Indo-Gangetic Plain

Gangetic PlainGangetic plainsGanges PlainIndo-Gangetic plainsIndus-Gangetic PlainGangatic plainplainsGangeticIndo-GangeticIndo-Gangetic alluvial plains
The Indo-Gangetic Plain, also known as the Indus-Ganga Plain and the North Indian River Plain, is a 630 e6acre fertile plain encompassing northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, including most of northern and eastern India, the eastern parts of Pakistan, virtually all of Bangladesh and southern plains of Nepal.wikipedia
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Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic of NepalNepaleseNepali
The Indo-Gangetic Plain, also known as the Indus-Ganga Plain and the North Indian River Plain, is a 630 e6acre fertile plain encompassing northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, including most of northern and eastern India, the eastern parts of Pakistan, virtually all of Bangladesh and southern plains of Nepal. The fertile Terai region is spread across Southern Nepal and Northern India along the foothills of the Himalayas.
It is located mainly in the Himalayas, but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
The Indo-Gangetic Plain, also known as the Indus-Ganga Plain and the North Indian River Plain, is a 630 e6acre fertile plain encompassing northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, including most of northern and eastern India, the eastern parts of Pakistan, virtually all of Bangladesh and southern plains of Nepal.
The Vedas, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism, were composed during this period, and historians have analysed these to posit a Vedic culture in the Punjab region and the upper Gangetic Plain.

Chota Nagpur Plateau

Chota NagpurChhotanagpurRanchi plateau
The southern edge of the plain is marked by the Chota Nagpur Plateau.
The Indo-Gangetic plain lies to the north and east of the plateau, and the basin of the Mahanadi River lies to the south.

Himalayas

HimalayaHimalayanHimalayan Mountains
The plain is bound on the north by the Himalayas, which feed its numerous rivers and are the source of the fertile alluvium deposited across the region by the two river systems. According to Manusmṛti (2.22), 'Aryavarta' is "the tract between the Himalaya and the Vindhya ranges, from the Eastern Sea (Bay of Bengal) to the Western Sea (Arabian Sea)". The fertile Terai region is spread across Southern Nepal and Northern India along the foothills of the Himalayas.
Towards the south the arc of the Himalaya is ringed by the very low Indo-Gangetic Plain.

Iranian Plateau

Persian PlateauIranCentral Iranian Plateau
On the west rises the Iranian Plateau.
It is the part of the Eurasian Plate wedged between the Arabian and Indian plates, situated between the Zagros Mountains to the west, the Caspian Sea and the Kopet Dag to the north, the Armenian Highlands and the Caucasus Mountains in the northwest, the Strait of Hormuz and Persian Gulf to the south and the Indo-Gangetic plains to the east in Pakistan.

Vedic period

VedicVedic civilizationVedic age
During the Vedic and Epic eras of Indian history, this region was referred to as "Aryavarta" (Land of the Aryans).
1500), is the period in the history of the northern Indian subcontinent between the end of the urban Indus Valley Civilisation and a second urbanisation which began in the central Indo-Gangetic Plain c.

Hindustan

HindostanHindoostanNorthern India
The region is referred to as "Hindustan" (Land of the Indus), deriving from the Persian term for the Indus River.
A secondary meaning of Hindustan is as a geographic term for the Indo-Gangetic Plain in northern India.

Terai

Terai regionTaraiOuter Terai
Below the Bhabar lie the grasslands of Terai and Dooars. The fertile Terai region is spread across Southern Nepal and Northern India along the foothills of the Himalayas.
The Terai or Tarai is a lowland region in southern Nepal and northern India that lies south of the outer foothills of the Himalayas, the Siwalik Hills, and north of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

Khadir and Bangar

bangarKhadarbangar area
Close to the rivers is khadar land of new alluvium that is subject to flooding.
Khādir or Khadar and Bāngur (Hindi language: खादर और बांगर, Urdu languageکهادر اور بانگر) are terms used in Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi and Sindhi in the Indo-Gangetic plains of North India and Pakistan to differentiate between two types of river plains and alluvial soils.

Plain

plainsplanitiallanos
The Indo-Gangetic Plain, also known as the Indus-Ganga Plain and the North Indian River Plain, is a 630 e6acre fertile plain encompassing northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, including most of northern and eastern India, the eastern parts of Pakistan, virtually all of Bangladesh and southern plains of Nepal.

Vindhya Range

VindhyaVindhyasVindhyan
According to Manusmṛti (2.22), 'Aryavarta' is "the tract between the Himalaya and the Vindhya ranges, from the Eastern Sea (Bay of Bengal) to the Western Sea (Arabian Sea)".
Earlier, the term "Vindhyas" was used in a wider sense, and included a number of hill ranges between the Indo-Gangetic plain and the Deccan Plateau.

