Independent Television Authority

ITAIndependent Televisioncommercial television
The Independent Television Authority (ITA) was an agency created by the Television Act 1954 to supervise the creation of "Independent Television" (ITV), the first commercial television network in the United Kingdom.wikipedia
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ITV (TV network)

ITVITV NetworkIndependent Television
The Independent Television Authority (ITA) was an agency created by the Television Act 1954 to supervise the creation of "Independent Television" (ITV), the first commercial television network in the United Kingdom.
It was launched in 1955 as Independent Television, under the auspices of the Independent Television Authority (ITA) (later the Independent Broadcasting Authority, after the Sound Broadcasting Act 1972, and currently Ofcom), to provide competition to BBC Television which had been established in 1932.

Robert Fraser (ITV)

Sir Robert FraserRobert Fraser
The Authority's first Director General, Sir Robert Fraser was appointed by Clark a month later on 14 September.
Sir Robert Fraser (1904–1985) was an Australian who, in the United Kingdom, worked as a journalist, civil servant and as the first Director General of the British Independent Television Authority (ITA).

Fourth UK television service

fourth independent television channelITV2an envisioned second commercial network in the UK
During September 1963 the ITA invited new applications for franchises to operate from July 1964 for three years or until the arrival of ITV2, whichever came first (in the event, "ITV2", the second commercial channel, did not begin until 1982, under the guise of Channel 4), but in fact no changes were made to any franchise holders at that time, except for confirming the merger of the South Wales and the West franchise held by TWW and the Wales West and North franchise held by WWN following the financial collapse of WWN.
This arrangement was not seen as ideal and the Independent Television Authority (ITA) along with the franchisees continually pushed the government for capacity to license a second set of franchises.

Television Act 1954

Television Actthe very first advert
The Independent Television Authority (ITA) was an agency created by the Television Act 1954 to supervise the creation of "Independent Television" (ITV), the first commercial television network in the United Kingdom.
The solution to the problem was to create the Independent Television Authority which would closely regulate the new commercial channel in the interests of good taste, and award franchises to commercial companies for fixed terms.

Television Wales and the West

TWWTelevision Wales and West
During September 1963 the ITA invited new applications for franchises to operate from July 1964 for three years or until the arrival of ITV2, whichever came first (in the event, "ITV2", the second commercial channel, did not begin until 1982, under the guise of Channel 4), but in fact no changes were made to any franchise holders at that time, except for confirming the merger of the South Wales and the West franchise held by TWW and the Wales West and North franchise held by WWN following the financial collapse of WWN.
This forced the Independent Television Authority to organise an emergency transitional service run by Harlech but using TWW's staff, leftover programming, and some assets.

ITN

Independent Television NewsITN NewsITN Productions
In January 1955 the ITA authorised the creation of ITN (Independent Television News), a company owned and operated by the ITV companies collectively, to provide a news service for the new network.
ITN was founded in January 1955 by a consortium of the initial four Independent Television (later ITV) broadcasting companies, with former Labour MP Aidan Crawley as editor-in-chief.

Associated Television

ATVATV MidlandsATV Music
Associated Television (ATV), a former British television company, was awarded the franchise by the Independent Television Authority (ITA) to provide the Independent Television service at weekends for the London region.

Associated-Rediffusion

Associated RediffusionRediffusionRediffusion London
It was the first ITA franchisee to go on air.

Kenneth Clark

Sir Kenneth ClarkClark, KennethLord Clark
The Authority began its operations on 4 August 1954, a mere four days after the Television Act received Royal Assent, under the Chairmanship of Sir Kenneth Clark.
The year after becoming chairman of the Arts Council, Clark surprised many and shocked some by accepting the chairmanship of the new Independent Television Authority (ITA).

ITV Granada

Granada TelevisionGranadaGranada TV
Granada Television was founded by Sidney Bernstein at Granada Studios on Quay Street in Manchester and is the only surviving company of the original four Independent Television Authority franchisees from 1954.

