Impeachment in the Philippines

impeachmentimpeachimpeachment caseimpeachment complaintimpeachment complaints against President Arroyoimpeachment powersunimpeached
Impeachment in the Philippines is an expressed power of the Congress of the Philippines to formally charge a serving government official with an impeachable offense.wikipedia
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Senate of the Philippines

SenateSenatorPhilippine Senate
After being impeached by the House of Representatives, the official is then tried in the Senate. On November 13, 2000, then-House Speaker Manny Villar sent the articles of impeachment to the Senate for trial.
Aside from having its concurrence on every bill in order to be passed for the president's signature to become a law, the Senate is the only body that can concur with treaties, and can try impeachment cases.

House of Representatives of the Philippines

DistrictHouse of RepresentativesPhilippine House of Representatives
After being impeached by the House of Representatives, the official is then tried in the Senate.
The House of Representatives has the sole power to initiate impeachment proceedings, and may impeach an official by a vote of one-third of its members.

Efforts to impeach Rodrigo Duterte

Duterte's impeachmentimpeachment complain against Duterteimpeachment complaints
In 2017 and 2019, impeachment complaints have been filed against both President Rodrigo Duterte and Vice President Leni Robredo.
* Impeachment in the Philippines

Andres D. Bautista

Andres BautistaAndy BautistaJuan Andres "Andy" Bautista
Commission on Elections Chairman Andres D. Bautista had filed a resignation on October 11, 2017 but with effectivity date on December 31, 2017.
Hours after announcing his intent to resign, the House of Representatives voted 137–75–2 to impeach Bautista from the post, overturning the House Committee on Justice's earlier decision to discard the impeachment case.

Congress of the Philippines

CongressPhilippine CongressPhilippine Legislature
Impeachment in the Philippines is an expressed power of the Congress of the Philippines to formally charge a serving government official with an impeachable offense.

Impeachment

impeachedimpeachimpeachable
After being impeached by the House of Representatives, the official is then tried in the Senate.

Censure

censure motioncensuredcensuring
If convicted, the official is either removed from office or censured.

Constitution of the Philippines

1987 ConstitutionConstitutionPhilippine Constitution
Under the current Constitution, an official can be impeached if one third of the House of Representatives votes in favor.

Elpidio Quirino

President Elpidio QuirinoElpidio R. QuirinoQuirino
President Elpidio Quirino was accused in 1949 of using government fund to renovate Malacañang Palace, using government funds to purchase furniture for the Presidential Palace and linking him to alleged diamond smuggling.

Diamond

diamondsdiamond miningindustrial diamond
President Elpidio Quirino was accused in 1949 of using government fund to renovate Malacañang Palace, using government funds to purchase furniture for the Presidential Palace and linking him to alleged diamond smuggling.

Diosdado Macapagal

Diosdado P. MacapagalMacapagalPresident Diosdado Macapagal
In 1964, President Diosdado Macapagal was accused of illegally importing rice to build public support in an election, illegally dismissing officials, using the military to intimidate the political opposition, and ordering the deportation of an American businessman who was in the custody of Congress in violation of the separation of governmental powers.

Ferdinand Marcos

Ferdinand E. MarcosMarcosPresident Marcos
President Ferdinand Marcos was accused by 56 lawmakers on 1985 of graft, economic plunder, unexplained wealth, granting monopolies to cronies, and other crimes.

Regular Batasang Pambansa

Mambabatas Pambansa (Assemblyman)one representativefour representatives
the following day the National Assembly committee dismissed the complaints after roughly five hours of discussions for continuing unsupported conclusions.

Corazon Aquino

Corazon C. AquinoCory AquinoCorazón Aquino
President Corazon Aquino was accused by lawmakers in 1988 of graft and violating the Constitution.

Joseph Estrada

Joseph Ejercito EstradaEstradaJoseph "Erap" Estrada
President Joseph Estrada was accused of bribery, graft and corruption, betrayal of public trust, and culpable violation of the Constitution during the impeachment of 2000, to determine the accusations, the House of Representatives choose 11 members to act as prosecutors with the Senate as the impeachment court and the senators as judges.

Manuel Villar

Manny VillarManuel B. Villar, Jr.Manuel Villar, Jr.
On November 13, 2000, then-House Speaker Manny Villar sent the articles of impeachment to the Senate for trial.

Hilario Davide Jr.

Hilario Davide, Jr.Hilario G. Davide, Jr.Hilario Davide
The impeachment trial started on December 7, 2000, which was presided by then-Chief Justice Hilario Davide, Jr. but was aborted on January 16, 2001 after the House private prosecutors walked out from the impeachment proceedings, to protest against the perceived dictatorial tendency of the eleven senator-judges, who supported President Estrada.

Second EDSA Revolution

2001 EDSA RevolutionEDSA IIsecond EDSA People Power Revolution
The walkout led to Second EDSA Revolution and the downfall of President Estrada.

2004 Philippine presidential election

20042004 presidential election2004 presidential elections
President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo was accused in 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008 impeachment complaints for different imputations, specially attempting lying, cheating and stealing during 2004 presidential election against opposition candidate Fernando Poe, Jr..

Fernando Poe Jr.

Fernando Poe, Jr.Fernando Poe JrFPJ
President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo was accused in 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008 impeachment complaints for different imputations, specially attempting lying, cheating and stealing during 2004 presidential election against opposition candidate Fernando Poe, Jr..

Benigno Aquino III

Benigno S. Aquino IIINoynoy AquinoBenigno Aquino
President Benigno Aquino III was charged in 2014, of 4 impeachment complaints, in relations to the Disbursement Acceleration Program (DAP) which was declared by the Supreme Court as Unconstitutional and the Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA) between the Philippines and United States, but the House Justice Committee rejects the complaints due to lack of substance.

Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement

President Benigno Aquino III was charged in 2014, of 4 impeachment complaints, in relations to the Disbursement Acceleration Program (DAP) which was declared by the Supreme Court as Unconstitutional and the Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA) between the Philippines and United States, but the House Justice Committee rejects the complaints due to lack of substance.

Rodrigo Duterte

Rodrigo Roa DuterteDuterteRodrigo R. Duterte
In 2017 and 2019, impeachment complaints have been filed against both President Rodrigo Duterte and Vice President Leni Robredo.

Leni Robredo

Maria Leonor RobredoLeni G. RobredoMaria Leonor G. Robredo
In 2017 and 2019, impeachment complaints have been filed against both President Rodrigo Duterte and Vice President Leni Robredo.

Aniano A. Desierto

Aniano Desierto
Ombudsman Aniano Desierto was criticized by some for not aggressively investigating and prosecuting cases of corruption.