A report on Independent city

City or town that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity .

- Independent city

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Essen

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Central and, after Dortmund, second-largest city of the Ruhr, the largest urban area in Germany.

Central and, after Dortmund, second-largest city of the Ruhr, the largest urban area in Germany.

Essen on an engraving from 1647
Essen Minster
Alte Kirche (Old Church, built 1887), Altenessen
large population growth
French troops enter Essen in 1923
Devastation of Krupp factory
View over Central Essen from Bottrop
Essen Minster overshadowed by the town hall
Results of the 2020 city council election.
Essen's coat of arms
The Handelshof Hotel with modified coat of arms and unofficial motto
Messe Essen logo
Ruhrschnellweg towards the central business district of Essen
Essen/Mülheim Airport
Borough of Kettwig, annexed in 1975. Despite its industrial history, Essen is generally regarded as one of Germany's greenest cities.
Stadion Essen
ThyssenKrupp headquarters in Essen
RWE AG headquarters in the business district
E.ON headquarters
RWE AG headquarters
Hochtief headquarters
Evonik Industries headquarters
Schenker AG headquarters
Postbank Essen
Deutsche Bank branch in the financial district
Emschergenossenschaft Essen
Messe Essen south entrance
Messe Essen, east entrance
Messe Essen south entrance
Folkwang University of the Arts
Zollverein School of Management and Design
Universität Essen
Folkwang University
Elisabethkrankenhaus Essen
University Hospital Essen
Main station
Essen Stadtbahn NF2-TW 1601
Essen Hauptbahnhof
Essen Hauptbahnhof in the city centre
Essen Hauptbahnhof subway station
Platforms at Kaiser-Wilhelm-Park
Coal mine Zollverein
Shaft XII of Zollverein
Zollverein entrance
Ruhrmuseum
Ruhrmuseum staircase
Golden Madonna of Essen
Golden Madonna of Essen
Cross of Otto and Mathilde, tenth century
St. Ludger Basilica
Synagogue, 1917
Synagogue 1922
Old Synagogue, 2010
Old Synagogue, 2014
Old Synagogue interior
Villa Hügel
Villa Hügel
Villa Hügel
Great hall
Essen Werden
Essen Werden
Essen Werden historic town centre
Protestant church Essen Werden
Essen Werden
Essen Werden, old town hall
Historic town centre of Kettwig
Essen Kettwig
Saalbau Essen
Museum Folkwang
Aalto Theatre
Colosseum Theater
Grillo-Theater
Grugahalle concert hall
Schloss Borbeck
Hugenpoet castle
Grugapark, Kranichwiese facing the Orangerie and the sculpture Orion
Grugapark, Sculpture "Trauer" by Joseph Enseling
Grugapark, Reichsgartenschau 1938, Keramikhof
Grugapark illuminated, 2015
Grugapark, Waterfall
Baldeneysee
Baldeneysee
Baldeneysee
Marketplace of Margarethenhöhe I
Margarethenhöhe houses
Sculptures by Friedrich Gräsel and Gloria Friedmann at the Moltkeplatz

Essen is located in the centre of the Ruhr area, one of the largest urban areas in Europe (see also: megalopolis), comprising eleven independent cities and four districts with some 5.3 million inhabitants.

Dortmund

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Third-largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia after Cologne and Düsseldorf, and the eighth-largest city of Germany, with a population of 588,250 inhabitants as of 2021.

Third-largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia after Cologne and Düsseldorf, and the eighth-largest city of Germany, with a population of 588,250 inhabitants as of 2021.

