Improvised explosive device

Ammunition rigged for an IED discovered by Iraqi police in Baghdad in November 2005
This Cougar in Al Anbar, Iraq, was hit by a directed charge IED, approximately 90 –.
X-ray of a suitcase showing a pipe bomb and a laptop.
Improvised explosive device in Iraq. The concave copper shape on top defines an explosively formed penetrator/projectile
Artillery shells and gasoline cans discovered in the back of a pick-up truck in Iraq
A U.S. Marine in Iraq shown with a robot used for disposal of buried devices
Israeli IDF Caterpillar D9 armored bulldozer, which is used by the IDF Combat Engineering Corps for clearing heavy belly charges and booby-trapped buildings.
U.S. Marines with Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) destroy an improvised explosive device cache in southern Afghanistan in June 2010.
A Stryker lies on its side following a buried IED blast in Iraq. (2007)
Oil-drum roadside IED removed from culvert in 1984
Wheelbarrow counter-IED robot on streets of Northern Ireland in 1978
Captured IEDs from a cache left behind by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Syria, 26 January 2019

Bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than in conventional military action.

- Improvised explosive device
Ammunition rigged for an IED discovered by Iraqi police in Baghdad in November 2005

45 related topics

Alpha

Guerrilla warfare during the Peninsular War, by Roque Gameiro, depicting a Portuguese guerrilla ambush against French forces. The term "guerrilla" was coined during this conflict, which occurred in the early 19th century.

Guerrilla warfare

Form of irregular warfare in which small groups of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility, to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.

Form of irregular warfare in which small groups of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility, to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.

Guerrilla warfare during the Peninsular War, by Roque Gameiro, depicting a Portuguese guerrilla ambush against French forces. The term "guerrilla" was coined during this conflict, which occurred in the early 19th century.
Spanish guerrilla resistance to the Napoleonic French invasion of Spain at the Battle of Valdepeñas
Lakhdari, Drif, Bouhired and Bouali. Algerian women guerrillas of the War of Independence c. 1956
Boer guerrillas during the Second Boer War in South Africa
The Estonian Forest Brothers relaxing and cleaning their guns after a shooting exercise in Veskiaru, Järva County, Estonia, in 1953
A Tuareg rebel fighter with a DShK on a technical in northern Niger, 2008

In addition to traditional military methods, guerrilla groups may rely also on destroying infrastructure, using improvised explosive devices, for example.

British and French snipers equipped with FR F2, Accuracy International AWM and PGM Hécate II rifles

Sniper

Military/paramilitary marksman who engages targets from positions of concealment or at distances exceeding the target's detection capabilities.

Military/paramilitary marksman who engages targets from positions of concealment or at distances exceeding the target's detection capabilities.

British and French snipers equipped with FR F2, Accuracy International AWM and PGM Hécate II rifles
Vasily Zaytsev, left, and other Soviet snipers equipped with Mosin–Nagant M1891/30 during the Battle of Stalingrad in December 1942.
A modern sniper weapon system which consists of a sniper rifle (here Barak HTR 2000 chambered in .338 Lapua Magnum), telescopic sight (Leupold Mark IV x10), and additional optics.
Over-watch being provided by an army sergeant during a high-level meeting, Baghdad, Iraq.
A U.S. Army sniper using a Barrett M82.
A U.S. Army sniper team from Jalalabad Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT)
YAMAM (Israel's counter-terrorism unit) sniper shooting with suppressed Barrett MRAD sniper rifles
A US Secret Service sniper on the roof of the White House
A U.S. Coast Guard TACLET marksman uses an M107 from a helicopter.
British sniper in training in Northumberland, 2010.
Frederick Russell Burnham in Africa
An Australian sniper aims a periscope-equipped rifle at Gallipoli in 1915. The spotter beside him is helping to find targets with his own periscope.
Soldiers raise a Papier-mâché dummy head to locate an enemy sniper
Soviet sniper Lyudmila Pavlichenko on a 1943 stamp.
German sniper in Stalingrad, Soviet Union (1942)
A British sniper in Gennep, Holland, 14 February 1945.
Canadian Sniper during World War II.
Israeli sniper and spotter team training in a sniping range.
A US Marine extracts a fired cartridge casing and chambers a new round into his M40A3.
Royal Marines sniper displaying his L115A1 rifle resting on three-legged shooting sticks
US Marine telescopic sight picture during high-angle marksmanship training.
Aerial platform shooting training.
A sniper wearing a ghillie suit to remain hidden in grassland terrain
A U.S. Marine sniper wearing a ghillie suit.
Two Israel Defense Forces snipers (one serves as the shooter and the other as a spotter), armed with the "Barak" (H-S Precision Pro Series 2000 HTR) sniper weapon system, during sniping contest.
A Special Reaction Team with an M24 Sniper Weapon System in 2004.
A Georgian sniper in the Georgian-Ossetian conflict (2004)
Bundeswehr sniper team in position, Kunduz Province, Afghanistan
Sergeant H.A. Marshall of The Calgary Highlanders. Canadian snipers in the Second World War were trained scouts. Specialized equipment includes Lee–Enfield No. 4 Mk I(T) rifle and scope combination and a camouflaged Denison smock. PAC Photo, by Ken Bell (September 1944).
Simo Häyhä, known among enemies by the nickname "White Death", is generally recognized as the world's deadliest military sniper of all time.
Carlos Hathcock, nicknamed "White Feather" by the North Vietnamese Army (NVA), was a legendary USMC sniper with a service record of 93 confirmed kills.
Russian sniper in winter camouflage

