India

IndianRepublic of IndiaINDIndian subregionIndoINIndian StateBharatEast Indiancountry
India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), – "Official name: Republic of India."; – "Official name: Republic of India; Bharat Ganarajya (Hindi)"; – "Official name: Republic of India; Bharat."; – "Official name: English: Republic of India; Hindi:Bharat Ganarajya"; – "Official name: Republic of India"; – "Officially, Republic of India"; – "Official name: Republic of India"; – "India (Republic of India; Bharat Ganarajya)" is a country in South Asia.wikipedia
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Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Andaman & Nicobar IslandsAndaman and NicobarAndaman & Nicobar
In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands, a Union territory of India comprising 572 islands of which 37 are inhabited, are a group of islands at the juncture of the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea.

Maldives

Maldivianthe MaldivesRepublic of Maldives
In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
It lies southwest of Sri Lanka and India, about 1000 km from the Asian continent.

Thailand

ThaiSiamTHA
In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest.

History of Buddhism in India

Indian BuddhismBuddhism in IndiaBuddhism
and Buddhism and Jainism had arisen, proclaiming social orders unlinked to heredity.
Buddhism is the fifth-largest religion in India, with 0.7% of the population identifying themselves as Buddhists, that accounts for 8.44 million Buddhists in India as of 2011 National Census of India.

Indonesia

Republic of IndonesiaIndonesianIndonesian Republic
In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Indus Valley Civilisation

Indus Valley CivilizationHarappanIndus Valley
Settled life emerged on the subcontinent in the western margins of the Indus river basin 9,000 years ago, evolving gradually into the Indus Valley Civilisation of the third millennium BCE.
Along with ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia it was one of three early civilisations of the region comprising North Africa, West Asia and South Asia, and of the three, the most widespread, its sites spanning an area stretching from northeast Afghanistan, through much of Pakistan, and into western and northwestern India.

Southeast Asia

South East AsiaSouth-East AsiaSoutheast Asian
In south India, the Middle kingdoms exported Dravidian-languages scripts and religious cultures to the kingdoms of southeast Asia. The Sangam literature of the Tamil language reveals that, between 200 BCE and 200 CE, the southern peninsula was ruled by the Cheras, the Cholas, and the Pandyas, dynasties that traded extensively with the Roman Empire and with West and South-East Asia.
The Indian Chola navy crossed the ocean and attacked the Srivijaya kingdom of Sangrama Vijayatungavarman in Kadaram (Kedah); the capital of the powerful maritime kingdom was sacked and the king was taken captive.

Vijayanagara Empire

Vijayanagar EmpireVijayanagarVijayanagara
In the 15th century, the Vijayanagara Empire created a long-lasting composite Hindu culture in south India.
The empire is named after its capital city of Vijayanagara, whose ruins surround present day Hampi, now a World Heritage Site in Karnataka, India.

Pakistan

Islamic Republic of PakistanPAKPakistani
Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. It has disputes over Kashmir with its neighbours, Pakistan and China, unresolved since the mid-20th century.
Pakistan has a 1,046 km coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China in the northeast.

Culture of India

Indian cultureIndianculture
India's wildlife, which has traditionally been viewed with tolerance in India's culture, is supported among these forests, and elsewhere, in protected habitats.
The culture of India refers collectively to the thousands of distinct and unique cultures of all religions and communities present in India.

British Raj

British IndiaIndiaBritish rule
British Crown rule began in 1858.
It lasted until 1947, when it was partitioned into two sovereign dominion states: the Dominion of India (later the Republic of India) and the Dominion of Pakistan (later the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the eastern part of which, still later, became the People's Republic of Bangladesh).

South Asia

SouthSouth AsianSouthern Asia
– "India (Republic of India; Bharat Ganarajya)" is a country in South Asia.
Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate, which rises above sea level as Nepal and northern parts of India situated south of the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush.

Constitution of India

Indian ConstitutionConstitutionconstitutional
The term Bharat, mentioned in both Indian epic poetry and the Constitution of India, is used in its variations by many Indian languages.
The Constitution of India (IAST: ) is the supreme law of India.

Air pollution in India

Air pollutionAir pollution in the countryexternal sources in India
and rising levels of air pollution.
Air pollution in India is a serious health issue.

Zoroastrianism

ZoroastrianZoroastriansZoroastrian religion
In the early medieval era, Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Zoroastrianism put down roots on India's southern and western coasts.
Recent estimates place the current number of Zoroastrians at around 110,000–120,000, with most living in India and in Iran; their number has been thought to be declining.

Names of India in its official languages

Indiamany Indian languagesOfficial names of India
The term Bharat, mentioned in both Indian epic poetry and the Constitution of India, is used in its variations by many Indian languages.
The following table lists the names of India in its official languages.

Malnutrition in India

malnutritionchild malnutritionIntegrated Child Development Scheme
Among the socio-economic challenges India faces are gender inequality, child malnutrition,
Despite India's 50% increase in GDP since 1991, more than one third of the world's malnourished children live in India.

Deccan Plateau

DeccanDeccan regionDeccan Peninsula
On the Deccan Plateau, archaeological evidence from this period suggests the existence of a chiefdom stage of political organisation.
The Deccan Plateau is a large plateau in western and southern India.

List of Solar System probes

extraterrestrial exploration missionsextraterrestrial missionsfirst interplanetary probe
It has a space programme which includes several planned or completed extraterrestrial missions.

Ganges Basin

Gangetic basinGanga basinGanges and Yamuna
Early political consolidations gave rise to the loose-knit Maurya and Gupta Empires based in the Ganges Basin.
The Ganga basin is a part of the Ganges-Brahmaputra basin draining 1,086,000 square kilometres in Tibet, Nepal, India and Bangladesh.

Tamil language

TamilTamil-languageta
The Sangam literature of the Tamil language reveals that, between 200 BCE and 200 CE, the southern peninsula was ruled by the Cheras, the Cholas, and the Pandyas, dynasties that traded extensively with the Roman Empire and with West and South-East Asia.
Tamil is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Chindians, and Douglas.

Architecture of India

Indian architectureIndianarchitecture
This renewal was reflected in a flowering of sculpture and architecture, which found patrons among an urban elite.
The architecture of India is rooted in its history, culture and religion.

Hindustan

HindostanHindoostanNorthern India
Hindustan is a Middle Persian name for India, introduced during the Mughal Empire and used widely since.
After the Partition of India, it continues to be used as a historic name for the Republic of India.

Kashmir

Pakistan administered KashmirKashmir regionPakistan-administered Kashmir
It has disputes over Kashmir with its neighbours, Pakistan and China, unresolved since the mid-20th century.
The rule of his descendants, under the paramountcy (or tutelage) of the British Crown, lasted until the partition of India in 1947, when the former princely state of the British Indian Empire became a disputed territory, now administered by three countries: India, Pakistan, and China.

Mahavira

MahavirMahāvīraMahaveer
Jainism came into prominence during the life of its exemplar, Mahavira.
Jain tradition holds that Mahavira was born in the early part of the 6th century BCE into a royal Kshatriya Jain family in present-day Bihar, India.