Independent Labour Party

ILPIndependent LabourIndependent Labour Party (ILP)(British) Independent Labour PartyBritish party of the same nameInd. Labour PartyIndependent Labour/Co-operative Commonwealth FederationLabour Party
The Independent Labour Party (ILP) was a British political party of the left, established in 1893, when the Liberals appeared reluctant to endorse working-class candidates, representing the interests of the majority.wikipedia
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Keir Hardie

KeirKeir Hardie MP(James) Keir Hardie
A sitting independent MP and prominent union organiser, Keir Hardie, became its first chairman.
Hardie won the English seat of West Ham South as an independent candidate in 1892, and helped to form the Independent Labour Party (ILP) the following year.

Henry Hyde Champion

H. H. Champion
Working with SDF members such as Henry Hyde Champion and Tom Mann he was instrumental in the foundation of the Scottish Labour Party in 1888.
Henry Hyde Champion (22 January 1859 – 30 April 1928) was a socialist journalist and activist, regarded as one of the leading spirits behind the formation of the Independent Labour Party.

Labour Representation Committee (1900)

Labour Representation CommitteeLabour
The party was positioned to the left of Ramsay MacDonald’s Labour Representation Committee, founded in 1900 and soon renamed the Labour Party, to which it was affiliated from 1906 to 1932.
In addition to various trade union leaders, organisations present at this conference were the Independent Labour Party (ILP), the Social Democratic Federation (SDF) and the Fabian Society, After a debate all the 129 delegates passed Keir Hardie's motion to establish "a distinct Labour group in Parliament, who shall have their own whips, and agree upon their policy, which must embrace a readiness to cooperate with any party which for the time being may be engaged in promoting legislation in the direct interests of labour."

Ramsay MacDonald

MacDonaldJames Ramsay MacDonaldRt Hon. Ramsay MacDonald
The party was positioned to the left of Ramsay MacDonald’s Labour Representation Committee, founded in 1900 and soon renamed the Labour Party, to which it was affiliated from 1906 to 1932. In addition to the beloved party leader Keir Hardie came the Scot Bruce Glasier, elected to the NAC in 1897 and succeeding Hardie as Chairman in 1900; Philip Snowden, an evangelical socialist from the West Riding, and Ramsay MacDonald, whose adhesion to the ILP had been secured in the wake of his disillusionment with the Liberal Party over its rejection of a trade unionist candidate in the 1894 Sheffield Attercliffe by-election.
In 1893, Keir Hardie had formed the Independent Labour Party (ILP) which had established itself as a mass movement.

Colne Valley Labour Union

Colne ValleyColne Valley Labour
This initiative was replicated by others in Colne Valley, Huddersfield and Salford.
The first labour party organised on the basis of a Parliamentary constituency, it successfully backed Tom Mann as secretary of the Independent Labour Party, and Victor Grayson as the local Member of Parliament.

Liberal-Labour (UK)

Liberal-LabourLib-LabLiberal–Labour
A number of so-called "Lib-Lab" candidates were subsequently elected Members of Parliament by this alliance of trade unions and radical intellectuals working within the Liberal Party.
Disillusion grew from the defeat of the Manningham Mills Strike, a series of decisions restricting the activity of unions, culminating in the Taff Vale Case and largely unchallenged by the Liberal Party, and the foundation of the Independent Labour Party in 1892 followed by its turn towards trade unionism.

Bradford Labour Union

There followed a strike in Bradford, the Manningham Mills strike, which produced as a by-product the Bradford Labour Union, an organisation which sought to function politically independently of either major political party.
The Bradford Labour Union was a political party based in Bradford in England, which was an important forerunner of the Independent Labour Party.

Independent Labour Publications

In 1947, the organisation's three parliamentary representatives defected to the Labour Party, and the organisation rejoined Labour as Independent Labour Publications in 1975.
It is the successor to the Independent Labour Party and is mostly known simply as "The ILP" in order to maintain that link with its predecessor organisation.

William Henry Drew (textile worker)

William Henry Drew
This conference was chaired by William Henry Drew and was held in Bradford 14–16 January 1893.
William Henry Drew (1854 - 29 January 1933) was a British textile worker, early trade unionist and one of the founders of the Independent Labour Party.

Independent Labour Party election results

election to parliamentparty's contests
With the NAC taking a lead in organising the party's contests, and with finance tight just 28 candidates ran under the ILP banner.
This article lists the Independent Labour Party's election results in UK parliamentary elections.

Bradford

City of BradfordBradford, EnglandBowling
There followed a strike in Bradford, the Manningham Mills strike, which produced as a by-product the Bradford Labour Union, an organisation which sought to function politically independently of either major political party. This conference was chaired by William Henry Drew and was held in Bradford 14–16 January 1893.
A mural on the back of the Bradford Playhouse in Little Germany commemorates the centenary of the founding of the Independent Labour Party in Bradford in 1893.

Edward Aveling

Edward Bibbins Aveling
About 130 delegates were in attendance at the conference, including in addition to Hardie such socialist and labour worthies as Alderman Ben Tillett, author George Bernard Shaw, and Edward Aveling, son-in-law of Karl Marx.
Aveling was the author of numerous books and pamphlets and was a founding member of the Socialist League and the Independent Labour Party.