In many ways, the psychological impact imposed by snipers is quite similar to those of landmines, booby-traps, and IEDs (constant threat, high "per event" lethality, inability to strike back).

A mail bomb on display at the National Postal Museum

Letter bomb

Explosive device sent via the postal service, and designed with the intention to injure or kill the recipient when opened.

Explosive device sent via the postal service, and designed with the intention to injure or kill the recipient when opened.

A mail bomb on display at the National Postal Museum
Robert Harley was targeted in one of the earliest modern parcel bombing incidents
Parcel bomb sent to Madame Tussauds in 1889
FBI reproduction of one of Theodore Kaczynski’s bombs
Michael Lapsley lost both hands and was blinded in one eye after a mail bombing attack
Mail bomb sent by pro-Trump extremists, 2018

Mid-1990s: Franz Fuchs, Austrian serial mail bomber, killed four and injured 15 with waves of mail bombs and improvised explosive devices.

Chinese suicide bomber putting on an explosive vest made out of Model 24 hand grenades to use in an attack on Japanese tanks at the Battle of Taierzhuang (1938)

Explosive belt

Chinese suicide bomber putting on an explosive vest made out of Model 24 hand grenades to use in an attack on Japanese tanks at the Battle of Taierzhuang (1938)
A suicide vest captured by the Israel Defense Forces (2002)
A suicide belt captured by the Israel Defense Forces (2006)

An explosive belt (also called suicide belt or a suicide vest) is an improvised explosive device, a belt or a vest packed with explosives and armed with a detonator, worn by suicide bombers.

Eric Harris (left) and Dylan Klebold (right) in the cafeteria, 8–11 minutes before their suicides

Columbine High School massacre

School shooting and attempted bombing that occurred on April 20, 1999, at Columbine High School in Columbine, Colorado, United States.

School shooting and attempted bombing that occurred on April 20, 1999, at Columbine High School in Columbine, Colorado, United States.

Eric Harris (left) and Dylan Klebold (right) in the cafeteria, 8–11 minutes before their suicides
9 mm Hi-Point 995 carbine, one of the guns used by Harris
9 mm TEC-9 pistol, one of the guns used by Klebold
An FBI diagram of the library, with locations of fatalities

In addition to the firearms, the complex and highly planned attack involved several improvised explosive devices.

Tannerite

Brand of binary explosive targets used for firearms practice and sold in kit form.

Brand of binary explosive targets used for firearms practice and sold in kit form.

The September 2016 New York and New Jersey bombings involved improvised explosive devices that contained "a compound similar to a commercial explosive known as Tannerite", set off by a small charge of unstable hexamethylene triperoxide diamine, which served as a detonator for the highly stable ammonal-type secondary charge.

Nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) disposal technicians taking part in a training exercise.

CBRN defense

Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear defence (CBRN defence or CBRNE defence) are protective measures taken in situations in which chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear warfare (including terrorism) hazards may be present.

Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear defence (CBRN defence or CBRNE defence) are protective measures taken in situations in which chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear warfare (including terrorism) hazards may be present.

Nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) disposal technicians taking part in a training exercise.
Toronto firefighters don CBRN suits at a HAZMAT incident
Members of the Irish Defence Forces and Dublin Fire Brigade (DFB) at a CBRNE training exercise
U.S. Marines training exercise for temporary critical support to enable community recovery after a CBRNE incident

In the new millennium, the term CBRNe was introduced as an extension of CBRN - the e in this term representing the enhanced (improvised) explosives threat.

