Incorporation (business)

incorporatedincorporationincorporateInc.incorporated associationcorporationincorporatingIncIncorporated (town)Incorporations
Incorporation is the formation of a new corporation.wikipedia
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Delaware General Corporation Law

Delaware corporationincorporated in DelawareDelaware
For example, the transfer of ownership in a corporation incorporated in US-DE is not required to be filed or recorded.
Over 50% of publicly traded corporations in the United States and 60% of the Fortune 500 are incorporated in the state.

Corporation

corporatecorporationsincorporated
Incorporation is the formation of a new corporation.
The process of incorporation was possible only through a royal charter or a private act and was limited, owing to Parliament's jealous protection of the privileges and advantages thereby granted.

Royal charter

chartercharter of incorporationchartered
Until the 19th century, royal charters were the only means other than an act of parliament by which a company could be incorporated; in the UK, the Joint Stock Companies Act 1844 opened up a route to incorporation by registration, since when incorporation by royal charter has been, according to the Privy Council, "a special token of Royal favour or … a mark of distinction".

Companies House

Register of CompaniesRegistrar of CompaniesCompany No
The United Kingdom is one of the quickest locations to incorporate, with a fully electronic process and a very fast turnaround by the national registrar of companies, the Companies House.
The Joint Stock Companies Act 1844 permitted the incorporation of joint-stock companies, previously only possible by the mechanisms of royal charter or private act, which had meant few companies were formed.

Limited liability company

LLClimited liability companieslimited liability corporation
On the other hand, a corporation (Corp.) or a limited liability company (LLC) may hold assets such as real estate, cars or boats.

Aktiengesellschaft

AGA.G.Limited company
In the United Kingdom, the equivalent term is "PLC" and in the United States while the terms "incorporated" or "corporation" are typically used, technically the more precise equivalent term is "joint-stock company" (though note for the British term only a minority of public limited companies have their shares listed on stock exchanges).

By-law

bylawsbylawby-laws
Usually, there are also corporate bylaws which must be filed with the state.
In parliamentary procedure, including Robert's Rules of Order, the by-laws are generally the supreme governing document of an organization, superseded only by the charter of an incorporated society.

Business

for-profitenterprisefirm
The corporation may be a business, a nonprofit organization, sports club, or a government of a new city or town.

Nonprofit organization

non-profitnon-profit organizationnonprofit
The corporation may be a business, a nonprofit organization, sports club, or a government of a new city or town.

Sports club

clubsport clubmulti-sport club
The corporation may be a business, a nonprofit organization, sports club, or a government of a new city or town.

Government

Form of governmentgovernmentsgovernmental
The corporation may be a business, a nonprofit organization, sports club, or a government of a new city or town.

City

citiesUrbanCivil (City)
The corporation may be a business, a nonprofit organization, sports club, or a government of a new city or town.

Town

settlementsmall towntowns
The corporation may be a business, a nonprofit organization, sports club, or a government of a new city or town.

Preferred stock

preference sharespreferred sharespreference share
If the corporation is willing to permit both preferred as well as common shares of stock, then this should have a mention in the articles of incorporation, along with the voting rights information.

Common stock

common sharesordinary sharesequity shares
If the corporation is willing to permit both preferred as well as common shares of stock, then this should have a mention in the articles of incorporation, along with the voting rights information.

Partnership

partnerpartnershipssilent partner
Sole proprietors and general partners in a partnership are personally and jointly responsible for all the legal liability (LL) of a business such as loans, accounts payable, and legal judgments.

Legal liability

liabilityliablecivil liability
Sole proprietors and general partners in a partnership are personally and jointly responsible for all the legal liability (LL) of a business such as loans, accounts payable, and legal judgments.

Shareholder

shareholdersstockholderstockholders
In a corporation, however, stockholders, directors and officers typically are not liable for the company's debts and obligations.

Board of directors

Board of Trusteesdirectorboard
In a corporation, however, stockholders, directors and officers typically are not liable for the company's debts and obligations.

Chief executive officer

CEOManaging DirectorChief Executive
In a corporation, however, stockholders, directors and officers typically are not liable for the company's debts and obligations.

Bankruptcy

bankruptbankruptcy protectionbankruptcies
If a shareholder of a corporation is personally involved in a lawsuit or bankruptcy, these assets may be protected.

Supreme Court of the United States

United States Supreme CourtU.S. Supreme CourtSupreme Court
Legal opinion on corporations has evolved significantly throughout history, and Supreme Court cases provide a means to observe this evolution.

New Hampshire

NHState of New HampshireNew Hampshire, U.S.
In 1816, the New Hampshire state legislature passed a bill intended to turn privately owned Dartmouth College into a publicly owned university with a Board of Trustees appointed by the governor.