest coast of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan
Byron Nuclear Generating Station in Ogle County
The Tahquamenon Falls in the Upper Peninsula
Average annual wind power distribution for Illinois, 50 m height above ground (2009)
The Pointe Mouillee State Game Area, one of the 221 state game and wildlife areas in Michigan. It encompasses 7,483 acres of hunting, recreational, and protected wildlife and wetland areas at the mouth of the Huron River at Lake Erie, as well as smaller outlying areas within the Detroit River.
Soldier Field, Chicago
Köppen climate types of Michigan, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
The Illinois State Capitol in Springfield
Michigan population distribution
Illinois House of Representatives
The Basilica of Sainte Anne de Détroit is the second-oldest continuously operating Roman Catholic parish in the country.
Governor J. B. Pritzker (D)
The Ambassador Bridge, a suspension bridge that connects Detroit with Windsor, Ontario, in Canada. It is the busiest international border crossing in North America in terms of trade volume.
University of Illinois
Michigan is the center of the American automotive industry. The Renaissance Center in Downtown Detroit is the world headquarter of General Motors.
University of Chicago
Ford Dearborn Proving Ground (DPG) completed major reconstruction and renovations in 2006.
University of Illinois Willard Airport
Distribution of Michigan's jobs as percentages of entire workforce
Inside O'Hare International Airport
Michigan is the leading U.S. producer of tart cherries, blueberries, pickling cucumbers, navy beans and petunias.
Vandalia State House State Historic Site in Vandalia
The world headquarters of the Kellogg's Company in Battle Creek
The Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago
Mackinac Island is well-known for cultural events and a wide variety of architectural styles, including the Victorian Grand Hotel
Magnolia Manor is a Victorian period historic house museum in Cairo.
Holland, Michigan, is the home of the Tulip Time Festival, the largest tulip festival in the U.S.
Lincoln Home National Historic Site in Springfield
Marquette, Michigan, is home to a vast snowmobile trail system.
The Polish Museum of America in Chicago
Enrico Fermi Nuclear Generating Station on the shore of Lake Erie near Monroe
A Railway Post Office preserved at the Illinois Railway Museum in Union
The Bluewater Bridge, a twin-span bridge across the St. Clair River that links Port Huron and Sarnia, Ontario
Standard license plate introduced in 2017
US Highway 2 (US 2) runs along Lake Michigan from Naubinway to its eastern terminus at St. Ignace.
Standard license plate 2001 to 2016
The Mackinac Bridge, a suspension bridge spanning the Straits of Mackinac to connect the Upper and Lower peninsulas of Michigan
Illinois license plate design used throughout the 1980s and 1990s, displaying the Land of Lincoln slogan that has been featured on the state's plates since 1954
Aerial view of Detroit Metro Airport (DTW)
Illinois 2020 Population Density Map
The Finlandia University in Hancock, Houghton County, Michigan
Cranbrook Schools, one of the leading college preparatory boarding schools in the country
Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor is the largest stadium in the Western Hemisphere, and the third-largest stadium in the world.
Michigan International Speedway in Brooklyn, Michigan
Dwarf lake iris
Michigan 2020 population distribution

The northeastern border of Illinois lies in Lake Michigan, within which Illinois shares a water boundary with the state of Michigan, as well as Wisconsin and Indiana.

- Illinois

Michigan's western boundaries are almost entirely water boundaries, from south to north, with Illinois and Wisconsin in Lake Michigan; then a land boundary with Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula, that is principally demarcated by the Menominee and Montreal Rivers; then water boundaries again, in Lake Superior, with Wisconsin and Minnesota to the west, capped around by the Canadian province of Ontario to the north and east.

- Michigan

21 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Wisconsin

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State in the upper Midwestern United States.

State in the upper Midwestern United States.