Robert Blatchford

Blatchford
Further arguments for the formation of a new party were to be found in Robert Blatchford's newspaper The Clarion, founded in 1891, and in Workman's Times, edited by Joseph Burgess.
By 1893 Blatchford was the leader of his own clique within the newly founded national Independent Labour Party, the Clarionettes, whose extraordinary dynamism was expressed in its numerous choral societies, Clarion cycling clubs, Socialist Scouts, and glee clubs.

George Bernard Shaw

Bernard ShawShawG. B. Shaw
About 130 delegates were in attendance at the conference, including in addition to Hardie such socialist and labour worthies as Alderman Ben Tillett, author George Bernard Shaw, and Edward Aveling, son-in-law of Karl Marx.
In January 1893, as a Fabian delegate, Shaw attended the Bradford conference which led to the foundation of the Independent Labour Party.

Joseph Burgess

Further arguments for the formation of a new party were to be found in Robert Blatchford's newspaper The Clarion, founded in 1891, and in Workman's Times, edited by Joseph Burgess.
He was active in the creation of the Independent Labour Party (ILP) and the Labour Party.

1894 Sheffield Attercliffe by-election

1894 by-electionSheffield Attercliffe
In addition to the beloved party leader Keir Hardie came the Scot Bruce Glasier, elected to the NAC in 1897 and succeeding Hardie as Chairman in 1900; Philip Snowden, an evangelical socialist from the West Riding, and Ramsay MacDonald, whose adhesion to the ILP had been secured in the wake of his disillusionment with the Liberal Party over its rejection of a trade unionist candidate in the 1894 Sheffield Attercliffe by-election.
It was the first parliamentary election contested by the Independent Labour Party.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
The party was positioned to the left of Ramsay MacDonald’s Labour Representation Committee, founded in 1900 and soon renamed the Labour Party, to which it was affiliated from 1906 to 1932.
Among these were the Independent Labour Party, the intellectual and largely middle-class Fabian Society, the Marxist Social Democratic Federation and the Scottish Labour Party.

Fenner Brockway

Archibald Fenner BrockwayLord BrockwayWorld Disarmament Campaign
Future party chairman Fenner Brockway later recounted the revivalist mood of the gatherings of his local ILP branch gathering in 1907:
In 1907, Brockway joined the Independent Labour Party (ILP) and was a regular visitor to the Fabian Society.

John Bruce Glasier

Bruce GlasierGlasierJohn Bruce
In addition to the beloved party leader Keir Hardie came the Scot Bruce Glasier, elected to the NAC in 1897 and succeeding Hardie as Chairman in 1900; Philip Snowden, an evangelical socialist from the West Riding, and Ramsay MacDonald, whose adhesion to the ILP had been secured in the wake of his disillusionment with the Liberal Party over its rejection of a trade unionist candidate in the 1894 Sheffield Attercliffe by-election.
John Bruce Glasier (25 March 1859 – 4 June 1920) was a Scottish socialist politician, associated mainly with the Independent Labour Party.

National Labour Press

However, in 1909 the ILP laid the basis for the production of agitational material with the establishment of the National Labour Press.
The National Labour Press (NLP) was founded in 1909 to undertake printing for the Independent Labour Party (ILP).

Leonard Hall (socialist)

Leonard Hall
Consequently, in 1912 came a split in which many ILP branches and a few leading figures, including Leonard Hall and Russell Smart, chose to amalgamate with the SDF of H. M. Hyndman in 1912 to found the British Socialist Party.
Leonard Hall (born 1866 - date and year of death unknown) was a British trade union leader and socialist activist, who held prominent positions in the Independent Labour Party.

Social Democratic Federation

Democratic FederationSDFSocial Democratic Party
The orthodox British Marxists established their own party, the Social Democratic Federation (SDF) in 1881.
During this interval the SDF experienced the atrophy of its ultra-parliamentary right wing to the Independent Labour Party (ILP).

Victor Grayson

Victor Grayson recalled a 1906 campaign in the Colne Valley which he was proud to have conducted "like a religious revival," without reference to specific political problems.
He joined the Independent Labour Party and toured the country giving lectures, becoming a well-known orator despite having a stammer.

Lister Mills

Lister's MillManningham MillsManningham Mill
There followed a strike in Bradford, the Manningham Mills strike, which produced as a by-product the Bradford Labour Union, an organisation which sought to function politically independently of either major political party.
The 1890–91 strike at the mill was important in the establishment of the Independent Labour Party which later helped found the modern-day Labour Party.

Philip Snowden, 1st Viscount Snowden

Philip SnowdenSnowdenLord Snowden
In addition to the beloved party leader Keir Hardie came the Scot Bruce Glasier, elected to the NAC in 1897 and succeeding Hardie as Chairman in 1900; Philip Snowden, an evangelical socialist from the West Riding, and Ramsay MacDonald, whose adhesion to the ILP had been secured in the wake of his disillusionment with the Liberal Party over its rejection of a trade unionist candidate in the 1894 Sheffield Attercliffe by-election.
In 1893, in the aftermath of the formation of the Independent Labour Party (ILP) in neighboring Bradford, he was asked to give a speech for the Cowling Liberal Club on the dangers of socialism.