Imperial German Navy

Kaiserliche MarineGerman Imperial NavyGermanImperial NavyGerman NavyNavyGerman navalGerman High Seas FleetGerman fleetGermans
The Imperial German Navy (Kaiserliche Marine, "Imperial Navy") was the navy created at the time of the formation of the German Empire.wikipedia
2,074 Related Articles

Alfred von Tirpitz

Admiral TirpitzTirpitzAdmiral von Tirpitz
The key leader was Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz, who greatly expanded the size and quality of the navy, while adopting the sea power theories of American strategist Alfred Thayer Mahan.
Alfred Peter Friedrich von Tirpitz (19 March 1849 – 6 March 1930) was a German Grand Admiral, Secretary of State of the German Imperial Naval Office, the powerful administrative branch of the German Imperial Navy from 1897 until 1916.

Wilhelm II, German Emperor

Wilhelm IIKaiser Wilhelm IIKaiser Wilhelm
Kaiser Wilhelm II greatly expanded the navy, and enlarged its mission.
He also did much to alienate his country from the other Great Powers by initiating a massive build-up of the German Navy, challenging French control over Morocco, and backing the Austrian annexation of Bosnia in 1908.

Battle of Jutland

JutlandJutland 1916The Battle of Jutland
The German surface navy proved ineffective during World War I; its only major engagement, the Battle of Jutland, was indecisive.
The Battle of Jutland (Skagerrakschlacht, the Battle of Skagerrak) was a naval battle fought between Britain's Royal Navy Grand Fleet, under Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, and the Imperial German Navy's High Seas Fleet, under Vice-Admiral Reinhard Scheer, during the First World War.

German Empire

GermanyGermanImperial Germany
The Imperial German Navy (Kaiserliche Marine, "Imperial Navy") was the navy created at the time of the formation of the German Empire.
In less than a decade, its navy became second only to Britain's Royal Navy.

Battle of the Falkland Islands

Battle of the FalklandsFalkland IslandsBattle Day
At the Battle of Coronel, it inflicted the first major defeat on the Royal Navy in over one hundred years, although the German squadron of ships was subsequently defeated at the Battle of the Falkland Islands, only one ship escaping destruction.
The Battle of the Falkland Islands was a naval action between the British Royal Navy and Imperial German Navy on 8 December 1914, during the First World War in the South Atlantic.

North German Federal Navy

Norddeutsche BundesmarineGermanNavy of the North German Confederation
It existed between 1871 and 1919, growing out of the small Prussian Navy (from 1867 the North German Federal Navy), which primarily had the mission of coastal defence.
It was eventually succeeded by the Imperial German Navy in 1871.

Battle of Coronel

CoronelBattles of Coroneldestroyed the West Indies Squadron
At the Battle of Coronel, it inflicted the first major defeat on the Royal Navy in over one hundred years, although the German squadron of ships was subsequently defeated at the Battle of the Falkland Islands, only one ship escaping destruction.
The East Asia Squadron (Ostasiengeschwader or Kreuzergeschwader) of the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial German Navy) led by Vice-Admiral Graf Maximilian von Spee met and defeated a British squadron commanded by Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
The German surface navy proved ineffective during World War I; its only major engagement, the Battle of Jutland, was indecisive.
Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz and Wilhelm II, who became Emperor in 1890, sought to use that to create a Kaiserliche Marine or Imperial German Navy to compete with Britain's Royal Navy for world naval supremacy.

U-boat

U-boatsGerman submarineGerman submarines
The Imperial Navy was the first to operate submarines successfully on a large scale in wartime, with 375 submarines commissioned by the end of the First World War, and it also operated zeppelins.
The Imperial German Navy commissioned it on 14 December 1906.

Zeppelin

ZeppelinsdirigibleZeppelin airships
The Imperial Navy was the first to operate submarines successfully on a large scale in wartime, with 375 submarines commissioned by the end of the First World War, and it also operated zeppelins.
On 24 April 1912 the Imperial German Navy ordered its first Zeppelin—an enlarged version of the airships operated by DELAG—which received the naval designation Z 1 and entered Navy service in October 1912.

Alexander von Monts

Alexander von Monts de Mazin
In July 1888 Wilhelm II appointed Vice-Admiral Alexander von Monts as head of the admiralty.
Alexander Graf von Monts de Mazin (born 9 August 1832 in Berlin; died 19 January 1889) was an officer in the Prussian Navy and later the German Imperial Navy.

Georg Alexander von Müller

Admiral von MüllerGeorg von MüllerMüller
Captain Gustav von Senden-Bibran was appointed as its first head and remained so until 1906, when he was replaced by the long-serving Admiral Georg Alexander von Müller.
Georg Alexander von Müller (24 March 1854 – 18 April 1940) was an Admiral of the Imperial German Navy and a close friend of the Kaiser in the run up to the First World War.

Albrecht von Stosch

Admiral Albrecht von Stosch
Supreme command was vested in the emperor, but its first appointed chief was General der Infanterie (General of the Infantry) Albrecht von Stosch.
Albrecht von Stosch (20 April 1818 – 29 February 1896) was a German General of the Infantry and Admiral who served as first chief of the newly created Imperial German Navy from 1872 to 1883.

Max von der Goltz

Vice admiral Max von der Goltz was appointed in 1889 and remained in post until 1895.
Otto Ferdinand Maximilian Leopold Freiherr von der Goltz (April 19, 1838 – December 20, 1906) was an Admiral of the Imperial German Navy (Kaiserliche Marine).

