Louis Jordan in New York City, c. undefined July 1946
The habanera rhythm shown as tresillo (lower notes) with the backbeat (upper note)
Fats Domino in 1956
Piano excerpt from the rumba boogie "Mardi Gras in New Orleans" (1949) by Professor Longhair. 2–3 claves are written above for rhythmic reference.
3–2 clave written in two measures in cut-time
Tresillo answered by the backbeat, the essence of clave in African American music
Bo Diddley's "Bo Diddley beat" is a clave-based motif.
Ray Charles in 1971
Ruth Brown was known as the "Queen of R&B"
Della Reese
Sam Cooke
Eric Burdon & the Animals (1964)

When Imperial was founded in 1947, it concentrated on rhythm and blues (R&B) and country music: Fats Domino, Frankie Ford, Ricky Nelson, and Slim Whitman.

- Imperial Records

Many of these hit records were issued on new independent record labels, such as Savoy (founded 1942), King (founded 1943), Imperial (founded 1945), Specialty (founded 1946), Chess (founded 1947), and Atlantic (founded 1948).

- Rhythm and blues
Louis Jordan in New York City, c. undefined July 1946

2 related topics with Alpha

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Domino in 1962

Fats Domino

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American pianist, singer and songwriter.

American pianist, singer and songwriter.

Domino in 1962
Domino singing "Blueberry Hill" on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1956
Domino in 1972
Domino performing in New York in the 1980s
Graffiti on Domino's home from the time he was rumored dead in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina (2005)
Domino's office, June 2007
Domino (age 78) with the National Medal of Arts replaced by President George W. Bush on August 29, 2006, after the original medal, awarded to him by President Bill Clinton, was lost in the floodwaters of Hurricane Katrina.

Born in New Orleans to a French Creole family, Domino signed to Imperial Records in 1949.

The artist himself did not define his work as rock and roll, saying of the genre "It wasn't anything but the same rhythm and blues I'd been playing down in New Orleans".

Publicity photo of Walker, 1942

T-Bone Walker

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American blues musician, composer, songwriter and bandleader, who was a pioneer and innovator of the jump blues, West Coast blues, and electric blues sounds.

American blues musician, composer, songwriter and bandleader, who was a pioneer and innovator of the jump blues, West Coast blues, and electric blues sounds.

Publicity photo of Walker, 1942
Walker at the American Folk Blues Festival in Hamburg, March 1972

Other notable songs he recorded during this period were "Bobby Sox Blues" (a number 3 R&B hit in 1947) and "West Side Baby" (number 8 on the R&B singles chart in 1948).

He recorded from 1950 to 1954 for Imperial Records (backed by Dave Bartholomew).