Implicature

conversational implicatureimpliedImplicitNeo-Griceanconventional implicaturesGeneralized conversational implicatureHorn scaleimplicateImplication (pragmatics)implications
An implicature is something the speaker suggests or implies with an utterance, even though it is not literally expressed.wikipedia
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Pragmatics

pragmaticpragmaticallylinguistic pragmatics
Pragmatics encompasses speech act theory, conversational implicature, talk in interaction and other approaches to language behavior in philosophy, sociology, linguistics and anthropology.

Paul Grice

H. P. GriceH. Paul GriceGrice
He is known for his theory of implicature.

Scalar implicature

In pragmatics, scalar implicature, or quantity implicature, is an implicature that attributes an implicit meaning beyond the explicit or literal meaning of an utterance, and which suggests that the utterer had a reason for not using a more informative or stronger term on the same scale.

Entailment (linguistics)

entailmentEntailment (pragmatics)entails
Entailment differs from implicature in that for the latter the truth of A suggests the truth of B, but does not require it.

Cooperative principle

Gricean maximsGricean maximconversational maxims
According to Grice, conversational implicatures arise because communicating people are expected by their addressees to obey the maxims of conversation and the overarching cooperative principle, which basically states that people are expected to communicate in a cooperative, helpful way.

Q-principle

Q-based narrowing
In the Neo-Gricean approach to semantics and pragmatics championed by Yale linguist Laurence Horn, the Q-principle ("Q" for "Quantity") is a reformulation of Paul Grice's maxim of quantity (see Gricean maxims) combined with the first two sub-maxims of manner.

R-principle

In the Neo-Gricean approach to semantics and pragmatics advanced by Yale linguist Laurence Horn, the R-principle ("R" for "Relation") is a reformulation of Paul Grice's maxim of relation (see Gricean maxims) combining with the second sub-maxim of quantity and the third and fourth sub-maxims of manner.

Explicature

At least some scalar and other quantity "implicatures" seem not to be implicatures at all but semantic enrichments of the utterance, what is variously described as an explicature or impliciture in the literature. In the framework known as relevance theory, implicature is defined as a counterpart to explicature.
They contrast with implicatures, the information that the speaker conveys without actually stating it.

Defeasibility

defeasible
In pragmatics, a subfield of linguistics, it refers to the fact that certain kinds of implicitly conveyed information such as conversational implicatures and presuppositions can be "defeated" without sounding contradictory.

Damning with faint praise

faint praisedamn with faint praiseDamned by Faint Praise
Damning with faint praise also works by flouting the first quantity maxim.

Relevance theory

relevance theoristsrelevance
In the framework known as relevance theory, implicature is defined as a counterpart to explicature.
Further inferences that cannot be understood as specifications and extensions of the original utterance are implicatures.

Stephen Levinson

Stephen C. LevinsonLevinsonLevinson, Stephen C.
Stephen Levinson's approach is similar to Horn's.
He locates his work on pragmatics under what he has called the Gricean umbrella (2000:12ff.), a broad theory of communication that focuses on the role of conversational implicatures.

Laurence R. Horn

Laurence HornHornHorn, L.
The Horn scales are named after him (a pragmatically determined scale over which Gricean generalized conversational implicatures can be calculated).

Presupposition

presuppositionspresupposeassumptions
In this respect, presupposition is distinguished from entailment and implicature.

Article (grammar)

definite articlearticlearticles
This is a common construction where the indefinite article indicates that the referent is not closely associated with the speaker, because the stronger claim "I slept on my boat yesterday" is not made.

Referent

co-referreferencereferents
This is a common construction where the indefinite article indicates that the referent is not closely associated with the speaker, because the stronger claim "I slept on my boat yesterday" is not made.

Figure of speech

figures of speechlocutionfigure
Many figures of speech can be explained by this mechanism.