Indian independence movementwikipedia
The Indian independence movement was a series of activities whose ultimate aim was to end the occupation of the British Empire in India and encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Indian Empire (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent.
Indian independenceindependencefreedom fighterIndia's independenceindependence movementindependence of Indiafreedom struggleIndian Independence MovementIndian freedom strugglefreedom movement

Indian National Congress

CongressINCCongress Party
The first organised militant movements were in Bengal, but they later took root in the newly formed Indian National Congress with prominent moderate leaders seeking only their basic right to appear for Indian Civil Service (British India) examinations, as well as more rights, economic in nature, for the people of the soil. Inspired by a suggestion made by A.O. Hume, a retired British civil servant, seventy-two Indian delegates met in Bombay in 1885 and founded the Indian National Congress.
From the late 19th century, and especially after 1920, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, Congress became the principal leader of the Indian independence movement, with over 15 million members and over 70 million participants.

Mahatma Gandhi

GandhiMahatma GandhiMohandas Gandhi
The last stages of the self-rule struggle from the 1920s onwards saw Congress adopt Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi's policy of nonviolence and civil disobedience, and several other campaigns.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.

Bhagat Singh

Bhagat SinghShaheed Bhagat SinghSecond Lahore Conspiracy Case
Nationalists like Subhash Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh, Bagha Jatin preached armed revolution to achieve self-rule.
Bhagat Singh ( 1907 – 23 March 1931) was an Indian nationalist considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement.

Subhas Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra BoseNetaji Subhas Chandra BoseNetaji Subhash Chandra Bose
Nationalists like Subhash Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh, Bagha Jatin preached armed revolution to achieve self-rule. The period of the Second World War saw the peak of the campaigns by the Quit India Movement led by Congress, and the Indian National Army movement led by Subhas Chandra Bose.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945) was an Indian nationalist whose defiant patriotism made him a hero in India, but whose attempt during World War II to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan left an ambivalent legacy.

Sri Aurobindo

Sri AurobindoAurobindoAurobindo Ghosh
The early part of the 20th century saw a more radical approach towards political self-rule proposed by leaders such as the Lal, Bal, Pal and Aurobindo Ghosh, V. O. Chidambaram Pillai.
He joined the Indian movement for independence from British rule, for a while was one of its influential leaders and then became a spiritual reformer, introducing his visions on human progress and spiritual evolution.

India

IndiaIndianRepublic of India
The Indian independence movement was a series of activities whose ultimate aim was to end the occupation of the British Empire in India and encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Indian Empire (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent.
A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947.

Indian National Army

INAIndian National ArmyAzad Hind Fauj
The period of the Second World War saw the peak of the campaigns by the Quit India Movement led by Congress, and the Indian National Army movement led by Subhas Chandra Bose.
Its aim was to secure Indian independence from British rule.

Subramania Bharati

Mahakavi BharathiyarBharathiyarSubramania Bharati
Poets and writers such as Subramania Bharati, Rabindranath Tagore, Muhammad Iqbal, Josh Malihabadi, Mohammad Ali Jouhar, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay and Kazi Nazrul Islam used literature, poetry and speech as a tool for political awareness.
His numerous works included fiery songs kindling patriotism during the Indian Independence movement.

British Empire

BritishEmpireBritish Empire
The Indian independence movement was a series of activities whose ultimate aim was to end the occupation of the British Empire in India and encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Indian Empire (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent.
India, Britain's most valuable and populous possession, achieved independence as part of a larger decolonisation movement in which Britain granted independence to most territories of the empire.

Bengal

BengalBengaliBengal region
The first organised militant movements were in Bengal, but they later took root in the newly formed Indian National Congress with prominent moderate leaders seeking only their basic right to appear for Indian Civil Service (British India) examinations, as well as more rights, economic in nature, for the people of the soil. After the Battle of Plassey in 1757, during which the East India Company's Indian Army under Robert Clive defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, the Company established itself as a major player in Indian affairs, and soon afterwards gained administrative rights over the regions of Bengal, Bihar and Midnapur part of Orissa, following the Battle of Buxar in 1764.
Bengal played a major role in the Indian independence movement, in which revolutionary groups were dominant.

Civil disobedience

civil disobediencedisobedienceCivil Disobedience Movement
The last stages of the self-rule struggle from the 1920s onwards saw Congress adopt Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi's policy of nonviolence and civil disobedience, and several other campaigns.
It has been used in many nonviolent resistance movements in India (Mahatma Gandhi's campaigns for independence from the British Empire), in Czechoslovakia's Velvet Revolution, in early stages of Bangladesh independence movement against Pakistani repression and in East Germany to oust their communist governments.