Friedrich von Hollmann

The first appointee was Rear Admiral Karl Eduard Heusner, followed shortly by Rear Admiral Friedrich von Hollmann from 1890 to 1897.
Friedrich von Hollmann (19 January 1842 – 21 January 1913) was an Admiral of the German Imperial Navy (Kaiserliche Marine) and Secretary of the German Imperial Naval Office under Emperor Wilhelm II.

German Imperial Naval Cabinet

Imperial Naval CabinetNaval CabinetChief of the Imperial Naval Cabinet
In 1889 Wilhelm II reorganised top level control of the navy by creating a Navy Cabinet (Marine-Kabinett) equivalent to the German Imperial Military Cabinet which had previously functioned in the same capacity for both the army and navy.
The German Imperial Naval Cabinet (Marinekabinett), a government office of the German Imperial Navy, 1871-1918, was responsible for commanding naval officers, marine officers, engineers, naval stores, and munitions.

German Imperial Naval Academy

Naval AcademyImperial Naval AcademyMarineakademie
In March 1872 a German Imperial Naval Academy was created at Kiel for training officers, followed in May by the creation of a 'Machine Engineer Corps', and in February 1873 a 'Medical Corps'.
The German Imperial Naval Academy (Marineakademie) at Kiel, Germany, was from 1872 until 1910 the higher education institution of the Imperial German Navy, Kaiserliche Marine, where naval officers were prepared for problems in higher levels of command.

German Imperial Naval Office

ReichsmarineamtImperial Naval OfficeSecretary for the Navy
Construction and maintenance of ships and obtaining supplies was the responsibility of the State Secretary of the Imperial Navy Office (Reichsmarineamt), responsible to the chancellor and advising the Reichstag on naval matters.
It was established in April 1889, when the German Imperial Admiralty was abolished and its duties divided among three new entities: the Imperial Naval High Command (Kaiserliches Oberkommando der Marine), the Imperial Naval Cabinet (Kaiserliches Marinekabinett) and the Imperial Naval Office performing the functions of a ministry for the Imperial German Navy.

Karl Eduard Heusner

Rear Admiral Karl Eduard Heusner
The first appointee was Rear Admiral Karl Eduard Heusner, followed shortly by Rear Admiral Friedrich von Hollmann from 1890 to 1897.
Carl Eduard Heusner (8 January 1843 in Perl (today in the German state of Saarland) – 27 February 1891 in Weimar, Germany) was a Vice-Admiral of the German Imperial Navy (Kaiserliche Marine).

German Imperial Naval High Command

Oberkommando der MarineImperial Naval High CommandNaval High Command
A new position of Chief of the Imperial Naval High Command was created, being responsible for ship deployments, strategy and tactics, an equivalent to the supreme commander of the Army.
The German Imperial Naval High Command (Kaiserliches Oberkommando der Marine) was an office of the German Empire which existed from 1 April 1889 until 14 March 1899 to command the German Imperial Navy.

Royal Navy

RNBritish NavyBritish Royal Navy
The result was a naval arms race with Britain as the German navy grew to become one of the greatest maritime forces in the world, second only to the Royal Navy.
The industrial and economic development of Germany had by this time overtaken Britain, enabling the Imperial German Navy to attempt to outpace British construction of dreadnoughts.

Gustav von Senden-Bibran

Gustav Freiherr von Senden-BibranSenden-Bibran
Captain Gustav von Senden-Bibran was appointed as its first head and remained so until 1906, when he was replaced by the long-serving Admiral Georg Alexander von Müller.
Gustav Freiherr (Baron) von Senden-Bibran (23 July 1847, Reisicht, Lower Silesia, Germany – 23 November 1909 in Berlin) was an admiral of the German Imperial Navy.

Kiel Canal

Kaiser Wilhelm CanalNord-Ostsee-KanalKaiser Wilhelm Kanal
However, the Kiel Canal was commenced in June 1887, which connected the North Sea with the Baltic through the Jutland peninsula, allowing German ships to travel between the two seas avoiding waters controlled by other countries.
After 1864 Second Schleswig War put Schleswig-Holstein under the government of Prussia (from 1871 the German Empire), a new canal was sought by merchants and by the German navy, which wanted to link its bases in the Baltic and the North Sea without the need to sail around Denmark.

Navy League (Germany)

Navy LeagueFlottenvereinGerman Navy League
One such organisation, the navy league or Flottenverein, was organized by principals in the steel industry (Alfred Krupp), ship yards and banks, gaining more than one million members.
The Navy League or Fleet Association (Deutscher Flottenverein) in Imperial Germany was an interest group formed on April 30, 1898 on initiative of Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz through the German Imperial Naval Office (Reichsmarineamt) which he headed (1897–1916) to support the expansion of the Imperial German Navy (Kaiserliche Marine).

Battlecruiser

battlecruisersbattle cruiserbattle cruisers
The battleship design was complemented by the introduction of a variant with lighter armour and greater speed, which became the battlecruiser.
Battlecruisers served in the navies of the UK, Germany, the Ottoman Empire, Australia and Japan during World War I, most notably at the Battle of the Falkland Islands and in the several raids and skirmishes in the North Sea which culminated in a pitched fleet battle, the Battle of Jutland.