Indian independence movement

Indian independenceindependencefreedom fighterIndia's independenceindependence movementindependence of Indiafreedom struggleindependence activistIndian freedom strugglefreedom movement
The Indian independence movement was a series of activities whose ultimate aim was to end the British Raj and encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Raj (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent.wikipedia
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Bhagat Singh

Shaheed Bhagat SinghSecond Lahore Conspiracy CaseIndia.
Nationalists like Subhash Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh, Bagha Jatin, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar preached armed revolution to achieve self-rule.
Bhagat Singh ( September/October 1907 – 23 March 1931) was an Indian nationalist considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement.

Bengal

Bengal regionBengaliVanga
The first organised militant movements were in Bengal, but they later took root in the newly formed Indian National Congress with prominent moderate leaders seeking only their basic right to appear for Indian Civil Service (British India) examinations, as well as more rights, economic in nature, for the people of the soil. After the Battle of Plassey in 1757, during which the East India Company's Indian Army under Robert Clive defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, the Company established itself as a major player in Indian affairs, and soon afterwards gained administrative rights over the regions of Bengal, Bihar and Midnapur part of Odisha, following the Battle of Buxar in 1764.
Bengal played a major role in the Indian independence movement, in which revolutionary groups were dominant.

Indian National Army

INAAzad Hind FaujAzad Hind Sena
The period of the Second World War saw the peak of the campaigns by the Quit India Movement led by Congress, and the Indian National Army movement led by Subhas Chandra Bose.
Its aim was to secure Indian independence from British rule.

Civil disobedience

disobedienceCivil Disobedience Movementmass civil disobedience
The last stages of the self-rule struggle from the 1920s onwards saw Congress adopt Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi's policy of nonviolence and civil disobedience, and several other campaigns.
It has been used in many nonviolent resistance movements in India (Mahatma Gandhi's campaigns for independence from the British Empire), in Czechoslovakia's Velvet Revolution, in early stages of Bangladesh independence movement against Pakistani repression and in East Germany to oust their communist governments.

Kazi Nazrul Islam

NazrulNazrul Islamfamous Bengali individual of the same name
Poets and writers such as Subramania Bharati, Rabindranath Tagore, Muhammad Iqbal, Josh Malihabadi, Mohammad Ali Jouhar, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay and Kazi Nazrul Islam used literature, poetry and speech as a tool for political awareness.
His nationalist activism in Indian independence movement led to his frequent imprisonment by the colonial British authorities.

India

🇮🇳IndianIND
India remained a Dominion of the Crown until 26 January 1950, when the Constitution of India came into force, establishing the Republic of India; Pakistan was a dominion until 1956, when it adopted its first republican constitution.
A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947.

Indian Army

ArmyIndianIndia
After the Battle of Plassey in 1757, during which the East India Company's Indian Army under Robert Clive defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, the Company established itself as a major player in Indian affairs, and soon afterwards gained administrative rights over the regions of Bengal, Bihar and Midnapur part of Odisha, following the Battle of Buxar in 1764.
The United Kingdom made promises of self-governance to the Indian National Congress in return for its support but reneged on them after the war, following which the Indian Independence movement gained strength.

Kingdom of Mysore

MysoreMysore KingdomMysore State
The Anglo–Mysore Wars were a series of wars fought in over the last three decades of the 18th century between the Kingdom of Mysore on the one hand, and the British East India Company (represented chiefly by the Madras Presidency), and Maratha Confederacy and the Nizam of Hyderabad on the other.
The Wodeyars continued to rule the state until Indian independence in 1947, when Mysore acceded to the Union of India.

Madras Presidency

MadrasMadras GovernmentGovernment of Madras
The Anglo–Mysore Wars were a series of wars fought in over the last three decades of the 18th century between the Kingdom of Mysore on the one hand, and the British East India Company (represented chiefly by the Madras Presidency), and Maratha Confederacy and the Nizam of Hyderabad on the other.
In the early decades of the 20th century, many significant contributors to the Indian independence movement came from Madras.

Bangladesh

🇧🇩People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshi
In 1971, East Pakistan declared independence as the People's Republic of Bangladesh.
In 1929, the All Bengal Tenants Association was formed in the Bengal Legislative Council to counter the influence of the Hindu landed gentry, and the Indian Independence and Pakistan Movements strengthened during the early 20th century.

Odisha

OrissaKalingaOdisha State
After the Battle of Plassey in 1757, during which the East India Company's Indian Army under Robert Clive defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, the Company established itself as a major player in Indian affairs, and soon afterwards gained administrative rights over the regions of Bengal, Bihar and Midnapur part of Odisha, following the Battle of Buxar in 1764.
Following India's independence, on 15 August 1947, 27 princely states signed the document to join Orissa.

