Imperative moodwikipedia
The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request.
imperativeimperative moodimperativesprohibitivecommandsletimp.imperative verbprohibitive moodcommand

Grammatical mood

moodmoodsgrammatical mood
The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request.
Some examples of moods are indicative, interrogative, imperative, subjunctive, injunctive, optative, and potential.

English subjunctive

subjunctivesubjunctive moodpast subjunctive
(The present subjunctive always has the same form as the imperative, although it is negated differently – the imperative is negated using do not, as in "Don't touch me!"; see do-support.) The imperative form is understood as being in the second person (the subject pronoun you is usually omitted, although it can be included for emphasis), with no explicit indication of singular or plural.
The present subjunctive is identical to the bare infinitive (and imperative) of the verb in all forms.

Jussive mood

jussivejussive moodjussives
Such imperatives imply a second-person subject (you), but some other languages also have first- and third-person imperatives, with the meaning of "let's (do something)" or "let him/her/them (do something)" (the forms may alternatively be called cohortative and jussive).
The mood is similar to the cohortative mood, which typically applies to the first person by appeal to the object's duties and obligations, and the imperative, which applies to the second (by command).

English verbs

-edEnglishEnglish regular verbs
In English, the imperative is formed using the bare infinitive form of the verb (see English verbs for more details).
Imperatives are expressed with the base form of the verb, normally with no subject: ''Take this outside!

Irrealis mood

irrealisirrealis moodpotential mood
It is one of the irrealis moods.

Verb

verbverbsv.
An example of a verb used in the imperative mood is the English sentence "Please be quiet".
If the verbal expression of modality involves inflection, we have the special case of mood; moods include the indicative (as in "I am there"), the subjunctive (as in "I wish I were there"), and the imperative ("Be there!").

Exclamation mark

exclamation markexclamation point!
When written, imperative sentences are often, but not always, terminated with an exclamation mark.
A sentence ending in an exclamation mark may be an exclamation (such as "Wow!", "Boo!"), or an imperative ("Stop!"), or may indicate astonishment or surprise: "They were the footprints of a gigantic hound!"

List of glossing abbreviations

abbreviatedglossing abbreviationglossing abbreviations
Imperative mood can be denoted by the glossing abbreviation.

Realis mood

indicativeindicative moodrealis
This is usually also the same as the second-person present indicative form, except in the case of the verb to be, where the imperative is be while the indicative is are.
Other moods existing in English besides the indicative are the imperative ("Be quiet!") and the conditional ("I would be quiet") (although this is not always analyzed as a mood) and in some dialects, the subjunctive (as in "I suggest you be quiet").

Infinitive

infinitiveto''-infinitivebare infinitive
In English, the imperative is formed using the bare infinitive form of the verb (see English verbs for more details).
Moreover, the unmarked form of the verb is not considered an infinitive when it is forms a finite verb: like a present indicative ("I sit every day"), subjunctive ("I suggest that he sit"), or imperative ("Sit down!").

English grammar

Englishgrammarthere is
An example of a verb used in the imperative mood is the English sentence "Please be quiet".
The second-person imperative is identical to the (basic) infinitive; other imperative forms may be made with let (let us go, or let's go; let them eat cake).

Do-support

do''-supportdo-supportinserted
(The present subjunctive always has the same form as the imperative, although it is negated differently – the imperative is negated using do not, as in "Don't touch me!"; see do-support.) The imperative form is understood as being in the second person (the subject pronoun you is usually omitted, although it can be included for emphasis), with no explicit indication of singular or plural.
Do-support is required for negated imperatives even when the verb is the copula be:

Korean speech levels

speech levelsspeech levels'' in Koreanlevels of honorific
Korean language has 6 levels of honorific, all of which have their own imperative endings.
The names of the seven levels are derived from the non-honorific imperative form of the verb hada (하다; "to do") in each level, plus the suffix che, which means "style".

Finite verb

finite verbfinitefinite forms
Like other finite verb forms, imperatives often inflect for person and number.
In English, finite verbs lacking subjects are normal in imperative sentences:

Hortative

hortativecohortativehortatory
Such imperatives imply a second-person subject (you), but some other languages also have first- and third-person imperatives, with the meaning of "let's (do something)" or "let him/her/them (do something)" (the forms may alternatively be called cohortative and jussive).
If the person in control of the desired state of affairs is the addressee(s), the utterance is an imperative.

T–V distinction

informaltuper tu
In languages that make a T–V distinction (tu vs. vous, du vs. Sie, você vs. tu, tu vs. usted, etc.) the use of particular forms of the second person imperative may also be dependent on the degree of familiarity between the speaker and the addressee, as with other verb forms.
If the Sie standard here is followed, then the usage varies when addressing a group containing both du and Sie persons: Some speakers use the informal plural ihr others prefer the formal Sie and many, concerned that both pronouns might cause offence, prefer to use circumlocutions that avoid either pronoun, for example by expressing an imperative in infinitive form (bitte das machen), by applying the passive voice (es wird gemacht), or using the indefinite pronoun man (man macht das).

Affirmation and negation

negationnegativepolarity
There may also be differences of syntax between affirmative and negative imperative sentences.
Different rules apply in subjunctive, imperative and non-finite clauses.

German language

GermanGerman-languagede
Other languages such as Latin, French and German have a greater variety of inflected imperative forms, marked for person and number, their formation often depending on a verb's conjugation pattern.

French language

FrenchfrancophoneFrench-language
Other languages such as Latin, French and German have a greater variety of inflected imperative forms, marked for person and number, their formation often depending on a verb's conjugation pattern.
The finite moods include the indicative mood (indicatif), the subjunctive mood (subjonctif), the imperative mood (imperatif), and the conditional mood (conditionnel).

Ancient Greek

Greekancient GreekClassical Greek
Ancient Greek has imperative forms for present, aorist, and perfect tenses for the active, middle, and passive voices.
Verbs have four moods (indicative, imperative, subjunctive, and optative) and three voices (active, middle, and passive), as well as three persons (first, second, and third) and various other forms.

Voseo

voseovosalternative to ''tú
vos (alternative to tú) usually takes the same forms as tú (usually with slightly different emphasis) but unique forms exist for it as well.
Vos also differs in its affirmative imperative conjugation from both tú and vosotros.

Null-subject language

null-subject languagenull subjectnull subject language
Many languages, even not normally null-subject languages, omit the subject pronoun in imperative sentences, as usually occurs in English (see below).
Even in such non-null-subject languages as English, it is standard for clauses in the imperative mood to lack explicit subjects; for example:

Subjunctive mood

subjunctivesubjunctive moodPresent subjunctive
Since there exists no actual imperative corresponding to Sie, the form is paraphrased with the third-person plural of the present subjunctive followed by the pronoun:
When used independently, the subjunctive indicates a desire, a fear, an order or a request, i.e. has modal and imperative values.

Irish language

IrishGaelicIrish Gaelic
Irish has imperative forms in all three persons and both numbers, although the first person singular is most commonly found in the negative (e.g. ná cloisim sin arís "let me not hear that again").
Verbs conjugate for 3 tenses: past, present, future; 2 aspects: simple, habitual; 2 numbers: singular, plural; 4 moods: indicative, subjunctive, conditional, imperative; relative forms; and in some verbs, independent and dependent forms.