Impetigo

impetigo contagiosaImpetigineimpetiginous lesionImpetigo vulgaris
Impetigo is a bacterial infection that involves the superficial skin.wikipedia
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Pathogenic bacteria

bacterial infectionbacterial infectionsbacterial
Impetigo is a bacterial infection that involves the superficial skin.

Staphylococcus aureus

S. aureusstaph infectionStaph. aureus
It is typically due to either Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes.
S. aureus can cause a range of illnesses, from minor skin infections, such as pimples, impetigo, boils, cellulitis, folliculitis, carbuncles, scalded skin syndrome, and abscesses, to life-threatening diseases such as pneumonia, meningitis, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, toxic shock syndrome, bacteremia, and sepsis.

Mupirocin

BactrobanCentanypseudomonic acid
Treatment is typically with antibiotic creams such as mupirocin or fusidic acid.
Mupirocin, sold under the brand name Bactroban among others, is a topical antibiotic useful against superficial skin infections such as impetigo or folliculitis.

Hand washing

handwashinghand hygienewashing hands
Prevention is by hand washing, avoiding people who are infected, and cleaning injuries.
Hand washing also protects against impetigo which is transmitted through direct physical contact.

Skin condition

Skin lesionskin diseasepustule
Less commonly there may be large blisters which affect the groin or armpits.

Acute proliferative glomerulonephritis

post-streptococcal glomerulonephritispoststreptococcal glomerulonephritisPost-infectious glomerulonephritis
Complications may include cellulitis or poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis.
It is a common complication of bacterial infections, typically skin infection by Streptococcus bacteria types 12, 4 and 1 (impetigo) but also after streptococcal pharyngitis, for which it is also known as postinfectious or poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis.

Herpes simplex

herpesherpes virusesHerpetic sycosis
Risk factors include attending day care, crowding, poor nutrition, diabetes mellitus, contact sports, and breaks in the skin such as from mosquito bites, eczema, scabies, or herpes.
When lesions do not appear inside the mouth, primary orofacial herpes is sometimes mistaken for impetigo, a bacterial infection.

Bullous impetigo

Bullous impetigo, mainly seen in children younger than 2 years, involves painless, fluid-filled blisters, mostly on the arms, legs, and trunk, surrounded by red and itchy (but not sore) skin.
It accounts for 30% of cases of impetigo, the other 70% being non-bullous impetigo.

Streptococcus pyogenes

S. pyogenesgroup A streptococcusgroup A beta-hemolytic ''Streptococcus
It is typically due to either Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes.
pyogenes'' infections include pharyngitis (strep throat) and localized skin infection (impetigo).

Pus

purulentsuppurationpyogenic
This most common form of impetigo, also called nonbullous impetigo, most often begins as a red sore near the nose or mouth which soon breaks, leaking pus or fluid, and forms a honey-colored scab, followed by a red mark which heals without leaving a scar.
Some disease processes caused by pyogenic infections are impetigo, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, and necrotizing fasciitis.

Infection

infectious diseaseinfectious diseasesinfections
The infection is spread by direct contact with lesions or with nasal carriers.

Dicloxacillin

DycillDynapenPathocil
More severe cases require oral antibiotics, such as dicloxacillin, flucloxacillin, or erythromycin.

Blister

blistersblisteringbullae
Bullous impetigo, mainly seen in children younger than 2 years, involves painless, fluid-filled blisters, mostly on the arms, legs, and trunk, surrounded by red and itchy (but not sore) skin.
The most common are chickenpox, herpes, impetigo, and a form of eczema called dyshidrosis.

Flucloxacillin

floxacillinFloxapen
More severe cases require oral antibiotics, such as dicloxacillin, flucloxacillin, or erythromycin.

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

MRSAmethicillin-resistant ''Staphylococcus aureusmethicillin-resistant ''S. aureus
Alternatives for people who are seriously allergic to penicillin or infections with methicillin-resistant Staphococcus aureus include doxycycline, clindamycin, and trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole, although doxycycline should not be used in children under the age of eight years old due to the risk of drug-induced tooth discolouration.
Examples of soft-tissue infections from MRSA include ulcers, impetigo, abscesses, and SSIs.

Crystal violet

gentian violetMethylrosanilineBasic Violet 3
Before the discovery of antibiotics, the disease was treated with an application of the antiseptic gentian violet, which was an effective treatment.

Skin

cutaneousskin cellanimal skin
Impetigo is a bacterial infection that involves the superficial skin.

Fever

pyrexiafebrileague
Fever is uncommon.

Child care

day carechildcaredaycare
Risk factors include attending day care, crowding, poor nutrition, diabetes mellitus, contact sports, and breaks in the skin such as from mosquito bites, eczema, scabies, or herpes.

Malnutrition

malnourishednutritional deficienciesmalnourishment
Risk factors include attending day care, crowding, poor nutrition, diabetes mellitus, contact sports, and breaks in the skin such as from mosquito bites, eczema, scabies, or herpes.

Diabetes

diabetes mellitusdiabeticdiabetics
Risk factors include attending day care, crowding, poor nutrition, diabetes mellitus, contact sports, and breaks in the skin such as from mosquito bites, eczema, scabies, or herpes.

Contact sport

full contactfull-contactcontact sports
Risk factors include attending day care, crowding, poor nutrition, diabetes mellitus, contact sports, and breaks in the skin such as from mosquito bites, eczema, scabies, or herpes.

Mosquito

Culicidaemosquitoesmosquitos
Risk factors include attending day care, crowding, poor nutrition, diabetes mellitus, contact sports, and breaks in the skin such as from mosquito bites, eczema, scabies, or herpes.

Dermatitis

eczemaallergic dermatitischronic eczema
Risk factors include attending day care, crowding, poor nutrition, diabetes mellitus, contact sports, and breaks in the skin such as from mosquito bites, eczema, scabies, or herpes.

Scabies

scabicideCrusted scabiesNorwegian scabies
Risk factors include attending day care, crowding, poor nutrition, diabetes mellitus, contact sports, and breaks in the skin such as from mosquito bites, eczema, scabies, or herpes.