India (IAST: ), also known as the Republic of India (IAST: ), is a country in South Asia.
IndiaIndianRepublic of IndiaIndian subregionIndoINDINEast IndianBharatcountry

Myanmar

BurmeseBurmaMyanmar
Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.
Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast.

Maldives

MaldivianMaldive Islandsthe Maldives
In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
It lies southwest of Sri Lanka and India.

Culture of India

Indian cultureIndianculture
In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, and Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture.
The culture of India refers collectively to the thousands of distinct and unique cultures of all religions and communities present in India.

Indus Valley Civilisation

HarappanIndus ValleyIndus
The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium.
The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC), or Harappan Civilisation, was a Bronze Age civilisation (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE) mainly in the northwestern regions of South Asia, extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India.

Indian independence movement

Indian independenceindependencefreedom fighter
A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947.
The Indian independence movement was a series of activities whose ultimate aim was to end the occupation of the British Empire in India and encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Indian Empire (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent.

Thailand

ThaiThailandSiam
In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest.

Corruption in India

corruptioncorruption in Indiascam
However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, and inadequate public healthcare.
Corruption is an issue that adversely affects India's economy of central, state and local government agencies.

Indonesia

IndonesiaIndonesianRepublic of Indonesia
In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Healthcare in India

Indiahealthcare in Indiainadequate public healthcare
However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, and inadequate public healthcare.
India's constitution guarantees free healthcare for all its citizens, but in practice the private healthcare sector is responsible for the majority of healthcare in India, and most healthcare expenses are paid out of pocket by patients and their families, rather than through insurance.

States and union territories of India

StateIndian statestates
India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories.
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.

Economy of India

Indian economyeconomy of IndiaIndia
In 2017, the Indian economy was the world's sixth largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity.
After the 1991 economic liberalisation, India achieved 6-7% average GDP growth annually.

Sikhism

SikhSikhsSikh religion
In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, and Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture.
In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighbouring Indian states, formerly part of the Indian Punjab.

Madhya Pradesh

MPMadhya PradeshMadhya Pradesh State
Nearly contemporaneous Mesolithic rock art sites have been found in many parts of the Indian subcontinent, including at the Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh.
Madhya Pradesh (MP; ; meaning Central Province, formerly Madhya Bharat) is a state in central India.

Constitution of India

constitution of IndiaconstitutionIndian Constitution
The geographical term Bharat, which is recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations.
The Constitution of India (IAST: ) is the supreme law of India.

Pakistan

PakistanPakistaniIslamic Republic of Pakistan
Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.
Pakistan has a 1,046 km coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China in the far northeast.

Vijayanagara Empire

VijayanagarVijayanagaraVijayanagar kings
Much of the north fell to the Delhi Sultanate; the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire.
The empire is named after its capital city of Vijayanagara, whose ruins surround present day Hampi, now a World Heritage Site in Karnataka, India.

Mahatma Gandhi

GandhiMahatma GandhiMohandas Gandhi
A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947.
Born and raised in a Hindu merchant caste family in coastal Gujarat, India, and trained in law at the Inner Temple, London, Gandhi first employed nonviolent civil disobedience as an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, in the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights.

British Raj

British IndiaIndiaBritish rule
In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British crown rule.
It lasted until 1947, when it was partitioned into two sovereign dominion states: the Dominion of India (later the Republic of India) and the Dominion of Pakistan (later the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the eastern part of which, still later, became the People's Republic of Bangladesh).

Bhimbetka rock shelters

BhimbetkaBhimbetka CavesBhimbetka, India
Nearly contemporaneous Mesolithic rock art sites have been found in many parts of the Indian subcontinent, including at the Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh.
The Bhimbetka rock shelters are an archaeological site in central India that spans the prehistoric paleolithic and mesolithic periods, as well as the historic period.

Ganges

GangesGangaGanges River
In the late Vedic period, around the 6th century BCE, the small states and chiefdoms of the Ganges Plain and the north-western regions had consolidated into 16 major oligarchies and monarchies that were known as the mahajanapadas.
The Ganges, also known as Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh.

Deccan Plateau

DeccanDeccan regionDakhan
On the Deccan Plateau, archaeological evidence from this period suggests the existence of a chiefdom stage of political organisation.
The Deccan Plateau is a large plateau in western and southern India.

South Asia

Southsouthern Asiasouth Asia
India (IAST: ), also known as the Republic of India (IAST: ), is a country in South Asia.
Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate, which rises above sea level as Nepal and northern parts of India situated south of the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush.

Names of India in its official languages

many Indian languagesIndiaOfficial names of India
The geographical term Bharat, which is recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations.
The following table lists the names of India in its official languages.

Indo-Gangetic Plain

Gangetic PlainGangetic plainsGanges Plain
The Vedas, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism, were composed during this period, and historians have analysed these to posit a Vedic culture in the Punjab region and the upper Gangetic Plain.
The Indo-Gangetic Plain, also known as the Indus-Ganga Plain and the North Indian River Plain, is a 630 e6acre fertile plain encompassing Northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, including most of northern and eastern India, the eastern parts of Pakistan, virtually all of Bangladesh and southern plains of Nepal.

Tamil language

TamilTamil-languageta
The Sangam literature of the Tamil language reveals that, between 200 BCE and 200 CE, the southern peninsula was being ruled by the Cheras, the Cholas, and the Pandyas, dynasties that traded extensively with the Roman Empire and with West and South-East Asia.
Tamil is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.