Improvised explosive device

Ammunition rigged for an IED discovered by Iraqi police in Baghdad in November 2005
This Cougar in Al Anbar, Iraq, was hit by a directed charge IED, approximately 90 –.
X-ray of a suitcase showing a pipe bomb and a laptop.
Improvised explosive device in Iraq. The concave copper shape on top defines an explosively formed penetrator/projectile
Artillery shells and gasoline cans discovered in the back of a pick-up truck in Iraq
A U.S. Marine in Iraq shown with a robot used for disposal of buried devices
Israeli IDF Caterpillar D9 armored bulldozer, which is used by the IDF Combat Engineering Corps for clearing heavy belly charges and booby-trapped buildings.
U.S. Marines with Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) destroy an improvised explosive device cache in southern Afghanistan in June 2010.
A Stryker lies on its side following a buried IED blast in Iraq. (2007)
Oil-drum roadside IED removed from culvert in 1984
Wheelbarrow counter-IED robot on streets of Northern Ireland in 1978
Captured IEDs from a cache left behind by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Syria, 26 January 2019

Bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than in conventional military action.

- Improvised explosive device
Ammunition rigged for an IED discovered by Iraqi police in Baghdad in November 2005

45 related topics

Alpha

Nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) disposal technicians taking part in a training exercise.

CBRN defense

Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear defence (CBRN defence or CBRNE defence) are protective measures taken in situations in which chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear warfare (including terrorism) hazards may be present.

Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear defence (CBRN defence or CBRNE defence) are protective measures taken in situations in which chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear warfare (including terrorism) hazards may be present.

Nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) disposal technicians taking part in a training exercise.
Toronto firefighters don CBRN suits at a HAZMAT incident
Members of the Irish Defence Forces and Dublin Fire Brigade (DFB) at a CBRNE training exercise
U.S. Marines training exercise for temporary critical support to enable community recovery after a CBRNE incident

In the new millennium, the term CBRNe was introduced as an extension of CBRN - the e in this term representing the enhanced (improvised) explosives threat.

An amputee, seen here running with a blade prosthetic.

Amputation

Removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery.

Removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery.

An amputee, seen here running with a blade prosthetic.
An above-knee amputation
The 18th century guide to amputations
Partial amputation of index finger.
Transfemoral amputation due to liposarcoma
Three fingers from a soldier's right hand were traumatically amputated during World War I.
Curved knives such as this one were used, in the past, for some kinds of amputations.
Private Lewis Francis was wounded July 21, 1861, at the First Battle of Bull Run by a bayonet to the knee.

This type of injury has been especially common among soldiers wounded by improvised explosive devices in the Iraq War.

South Korean soldiers searching for land mines in Iraq

Demining

Process of removing land mines from an area.

Process of removing land mines from an area.

South Korean soldiers searching for land mines in Iraq
A US soldier clears a mine using a grappling hook during training
PROM-1 bounding landmine. Normally it is buried so only the prongs are visible.
British Army sappers clearing a beach front in Normandy (1944)
Naval minesweeper as a monument in Kotka, Finland
Foerster Minex 2FD 4.500 metal detector used by the French army
Mine detection dog in training (Bagram Airfield, Afghanistan)
Ukrainian sapper with a landmine finder dog Patron after battle during the 2022 Russian invasion
APOPO HeroRAT getting food reward
Genetically modified thale cress turns brown in the presence of nitrous oxide.
PNNL engineer testing a timed neutron detector
Protective equipment including helmet, visor and body armor with throat protection
U.S. Army M1 Abrams tank with mine plow
An amphibious assault vehicle fires a line charge to clear beachhead during an exercise at the Camp Lejeune Marine Corps Base.
World War II M4 Sherman tank fitted with a flail
Hydrema mine clearing vehicles use flails.<ref>{{cite web|last1=Pike|first1=John|title=Hydrema 910 Mine Clearing Vehicle|url=https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/hydrema.htm|website=GlobalSecurity.org|access-date=28 March 2019}}</ref>
The Casspir, a steel, armor-bodied V-hulled vehicle de-mining Bagram Air Base
IDF Caterpillar D9 uses a standard blade or a special mineplow.

Land mines overlap with other categories of explosive devices, including unexploded ordnance (UXOs), booby traps and improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

Map of the world as of 2021

2016 Pathankot attack

Terroist attack committed on 2 January 2016 by a heavily armed group of Islamic militants which attacked the Pathankot Air Force Station, part of the Western Air Command of the Indian Air Force.