Badge of the Syrian Arab Air Force

Syrian Air Force

Air force branch of the Syrian Armed Forces.

Air force branch of the Syrian Armed Forces.

Badge of the Syrian Arab Air Force
AT-6 Harvard of the Syrian Air Force
A Wrecked Syrian Spitfire
Hafez al-Assad (above) standing on the wing of a Fiat G.46-4B with fellow cadets at the Syrian AF Academy outside Aleppo, in mid-1950s. Hafez al-Assad underwent conversion training for jet fighters at the Air Force Academy at Bilbeis, in Egypt, in 1955. One of his instructors was Hosni Mubarak, later the commander of the Egyptian Air Force, and then the President of Egypt.
One of two MiG-17s of the Syrian Air Force that landed by error at Betzet airstrip, Israel on 12 August 1968.
Syrian air bases in 2015
(1961–1963)
(1980–present)
(1963–1972)
(1972–1980)

The air war escalated further in mid June 2012, with the use of Mi-24/25 attack helicopters capable of dropping standard aviation bombs weighing up to 250 kg, while the transport helicopters started dropping barrel bombs, aerial IEDs.

Clockwise from top: US troops at Uday and Qusay Hussein's hideout; insurgents in northern Iraq; the toppling of the Saddam Hussein statue in Firdos Square

Iraq War

Protracted armed conflict in Iraq from 2003 to 2011 that began with the invasion of Iraq by the United States–led coalition which overthrew the Iraqi government of Saddam Hussein.

Protracted armed conflict in Iraq from 2003 to 2011 that began with the invasion of Iraq by the United States–led coalition which overthrew the Iraqi government of Saddam Hussein.

Clockwise from top: US troops at Uday and Qusay Hussein's hideout; insurgents in northern Iraq; the toppling of the Saddam Hussein statue in Firdos Square
A UN weapons inspector in Iraq, 2002
Excerpt from Donald Rumsfeld memo dated 27 November 2001
United States Secretary of State Colin Powell holding a model vial of anthrax while giving a presentation to the United Nations Security Council
From the left: French President Jacques Chirac, US President George W. Bush, British Prime Minister Tony Blair and Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. Chirac was against the invasion, the other three leaders were in favor.
Anti-war protest in London, September 2002. Organised by the British Stop the War Coalition, up to 400,000 took part in the protest.
Destroyed remains of Iraqi tanks near Al Qadisiyah
US Marines escort captured enemy prisoners to a holding area in the desert of Iraq on 21 March 2003.
US soldiers at the Hands of Victory monument in Baghdad
Iraqi tank on Highway 27 destroyed in April 2003
Map of the invasion routes and major operations/battles of the Iraq War through 2007
US Marines from 1st Battalion 7th Marines enter a palace during the Fall of Baghdad.
A Marine Corps M1 Abrams tank patrols Baghdad after its fall in 2003.
Humvee struck by an improvised explosive device attack in Iraq on 29 September 2004. Staff Sgt. Michael F. Barrett, a military policeman in Marine Wing Support Squadron 373, was severely injured in the attack.
Polish GROM forces in sea operations during the Iraq War
Marines from D Company, 3rd Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion guard detainees prior to loading them into their vehicle.
Occupation zones in Iraq as of September 2003
Saddam Hussein being pulled from his hideaway in Operation Red Dawn, 13 December 2003
Coalition Provisional Authority director L. Paul Bremer signs over sovereignty to the appointed Iraqi Interim Government, 28 June 2004.
US troops fire mortars.
A USMC M198 artillery piece firing outside Fallujah in October 2004
Convention center for Council of Representatives of Iraq
US Marines from 3rd Battalion 3rd Marines clear a house in Al Anbar Governorate.
Nouri al-Maliki meets with George W. Bush, June 2006
President George W. Bush announces the new strategy on Iraq from the White House Library, 10 January 2007.
US soldiers take cover during a firefight with insurgents in the Al Doura section of Baghdad, 7 March 2007.
A graph of US troop fatalities in Iraq March 2003 – July 2010, the orange and blue months are the period of the troop surge and its aftermath.
Iraqi army battalion trains for urban operations
3D map of southern Turkey and northern Iraq
An Iraqi soldier and vehicles from the 42nd Brigade, 11th Iraqi Army Division during a firefight with armed militiamen in the Sadr City district of Baghdad 17 April 2008
General David Petraeus in testimony before Congress on 8 April 2008
An Iraqi Army unit prepares to board a Task Force Baghdad UH-60 Blackhawk helicopter for a counterinsurgency mission in Baghdad in 2007.
Street fighting in Mosul in January 2008
Aerial view of the Green Zone, Baghdad International Airport, and the contiguous Victory Base Complex in Baghdad
Election map showing the largest list in every governorate
US Navy and Coast Guard personnel stand guard aboard the Al Basrah Oil Terminal in July 2009.
Iraqi commandos training under the supervision of soldiers from the US 82nd Airborne in December 2010
Alabama Army National Guard MP, MSG Schur, during a joint community policing patrol in Basra, 3 April 2010
M1 Abrams tanks in Iraqi service, January 2011
US Army soldier on the roof of an Iraqi police station in Haqlaniyah, July 2011
US and Kuwaiti troops closing the gate between Kuwait and Iraq on 18 December 2011
June 2015 military situation:
Wounded US personnel flown from Iraq to Ramstein, Germany, for medical treatment (February 2007)
Marines unload a wounded comrade from an Army UH-60 Blackhawk helicopter for medical treatment at Al Qaim.
A city street in Ramadi heavily damaged by the fighting in 2006
A memorial in North Carolina in December 2007; US casualty count can be seen in the background.
Child killed by a car bomb in Kirkuk, July 2011
This photograph from Abu Ghraib released in 2006 shows a pyramid of naked Iraqi prisoners.
Car bombing was a frequently used tactic by insurgents in Iraq.
Protesters on 19 March 2005, in London, where over 150,000 marched
A woman pleads with an Iraqi army soldier from 2nd Company, 5th Brigade, 2nd Iraqi Army Division to let a suspected insurgent free during a raid near Tafaria, Iraq.

