Indian independence movement

Indian independenceIndian freedom movementindependenceIndia's independenceIndian freedom strugglefreedom fighterindependence movementindependence of IndiaIndian independence strugglefreedom struggle
The Indian Independence movement was a series of activities with the ultimate aim of ending the British rule in India.wikipedia
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Bhagat Singh

Shaheed Bhagat SinghSardar Bhagat SinghSecond Lahore Conspiracy Case
Nationalists like Subhash Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh, Bagha Jatin, preached armed revolution to achieve self-rule.
Bhagat Singh ( 1907 – 23 March 1931) was an Indian socialist revolutionary whose two acts of dramatic violence against the British in India and execution at age 23 made him a folk hero of the Indian independence movement.

Civil disobedience

disobedienceNon Cooperation MovementCivil Disobedience Movement
The last stages of the self-rule struggle from the 1920s onwards saw Congress adopt Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi's policy of non-violence and civil disobedience, and several other campaigns.
It has inspired Mahatma Gandhi in his protests for Indian independence against the British Raj; and Martin Luther King Jr.'s peaceful protests during the civil rights movement in the US.

Bengal

Bengal regionBengal, IndiaBengali
The first movement nationalistic revolutionary movement emerged from Bengal (present day West Bengal and Bangladesh), but they later took root in the newly formed Indian National Congress with prominent moderate leaders seeking only their basic right to appear for Indian Civil Service (British India) examinations, as well as more rights, economic in nature, for the people of the soil. After the Battle of Plassey in 1757, during which the East India Company's Indian Army under Robert Clive defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, the Company established itself as a major player in Indian affairs, and soon afterwards gained administrative rights over the regions of Bengal, Bihar and Midnapur part of Odisha, following the Battle of Buxar in 1764.
Bengal played a major role in the Indian independence movement, in which revolutionary groups were dominant.

Indian National Army

Azad Hind FaujINAAzad Hind Fauz
The period of the Second World War saw the peak of the campaigns by the Quit India Movement led by Congress, and the Indian National Army movement led by Subhash Chandra Bose with the help of Japan.
Its aim was to secure Indian independence from British rule.

West Bengal

West Bengal, IndiaBengalWestern Bengal
The first movement nationalistic revolutionary movement emerged from Bengal (present day West Bengal and Bangladesh), but they later took root in the newly formed Indian National Congress with prominent moderate leaders seeking only their basic right to appear for Indian Civil Service (British India) examinations, as well as more rights, economic in nature, for the people of the soil.
The socio-cultural movements of the Bengal Renaissance played an influential role in decolonisation and the region was a hotbed of the Indian independence movement.

Sarojini Naidu

SarojiniSarojini NayaduMrs. Sarojini Naidu
Feminists such as Sarojini Naidu and Begum Rokeya promoted the emancipation of Indian women and their participation in national politics.
Naidu joined the Indian independence movement in the wake of partition of Bengal in 1905.

Kazi Nazrul Islam

NazrulNazrul IslamQazi Nazrul Islam
Poets and writers such as Subramania Bharati, Rabindranath Tagore, Muhammad Iqbal, Josh Malihabadi, Mohammad Ali Jouhar, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay and Kazi Nazrul Islam used literature, poetry and speech as a tool for political awareness.
His nationalist activism in Indian independence movement led to his frequent imprisonment by the colonial British authorities.

Bangladesh

People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshiBangla Desh
The first movement nationalistic revolutionary movement emerged from Bengal (present day West Bengal and Bangladesh), but they later took root in the newly formed Indian National Congress with prominent moderate leaders seeking only their basic right to appear for Indian Civil Service (British India) examinations, as well as more rights, economic in nature, for the people of the soil.
In 1929, the All Bengal Tenants Association was formed in the Bengal Legislative Council to counter the influence of the Hindu landed gentry, and the Indian Independence and Pakistan Movements strengthened during the early 20th century.

Indian Army

ArmyIndianIndia
After the Battle of Plassey in 1757, during which the East India Company's Indian Army under Robert Clive defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, the Company established itself as a major player in Indian affairs, and soon afterwards gained administrative rights over the regions of Bengal, Bihar and Midnapur part of Odisha, following the Battle of Buxar in 1764.
The United Kingdom made promises of self-governance to the Indian National Congress in return for its support but reneged on them after the war, following which the Indian Independence movement gained strength.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
India remained a Dominion of the Crown until 26 January 1950, when the Constitution of India came into force, establishing the Republic of India; Pakistan was a dominion until 1956, when it adopted its first republican constitution.
A pioneering and influential nationalist movement emerged,

Kingdom of Mysore

MysoreMysore KingdomSultanate of Mysore
The Anglo–Mysore Wars were a series of wars fought in over the last three decades of the 18th century between the Kingdom of Mysore on the one hand, and the British East India Company (represented chiefly by the Madras Presidency), and Maratha Confederacy and the Nizam of Hyderabad on the other.
The Wodeyars continued to rule the state until Indian independence in 1947, when Mysore acceded to the Union of India.