Terroist attack committed on 2 January 2016 by a heavily armed group of Islamic militants which attacked the Pathankot Air Force Station, part of the Western Air Command of the Indian Air Force.

Map of the world as of 2021

On 3 January, fresh gunshots were heard, and another security officer was killed by an IED explosion.

Place

2013 Hyderabad blasts

On 21 February 2013, at around 19:00 IST, two blasts occurred in the city of Hyderabad, India.

On 21 February 2013, at around 19:00 IST, two blasts occurred in the city of Hyderabad, India.

Place
Destroyed bus shelter due to the first blast

Andhra Pradesh's Director General of Police noted that Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) had been used in the two blasts to cause maximum damage.

1979 Afghan postage stamp commemorating the leftist Saur Revolution

War in Afghanistan (2001–2021)

Conflict that took place from 2001 to 2021 in the South-Central Asian country of Afghanistan.

Conflict that took place from 2001 to 2021 in the South-Central Asian country of Afghanistan.

1979 Afghan postage stamp commemorating the leftist Saur Revolution
Afghan guerrilla leader Ahmad Shah Massoud (right) with the Pashtun anti-Taliban leader and later Vice President of the Karzai administration, Haji Abdul Qadir
The military situation of the Afghan Civil War in 1996 between the Taliban (red) and the Northern Alliance (blue)
Ahmad Shah Massoud was assassinated by Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan's Takhar Province on 9 September 2001
Ground Zero in New York following the attacks of 11 September 2001
US Army Special Forces and US Air Force Combat Controllers with Northern Alliance troops on horseback, Samangan Province
American and British special forces operators at Tora Bora, 2001
US Humvee crossing water in 2002
Map detailing the spread of the Taliban insurgency, 2002–2006
US troops board a helicopter in Zabul province, 2003
A US Navy Corpsman searches for Taliban fighters in Mihtarlam, spring of 2005
3rd Battalion, 3rd Marine Regiment at the Khost-Gardez Pass, 2004
An Apache helicopter provides protection from the air, Lwar Kowndalan in Kandahar, October 2005
A US Army soldier from 10th Mountain Division, patrols Aranas
Swedish Army medic in the Mazar-e Sharif region
A US soldier conducts a mountain patrol in Nuristan Province
US and British troops during a patrol in Helmand Province
Chinooks transporting troops to Bagram
Development of ISAF troop strength
A German Bundeswehr soldier, part of ISAF's Regional Command North at Camp Marmal
Burning hashish seized in Operation Albatross, a combined operation of Afghan officials, NATO and the DEA
Barack Obama with Afghan President Hamid Karzai and Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari in 2009
A US soldier and an Afghan interpreter in Zabul, 2009
Former Taliban fighters turn in their weapons as part of a reintegration program in Ghor Province
UK service members of the Royal Air Force Regiment stop on a road while conducting a combat mission near Kandahar Airfield
Australian and Afghan soldiers patrol the poppy fields in the Baluchi Valley Region, April 2010.
Coalition forces conducting an airdrop in Shahjoy District, Zabul
Troops from the 31st and 33rd Kandak, Afghan National Army, execute a departure for Operation Valley Flood
US soldiers walk by local Afghan boys during a patrol in Gardez
US Army soldiers boarding a Black Hawk in Nari District, near the Pakistani border
An Australian service light armored vehicle drives through Tangi Valley, 29 March 2011
Afghan Army units neutralizes an IED in Sangin, Helmand province
Soldiers from the Michigan Army National Guard and the Latvian Army patrol through a village in Konar province.
Resolute Support Colors presented at Kabul on 28 December 2014, after the ISAF colors are encased
Russian made Mil Mi-8 chopper landing at Forward Operating Base Airborne to deliver mail and supplies
Green Berets of the 10th SFG memorialize two comrades who were killed in action during the Battle of Boz Qandahari on 2–3 November 2016
Actress Scarlett Johansson meets with US service members during a troop engagement at Forward Operation Base Gamberi, Afghanistan, December 2016
US Army soldier in Nangarhar Province, 6 January 2015
TAAC-E advisers in February 2015
A USAF F-16 Fighting Falcon takes off at Bagram Airfield for a combat sortie, 14 March 2016
USAF pilots fly a CH-47 Chinook in Nangarhar, April 2017
Map showing insurgent (white) and government-controlled (red) areas of Afghanistan in January 2019.
US, British and Afghan security forces train together in an aerial reaction force exercise at Camp Qargha in Kabul, 16 January 2018.
US representative Zalmay Khalilzad (left) and Taliban representative Abdul Ghani Baradar (right) sign the Agreement for Bringing Peace to Afghanistan in Doha, Qatar on 29 February 2020
NATO's Resolute Support Mission commander Austin S. Miller alongside US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin in Afghanistan, March 2021
A map of Afghanistan showing the Taliban offensive
Taliban fighters in Kabul, 17 August 2021
Victims of the Narang night raid that killed at least 10 Afghan civilians, December 2009
Gathering outside Afghan embassy in Tehran to condemn the 2021 Kabul school bombing
Foreign donated clothing being handed out by an Afghan civil officer to children at a refugee camp, 2011
Afghanistan opium poppy cultivation, 1994–2016 (hectares)
A young Afghan girl in Qalat pictured by the 116th Infantry Battalion before receiving school supplies in 2011
Afghan boy murdered on 15 January 2010 by a group of US Army soldiers called the Kill Team
Hamid Karzai and Barack Obama in 2009
Afghan Commandos practice infiltration techniques, 1 April 2010 at Camp Morehead in the outer regions of Kabul.
Soldiers from the Afghan army patrolling a village in Khost Province in 2010
US Marines and ANA soldiers take cover in Marja on 13 February 2010 during their offensive to secure the city from the Taliban.
An Afghan soldier surveying a valley during an anti-Taliban operation
A-29 plane of the Afghan Air Force
A US marine interacting with Afghan children in Helmand Province
22 June 2007 demonstration in Québec City against the Canadian military involvement in Afghanistan
Taliban fighters at a market in Kabul, September 2021. A vendor selling Islamic Emirate flags can be seen.