Rohilkhand

KateharRohilakhandKatehir
Some geographers subdivide the Indo-Gangetic Plain into several parts: the Gujarat, Sindh, Punjab, Doab, Rohilkhand, Awadh, Bihar, Bengal and Assam regions.
Part of the upper Ganges Plain, the region is named after the Rohilla Pashtun (also known as Afghan or Pathan) tribes.

Ganges

GangaGanges RiverGanga River
The region is named after the Indus and the Ganges rivers and encompasses a number of large urban areas. The rivers encompassed are the Beas, the Chambal, the Chenab, the Ganga, the Gomti, the Indus, the Ravi, the Sutlej and the Yamuna.
The 2525 km river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of India and Bangladesh, eventually emptying into the Bay of Bengal.

North India

Northern IndianorthernNorth Indian
The fertile Terai region is spread across Southern Nepal and Northern India along the foothills of the Himalayas. They run parallel to the Himalaya mountains, from Jammu and Kashmir and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in the west to Assam in the east and draining most of Northern and Eastern India.
The dominant geographical features of North India are the Indus-Gangetic Plain and the Himalayas, which demarcate the region from the Tibetan Plateau and Central Asia.

East India

Eastern IndiaeasternEast
They run parallel to the Himalaya mountains, from Jammu and Kashmir and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in the west to Assam in the east and draining most of Northern and Eastern India.
The states of Bihar and West Bengal lie on the Indo-Gangetic plain.

Yamuna

Yamuna RiverRiver YamunaJumna
The rivers encompassed are the Beas, the Chambal, the Chenab, the Ganga, the Gomti, the Indus, the Ravi, the Sutlej and the Yamuna.
It helps create the highly fertile alluvial Yamuna-Ganges Doab region between itself and the Ganges in the Indo-Gangetic plain.

Indian rhinoceros

Indian rhinorhinocerosRhinoceros unicornis
The open plains were home to large numbers of herbivores which included all three of the Asian rhinoceros (Indian rhinoceros, Javan rhinoceros, Sumatran rhinoceros).
The Indian rhinoceros once ranged throughout the entire stretch of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, but excessive hunting and agricultural development reduced its range drastically to 11 sites in northern India and southern Nepal.

Indus Valley Civilisation

Indus Valley CivilizationHarappanIndus Valley
The region is known for the Indus Valley Civilization, which was responsible for the birth of ancient culture of the Indian subcontinent.
At the same time, the Ochre Coloured Pottery culture expanded from Rajasthan into the Gangetic Plain.

Chambal River

ChambalChambal ValleyChambal ravines
The rivers encompassed are the Beas, the Chambal, the Chenab, the Ganga, the Gomti, the Indus, the Ravi, the Sutlej and the Yamuna.
During the next 97 km of its run from the Chaurasigarh Fort to Kota city, the bed falls by another 91 m. For the rest of its 523 km run, the river passes through the flat terrain of the Malwa Plateau and later the Gangetic Plain with an average gradient of 0.21 m/km.

Bengal tiger

tigerroyal Bengal tigertigers
Indian wolves, dholes, striped hyenas, Asiatic cheetahs and Asiatic lions would have hunted large game on the open plains, while Bengal tigers and leopards would stalk prey in the surrounding woods and sloth bears hunt for termites in both of these areas.
Latter habitat once covered a huge swath of grassland, riverine and moist semi-deciduous forests along the major river system of the Gangetic and Brahmaputra plains, but has now been largely converted to agricultural land or severely degraded.

Purvanchal

Eastern Uttar PradeshUttar Pradesh (East)Poorvanchal
It lies on the Indo-Gangetic plain, and together with western Bihar is the most-densely-populated area in the world.

Bihar

Bihar stateBihar, IndiaState of Bihar
Some geographers subdivide the Indo-Gangetic Plain into several parts: the Gujarat, Sindh, Punjab, Doab, Rohilkhand, Awadh, Bihar, Bengal and Assam regions.
The Ganges – navigable throughout the year – was the principal river highway across the vast north Indo-Gangetic Plain.

Delhi

Delhi, IndiaNational Capital Territory of DelhiNational Capital Territory
Some historians believe that Dhilli or Dhillika is the original name for the city while others believe the name could be a corruption of the Hindustani words dehleez or dehali—both terms meaning 'threshold' or 'gateway'—and symbolic of the city as a gateway to the Gangetic Plain.

Punjab Plain

Punjab Plainsplainsplains of Punjab
The plain is the western part of the North Indian River Plain in Pakistan and Western India formed by the Indus River and its tributaries - Jhelum, the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas and the Sutlej.

Dhole

Cuonwild dogwild dogs
Indian wolves, dholes, striped hyenas, Asiatic cheetahs and Asiatic lions would have hunted large game on the open plains, while Bengal tigers and leopards would stalk prey in the surrounding woods and sloth bears hunt for termites in both of these areas.
In northeast India, it is present in Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, and West Bengal and in the Indo-Gangetic Plain's Terai region.