"Seal of Dortmund, the city of Westphalia" [SIGILLVM TREMONIE CIVITATIS WESTFALIE]
Historical view of the German town of Dortmund by Georg Braun and Franz Hogenberg (between 1572 and 1618)
St. Marys and St. Reinolds in 1470
Old market St. Reinolds
Pre-industrial Dortmund in 1804.
French troops in Dortmund c. 1923–1925
Photo of part of the city center area around Liebfrauen church in 1945
Emscher River in Dortmund
Municipalities and neighbouring communities
Aerial view of urban Kreuzviertel
Dortmund coat of arms
Townhall Dortmund
Townhall Aplerbeck, one of twelve district councils
Results of the 2020 city council election.
Dortmund with RWE-Tower and churches of Reinoldi, Petri and Marien on the right
Typical Wilhelminian style houses
Dockland – young restaurant and bars scene
Cherry Blossom Avenue
Rheinische Straße
Hörde castle
Reinoldikirche and Marienkirche
The Ruhrschnellweg Section East Dortmund
Dortmund central railway station
Central business district "Wallring"
Central Business District "Rheinlanddamm"
Port Promenade
Cityring Concert, Freedom Square
Westenhellweg
Logistic Hub Harbour
Harenberg City Center
Westfalentower, regional studio of Sat.1
Dortmund is one of the least stressful cities in the world.
Botanischer Garten Rombergpark
Florianturm, Westfalenpark
Juicy Beats Festival, Westfalenpark
Museum of Art and Cultural History
DASA, Germany Occupational Health and Safety Exhibition
Mayday 2009 Westfalenhallen
Traditional bakery for Dortmunder Salzkuchen
Dortmunder Export
Panhas
Headquarters of the Borussia Dortmund sports club (BVB)
Headquarter DHB
Signal Iduna Park, the home stadium of Bundesliga club Borussia Dortmund, is the biggest stadium in Germany.
Stadion Rote Erde
Eissportzentrum Westfalenhallen
Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus
Wilhelm Canaris 1940
Marco Reus
Oldtown Hörde
Lake Phoenix
Kaiser Hill
Reinoldikirche
Marienkirche
St. Johannes Baptist
St. Peter in Syburg suburb
Moated castle Bodelschwingh
Bodelschwingh garden
Bodelschwingh bridge
Zollern II/IV Colliery
U-Tower
Phoenix-West coking plant
Port Authority
Opernhaus Dortmund
Museum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte
German Football Museum
RWE Tower
HCC
IWO Tower
Ellipson
Interchange station Möllerbrücke
ICE 3 on the Dortmund Hauptbahnhof
Stadtbahnwagen B Light Rail Vehicle
Bombardier Flexity Classic tram
Metropolrad Ruhr, City Bike
Hörde Bahnhof – second biggest in Dortmund
Dortmund Airport – Main Terminal (T2)
Messe-Dortmund-Logo
Main Hall
Rosenterassen south entrance
Headquarter
TU Dortmund
Dortmund University of Applied Sciences and Arts
Department of at Design Max-Ophüls-Platz
Department of Architecture
Results of the second round of the 2020 mayoral election

Dortmund is an independent city located in the east of the Ruhr area, one of the largest urban areas in Europe (see also: megalopolis), comprising eleven independent cities and four districts with some 5.3million inhabitants.

Duisburg

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City in the Ruhr metropolitan area of the western German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

City in the Ruhr metropolitan area of the western German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Coat of arms of Duisburg at the town hall in Duisburg
Results of the 2020 city council election.
Mercatorbrunnen ("Mercator fountain") in front of the town hall
Binnenhafen in 1931
Shrinking Duisburg: Abandoned buildings in the borough of Beeck
Watershed of the Rhine
Theater Duisburg, venue of the Duisburg Philharmonic
St.Johann Baptist Abbey
Landschaftspark Nord ("Landscape Park North"), on a former industrial estate
Botanical Garden Kaiserberg

1873 Duisburg becomes an independent city borough.

Hanseatic League

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Medieval commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Central and Northern Europe.

Medieval commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Central and Northern Europe.

The Hanseatic League was a powerful economic and defensive alliance that left a great cultural and architectural heritage. It is especially renowned for its Brick Gothic monuments, such as Stralsund's St. Nikolai Church and its City Hall, shown here. UNESCO lists the old town of Stralsund, together with Wismar, as a World Heritage Site.
Foundation of the alliance between Lübeck and Hamburg
Main trading routes of the Hanseatic League
Town Hall of Reval (now Tallinn, Estonia)
Stargard Mill Gate, Pomerania, today in Poland
Georg Giese from Danzig, 34-year-old German Hanseatic merchant at the Steelyard, painted in London by Hans Holbein
View of the in the port city of Gdańsk (Danzig), today in Poland
Hanseatic museum in Bergen, Norway
Heinrich Sudermann
Modern, faithful painting of the Adler von Lübeck – the world's largest ship in its time
Hanseatic Seal of Elbing (now Elbląg)
Hanseatic Seal of Stralsund
Map of the Hanseatic League, showing principal Hanseatic cities
The Oostershuis, a kontor in Antwerp
The Hanseatic Warehouse in King's Lynn is the only surviving League building in England
Europe in 1097
Europe in 1430
Europe in 1470
Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539)

The league had a fluid structure, but its members shared some characteristics; most of the Hansa cities either started as independent cities or gained independence through the collective bargaining power of the league, though such independence remained limited.

