Indonesia

Republic of IndonesiaIndonesianIndonesian RepublicINAIndonesian archipelagoIDNIDDutch East IndiesIndonesian IslandsIndonesian Government
Indonesia (, ; Indonesian: ), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia ), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans.wikipedia
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Indonesian language

IndonesianBahasa IndonesiaIndonesia
Indonesia (, ; Indonesian: ), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia ), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans.
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia ) is the official language of Indonesia.

List of islands of Indonesia

Indonesian archipelagoIslands of Indonesiaisland
It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 km2, the 14th largest by land area and 7th in the combined sea and land area.
The islands of Indonesia, also known as the Indonesian archipelago and formerly known as the Indian archipelago, may refer either to the islands comprising the nation-state of Indonesia or to the geographical groups which include its islands.

Java

Java IslandJavaneseJava, Indonesia
Java, the world's most populous island, is home to more than half of the country's population.
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese: ) is an island of Indonesia, bordered by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Java Sea on the north.

Jakarta

Jakarta, IndonesiaBataviaDKI Jakarta
Jakarta, the country's capital, is the second-most populous urban area in the world.
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta, literally Jakarta Capital Special Region), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.

List of islands by population

most populous island2nd most populous islandBy population
Java, the world's most populous island, is home to more than half of the country's population.

Provinces of Indonesia

Provinceprovincesprovince of Indonesia
It has 34 provinces, of which five have special status.
The Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 largest subdivisions of the country and the highest tier of the local government (formerly called Daerah Tingkat I – level 1 region).

Southeast Asia

South East AsiaSouth-East AsiaSoutheast Asian
Indonesia (, ; Indonesian: ), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia ), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans.
SEAC popularised the use of the term "Southeast Asia," although what constituted Southeast Asia was not fixed; for example, SEAC excluded the Philippines and a large part of Indonesia while including Ceylon.

Singapore

Republic of SingaporeSingapore CitySingaporean
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The country is situated one degree (137 km) north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north.

Papua New Guinea

Papua-New GuineaPapua New GuineanPNG
The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia.
The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.

Vietnam

Viet NamSocialist Republic of VietnamViệt Nam
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
It shares its maritime borders with Thailand through the Gulf of Thailand, and the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia through the South China Sea.

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.

Malaysia

Federation of MalaysiaMalaysianMalaya
The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia.
Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

President of Indonesia

PresidentIndonesian PresidentPresident of the Republic of Indonesia
The sovereign state is a presidential, constitutional republic with an elected legislature.
The President of the Republic of Indonesia (Presiden Republik Indonesia) is the head of state and also head of government of the Republic of Indonesia.

Philippines

FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.

East Timor

Timor-LesteTimor LesteDemocratic Republic of Timor-Leste
The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia.
It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecusse, an exclave on the northwestern side of the island surrounded by Indonesian West Timor.

People's Consultative Assembly

Indonesian ParliamentMPRParliament
The sovereign state is a presidential, constitutional republic with an elected legislature.
Before 2004, and the amendments to the 1945 Constitution, the MPR was the highest governing body in Indonesia.

Palau

Palau IslandsPalausRepublic of Palau
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Palau shares maritime boundaries with the Philippines, Indonesia, and Micronesia.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Andaman & Nicobar IslandsAndaman and NicobarAndaman & Nicobar
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The territory is about 150 km north of Aceh in Indonesia and separated from Thailand and Myanmar by the Andaman Sea.

Pacific Ocean

PacificSouth PacificWestern Pacific
Indonesia (, ; Indonesian: ), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia ), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans.
About 3000 BC, the Austronesian peoples on the island of Taiwan mastered the art of long-distance canoe travel and spread themselves and their languages south to the Philippines, Indonesia, and maritime Southeast Asia; west towards Madagascar; southeast towards New Guinea and Melanesia (intermarrying with native Papuans); and east to the islands of Micronesia, Oceania and Polynesia.

History of Indonesia

Indonesian historyhistoryhistorical
The history of the Indonesian archipelago has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources.
Indonesia is an archipelagic country of 17,000 to 18,000 islands (8,844 named and 922 permanently inhabited) stretching along the equator in South East Asia.

Srivijaya

Srivijaya EmpireSriwijayaSri Vijaya
It has been a valuable region for trade since at least the 7th century when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with entities from mainland China and the Indian subcontinent.
Srivijaya (also written Sri Vijaya or Sriwijaya in Malay), was a dominant thalassocratic Indonesian empire based on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, which influenced much of Southeast Asia.

Natural rubber

rubberIndia rubbercaoutchouc
The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, coal, tin, copper, gold, and nickel, while agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices, and rubber.
Thailand and Indonesia are two of the leading rubber producers.

Christianity in Indonesia

ChristianChristiansChristianity
Muslim traders and Sufi scholars brought Islam, while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolise trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery.
Christianity is Indonesia's second-largest religion, after Islam.

Majapahit

Majapahit EmpireMajapahit KingdomKing of Majapahit
It has been a valuable region for trade since at least the 7th century when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with entities from mainland China and the Indian subcontinent.
According to the Nagarakretagama (Desawarñana) written in 1365, Majapahit was an empire of 98 tributaries, stretching from Sumatra to New Guinea; consisting of present-day Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, southern Thailand, East Timor, Sulu Archipelago and other parts of the Philippines, although the true nature of Majapahit sphere of influence is still the subject of studies among historians.