Wisconsin in 1718, Guillaume de L'Isle map, with the approximate state area highlighted
Jean Nicolet, depicted in a 1910 painting by Frank Rohrbeck, was probably the first European to explore Wisconsin. The mural is located in the Brown County Courthouse in Green Bay.
French-Canadian voyageur Joseph Roi built the Tank Cottage in Green Bay in 1776. Located in Heritage Hill State Historical Park, it is the oldest standing building from Wisconsin's early years and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Little White Schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin, held the nation's first meeting of the Republican Party.
The Wisconsin 8th Volunteer Eagle Regiment with Old Abe
Drawing of Industrial Milwaukee in 1882
The Daniel E. Krause Stone Barn in Chase was built in 1903, as dairy farming spread across the state.
Wisconsin Governor Robert La Follette addresses an assembly, 1905
Wisconsin, from an altitude of 206 nautical miles (237 statute miles; 382 km) at 7:43:39 AM CDT on March 11, 2012 during Expedition 30 of the International Space Station.
Wisconsin is divided into five geographic regions.
The Driftless Area of southwestern Wisconsin is characterized by bluffs carved in sedimentary rock by water from melting Ice Age glaciers.
Timms Hill is the highest natural point in Wisconsin at 1951.5 ft; it is located in the Town of Hill, Price County.
Köppen climate types of Wisconsin
Wisconsin 2010 Population Density Map
The Wisconsin State Capitol is located on the isthmus between Lake Mendota and Lake Monona, in the city of Madison.
Executive seal of Wisconsin
The Senate Chamber of the Wisconsin State Capitol
Wisconsin Budget (2021)
Wisconsin congressman Paul Ryan was the 2012 Republican Party nominee for vice-president.
The 2011 Wisconsin Act 10 led to large protests around the state capitol building in Madison.
The U.S. Bank Center in downtown Milwaukee is home to the headquarters of Foley & Lardner, Robert W. Baird & Company, Sensient Technologies Corporation, and is the Milwaukee office for U.S. Bank, IBM, and CBRE.
State welcome sign
Wisconsin counties
Music stage at Summerfest, 1994
The Milwaukee Art Museum
Frank Lloyd Wright's Taliesin in Spring Green
Lambeau Field in Green Bay is home to the NFL's Packers.
American Family Field is the home stadium of Major League Baseball's Milwaukee Brewers.
Wisconsin 2020 Population Density Map

It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, and Lake Superior to the north.

Ohio

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State in the Midwestern region of the United States.

State in the Midwestern region of the United States.

Artists conception of the Fort Ancient SunWatch Indian Village in Dayton.
Iroquois conquests during the Beaver Wars (mid-1600s), which largely depopulated the upper and mid-Ohio River valley.
The Ohio Country indicating battle sites between American settlers and indigenous tribes, 1775–1794.
Rufus Putnam by James Sharples, Jr., 1797
Battle of Lake Erie by William Henry Powell.
The route of Morgan's Raid.
The first Standard Oil refinery was opened in Cleveland by businessman John D. Rockefeller.
Iron being converted to steel for wartime efforts at Youngstown's Republic Steel in 1941.
Geographic regions of Ohio.
Map of Ohio cities and rivers.
Köppen climate types of Ohio, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
Ohio population density map.
Amish children on their way to school
Cincinnati's Procter & Gamble is one of Ohio's largest companies in terms of revenue.
Cincinnati light rail
The Ohio Statehouse in Columbus, home to the Ohio General Assembly.
The Thomas J. Moyer Ohio Judicial Center holds the Supreme Court of Ohio.
Presidential election results by county for 2020
University Hall at the Ohio State University in Columbus.
Bosworth Hall at Oberlin College in northeast Ohio.
Springer Auditorium at the Cincinnati Music Hall.
Progressive Field, home to the Cleveland Guardians baseball team
Ohio Stadium in Columbus, home to the Ohio State Buckeyes football team, is the fifth largest stadium in the world.
Population growth by county in Ohio between the 2010 and 2020 censuses. -10 to -5 percent
-5 to -2 percent
-2 to 0 percent
0 to 2 percent
2 to 5 percent
5 to 10 percent
10 to 20 percent
More than 20 percent

Ohio is bordered by Lake Erie to the north, Pennsylvania to the east, West Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, Indiana to the west, and Michigan to the northwest.

The seven presidents born in Ohio were Ulysses S. Grant (elected from Illinois), Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Benjamin Harrison (grandson of William Henry Harrison & elected from Indiana), William McKinley, William Howard Taft and Warren G. Harding.

Indiana

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U.S. state in the Midwestern United States.

U.S. state in the Midwestern United States.

