Image

picturepicturespictorialstill imageimagingimagesstillimageryOptical Imagestill images
An image (from imago) is an artifact that depicts visual perception, such as a photograph or other two-dimensional picture, that resembles a subject—usually a physical object—and thus provides a depiction of it.wikipedia
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Photograph

photographsphotophotos
An image (from imago) is an artifact that depicts visual perception, such as a photograph or other two-dimensional picture, that resembles a subject—usually a physical object—and thus provides a depiction of it. Images may be two-dimensional, such as a photograph or screen display, or three-dimensional, such as a statue or hologram.
A photograph (also known as a photo) is an image created by light falling on a photosensitive surface, usually photographic film or an electronic image sensor, such as a CCD or a CMOS chip.

Holography

hologramholographicholograms
Images may be two-dimensional, such as a photograph or screen display, or three-dimensional, such as a statue or hologram.
Typically, a hologram is a photographic recording of a light field, rather than an image formed by a without lens.

Camera

camerasstill cameraplate camera
They may be captured by optical devices – such as cameras, mirrors, lenses, telescopes, microscopes, etc. and natural objects and phenomena, such as the human eye or water.
A camera is an optical instrument used to capture still images or to record moving images, which are stored in a physical medium such as in a digital system or on photographic film.

Lens

lensesconvex lensoptical lens
They may be captured by optical devices – such as cameras, mirrors, lenses, telescopes, microscopes, etc. and natural objects and phenomena, such as the human eye or water.
A lens can focus light to form an image, unlike a prism, which refracts light without focusing.

Optics

opticalopticoptical system
They may be captured by optical devices – such as cameras, mirrors, lenses, telescopes, microscopes, etc. and natural objects and phenomena, such as the human eye or water.
This leads to the techniques of Gaussian optics and paraxial ray tracing, which are used to find basic properties of optical systems, such as approximate image and object positions and magnifications.

Visual arts

visual artistvisual artvisual
In this wider sense, images can also be rendered manually, such as by drawing, the art of painting, carving, rendered automatically by printing or computer graphics technology, or developed by a combination of methods, especially in a pseudo-photograph.
Drawing is a means of making an image, using any of a wide variety of tools and techniques.

Photography

photographerphotographicstill photography
A fixed image, also called a hard copy, is one that has been recorded on a material object, such as paper or textile by photography or any other digital process.
Photography is the art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.

Pseudo-photograph

In this wider sense, images can also be rendered manually, such as by drawing, the art of painting, carving, rendered automatically by printing or computer graphics technology, or developed by a combination of methods, especially in a pseudo-photograph.
A pseudo-photograph is "an image, whether made by computer-graphics or otherwise howsoever, which appears to be a photograph".

Video

analog videovideo albumvideo recording
A moving image is typically a movie (film) or video, including digital video.
Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying, playback, broadcasting, and display of moving visual media.

Animation

animatedanimated filmanimated short
It could also be an animated display such as a zoetrope.
Animation is a method in which pictures are manipulated to appear as moving images.

Computer graphics

graphicsCGCG artwork
In this wider sense, images can also be rendered manually, such as by drawing, the art of painting, carving, rendered automatically by printing or computer graphics technology, or developed by a combination of methods, especially in a pseudo-photograph.
In those applications, the two-dimensional image is not just a representation of a real-world object, but an independent artifact with added semantic value; two-dimensional models are therefore preferred because they give more direct control of the image than 3D computer graphics, whose approach is more akin to photography than to typography.

Digital image

digital imagesimagesimage
A digital image is a numeric representation, normally binary, of a two-dimensional image.

Image editing

photo editingdigital image editingimage enhancement
Image editing encompasses the processes of altering images, whether they are digital photographs, traditional photo-chemical photographs, or illustrations.

Digital imaging

imagingdigitalelectronic imaging
Digital imaging can be classified by the type of electromagnetic radiation or other waves whose variable attenuation, as they pass through or reflect off objects, conveys the information that constitutes the image.

Graphics

graphicgraphicalgraph
or other images.

Film frame

frameframesvideo frame
A still frame is a still image derived from one frame of a moving one.
A still frame is a single static image taken from a film or video, which are kinetic (moving) images.

Visual perception

visionsighteyesight
An image (from imago) is an artifact that depicts visual perception, such as a photograph or other two-dimensional picture, that resembles a subject—usually a physical object—and thus provides a depiction of it.

Two-dimensional space

Euclidean planetwo-dimensional2D
An image (from imago) is an artifact that depicts visual perception, such as a photograph or other two-dimensional picture, that resembles a subject—usually a physical object—and thus provides a depiction of it.

Physical object

physical bodyobjectbody
An image (from imago) is an artifact that depicts visual perception, such as a photograph or other two-dimensional picture, that resembles a subject—usually a physical object—and thus provides a depiction of it.

Depiction

representationdepictingartist's representation
An image (from imago) is an artifact that depicts visual perception, such as a photograph or other two-dimensional picture, that resembles a subject—usually a physical object—and thus provides a depiction of it.

Signal processing

signal analysissignalsignal processor
In the context of signal processing, an image is a distributed amplitude of color(s).

Dimension

dimensionsdimensionalone-dimensional
Images may be two-dimensional, such as a photograph or screen display, or three-dimensional, such as a statue or hologram.

Statue

statuarystatuesLife-size statue
Images may be two-dimensional, such as a photograph or screen display, or three-dimensional, such as a statue or hologram.

Mirror

mirrorslooking glassreflector
They may be captured by optical devices – such as cameras, mirrors, lenses, telescopes, microscopes, etc. and natural objects and phenomena, such as the human eye or water.

Telescope

telescopestelescopicspyglass
They may be captured by optical devices – such as cameras, mirrors, lenses, telescopes, microscopes, etc. and natural objects and phenomena, such as the human eye or water.