Independent Television Commission

ITCIndependent Broadcasting Authority/Independent Television CommissionThe Independent Television Commission
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Broadcasting Act 1990

1990 Broadcasting ActBroadcasting Act of 1990Broadcasting Bill
The creation of ITC, by the Broadcasting Act 1990 to replace the television regulation functions of the Independent Broadcasting Authority (formed by the Sound Broadcasting Act 1972) and Cable Authority.
It led directly to the abolition of the Independent Broadcasting Authority and its replacement with the Independent Television Commission and Radio Authority (both themselves now replaced by Ofcom), which were given the remit of regulating with a "lighter touch" and did not have such strong powers as the IBA; some referred to this as "deregulation".

Channel Four Television Corporation

Channel 4 Television CorporationChannel 4Channel Four Television Company
The 1990 Act also established the Channel Four Television Corporation to run Channel 4, regulated by the ITC.
It remained publicly owned and was regulated by the new Independent Television Commission (ITC), created under the same act.

ITV (TV network)

ITVITV NetworkIndependent Television
From 1 January 1991 it regulated the existing ITV network.
The Broadcasting Act 1990 changed the nature of ITV; the then regulator the IBA was replaced with a light-touch regulator, the ITC; companies became able to purchase other ITV regional companies and franchises were now being awarded based upon a highest-bidder auction, with few safeguards in place.

Independent Broadcasting Authority

IBAIndependent Broadcasting Acts 1973, 1974 and 1978radio industry regulator
The creation of ITC, by the Broadcasting Act 1990 to replace the television regulation functions of the Independent Broadcasting Authority (formed by the Sound Broadcasting Act 1972) and Cable Authority.
The Independent Television Commission formally replaced the IBA on 1 January 1991 in regulatory terms; however, the Authority itself was not officially dissolved until 2003.

Channel 5 (UK)

Channel 5FiveChannel Five
It issued licences to new satellite broadcasters and awarded the Channel 5 licence in the mid-1990s.
The initial round of bidders, which included a network of city-TV stations planned by Thames Television and the Italian politician and media tycoon Silvio Berlusconi (who founded Mediaset, which owns Canale 5 and formerly owned La Cinq, which ceased operations in 1992; he retired his offer a few months later), was rejected outright and the ITC contemplated not awarding the licence at all.

Channel 4

Channel FourChannel4.comChannel 4 HD
The 1990 Act also established the Channel Four Television Corporation to run Channel 4, regulated by the ITC.
The remit changes periodically, as dictated by various broadcasting and communications acts, and is regulated by the various authorities Channel 4 has been answerable to; originally the IBA, then the ITC and now Ofcom.

Communications Act 2003

CA 2003Communications ActCommunications Bill
This merger, under the Communications Act 2003, took effect on 29 December 2003.

Carlton Television

CarltonCarlton TVCarlton Productions
In May 1994, Independent Television Commission criticised a number of ITV stations as part of its review for the first 12 months of the new franchise in 1993.

Cable Authority

The creation of ITC, by the Broadcasting Act 1990 to replace the television regulation functions of the Independent Broadcasting Authority (formed by the Sound Broadcasting Act 1972) and Cable Authority.
Its responsibilities were taken over by the new Independent Television Commission on 1 January 1991.

Ofcom

Radio AuthorityBroadcasting Standards CommissionOffice of Communications
In the early 2000s, the British government, in a White Paper, declared its intention to merge the ITC with the Radio Authority, Office of Telecommunications, and Radiocommunications Agency.

Television South West

TSWSouth West Film and Television ArchiveTSW (Television South West)
On 16 October 1991, following changes to the way ITV contracts were issued (via a blind auction rather than a bid on merits and potential) it was announced that TSW had lost its franchise because of an 'unrealistic business plan' related to its bid, which was viewed by the Independent Television Commission (ITC) as being far too high.

GMTV

Good Morning Televisiongm.tvGMTV Breakfast
In early September 1993, GMTV approached the Independent Television Commission (ITC) regarding the possibility of decreasing its quota of news.

Thames Television

ThamesThames TVITV (Thames)
It has been said that Carlton chief executive Michael Green talked to the then Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher on the matter, which in turn may have helped to shape the 1990 Parliamentary Act which replaced the IBA with the Independent Television Commission and the change in franchise allocation procedures.

ITV Westcountry

Westcountry TelevisionWestcountryCarlton Westcountry
Following discussions with the Independent Television Commission, Westcountry announced on 1 April 1992 it had abandoned the plans to build new studios on the Plymouth waterfront, opting instead to convert an industrial unit at Langage Science Park, Plymouth.

Sky News

SkySkyNewsSky News HD
In December, Sky News was fined £50,000 by the Independent Television Commission for breaching accuracy regulations.

Television

TVtelevisedtelevisions
The Independent Television Commission (ITC) licensed and regulated commercial television services in the United Kingdom (except S4C in Wales) between 1 January 1991 and 28 December 2003.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
The Independent Television Commission (ITC) licensed and regulated commercial television services in the United Kingdom (except S4C in Wales) between 1 January 1991 and 28 December 2003.

S4C

Sianel Pedwar CymruSianel 4 CymruS4C Clirlun
The Independent Television Commission (ITC) licensed and regulated commercial television services in the United Kingdom (except S4C in Wales) between 1 January 1991 and 28 December 2003.

Wales

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿WelshWAL
The Independent Television Commission (ITC) licensed and regulated commercial television services in the United Kingdom (except S4C in Wales) between 1 January 1991 and 28 December 2003.

BBC

British Broadcasting Corporationthe BBCBBC Music
In this context, 'independent' indicates freedom from the BBC, rather than the government, as the latter is taken as being read.

White paper

white paperswhitepaperpolicy paper
In the early 2000s, the British government, in a White Paper, declared its intention to merge the ITC with the Radio Authority, Office of Telecommunications, and Radiocommunications Agency.

Oftel

Office of TelecommunicationsOffice of Telecommunications (Oftel)
In the early 2000s, the British government, in a White Paper, declared its intention to merge the ITC with the Radio Authority, Office of Telecommunications, and Radiocommunications Agency.