Angel Mounds State Historic Site was one of the northernmost Mississippian culture settlements, occupied from 1100 to 1450.
Native Americans guide French explorers through Indiana, as depicted by Maurice Thompson in Stories of Indiana.
Indiana's Capitol Building in Corydon served as the state's seat of government from 1816 until 1825.
Rolling hills in the Charles C. Deam Wilderness Area of Hoosier National Forest, in the Indiana Uplands
The Wabash River converges with the Ohio River at Posey County.
Köppen climate types of Indiana, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
Indiana is home to the third largest population of Amish in the U.S.
Mike Pence at the Indiana State Fair, 2014
Members of the Indiana National Guard at the Muscatatuck Urban Training Center near Butlerville
Indianapolis is home to the annual Indianapolis 500 race.
The Indianapolis Colts of the National Football League have been based in the state since 1984.
Simon Skjodt Assembly Hall, home to Indiana Hoosiers men's basketball
Notre Dame Stadium, home to the Fighting Irish
Lake Michigan's beaches, popular with tourists, are juxtaposed with heavy industry.
Indiana is the fifth largest corn-producing state in the U.S., with over a billion bushels harvested in 2013.
Coal-fired electric plants, like Clifty Creek Power Plant in Madison, produced about 85 percent of Indiana's energy supply in 2014.
The Interstate 69 extension project in Monroe County
A South Shore commuter train in Michigan City
Barges are a common sight along the Ohio River. Ports of Indiana manages three maritime ports in the state, two located on the Ohio.

It is bordered by Lake Michigan to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, the Ohio River and Kentucky to the south and southeast, and the Wabash River and Illinois to the west.

Midwestern United States

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One of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau .

One of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau .

Divisions of the Midwest by the U.S. Census Bureau into East North Central and West North Central, separated largely by the Mississippi River.
Scotts Bluff National Monument in western Nebraska
The Driftless Area as viewed from Wildcat Mountain State Park in Vernon County, Wisconsin
Flint Hills grasslands of Kansas
Theodore Roosevelt National Park, North Dakota
Prairie in Effigy Mounds National Monument, Iowa
Monks Mound, located at the Cahokia Mounds near Collinsville, Illinois, is the largest Pre-Columbian earthwork in America north of Mesoamerica and a World Heritage Site
Winnebago family (1852)
Young Oglala Lakota girl in front of tipi with puppy beside her, probably on or near Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota
Cumulus clouds hover above a yellowish prairie at Badlands National Park, South Dakota, native lands to the Sioux.
c. 1681 map of Marquette and Jolliet's 1673 expedition
Beaver hunting grounds, the basis of the fur trade
The state cessions that eventually allowed for the creation of the territories north and southwest of the River Ohio
Northwest Territory 1787
Louisiana Purchase 1803
Ohio River near Rome, Ohio
Lake Michigan is shared by four Midwestern states: Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, and Wisconsin.
The Upper Mississippi River near Harpers Ferry, Iowa
An animation depicting when United States territories and states forbade or allowed slavery, 1789–1861
1855 Free-State poster
A map of various Underground Railroad routes
Minneapolis, Minnesota is on the Mississippi River
Omaha, Nebraska, is on the Missouri River
Cincinnati, Ohio is on the Ohio River
Distribution of Americans claiming German Ancestry by county in 2018
German population density in the United States, 1870 census
A pastoral farm scene near Traverse City, Michigan, with a classic American red barn
Central Iowa cornfield in June
Standing wheat in Kansas, part of America's Breadbasket
Soybean fields at Applethorpe Farm, north of Hallsville in Ross County, Ohio
The Chicago Board of Trade Building a National Historic Landmark
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland
Mount Rushmore is located in the Black Hills of South Dakota.
The Milwaukee Art Museum is located on Lake Michigan.
The first local meeting of the new Republican Party took place here in Ripon, Wisconsin on March 20, 1854.
Midwestern Governors by party
Midwestern U.S. Senators by party for the 117th Congress
Midwestern U.S. Representatives by party for the 117th Congress
Beaver hunting grounds, the basis of the fur trade

The Census Bureau's definition consists of 12 states in the north central United States: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Lake Michigan on April 10, 2022; from the International Space Station

Lake Michigan

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One of the five Great Lakes of North America.

One of the five Great Lakes of North America.

Lake Michigan on April 10, 2022; from the International Space Station
Taken from Resourcesat-2 on July 3, 2022
Lake Michigan basin
SS Badger operates ferry services between Manitowoc and Ludington
Most islands in Lake Michigan are in the northern part of the lake. Photo taken from the International Space Station on April 10, 2022.
Ice volcanoes form from sea ice and protect the coast from erosion.
Lake fisheries postcard produced for the Milwaukee Public Museum, the backside identifies the fishermen as using a pound net.

Located in the United States, it is shared, from west to east, by the states of Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan.

Northwest Territory

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Formed from unorganized western territory of the United States after the American Revolutionary War.

Formed from unorganized western territory of the United States after the American Revolutionary War.

