Indigenous Peoples' Day

Indigenous People's DayFirst Peoples' Day
Indigenous Peoples' Day (Native's Day) is a holiday that celebrates and honors the Indigenous peoples of America and commemorates their shared history and culture.wikipedia
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Public holidays in the United States

state holidaynational holidayHolidays
It is celebrated across the United States on the second Monday in October, and is an official city and state holiday in various localities.
October 8–14 (floating Monday) – Indigenous People's Day

Native American Day

It is similar to Native American Day, observed in September in California and Tennessee.
South Dakota and Vermont, which celebrates Indigenous Peoples' Day, are the only states to practice non-observance of the federal holiday of Columbus Day.

Christopher Columbus

ColumbusColónColumbian
It began as a counter-celebration held on the same day as the U.S. federal holiday of Columbus Day, which honors European explorer Christopher Columbus.
There are efforts in the US to rename Columbus Day as Indigenous Peoples' Day.

Seattle

Seattle, WashingtonSeattle, WACity of Seattle
Seattle, Washington
On October 6, 2014, Seattle officially replaced Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples' Day, honoring Seattle's Native American community and acknowledging the controversies surrounding the legacy of Christopher Columbus.

Durham, New Hampshire

DurhamDurham, NH Durham
Durham, New Hampshire
In 2017, Durham became the first community in New Hampshire to recognize Indigenous Peoples' Day in place of Columbus Day.

Timeline of support for Indigenous Peoples' Day

Timeline of support for Indigenous Peoples' Day
This page is a timeline for when various municipalities, universities, and states in the United States have officially recognized Indigenous Peoples' Day.

Columbus Day

Day of the AmericasDía de la Hispanidad69th Annual Columbus Day Parade
It began as a counter-celebration held on the same day as the U.S. federal holiday of Columbus Day, which honors European explorer Christopher Columbus.
The celebration of Columbus Day in the United States began to decline at the end of the 20th century, although many Italian-Americans, and others, continue to champion it. The states of Florida, Hawaii, Alaska, Vermont, and South Dakota, do not recognize it and have each replaced it with celebrations of Indigenous People's Day (in Hawaii, Discoverers' Day, in South Dakota, Native American Day ).

National Indigenous Peoples Day

National Aboriginal Day
National Indigenous Peoples Day (Canada)
Indigenous People's Day (United States)

Indigenous peoples of the Americas

Native AmericanNative Americansindigenous
Indigenous Peoples' Day (Native's Day) is a holiday that celebrates and honors the Indigenous peoples of America and commemorates their shared history and culture.

Federal holidays in the United States

federal holidayfederal holidaysfederal holiday in the United States
It began as a counter-celebration held on the same day as the U.S. federal holiday of Columbus Day, which honors European explorer Christopher Columbus.

Mickelson

Indigenous Peoples' Day was begun in 1989 in South Dakota, where Lynn Hart and Governor Mickelson backed a resolution to celebrate Native American day on the second Monday of October, marking the beginning of the year of reconciliation in 1990.

Berkeley, California

BerkeleyBerkeley, CACity of Berkeley
It was instituted in Berkeley, California, in 1992, to coincide with the 500th anniversary of the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Americas.

Voyages of Christopher Columbus

first voyagesecond voyagediscovery of America
It was instituted in Berkeley, California, in 1992, to coincide with the 500th anniversary of the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Americas. In July 1990, at the First Continental Conference on 500 Years of Indian Resistance in Quito, Ecuador, representatives of indigenous groups throughout the Americas agreed that they would mark 1992, the 500th anniversary of the first of the voyages of Christopher Columbus, as a year to promote "continental unity" and "liberation".

Santa Cruz, California

Santa CruzSanta Cruz, CACity of Santa Cruz
Two years later, Santa Cruz, California, instituted the holiday, and in the 2010s, various other cities and states took it up.

United Nations

UN🇺🇳U.N.
In 1977, the International Conference on Discrimination Against Indigenous Populations in the Americas, sponsored by the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, began to discuss replacing Columbus Day in the United States with a celebration to be known as Indigenous Peoples' Day.

Geneva

Geneva, SwitzerlandGenèveGinevra
In 1977, the International Conference on Discrimination Against Indigenous Populations in the Americas, sponsored by the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, began to discuss replacing Columbus Day in the United States with a celebration to be known as Indigenous Peoples' Day.

Boston

Boston, MassachusettsBoston, MABoston, United States
Similarly, Native American groups staged actions in Boston, Massachusetts instead of Thanksgiving, which has been celebrated there to mark collaboration between English colonists and Native Americans in the first years.

Thanksgiving

Thanksgiving DayThanksgiving HolidayThanksgiving Eve
Similarly, Native American groups staged actions in Boston, Massachusetts instead of Thanksgiving, which has been celebrated there to mark collaboration between English colonists and Native Americans in the first years.

Quito

Quito, EcuadorSan Francisco de QuitoCity of Quito
In July 1990, at the First Continental Conference on 500 Years of Indian Resistance in Quito, Ecuador, representatives of indigenous groups throughout the Americas agreed that they would mark 1992, the 500th anniversary of the first of the voyages of Christopher Columbus, as a year to promote "continental unity" and "liberation".

Northern California

Northernnorthern portionNorth California
After the conference, attendees from Northern California organized protests against the "Quincentennial Jubilee" that had been organized by the United States Congress for the San Francisco Bay Area on Columbus Day 1992.

Anniversary

sesquicentennialtercentenaryquinquennial
After the conference, attendees from Northern California organized protests against the "Quincentennial Jubilee" that had been organized by the United States Congress for the San Francisco Bay Area on Columbus Day 1992.

United States Congress

CongressU.S. CongressCongressional
After the conference, attendees from Northern California organized protests against the "Quincentennial Jubilee" that had been organized by the United States Congress for the San Francisco Bay Area on Columbus Day 1992.

San Francisco Bay Area

Bay AreaSan FranciscoSan Francisco Bay
After the conference, attendees from Northern California organized protests against the "Quincentennial Jubilee" that had been organized by the United States Congress for the San Francisco Bay Area on Columbus Day 1992.

Golden Gate Bridge

Golden GatebridgeDoyle Drive Replacement Project
It was to include replicas of Columbus's ships sailing under the Golden Gate Bridge and reenacting their "discovery" of America.

Genocide

genocidalexterminationgenocides
It promoted the idea that Columbus's "discovery" of inhabited lands and subsequent European colonization of these areas had resulted in the genocide of indigenous peoples by decisions of colonial and national governments.