The Taliban increasingly used guerrilla tactics such as suicide, car and roadside bombs (IEDs), and targeted assassinations.

A Russian TM-46 anti-tank blast mine.

Anti-tank mine

Type of land mine designed to damage or destroy vehicles including tanks and armored fighting vehicles.

Type of land mine designed to damage or destroy vehicles including tanks and armored fighting vehicles.

A Russian TM-46 anti-tank blast mine.
Soviet TM-35 mine at the Museum of Heroic Defense and Liberation of Sevastopol on Sapun Mountain, Sevastopol
German Riegel mine 43
Anti Tank Mine used by Indian Army
Polish MPB mine.
How to use an American M-24 antitank mine
Casspir Personnel Carrier
RG-31 Mine Protected Armored Personnel Carrier (MP APC) in service with the US Army in Iraq in 2006

This self forging projectile principle has been used for some French and Soviet off route mines and has earned infamy as an improvised explosive devices (IED) technique in Israel and especially Iraq.

Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant

Largest nuclear power station in India, situated in Kudankulam in the Tirunelveli district of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Largest nuclear power station in India, situated in Kudankulam in the Tirunelveli district of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Kudankulum under construction, 14 April 2009

Supporters of the power plant in Idinthakarai village have been targeted by opponents using improvised explosive devices.

The AT Badge.

Ammunition technician

British Army soldier, formerly of the Royal Army Ordnance Corps but since 1993 of the Royal Logistic Corps, trained to inspect, repair, test, store, and modify all ammunition, guided missiles, and explosives used by the British Army.

British Army soldier, formerly of the Royal Army Ordnance Corps but since 1993 of the Royal Logistic Corps, trained to inspect, repair, test, store, and modify all ammunition, guided missiles, and explosives used by the British Army.

The AT Badge.
RAOC and RLC EOD Memorial

After gaining sufficient experience, those who show the appropriate qualities are given extra training to render safe improvised explosive devices (IEDs) by a process called improvised explosive device disposal.

A mail bomb on display at the National Postal Museum

Letter bomb

Explosive device sent via the postal service, and designed with the intention to injure or kill the recipient when opened.

Explosive device sent via the postal service, and designed with the intention to injure or kill the recipient when opened.

A mail bomb on display at the National Postal Museum
Robert Harley was targeted in one of the earliest modern parcel bombing incidents
Parcel bomb sent to Madame Tussauds in 1889
FBI reproduction of one of Theodore Kaczynski’s bombs
Michael Lapsley lost both hands and was blinded in one eye after a mail bombing attack
Mail bomb sent by pro-Trump extremists, 2018

Mid-1990s: Franz Fuchs, Austrian serial mail bomber, killed four and injured 15 with waves of mail bombs and improvised explosive devices.