Indonesia

🇮🇩IndonesianRepublic of IndonesiaIndonesian archipelagoIDNINAIndonesian RepublicIDDutch East IndiesIndonesian Islands
Indonesia (, ; Indonesian: ), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia ), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans.wikipedia
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Indonesian language

IndonesianIndonesiaBahasa Indonesia
Indonesia (, ; Indonesian: ), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia ), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans.
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia ) is the official language of Indonesia.

List of islands of Indonesia

Indonesian archipelagoislandarchipelago
It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 km2, the 14th largest by land area and the 7th largest in combined sea and land area.
The islands of Indonesia, also known as the Indonesian archipelago and formerly known as the Indian archipelago, may refer either to the islands comprising the nation-state of Indonesia or to the geographical groups which include its islands.

Jakarta

BataviaJakarta, IndonesiaDjakarta
Jakarta, the country's capital, is the second most populous urban area in the world.
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.

Java

JavaneseJava IslandJawa
Java, the world's most populous island, contains more than half of the country's population.
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese: ) is an island of Indonesia, bordered by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Java Sea on the north.

Provinces of Indonesia

ProvinceprovincesCapital
It has 34 provinces, of which five have special status.
The Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 largest subdivisions of the country and the highest tier of the local government (formerly called Daerah Tingkat I – level 1 region).

List of islands by population

most populous islandBy populationmost populated
Java, the world's most populous island, contains more than half of the country's population.

Papua New Guinea

🇵🇬PNGNew Guinea
The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia.
The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.

Vietnam

🇻🇳Viet NamSocialist Republic of Vietnam
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Vietnam is bordered by China to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the west, part of Thailand to the southwest, and the Philippines, Malaysia, and Indonesia across the South China Sea to the east and southeast.

Singapore

🇸🇬Republic of SingaporeSingaporean
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
It lies one degree ({{Convert|137|km|disp=or}}) north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north.

Southeast Asia

south-east AsiaSoutheastSouth East Asia
Indonesia (, ; Indonesian: ), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia ), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans.
2) Maritime Southeast Asia, also known historically as Nusantara, the East Indies and Malay Archipelago, comprises the Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India, Indonesia, East Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, East Timor, Brunei, Christmas Island, and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Taiwan is also included in this grouping by many anthropologists.

Malaysia

🇲🇾MalaysianMalaya
The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia.
Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand in the north and maritime borders with Singapore in the south, Vietnam in the northeast, and Indonesia in the west.

India

🇮🇳IndianIND
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Australia

🇦🇺AUSAustralian
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.

Philippines

🇵🇭FilipinoPhilippine
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.

East Timor

Timor-LesteTimor LesteTimorese
The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia.
It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecusse, an exclave on the northwestern side of the island surrounded by Indonesian West Timor.

President of Indonesia

PresidentIndonesian PresidentPresidential
The sovereign state is a presidential, constitutional republic with an elected parliament.
The President of the Republic of Indonesia (Presiden Republik Indonesia) is the head of state and also head of government of the Republic of Indonesia.

Islam by country

Muslim-majority countriesMuslim-majority countryIslamic world
With over million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country.
Sue Hellett; U.S. should focus on sanctions against Iran "Let me review, while Shia Islam makes up only 10–20 percent of the world's Muslim population, Iraq has a Shia majority (between 60–80 percent), but had a Sunni controlled government under Saddam Hussein and cronies from 1958–2003... (If you like government figures, see the CIA World Factbook.)" Islam is the dominant religion in the Central Asia, Indonesia, Middle East, North Africa, the Sahel and some other parts of Asia. The diverse Asia-Pacific region contains the highest number of Muslims in the world, easily surpassing the Middle East and North Africa.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Andaman & NicobarAndaman & Nicobar IslandsAndaman and Nicobar
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The territory is about 150 km north of Aceh in Indonesia and separated from Thailand and Myanmar by the Andaman Sea.

Palau

🇵🇼Republic of PalauPalaus
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Palau shares maritime boundaries with the Philippines, Indonesia, and the Federated States of Micronesia.

History of Indonesia

Indonesian historyhistoryhistorical
History of the Indonesian archipelago has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources.
Indonesia is an archipelagic country of 17,000 to 18,000 islands (8,844 named and 922 permanently inhabited) stretching along the equator in South East Asia.

Pacific Ocean

PacificWestern PacificSouth Pacific
Indonesia (, ; Indonesian: ), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia ), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans.
About 3000 BC, the Austronesian peoples on the island of Taiwan mastered the art of long-distance canoe travel and spread themselves and their languages south to the Philippines, Indonesia, and maritime Southeast Asia; west towards Madagascar; southeast towards New Guinea and Melanesia (intermarrying with native Papuans); and east to the islands of Micronesia, Oceania and Polynesia.

Natural rubber

rubbercaoutchoucindia rubber
Agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber.
Malaysia and Indonesia are two of the leading rubber producers.

Srivijaya

Srivijaya EmpireSrivijaya KingdomSrivijayan
It has been an important region for trade since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with Chinese dynasties and Indian kingdoms.
Srivijaya (also written Sri Vijaya or Sriwijaya in Indonesian or Malay), was a dominant thalassocratic Indonesian city-state based on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, which influenced much of Southeast Asia.

Christianity in Indonesia

ChristianChristianityChristians
Muslim traders and Sufi scholars brought Islam, while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolise trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery.
Christianity is Indonesia's second-largest religion, after Islam.

Majapahit

Majapahit EmpireMajapahit KingdomIndonesia
It has been an important region for trade since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with Chinese dynasties and Indian kingdoms.
According to the Nagarakretagama (Desawarñana) written in 1365, Majapahit was an empire of 98 tributaries, stretching from Sumatra to New Guinea; consisting of present-day Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, southern Thailand, Sulu Archipelago and East Timor, although the true nature of Majapahit sphere of influence is still the subject of studies among historians.