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee

Bankim Chandra ChatterjeeBankim Chandra ChattopadhyayBankim
Poets and writers such as Subramania Bharati, Rabindranath Tagore, Muhammad Iqbal, Josh Malihabadi, Mohammad Ali Jouhar, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay and Kazi Nazrul Islam used literature, poetry and speech as a tool for political awareness.
He was the composer of Vande Mataram, originally in Sanskrit stotra personifying India as a mother goddess and inspiring the activists during the Indian Independence Movement.

Indian Army

Indian ArmyArmyIndian
After the Battle of Plassey in 1757, during which the East India Company's Indian Army under Robert Clive defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, the Company established itself as a major player in Indian affairs, and soon afterwards gained administrative rights over the regions of Bengal, Bihar and Midnapur part of Orissa, following the Battle of Buxar in 1764.
The United Kingdom made promises of self-governance to the Indian National Congress in return for its support but reneged on them after the war, following which the Indian Independence movement gained strength.

Kingdom of Mysore

MysoreMysore StateMysore Kingdom
The Anglo–Mysore Wars were a series of wars fought in over the last three decades of the 18th century between the Kingdom of Mysore on the one hand, and the British East India Company (represented chiefly by the Madras Presidency), and Maratha Confederacy and the Nizam of Hyderabad on the other.
The Wodeyars continued to rule the state until Indian independence in 1947, when Mysore acceded to the Union of India.

Kazi Nazrul Islam

NazrulNazrul IslamKazi Nazrul Islam
Poets and writers such as Subramania Bharati, Rabindranath Tagore, Muhammad Iqbal, Josh Malihabadi, Mohammad Ali Jouhar, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay and Kazi Nazrul Islam used literature, poetry and speech as a tool for political awareness.
His nationalist activism in Indian independence movement led to his frequent imprisonment by the colonial British authorities.

Madras Presidency

MadrasMadras GovernmentGovernment of Madras
The Anglo–Mysore Wars were a series of wars fought in over the last three decades of the 18th century between the Kingdom of Mysore on the one hand, and the British East India Company (represented chiefly by the Madras Presidency), and Maratha Confederacy and the Nizam of Hyderabad on the other.
In the early decades of the 20th century, many significant contributors to the Indian independence movement came from Madras.

Jayi Rajaguru

Jayee Rajguru
Jayee Rajguru, the chief of Army of Kalinga requested all the kings of the state to join hands for a common cause against the British.
Jayakrushna Rajaguru Mohapatra (29 October 1739 – 6 December 1806) popularly known as Jayi Rajaguru was a prominent figure of the Indian independence movement in the state of Odisha.

Dheeran Chinnamalai

Dheeran Chinnamalai GounderTheeran Chinamalai
Dheeran Chinnamalai was a Kongu chieftain and Palayakkarar from Tamil Nadu who fought against the East India Company.
Dheeran Chinnamalai (17 April 1756 – 31 July 1805) was a Tamil chieftain and Palayakkarar who fought against the British East India Company rule during the struggle for Indian independence.

Allan Octavian Hume

HumeA.O. HumeA. O. Hume
Inspired by a suggestion made by A.O. Hume, a retired British civil servant, seventy-two Indian delegates met in Bombay in 1885 and founded the Indian National Congress.
He was one of the founders of the Indian National Congress, a political party that was later to lead in the Indian independence movement.

Gwalior

LashkarMorarGwalior City
The last significant battle was fought in Gwalior on 17 June 1858, during which Rani Lakshmibai was killed.
Prior to Indian independence on 15 August 1947, Gwalior remained a princely state of the British Raj with the Scindia as the local rulers.

Bangladesh

BangladeshBangladeshiPeople's Republic of Bangladesh
In 1971, East Pakistan declared independence as the People's Republic of Bangladesh.
In 1929, the All Bengal Tenants Association was formed in the Bengal Legislative Council to counter the influence of the Hindu landed gentry, and the Indian Independence and Pakistan Movements strengthened during the early 20th century.

Mumbai

BombayMumbaiMumbai, India
Inspired by a suggestion made by A.O. Hume, a retired British civil servant, seventy-two Indian delegates met in Bombay in 1885 and founded the Indian National Congress.
During the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement.

Coimbatore

Coimbatore cityCoimbatoreKovai
After Kattabomman and Tipu Sultan's deaths, Chinnamalai sought the help of Marathas and Maruthu Pandiyar to attack the British at Coimbatore in 1800.
The region played a significant role in the Indian independence movement with Mahatma Gandhi visiting the city thrice.

Odisha

OrissaOdishaKalinga
After the Battle of Plassey in 1757, during which the East India Company's Indian Army under Robert Clive defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, the Company established itself as a major player in Indian affairs, and soon afterwards gained administrative rights over the regions of Bengal, Bihar and Midnapur part of Orissa, following the Battle of Buxar in 1764.
Following India's independence, on 15 August 1947, 27 princely states signed the document to join Orissa.

Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat RaiLajpat RaiLajpat
Tilak was backed by rising public leaders like Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai, who held the same point of view.
He played a pivotal role in the Indian Independence movement.