Indigenous Australians

Indigenous AustralianAboriginalindigenousAboriginestraditional ownersAboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peopleAboriginal peopleAustralian AboriginalAboriginalsIndigenous Australian people
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands before British colonisation.wikipedia
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Aboriginal Australians

AboriginalAustralian AboriginalAboriginal Australian
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands before British colonisation.
Aboriginal Australians are the various indigenous peoples of the Australian mainland, Tasmania, and often the Tiwi Islands.

History of Australia (1788–1850)

European settlementEuropean settlement of Australiacolonisation of Australia
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands before British colonisation.
European colonisation created a new dominant society in Australia in place of the pre-existing population of Indigenous Australians.

Australian Aboriginal English

Aboriginal EnglishAboriginal Australian EnglishDeadly
Aboriginal people today mostly speak English, with Aboriginal phrases and words being added to create Australian Aboriginal English (which also has a tangible influence of Indigenous languages in the phonology and grammatical structure).
Australian Aboriginal English (AAE) refers to a dialect of Australian English used by a large section of the Indigenous Australian population.

Ngaanyatjarra

NanaNgaanyatjarra Lands
These larger groups may be further subdivided; for example, Anangu (meaning a person from Australia's central desert region) recognises localised subdivisions such as Pitjantjatjara, Yankunytjatjara, Ngaanyatjarra, Luritja and Antikirinya.
The Ngaanyatjarra, also known (along with the Pini) as the Nana, are an Indigenous Australian cultural group of Western Australia.

Loritja

LuritjaKukatjaJumu
These larger groups may be further subdivided; for example, Anangu (meaning a person from Australia's central desert region) recognises localised subdivisions such as Pitjantjatjara, Yankunytjatjara, Ngaanyatjarra, Luritja and Antikirinya.
The Loritja or Luritja people, also known as Kukatja, are an Indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

Yankuntjatjarra

YankunytjatjaraJangkundjara
These larger groups may be further subdivided; for example, Anangu (meaning a person from Australia's central desert region) recognises localised subdivisions such as Pitjantjatjara, Yankunytjatjara, Ngaanyatjarra, Luritja and Antikirinya.
The Yankuntjatjarra, otherwise written Jangkundjara, are an indigenous Australian people of the state of South Australia.

Murri people

MurriMurrisMurri language
The Murri is a demonym for Indigenous Australians of modern-day Queensland and north-west New South Wales.

Yolngu

Yolngu peopleYolgnuYolŋu
Histories covering Indigenous themes include The Native Tribes of Central Australia by Spencer and Gillen, 1899; the diaries of Donald Thompson on the subject of the Yolngu people of Arnhem Land (c.1935–1943); Geoffrey Blainey (Triumph of the Nomads, 1975); Henry Reynolds (The Other Side of the Frontier, 1981); and Marcia Langton (First Australians, 2008).
The Yolngu or Yolŋu are an aggregation of indigenous Australian people inhabiting north-eastern Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory of Australia.

Bininj

Bininj Kunwok peopleBininj Gun-Wok dialect chainBininj Gun-Wok peoples
The Bininj are an indigenous Australian people of Western Arnhem land in the Northern Territory.

Koori

KoorieGoorieKuri
Koori is a demonym for Indigenous Australians from the approximate region of New South Wales and Victoria.

Nunga

Nunga is a term of self-reference for many of the Aboriginal peoples of southern South Australia.

Tiwi people

TiwiindigenousTiwi Islander
The Tiwi people (or Tunuvivi) are one of the many Indigenous groups of Australia.

Arrernte people

ArrernteArandaArrente
Albert Namatjira (1902–1959) is one of the most famous Australian artists and an Arrernte man.
The Arrernte people, sometimes referred to as the Aranda, Arunta or Arrarnta, are a group of Aboriginal Australian peoples who live in the Arrernte lands, at Mparntwe (Alice Springs) and surrounding areas of the Central Australia region of the Northern Territory.

Northern Territory

Northern Territory of AustraliaNTNorthern Territories
Settlements were subsequently established in Tasmania (1803), Victoria (1803), Queensland (1824), the Northern Territory (1824), Western Australia (1826), and South Australia (1836).
The archaeological history of the Northern Territory begins over 40,000 years ago when Indigenous Australians settled the region.

Eddie Mabo

Eddie Koiki MaboEddieKoiki Mabo
Eddie Mabo was from "Mer" or Murray Island in the Torres Strait, which the famous Mabo decision of 1992 involved.
29 June 1936 – 21 January 1992 ) was an Indigenous Australian man from the Torres Strait Islands known for his role in campaigning for Indigenous land rights and for his role in a landmark decision of the High Court of Australia which overturned the legal doctrine of terra nullius ("nobody's land") which characterised Australian law with regard to land and title.

Aborigine

AboriginalAborigine (disambiguation)Aborigines
The word aboriginal has been in the English language since at least the 16th century to mean, "first or earliest known, indigenous".

Tiwi Islands

Tiwi IslanderBathurst and Melville IslandsTiwi
Inhabited before European settlement by the Tiwi indigenous Australians, the islands have a population of approximately 3,000.

Kevin Gilbert (author)

Kevin Gilbert
In the 1970s, many Aboriginal activists, such as Gary Foley, proudly embraced the term "black", and writer Kevin Gilbert's book from the time was entitled Living Black.
Kevin Gilbert (10 July 1933 – 1 April 1993) was a 20th century Indigenous Australian author, activist, artist, poet, playwright and printmaker.

Wathaurong

WathaurungWada wurrungWautharong
One early settler named Andrew Todd, took notes on the life styles of the Wathaurung people that he lived next to in Victoria.
Wathaurong, also called the Wathaurung and Wadawurrung, are an Indigenous Australian tribe living in the area near Melbourne, Geelong and the Bellarine Peninsula.

Torres Strait Islands

Torres StraitTorres Strait IslandTorres Strait Islander
The Torres Strait Islands comprise over 100 islands which were annexed by Queensland in 1879.
The indigenous inhabitants of the Torres Strait Islands are the Torres Strait Islanders, an ethnically Melanesian people who also inhabited the northern tip of Cape York Peninsula, distinct from the Australian Aboriginals who are the Indigenous Australians in the rest of the country.

Darug

DharugDarug peopleMuringong
This smallpox epidemic in 1789 is estimated to have killed up to 90% of the Darug people.
The Darug are a group descending from an indigenous Australian people of that name, which shares strong ties of kinship and, in pre-colonial times, survived as skilled hunters in family groups or clans scattered throughout much of what is modern-day Sydney.

Australian frontier wars

frontier warsfrontier conflictfrontier violence
Since the 1970s there has been more systematic research into this conflict which is described as the Australian frontier wars.
The Australian frontier wars is a term applied by some historians to violent conflicts between Indigenous Australians and white settlers during the British colonisation of Australia.

Dingo

dingoesAustralian dingodingos
Research indicates a single founding Sahul group with subsequent isolation between regional populations which were relatively unaffected by later migrations from the Asian mainland, which may have introduced the dingo 4–5,000 years ago.
The name "dingo" comes from the Dharug language used by the Indigenous Australians of the Sydney area.

Blackfella

A less formal term, used by Indigenous Australians and not normally derogatory, is "blackfellas", as distinguished from "whitefellas".
Blackfella (also blackfellah, blackfulla, black fella, or black fellah) is an informal term used in Australian English to refer to Indigenous Australians.