The state cessions that eventually allowed for the creation of the territories north and southwest of the River Ohio
Check signed by Arthur St. Clair while governor of the Northwest Territory (1796)
Map showing the general distribution of Native American tribes in the Northwest Territory in the early 1790s.
Rufus Putnam. This portrait by James Sharples, Jr. is in the collection of Independence National Historical Park, and hangs in the Second Bank of the United States building in Philadelphia.
Campus Martius ("Field of Mars" in Latin) was named after the part of Rome of the same name. This site, including the Rufus Putnam House, is now part of the Campus Martius Museum in Marietta, Ohio.
Map of the states and territories of the United States as it was on August 7, 1789, when the Northwest Territory was first organized, to April 2, 1790, when the future Southwest Territory was ceded by North Carolina
Abraham Bradley's 1796 map of the United States includes many forts and settlements within the Northwest Territory.
Seal of the Northwest Territory over a time capsule outside the Campus Martius Museum. The Latin phrase, "He has planted one better than the one fallen," signifies the replacement of wilderness by civilization.
Territorial county of Wayne
Ohio counties in 1802

It spanned all or large parts of six eventual U.S. states (Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and the northeastern part of Minnesota).

Satellite image of the Great Lakes, April 24, 2000

Great Lakes

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The Great Lakes, also called the Great Lakes of North America or the Laurentian Great Lakes, are a series of large interconnected freshwater lakes with certain sea-like characteristics in the mid-east region of North America that connect to the Atlantic Ocean via the Saint Lawrence River.

The Great Lakes, also called the Great Lakes of North America or the Laurentian Great Lakes, are a series of large interconnected freshwater lakes with certain sea-like characteristics in the mid-east region of North America that connect to the Atlantic Ocean via the Saint Lawrence River.

Satellite image of the Great Lakes, April 24, 2000
Terra MODIS image of the Great Lakes, January 27, 2005, showing ice beginning to build up around the shores of each of the lakes, with snow on the ground; Green Bay, the North Channel, Saginaw Bay, and Lake St. Clair show complete ice coverage.
Location in North America
A map of the Great Lakes Basin showing the five sub-basins. Left to right they are: Superior (magenta); Michigan (cyan); Huron (green); Erie (yellow); Ontario (orange-red).
Lake Michigan–Huron with north oriented to the right; taken on April 14, 2022 during Expedition 67 of the International Space Station. Green Bay is at the upper left and Saginaw Bay is on the right.
South Bass Island in Lake Erie
Toronto on Lake Ontario is in the eastern section of the Great Lakes Megalopolis
Water levels of Lakes Michigan and Huron in the United States, 1918 to 2019.
The Great Lakes, as photographed from the International Space Station
A diagram of the formation of the Great Lakes
Map of Glacial Lake Algonquin and its Correlatives (USGS 1915)
The location of common lake effect bands on the Great Lakes
Lake sturgeon, the largest native fish in the Great Lakes and the subject of extensive commercial fishing in the 19th and 20th centuries is listed as a threatened species
Cliffs at Palisade Head on Lake Superior in Minnesota near Silver Bay.
A zebra mussel–encrusted vector-averaging current meter from Lake Michigan.
Diatoms of different sizes seen through the microscope. These minuscule phytoplankton are encased within a silicate cell wall.
A woodcut of Le Griffon
The passenger ship (foreground) leaving Chicago, c. 1909
Photograph of Lakes Ontario, Erie and Huron plus the Finger Lakes of upstate New York, June 14, 2012, taken aboard the International Space Station, with lake names added
Escanaba's Ludington Park in Michigan
Various national, state, provincial, and municipal jurisdictions govern the Great Lakes
Satellite image of the Great Lakes taken by the Terra satellite on June 16, 2021
Chicago on Lake Michigan is in the western part of the lakes megalopolis and the site of the waterway linking the lakes to the Mississippi River valley
Detroit on the Detroit River links the region's central metropolitan areas

The lakes are divided among the jurisdictions of the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. states of Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York.

Great Lakes region

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Niagara Escarpment (in red)
Cleveland and Lake Erie in winter
An upbound lake freighter passing the Detroit riverfront including the Renaissance Center
Buffalo near the Niagara River
Map of the Great Lakes Basin.
A portion of eastern North America in 1774 after the Quebec Act; Quebec extends all the way to the Mississippi River.
The modern Erie Canal has 34 locks, which are painted with the blue and gold colors of the New York State Canal System
Gateway Harbor in North Tonawanda, about 1000 feet from the present day western terminus of the Erie Canal where it connects to the Niagara River
Ford's River Rouge assembly plant 1941
The Chicago Board of Trade Building a National Historic Landmark
Amtrak Wolverine crossing St. Joseph River

The Great Lakes region of North America is a bi-national Canadian–American region that includes portions of the eight U.S. states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin as well as the Canadian province of Ontario.