Wales West and North Television

Teledu CymruWales (West and North) TelevisionWWN
During September 1963 the ITA invited new applications for franchises to operate from July 1964 for three years or until the arrival of ITV2, whichever came first (in the event, "ITV2", the second commercial channel, did not begin until 1982, under the guise of Channel 4), but in fact no changes were made to any franchise holders at that time, except for confirming the merger of the South Wales and the West franchise held by TWW and the Wales West and North franchise held by WWN following the financial collapse of WWN.
The geography of Wales presented a daunting problem to the ITA.

Southern Television

SouthernSouthern TVDay by Day
When the Independent Television Authority (ITA) advertised for applicants to run the south of England station in 1958, Southern Television beat eight other applicants for the contract.

Scottish Television

STVSTV CentralScottish TV
In 1965, the chairman of the Independent Television Authority Charles Hill paid a visit to STV's Glasgow studios during which he observed an edition of the popular daytime entertainment show The One O'Clock Gang.

ITV Tyne Tees

Tyne Tees TelevisionTyne TeesTyne Tees TV
After a financially difficult time for the first ITV companies, the Independent Television Authority (ITA) decided to offer independent television to the rest of the country and advertised for bids.

UTV (TV channel)

UTVUlster TelevisionUlster
Formed in November 1958 and appointed as programme contractor for the Independent Television Authority soon after, UTV became the first indigenous broadcaster in Northern Ireland.

ITV Anglia

Anglia TelevisionAngliaAnglia TV
Anglia Television launched on 27 October 1959 as an independent company serving the East of England, the eleventh ITA station to go on air.

ITV Channel Television

Channel TelevisionChannelChannel TV
Channel Television was awarded the licence for the islands in 1960 by the then regulator the Independent Television Authority (ITA).

ITV Yorkshire

Yorkshire TelevisionYorkshireYorkshire TV
On 28 February 1967, national and regional newspapers carried numerous advertisements from the Independent Television Authority, each requesting applicants for various new ITV contracts, one of which was Programme Contractor for Yorkshire Area (Contract D) – All Week.

ABC Weekend TV

ABCABC TelevisionAssociated British Corporation
In this case, the parent company was the Associated British Picture Corporation (ABPC), which initially did not wish to become involved with the new broadcasting system, but was persuaded to do so by the Independent Television Authority (ITA) and the manager of its Pathé News subsidiary Howard Thomas, who became the new company's managing director.

Grampian Television

GrampianSTV NorthGrampian TV
Applications for the new North East Scotland contract area were sought by the Independent Television Authority (ITA) in the spring of 1960.

Thames Television

ThamesThames TVITV (Thames)
From launch on 22 September 1955 to July 1968, the Independent Television Authority (ITA) contract to provide programming on the ITV network for London on weekdays had been operated by Associated-Rediffusion.

ITV Border

Border TelevisionBorderBorder TV
In May 1960, the Independent Television Authority (ITA) invited applicants to provide the ITV service for the Borders region – an area that covered the English counties of Westmorland and Cumberland, the south of Scotland and later, the Isle of Man.

ITV Wales & West

HTVHTV WalesHTV West
Harlech Television was awarded its contract by the Independent Television Authority in July 1967, replacing the incumbent TWW.

Kemsley-Winnick Television

Kemsley-Winnick consortiumKemsley-Winnick
In October 1954, the ITA announced that Kemsley-Winnick had been successful in obtaining the initial franchises for weekend television in the North and the Midlands.

Independent Broadcasting Authority

IBAIndependent Broadcasting Acts 1973, 1974 and 1978radio industry regulator
See the entry for the IBA for details of the 1981 and 1991-2 franchise rounds.
The IBA came into being when the Sound Broadcasting Act 1972 gave the Independent Television Authority responsibility for organising the new Independent Local Radio (ILR) stations.