Individual and group rights

individual rightscollective rightsindividual rightgroup rightsindividualrightsindividual libertiescollectivecollective rights than individual rightscommon rights
Group rights, also known as collective rights, are rights held by a group qua group rather than by its members severally; in contrast, individual rights are rights held by individual people; even if they are group-differentiated, which most rights are, they remain individual rights if the right-holders are the individuals themselves.wikipedia
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Rights

rightRights Ethicspolitical rights
Group rights, also known as collective rights, are rights held by a group qua group rather than by its members severally; in contrast, individual rights are rights held by individual people; even if they are group-differentiated, which most rights are, they remain individual rights if the right-holders are the individuals themselves.
This methodology is called methodological individualism and is used by the economists to justify individual rights.

Right-libertarianism

right-libertarianright-libertarianslibertarian
In the political views of classical liberals and some right-libertarians, the role of the government is solely to identify, protect, and enforce the natural rights of the individual while attempting to assure just remedies for transgressions.
Right-libertarian philosophy is also rooted in the ideas of individual rights and laissez-faire economics.

Classical liberalism

classical liberalliberalclassical liberals
In the political views of classical liberals and some right-libertarians, the role of the government is solely to identify, protect, and enforce the natural rights of the individual while attempting to assure just remedies for transgressions.

Ayn Rand

RandRand, AynRandian
Ayn Rand, developer of the philosophy of Objectivism, asserted that a group, as such, has no rights.
In politics, she condemned the initiation of force as immoral and opposed collectivism and statism as well as anarchism, instead supporting laissez-faire capitalism, which she defined as the system based on recognizing individual rights, including property rights.

Objectivism (Ayn Rand)

ObjectivismObjectivistObjectivists
Ayn Rand, developer of the philosophy of Objectivism, asserted that a group, as such, has no rights.
Objectivism's main tenets are that reality exists independently of consciousness, that human beings have direct contact with reality through sense perception (see direct and indirect realism), that one can attain objective knowledge from perception through the process of concept formation and inductive logic, that the proper moral purpose of one's life is the pursuit of one's own happiness (see rational egoism), that the only social system consistent with this morality is one that displays full respect for individual rights embodied in laissez-faire capitalism, and that the role of art in human life is to transform humans' metaphysical ideas by selective reproduction of reality into a physical form—a work of art—that one can comprehend and to which one can respond emotionally.

Individual

individualityindividualshuman identity
Group rights, also known as collective rights, are rights held by a group qua group rather than by its members severally; in contrast, individual rights are rights held by individual people; even if they are group-differentiated, which most rights are, they remain individual rights if the right-holders are the individuals themselves.
Individualism and Objectivism hold that a civilized society, or any form of association, cooperation or peaceful coexistence among humans, can be achieved only on the basis of the recognition of individual rights — and that a group, as such, has no rights other than the individual rights of its members.

Minority rights

cultural autonomyrights of minoritiesprotection of minorities
Minority rights are the normal individual rights as applied to members of racial, ethnic, class, religious, linguistic or gender and sexual minorities; and also the collective rights accorded to minority groups.

Special rights

special rights for homosexuals
Concepts of special rights are closely aligned with notions of group rights and identity politics.

Trade union

uniontrade unionistlabor union
Besides the rights of groups based upon the immutable characteristics of their individual members, other group rights cater toward organizational persons, including nation-states, trade unions, corporations, trade associations, chambers of commerce, political parties.

Corporation

corporatecorporationsincorporated
Besides the rights of groups based upon the immutable characteristics of their individual members, other group rights cater toward organizational persons, including nation-states, trade unions, corporations, trade associations, chambers of commerce, political parties.

Political party

political partiespartyparties
Besides the rights of groups based upon the immutable characteristics of their individual members, other group rights cater toward organizational persons, including nation-states, trade unions, corporations, trade associations, chambers of commerce, political parties.

Collective bargaining

collectively bargaincollective bargaining agreementbargain collectively
Such organizations are accorded rights which are particular to their specifically-stated functions and their capacities to speak on behalf of their members, i.e. the capacity of the corporation to speak to the government on behalf of all individual customers or employees or the capacity of the trade union to negotiate for benefits with employers on behalf of all workers in a company.

Due process

due process of lawDue Process Clausejudicial procedure
Liberal governments that respect individual rights often provide for systemic controls that protect individual rights such as a system of due process in criminal justice.

Criminal justice

criminal justice systemcriminalcriminal court
Liberal governments that respect individual rights often provide for systemic controls that protect individual rights such as a system of due process in criminal justice.

Charter of the United Nations

United Nations CharterUN CharterCharter
Without certain collective rights, for example, a cardinal principle in international law, enshrined in Chapter I Article I of the United Nations Charter, secures the right of "Self-determination of peoples".

Self-determination

self determinationright to self-determinationnational self-determination
Without certain collective rights, for example, a cardinal principle in international law, enshrined in Chapter I Article I of the United Nations Charter, secures the right of "Self-determination of peoples".

Adam Smith

SmithA SmithAdam Smith’s
Adam Smith, in 1776 in his book An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, describes the right of each successive generation, as a group, collectively, to the earth and all the earth possesses.

The Wealth of Nations

Wealth of NationsAn Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of NationsAdam Smith
Adam Smith, in 1776 in his book An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, describes the right of each successive generation, as a group, collectively, to the earth and all the earth possesses.

United States Declaration of Independence

Declaration of IndependenceAmerican Declaration of IndependenceU.S. Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence states several group, or collective, rights of the people as well as the states, for example the Right of the People: "whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it" and the right of the States: "... as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do."

Constitutionalism

constitutionalistConstitutionalistsconstitutional