Madras Presidency

MadrasMadras ProvinceMadras Government
The Anglo–Mysore Wars were a series of wars fought in over the last three decades of the 18th century between the Kingdom of Mysore on the one hand, and the British East India Company (represented chiefly by the Madras Presidency), and Maratha Confederacy and the Nizam of Hyderabad on the other.
In the early decades of the 20th century, many significant contributors to the Indian independence movement came from Madras.

Odisha

OrissaOrissa, IndiaOdisha, India
After the Battle of Plassey in 1757, during which the East India Company's Indian Army under Robert Clive defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, the Company established itself as a major player in Indian affairs, and soon afterwards gained administrative rights over the regions of Bengal, Bihar and Midnapur part of Odisha, following the Battle of Buxar in 1764.
Following India's independence, on 15 August 1947, 27 princely states signed the document to join Orissa.

Jayi Rajaguru

Jayee Rajguru
Jayee Rajguru, the chief of Army of Kalinga requested all the kings of the state to join hands for a common cause against the British.
Jayakrushna Rajaguru Mohapatra (29 October 1739 – 6 December 1806) popularly known as Jayi Rajaguru was a prominent figure of the Indian independence movement in the state of Odisha.

Kongu Nadu

KonguKongunaduKonga
Dheeran Chinnamalai was a Kongu Nadu chieftain and Palayakkarar from Tamil Nadu who fought against the East India Company.
The region played a significant role in the Indian independence movement.

Coimbatore

Coimbatore cityKovaiCoimbatore, Tamil Nadu
After Kattabomman and Tipu Sultan's deaths, Chinnamalai sought the help of Marathas and Maruthu Pandiyar to attack the British at Coimbatore in 1800.
The region played a significant role in the Indian independence movement with Mahatma Gandhi visiting the city three times.

Gwalior

GwaliarGwalior CityLashkar
The last significant battle was fought in Gwalior on 17 June 1858, during which Rani Lakshmibai was killed.
Prior to Indian independence on 15 August 1947, Gwalior remained a princely state of the British Raj with the Scindia as the local rulers.

Mumbai

BombayMumbai, IndiaMumbai, Maharashtra
Inspired by a suggestion made by A.O. Hume, a retired British civil servant, seventy-two Indian delegates met in Bombay in 1885 and founded the Indian National Congress.
During the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement.

Anglo-Indian

Anglo-IndiansAnglo IndianNominated
The rebels also murdered much of the European, Eurasian, and Christian population of the city.
During the independence movement, many Anglo-Indians identified (or were assumed to identify) with British rule, and, therefore, incurred the distrust and hostility of Indian nationalists.

Lala Lajpat Rai

Lajpat RaiLajpatLala Lajapatrai
Tilak was backed by rising public leaders like Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai, who held the same point of view.
He played a pivotal role in the Indian Independence movement.

History of Kozhikode

CalicutHistory of CalicutKozhikode
European traders first reached Indian shores with the arrival of the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama in 1498 at the port of Calicut, in search of the lucrative spice trade.
These include the city's establishment, the arrival of the Portuguese, the arrival of the Dutch, the Mysorean Invasion, the rise of British Power, the beginning of the Indian Independence Movement and finally freedom from British rule in 1947

Maratha (caste)

MarathaMarathasMahrattas
After Kattabomman and Tipu Sultan's deaths, Chinnamalai sought the help of Marathas and Maruthu Pandiyar to attack the British at Coimbatore in 1800.
These non-Brahmins gained prominence in the Indian National Congress during the Indian independence movement.

Mahatma Gandhi

GandhiMohandas GandhiMohandas Karamchand Gandhi
The last stages of the self-rule struggle from the 1920s onwards saw Congress adopt Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi's policy of non-violence and civil disobedience, and several other campaigns.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist, and political ethicist, who employed nonviolent resistance to lead the successful campaign for India's independence from British Rule, and in turn inspire movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Maharashtra

MaharastraMaharashtra StateMaharashtra, India
Under them, India's three great states – Maharashtra, Bengal and Punjab shaped the demand of the people and India's nationalism.
Prior to Indian independence, Maharashtra was chronologically ruled by the Satavahana dynasty, Rashtrakuta dynasty, Western Chalukyas, Deccan sultanates, Mughals and Marathas, and the British.

Bipin Chandra Pal

Bipin PalBipinchandra PalBipin Pal’s
Tilak was backed by rising public leaders like Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai, who held the same point of view.
Bipin Chandra Pal (7 November 1858 – 20 May 1932) was an Indian nationalist, writer, orator, social reformer and Indian independence movement activist.