A report on Indian religionsJainism and Śramaṇa

Major religious groups as a percentage of world population
The hand symbolizes Ahiṃsā, the wheel dharmachakra, the resolve to halt saṃsāra (transmigration).
A Jain monk
"Priest King" of Indus Valley Civilisation
Classification of Saṃsāri Jīvas (transmigrating souls) in Jainism
23rd Jain Tirthankar, Parshwanatha re-organized the shraman sangha in 9th century BCE.
The so-called Pashupati seal, showing a seated and possibly ithyphallic figure, surrounded by animals.
Lord Neminatha, Akota Bronzes (7th century)
Hindu Swastika
Jain miniature painting of 24 tirthankaras, Jaipur, c. 1850
Buddha statue at Darjeeling
Jain temple painting explaining Anekantavada with Blind men and an elephant
Buddhist Monks performing traditional Sand mandala made from coloured sand
A Jain monk in meditation, wearing the characteristic white robe and face covering
Saga Agastya, father of Tamil literature
Nishidhi stone, depicting the vow of sallekhana, 14th century, Karnataka
Typical layout of Dravidian architecture which evolved from koyil as king's residence.
Praying at the feet of a statue of Bahubali
Krishna fighting the horse demon Keshi, 5th century, Gupta period.
Jain worship may include ritual offerings and recitals.
A basalt statue of Lalita flanked by Gaṇeśa and Kārttikeya, Pala era.
Celebrating Das Lakshana (Paryushana), Jain Center of America, New York City
The Golden Temple of Mahalakshmi at Vellore.
The birth of Mahavira, from the Kalpa Sūtra (c.1375–1400 CE)
An aerial view of the Meenakshi Temple from the top of the southern gopuram, looking north. The temple was rebuilt by the Vijayanagar Empire.
Harmandir Sahib (The Golden Temple) is culturally the most significant place of worship for the Sikhs.
Idol of Suparśvanātha
Mahamagam Festival is a holy festival celebrated once in twelve years in Tamil Nadu. Mahamagam Festival, which is held at Kumbakonam. This festival is also called as Kumbamela of South.
A symbol to represent the Jain community was chosen in 1975 as part of the commemoration of the 2,500th anniversary of Mahavira’s nirvana.
The largest religious gathering ever held on Earth, the 2001 Maha Kumbh Mela held in Prayag attracted around 70 million Hindus from around the world.
Rishabhdev, believed to have lived over 592.704×1018 years ago, is considered the traditional founder of Jainism.
Map showing the prevalence of Abrahamic (pink) and Indian religions (yellow) in each country
The ruins of Gori Jain temples in Nagarparkar, Pakistan, a pilgrimage site before 1947.
A devotee facing the Ganga, reading a stack of holy books ("Chalisa" of various god) at the Kumbh Mela
Ranakpur Jain Temple
A holy place for all religion - "Mazar of Pir Mubarak Gazi"
Dilwara Temples
Symbols of Major Indian Religions
Parshvanath Temple in Khajuraho
Girnar Jain temples
Jal Mandir, Pawapuri
Lodhurva Jain temple
Palitana temples
Saavira Kambada Basadi, Moodbidri, Karnataka
Jain temple, Antwerp, Belgium
Brahma Jinalaya, Lakkundi
Hutheesing Jain Temple

Jainism also known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.

- Jainism

These religions, which include Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism, are also classified as Eastern religions.

- Indian religions

The Śramaṇa tradition includes primarily Jainism, Buddhism, and others such as the Ājīvika.

- Śramaṇa

The śramaṇa religions became popular in the same circles of mendicants from greater Magadha that led to the development of spiritual practices, as well as the popular concepts in all major Indian religions such as saṃsāra (the cycle of birth and death) and moksha (liberation from that cycle).

- Śramaṇa

The śramaṇa period between 800 and 200 BCE marks a "turning point between the Vedic Hinduism and Puranic Hinduism".

- Indian religions

It is one of the Śramaṇa traditions of ancient India, those that rejected the Vedas, and according to the twentieth-century scholar of comparative religion Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Jainism was in existence before the Vedas were composed.

- Jainism
Major religious groups as a percentage of world population

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Relief representing ahimsa

Ahimsa in Jainism

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Relief representing ahimsa
Painting in a Jain temple with the statement "ahinsā paramo dharma" (non-injury is the highest virtue/religion)
Violence (Himsa) gouache on paper, 17th century, Gujarat depicts animals of prey with their victims. The princely couple symbolises love, which is another occasion of violence.
Sculpture depicting the statement "ahimsā paramo dharma" (Photo:Ahinsa Sthal, Delhi)

Ahimsā (', alternatively spelled 'ahinsā', Sanskrit: अहिंसा IAST: ', Pāli: ) in Jainism is a fundamental principle forming the cornerstone of its ethics and doctrine.

, an important tenet of all the religions originating in India, is now considered as an article of faith by the adherents of the Indian religions.

Some scholars have traced the origin of Ahimsa to Jains and their precursor, the sramanas.