"Kee-shes-wa, A Fox Chief", from History of the Indian Tribes of North America, (1836–1844, three volumes)

Meskwaki

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The Meskwaki (sometimes spelled Mesquaki), also known by the European exonyms Fox Indians or the Fox, are a Native American people.

The Meskwaki (sometimes spelled Mesquaki), also known by the European exonyms Fox Indians or the Fox, are a Native American people.

"Kee-shes-wa, A Fox Chief", from History of the Indian Tribes of North America, (1836–1844, three volumes)
Chief Wapello; "Wa-pel-la the Prince, Musquakee Chief", from History of the Indian Tribes of North America
Meskwaki signature of a fox on the Great Peace of Montreal.
1857 photograph of the "Mesquakie Indians responsible for the establishment of the Meskwaki Settlement" in Tama County, Iowa.

Under French colonial pressures, it migrated to the southern side of the Great Lakes to territory that much later was organized by European Americans as the states of Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, and Iowa.

Notable Irish Americans

Irish Americans

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Irish Americans or Hiberno-Americans (Gael-Mheiriceánaigh) are Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Ireland.

Irish Americans or Hiberno-Americans (Gael-Mheiriceánaigh) are Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Ireland.

Notable Irish Americans
Charles Carroll, the sole Catholic signer of the U.S. Declaration of Independence, was the descendant of Irish nobility in County Tipperary. Signers Matthew Thornton, George Taylor were born in Ireland and were "Ulster" Scots, while Thomas Lynch Jr., for example, was Protestant; he was of Irish ancestry and retained a strong Irish identity.
"Leacht Cuimhneacháin na nGael", Irish famine memorial located on Penn's Landing, Philadelphia
Thomas Ambrose Butler, an Irish Catholic priest, was a leading voice in urging Irish immigrants to colonize Kansas
Gravestone in Boston Catholic cemetery erected in memory of County Roscommon native born shortly before the Great Famine
Population density of people born in Ireland, 1870; these were mostly Catholics; the older Scots Irish immigration is not shown.
U.S. President Grover Cleveland twisting the tail of the British Lion as Americans cheer in the Venezuelan crisis of 1895; cartoon in Puck by J.S. Pughe
American political cartoon by Thomas Nast titled "The Usual Irish Way of Doing Things", depicting a drunken Irishman lighting a powder keg and swinging a bottle. Published 2 September 1871 in Harper's Weekly
The Orange riot of 1871 as depicted in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper. The view is at 25th Street in Manhattan looking south down Eighth Avenue.
St. Augustine's Church on fire. Anti-Irish, anti-Catholic Nativist riots in Philadelphia in 1844.
The mass hanging of Irish Catholic soldiers who joined the Mexican army
Officers and men of the Irish-Catholic 69th New York Volunteer Regiment attend church services at Fort Corcoran in 1861.
Irish Lass depiction in 1885.
Irish immigrants in Kansas City, Missouri, c. 1909
1862 song (Female versian)
1862 song that used the "No Irish Need Apply" slogan. It was copied from a similar London song.
New York Times want ad 1854—the only New York Times ad with NINA for men.
1882 illustration from Puck depicting Irish immigrants as troublemakers, as compared to those of other nationalities
St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York
Logo of the Boston Celtics basketball team
The Philadelphia Phillies started the tradition of wearing green uniforms on St. Patrick's day.
Two Irish stars: "Gentleman Jim" Corbett licks John L. Sullivan in 1892
Actor Tom Cruise descends from paternal Irish ("Cruise" and "O'Mara") lineage around County Dublin.
Irish Republican mural in South Boston, Massachusetts
The Chicago River, dyed green for the 2005 St. Patrick's Day celebration
1928 Democratic Presidential Nominee Al Smith was the first Irish Catholic nominee of a major political party.
Distribution of Irish Americans according to the 2000 Census
President John F. Kennedy in motorcade in Cork on June 27, 1963
President Ronald Reagan speaking to a large crowd in his ancestral home in Ballyporeen, Ireland, in 1984.
President Barack Obama greets local residents on Main Street in Moneygall, Ireland, May 23, 2011.

Illinois (12.2%)

Michigan (11.0%)