Jayi Rajaguru

Jayee RajguruJayi Rajguru
Jayee Rajguru, the chief of Army of Kalinga requested all the kings of the state to join hands for a common cause against the British.
Jayakrushna Rajaguru Mohapatra (29 October 1739 – 6 December 1806) popularly known as Jayi Rajaguru was a prominent figure of the Indian independence movement in the state of Odisha.

Sarojini Naidu

SarojiniMrs. Sarojini Naidu
Feminists such as Sarojini Naidu and Begum Rokeya promoted the emancipation of Indian women and their participation in national politics.
Naidu joined the Indian national movements in the wake of partition of Bengal in 1905.

Coimbatore

Coimbatore cityKovaiCoimbatoor
After Kattabomman and Tipu Sultan's deaths, Chinnamalai sought the help of Marathas and Maruthu Pandiyar to attack the British at Coimbatore in 1800.
The region played a significant role in the Indian independence movement with Mahatma Gandhi visiting the city thrice.

Kongu Nadu

KonguKongunaduKonga
Dheeran Chinnamalai was a Kongu chieftain and Palayakkarar from Tamil Nadu who fought against the East India Company.
The region played a significant role in the Indian independence movement.

Gwalior

LashkarGwalior CityMorar
The last significant battle was fought in Gwalior on 17 June 1858, during which Rani Lakshmibai was killed.
Prior to Indian independence on 15 August 1947, Gwalior remained a princely state of the British Raj with the Scindia as the local rulers.

Allan Octavian Hume

HumeA.O. HumeA. O. Hume
Inspired by a suggestion made by A.O. Hume, a retired British civil servant, seventy-two Indian delegates met in Bombay in 1885 and founded the Indian National Congress.
He was one of the founders of the Indian National Congress, a political party that was later to lead in the Indian independence movement.

Anglo-Indian

Anglo-Indian communityEurasianAnglo Indian
The rebels also murdered much of the European, Eurasian, and Christian population of the city.
During the independence movement, many Anglo-Indians identified (or were assumed to identify) with British rule, and, therefore, incurred the distrust and hostility of Indian nationalists.

Mumbai

BombayMumbai, IndiaBombay, India
Inspired by a suggestion made by A.O. Hume, a retired British civil servant, seventy-two Indian delegates met in Bombay in 1885 and founded the Indian National Congress.
During the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement.

Lala Lajpat Rai

Lajpat RaiLajpatLala Lajapatrai
Tilak was backed by rising public leaders like Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai, who held the same point of view.
He played a pivotal role in the Indian Independence movement.

History of Kozhikode

CalicutHistory of CalicutKozhikode
European traders first reached Indian shores with the arrival of the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama in 1498 at the port of Calicut, in search of the lucrative spice trade.
These include the city's establishment, the arrival of the Portuguese, the arrival of the Dutch, the Mysorean Invasion, the rise of British Power, the beginning of the Indian Independence Movement and finally freedom from British rule in 1947

Mahatma Gandhi

GandhiMohandas GandhiMohandas Karamchand Gandhi
The last stages of the self-rule struggle from the 1920s onwards saw Congress adopt Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi's policy of nonviolence and civil disobedience, and several other campaigns.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi ( ; 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.

Maharashtra

Maharashtra StateMaharashtrianMaharashtra, India
Under them, India's three great states – Maharashtra, Bengal and Punjab shaped the demand of the people and India's nationalism.
Prior to Indian independence, Maharashtra was chronologically ruled by the Satavahana dynasty, Rashtrakuta dynasty, Western Chalukyas, Deccan sultanates, Mughals and Marathas, and the British.

Polygar

poligarpoligarsPalayakkarar system
Dheeran Chinnamalai was a Kongu chieftain and Palayakkarar from Tamil Nadu who fought against the East India Company. Veerapandiya Kattabomman was an eighteenth-century Polygar and chieftain from Panchalankurichi in Tamil Nadu, India who waged a war against the East India Company.
Their wars with the British East India Company after the demise of the Madurai Nayakas is often regarded as one of the earliest struggles for Indian independence.

Gopal Krishna Gokhale

GokhaleG. K. GokhaleG.K. Ghokale
The moderates, led by leaders like Dadabhai Naoroji and Gopal Krishna Gokhale, on the other hand wanted reform within the framework of British rule.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale CIE (9 May 1866 – 19 February 1915) was an Indian political leader and a social reformer during the Indian Independence Movement.