Münster

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Photo of the Prinzipalmarkt in 1900
Photo of part of the Prinzipalmarkt area around St. Lambert's church in 1945
Prinzipalmarkt, 2005
Gerard ter Borch: Dutch envoy Adriaan Pauw enters Münster around 1646 for the peace negotiations resulting in the Peace of Westphalia (Stadtmuseum Münster)
Bronze model of Münster's city centre
Münster's Lake Aa
Münster administrative districts – the darker parts represent the built-up areas of the city
Bicycle parking station, located at the Hauptbahnhof
Market Square Münster, Centre
Pablo Picasso Museum Münster, popular for sightseeing tours
Signal-Iduna-Building, Servatiiplatz
Population development since 1816
Lamberti square
Results of the 2020 city council election.
Main administration building of WWU
Botanic Garden
Krameramtshaus
Erbdrostenhof Palace, birthplace of Blessed Mary of the Divine Heart
City Museum Münster
Headquarters LVM Insurance ("Villa Kunterbunt")
"Promenade" in the summer
Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, 1838
Maria Droste zu Vischering
Wilhelm Emmanuel von Ketteler, bishop of Mainz
Gunther Plaut
Symbolic sword, old city hall
Hauptbahnhof, Centre
Entrance bicycle station opposite the old railway station
Promenade in autumn
Marienplatz Münster Centre
Old Apollo cinema, Marienplatz
Münster's municipal theatre
Public Library, Centre
Landesmuseum Münster
LVA (State Social Insurance Board) Münster-Nord
Trade Fair Centre Münster
Results of the second round of the 2020 mayoral election.

Münster (, ; Mönster) is an independent city (Kreisfreie Stadt) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Sevastopol

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Largest city in Crimea and a major port on the Black Sea.

Largest city in Crimea and a major port on the Black Sea.

The ruins of the ancient Greek theatre in Chersonesos Taurica
"Soldier and Sailor" Memorial to Heroic Defenders of Sevastopol
The Monument to the Sunken Ships, dedicated to ships scuttled during the siege of Sevastopol during the Crimean War, designed by Amandus Adamson
Sevastopol, Department of Image Collections, National Gallery of Art Library, Washington, DC
British Memorial Complex, Sevastopol, Department of Image Collections, National Gallery of Art Library, Washington, DC
The Black Sea Fleet Museum
Vladimir Putin with Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma on board the Black Sea Fleet's flagship, July 2001
Satellite image of the Sevastopol area.
Ukrainian Navy artillery boat U170 in the Bay of Sevastopol
Victory Day in Sevastopol, 9 May 2014
Trolleybuses ZiU-9 in Sevastopol
Sevastopol Artillery Bay view.
The seaside of Sevastopol.
St. Vladimir's Cathedral at 'the city hill'.
Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral.
View of the Northern side.
Old city cemetery.
Main railway station.
The Panorama Museum (The Heroic Defence of Sevastopol during the Crimean War).
The Storming of Sapun-gora of 7 May 1944, the Diorama Museum (World War II).
Entrance to Balaklava bay, 2010.
View of Sevastopol
Ships of the Black Sea Fleet docked in Sevastopol
Nakhimov Square
Palace of Culture
Lunacharsky Theater
Artillery Bay
Districts of Sevastopol:
Gagarin Raion (Gagarinsky District)
Lenin Raion (Leninsky District)
Nakhimov Raion (Nakhimovsky District)
Balaklava Raion (Balaklavsky District)
Life expectancy at birth in Sevastopol and neighboring regions, 2014–2021
Ileana Leonidoff, 1919
Aleksandr Nosatov, 2018

subdivision_name1 = Independent city

Districts of Germany

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Landkreis (official term in all but two states) or Kreis (official term in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein).

Landkreis (official term in all but two states) or Kreis (official term in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein).

Cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants (and smaller towns in some states) do not usually belong to a district, but take on district responsibilities themselves, similar to the concept of independent cities.

List of census divisions of Ontario

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The Province of Ontario has 51 first-level administrative divisions, which collectively cover the whole province.

The Province of Ontario has 51 first-level administrative divisions, which collectively cover the whole province.

independent city).

Counties of Estonia

County

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Geographic region of a country used for administrative or other purposes in certain modern nations.

Geographic region of a country used for administrative or other purposes in certain modern nations.

Counties of Estonia
The 3,142 counties and county equivalents of the United States
Counties of Iran
Departments of France
German districts, and district-free cities (yellow) as of 2016
Ireland, showing traditional provinces and counties as well as the modern administrative districts on both sides of the international border
Powiaty in Poland
Județe of Romania
Counties of Sweden
Ceremonial counties of England
Counties of Northern Ireland
Historic counties of Wales
Counties in Scotland at the time of their 1975 abolishment

Cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants (and smaller towns in some states) do not usually belong to a district, but take on district responsibilities themselves, similar to the concept of independent cities and there are 107 of them, bringing the total number of districts to 401.

City with powiat rights

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A city with powiat rights (miasto na prawach powiatu) is in Poland a designation denoting 66 of the 107 cities (the urban gminas which are governed by a city mayor or prezydent miasta) which also hold the status of a county (powiat), thus being an independent city.