Indian National Congress

First session of Indian National Congress, Bombay, 28–31 December 1885
Bal Gangadhar Tilak speaking in 1907 as the Party split into moderates and extremists. Seated at the table is Aurobindo Ghosh and to his right (in the chair) is G. S. Khaparde, both allies of Tilak.
Flag adopted by INC, 1931
Subhas Chandra Bose served as president of the Congress during 1938–39
Azad, Patel and Gandhi at an AICC meeting in Bombay, 1940
Rajiv Gandhi addressing the Special Session of the United Nations on Disarmament, in New York in June 1988
Flags and posters in support of the Congress party candidate in Mumbai
Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury, INC's leader of the Opposition in Lok Sabha
Congress Lok Sabha vote percentage all time
Congress Loksabha Seats all time
Congress Rajyasabha Seats all time
Then-Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee during the World Economic Summit 2009 in New Delhi
Manmohan Singh and his wife during the passing out parade at the Platinum Jubilee Course of IMA on 10 December 2007; with foreign gentleman cadets.
Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nehru and Josip Broz Tito, pioneers of the Non-Aligned Movement
Indian Youth Congress flag
National Students' Union of India (NSUI) National Convention Inquilab-1 in Jaipur
Election symbol of Congress (R) party during the period 1971–1977

Political party in India with widespread roots.

- Indian National Congress

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Indira Gandhi

Gandhi in 1966
Young Indira with Mahatma Gandhi during his fast in 1924. Indira, who is dressed in a khadi garment, is shown following Gandhi's advocacy that khadi be worn by all Indians instead of British-manufactured textiles.
Indira Nehru c. early 1930s
Indira Gandhi with Australian Prime Minister John Gorton in 1968
Indira Gandhi with U.S. President Richard Nixon, 1971
Indira Gandhi on 21 March 1977
Indira Gandhi on the stairs of the National Museum in Helsinki, Finland on 10 June 1983
Shakti Sthal, the place where Indira Gandhi was cremated at New Delhi
Today, the spot where Indira Gandhi was assassinated is marked by a glass opening in the crystal pathway at the Indira Gandhi Memorial
Indira Gandhi with Jacqueline Kennedy, First Lady of the USA in New Delhi, 1962
Indira Gandhi meeting the Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Shahbanu Farah Pahlavi during their state visit to India in 1970
Indira Gandhi and Nehru visit Albert Einstein
Indira Gandhi on a visit to Brazil, 1968, National Archives of Brazil
Gandhi with Nicolae Ceaușescu
Indira Gandhi meeting President Lyndon B. Johnson in the Oval Office on 28 March 1966
The price of oil during the 1970s energy crisis. The graph shows sharp increases in 1973 and again in 1979
Administrative divisions of India 1961–1975. Gandhi established six states, Haryana (1966), Himachal Pradesh (1971), Meghalaya, Manipur and Tripura (all 1972), and finally Sikkim (1975), bringing up the total of states to 22. She also established Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram (1972) as Union Territories
Indira Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi
Portrait of Feroze and Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi's wax statue at Madame Tussauds, London

Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (née Nehru; 19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was an Indian politician and a central figure of the Indian National Congress.

Manmohan Singh

Indian economist and statesman who was the 13th prime minister of India from 2004 to 2014.

Official Portrait, 2004
11th President of India A. P. J. Abdul Kalam authorizing the Prime Minister designate Manmohan Singh to form the next Government in New Delhi on 19 May 2004.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh with Dmitry Medvedev, Hu Jintao, Dilma Rousseff and Jacob Zuma at the 2011 BRICS summit in Sanya, China.
Singh meeting with Nobel Peace Prize winner Muhammad Yunus.
Stamp launched in Uzbekistan in honor of Manmohan Singh in 2006

A member of the Indian National Congress, Singh was the first Sikh prime minister of India.

Rajiv Gandhi

Indian politician who served as the sixth prime minister of India from 1984 to 1989.

Gandhi c. 1986
Gandhi c. 1986
Indira Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi, Indira Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi during a medal ceremony
Meeting Russian Hare Krishna devotees in 1989.
Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi with Ram Kishore Shukla in 1988.
President Ronald Reagan, Sonia Gandhi, First Lady Nancy Reagan and Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, during a state dinner for Prime Minister Gandhi. June 1985.
Rajiv Gandhi (left) congratulates Indian Army explorers for reaching the South Pole.
Veer Bhumi at Delhi, where Rajiv Gandhi was cremated
The Rajiv Gandhi Memorial, at Sriperumbudur

Gandhi was from the politically powerful Nehru–Gandhi family, which had been associated with the Indian National Congress party.

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Indian statesman who served as the second prime minister of India.

Official Portrait
Official Portrait
Inauguration of the Main Building of MNREC Allahabad by Indian prime minister Shri Lal Bahadur Shashtri on 18 April 1965
Shastri's statue in Mumbai
Shastri Circle Jodhpur
Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie
The portrait of Shastri (left) in the Central Hall of the Parliament House of India.

He served as the president of Servants of the People Society (Lok Sevak Mandal), founded by Lala Lajpat Rai and held prominent positions in Indian National Congress.

United Progressive Alliance

Centre-left political alliance of predominantly left-leaning political parties in India.


The largest party in UPA is Indian National Congress (INC).

Politics of India

Politics of India works within the framework of the country's Constitution.

National Emblem of India
A view of the Parliament of India
Door-to-door campaigning of political party workers

India had its first general election in 1951, which was won by the Indian National Congress, a political party that went on to dominate subsequent elections until 1977, when a non-Congress government was formed for the first time in independent India.

2004 Indian general election

General elections were held in India in four phases between 20 April and 10 May 2004.

Polling dates

The Indian National Congress, which had governed India for all but five years from independence until 1996, returned to power after a record eight years out of office.

Indian National Congress (Organisation)

The members of political parties coordinate to collectively achieve and use political power.

The Indian National Congress (Organisation) also known as Congress (O) and Congress (Organisation) was a political party in India formed when the Congress party split following the expulsion of Indira Gandhi.

2014 Indian general election

General elections were held in India in nine phases from 7 April to 12 May 2014 to elect the members of the 16th Lok Sabha.

Election dates of Indian general election, 2014

In contrast, the result was the worst-ever performance by the Indian National Congress (INC), which had ruled India for most of its post-independence history.

Big tent

Used in reference to a political party's policy of permitting or encouraging a broad spectrum of views among its members.

Percentage of votes won by Pashinyan's My Step Alliance by electoral district

The Indian National Congress attracted support from Indians of all classes, castes and religions opposed to the British Empire.