Insurgents used various guerrilla tactics, including mortars, missiles, suicide attacks, snipers, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), car bombs, small arms fire (usually with assault rifles), and RPGs (rocket propelled grenades), as well as sabotage against the petroleum, water, and electrical infrastructures.

Dust rises after the impact of two bombs dropped during an IAF airstrike on Tyre, Lebanon.

2006 Lebanon War

34-day military conflict in Lebanon, Northern Israel and the Golan Heights.

34-day military conflict in Lebanon, Northern Israel and the Golan Heights.

Dust rises after the impact of two bombs dropped during an IAF airstrike on Tyre, Lebanon.
Smoke over Haifa, Israel, after a rocket launched by Hezbollah hit the city near Bnei-Zion hospital
The cross-border raid map
Satellite photographs of the Haret Hreik, a Hezbollah-dominated neighborhood Dahieh district of southern Beirut, Lebanon, before and after 22 July 2006. The neighborhood is home to Hezbollah's headquarters. See also high resolution photographs before and
A building in Ghazieh, near Sidon, bombed by the Israeli Air Force (IAF)
Areas in Lebanon targeted by Israeli bombing, 12 July to 13 August 2006
Map showing some of the localities in Israel and the Golan Heights hit by rockets fired from Lebanese soil as of Monday 7 August.
Structural damage of a residential building in Kiryat Shmona after being hit by a rocket
An Israeli soldier tosses a grenade into a Hezbollah bunker
IDF Caterpillar D9N armored bulldozers destroy a Hezbollah bunker.
War map, "Hezbollah Defensive System in Southern Lebanon", 2006
Lebanon's Prime Minister Fouad Siniora
Israeli soldiers of the Nahal Brigade leaving Lebanon
Lebanese IDPs in south Lebanon, 2006
Image from space showing Jiyyeh oil slick in darkest blue, picture centered on Beirut. The largest oil spill in the history of the Mediterranean, it was caused by an Israeli air strike on Jiyeh power station 10 August 2006
A burnt forest in northern Israel caused by Hezbollah rockets
Israel Solidarity Rally in Los Angeles
A Lebanese protest in Sydney
IAF targeting a Katyusha rocket launcher
A sign erected after the 2006 Lebanon war in South Lebanon which displays rockets and Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah
George W. Bush declared that Hezbollah lost the war and that "There's going to be a new power in the south of Lebanon".
An infographic produced by the Israel Defence Force criticizing Hezbollah's violations of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1701. The resolution calls for Hezbollah to remain disarmed and bans paramilitary activity south of the Litani River.

According to Merkava tank program administration, 52 Merkava main battle tanks were damaged (45 of them by different kinds of ATGM), missiles penetrated 22 tanks, but only 5 tanks were destroyed, one of them by an improvised explosive device (IED).