Indonesian language

IndonesianIndonesiaBahasa IndonesiaBahasaidBahasa IndonesianIndonesian-languageIndonesian:Indonesian/Malayind
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia ) is the official language of Indonesia.wikipedia
2,831 Related Articles

Austronesian languages

AustronesianAustronesian languageAustronesian language family
It is a standardized register of Malay, an Austronesian language that has been used as a lingua franca in the multilingual Indonesian archipelago for centuries.
Major Austronesian languages with the highest number of speakers are Malay (Indonesian and Malaysian), Javanese, and Filipino (Tagalog).

Languages of Indonesia

Indonesian languageslanguagesIndonesian
Most Indonesians, aside from speaking the national language, are fluent in at least one of the more than 700 indigenous local languages; examples include Javanese, Sundanese and Balinese, which are commonly used at home and within the local community.
. The official language is Indonesian (locally known as bahasa Indonesia), a standardized form of Malay, which serves as the lingua franca of the archipelago.

Javanese language

JavaneseOld JavaneseGêdrìk
Most Indonesians, aside from speaking the national language, are fluent in at least one of the more than 700 indigenous local languages; examples include Javanese, Sundanese and Balinese, which are commonly used at home and within the local community.
Most speakers of Javanese also speak Indonesian, the standardized form of Malay spoken in Indonesia, for official and commercial purposes as well as a means to communicate with non-Javanese-speaking Indonesians.

Srivijaya

Srivijaya EmpireSrivijaya KingdomSrivijayan
The Kedukan Bukit Inscription is the oldest surviving specimen of Old Malay, the language used by Srivijayan empire.
Srivijaya (also written Sri Vijaya or Sriwijaya in Indonesian or Malay), was a dominant thalassocratic Indonesian city-state based on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, which influenced much of Southeast Asia.

Malay language

MalayBahasa MelayuMalaysian
It is a standardized register of Malay, an Austronesian language that has been used as a lingua franca in the multilingual Indonesian archipelago for centuries.
In Singapore and Brunei, it is called Bahasa Melayu ("Malay language"); and in Indonesia, an autonomous normative variety called Bahasa Indonesia ("Indonesian language") is designated the Bahasa Persatuan/Pemersatu ("unifying language"/lingua franca).

Comparison of Standard Malay and Indonesian

Comparison of standard Malaysian and IndonesiandifferDifferences between the Malaysian and Indonesian languages
However, it does differ from Malaysian Malay in several respects, with differences in pronunciation and vocabulary.
Malaysian and Indonesian are two standardised registers of the Malay language, used in Malaysia and Indonesia, respectively.

Balinese language

BalineseBaliBalinese vocabulary
Most Indonesians, aside from speaking the national language, are fluent in at least one of the more than 700 indigenous local languages; examples include Javanese, Sundanese and Balinese, which are commonly used at home and within the local community.
Most Balinese speakers also know Indonesian.

Malaysian language

MalaysianMalayStandard Malay
Indonesian (in its normative form) has essentially the same material basis as the standard Malaysian register of Malay, and is therefore considered to be a variety of the pluricentric Malay language.
The Malaysian language (bahasa Malaysia; Jawi: بهاس مليسيا‎) or Malaysian Malay (bahasa Melayu Malaysia) is the name regularly applied to the Malay language used in Malaysia (as opposed to the variety used in Indonesia, which is referred to as the Indonesian language).

List of languages by number of native speakers

numbermost spoken languages10th most spoken language in the world
Of its large population, the majority speak Indonesian, making it one of the most widely spoken languages in the world.

Greater Indonesia

Melayu RayaIndonesia RayaMalay irredentism
Moreover, it was the language of the sultanate of Brunei and of the future Malaysia, on which some Indonesian nationalists had claims (see Greater Indonesia).
Greater Indonesia, or in Indonesian and Malaysian, Indonesia Raya or Melayu Raya, was a political concept that sought to bring the so-called Malay race, only part of which were the actual Malays, together by uniting the British territories of Malaya and Borneo with the Dutch East Indies.

Sukarno

President SukarnoSoekarnoPresident of the Republic of Indonesia
Over the first 53 years of Indonesian independence, the country's first two presidents, Sukarno and Suharto constantly nurtured the sense of national unity embodied by Indonesian, and the language remains an important component of Indonesian identity today.
In addition to the Javanese language of his childhood, he was a master of Sundanese, Balinese and of Indonesian, and was especially strong in Dutch.

Suharto

SoehartoPresident SuhartoGeneral Suharto
Over the first 53 years of Indonesian independence, the country's first two presidents, Sukarno and Suharto constantly nurtured the sense of national unity embodied by Indonesian, and the language remains an important component of Indonesian identity today.
However, General Abdul Nasution said that Suharto took great care in preparing the "General Offensive" (Indonesian Serangan Umum). Civilians sympathetic to the Republican cause within the city had been galvanised by the show of force which proved that the Dutch had failed to win the guerrilla war.

Malayan languages

MalayanMalayMalayan language
A form known as Proto-Malay language was spoken in Borneo at least by 1000 BCE and was, it has been argued, the ancestral language of all subsequent Malayan languages.
They include Malaccan Malay (Malaysian and Indonesian), Kedah Malay, Kedayan/Brunei Malay, Berau Malay, Bangka Malay, Jambi Malay, Kutai Malay, Loncong, Pattani Malay, and Banjarese.

Lingua franca

trade languagecommon languagelinguae francae
It is a standardized register of Malay, an Austronesian language that has been used as a lingua franca in the multilingual Indonesian archipelago for centuries.
Indonesian – which originated from a Malay language variant spoken in Riau – has the same function in Indonesia, although Javanese has more native speakers.

Ilocano language

IlocanoIlokanoIloko
An Austronesian language, it is related to such languages as Malay (Indonesian and Malaysian), Tetum, Chamorro, Fijian, Maori, Hawaiian, Samoan, Tahitian, Paiwan and Malagasy.

Arabic

Arabic-languageArabArabic language
and Hindi contributing during the flourishing of Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms from the 2nd to the 14th century; followed by Arabic after the spread of Islam in the archipelago in the 13th century.
Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa.

Tagalog language

TagalogFilipinoTagalog (Filipino)
It is related to other Philippine languages, such as the Bikol languages, Ilocano, the Visayan languages, Kapampangan, and Pangasinan, and more distantly to other Austronesian languages, such as the Formosan languages of Taiwan, Malay (Malaysian and Indonesian), Hawaiian, Māori, and Malagasy.

Jakarta

BataviaJakarta, IndonesiaDjakarta
While Indonesian is spoken as a mother tongue by only a small proportion of Indonesia's large population (i.e. mainly those who reside within the vicinity of Jakarta and other large predominantly Indonesian-speaking cities such as Medan and Balikpapan), over 200 million people regularly make use of the national language, with varying degrees of proficiency.
Indonesian is the official and dominant language of Jakarta.

Indonesia

🇮🇩IndonesianRepublic of Indonesia
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia ) is the official language of Indonesia.
Indonesia (, ; Indonesian: ), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia ), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans.

Riau-Lingga Sultanate

RiauRiau-LinggaLingga
High Malay was the official language used in the court of the Johor Sultanate and continued by the Dutch-administered territory of Riau-Lingga, while Low Malay was commonly used in marketplaces and ports of the archipelago.
Riau-Lingga Sultanate (Malay/Indonesian: Kesultanan Riau-Lingga, Jawi: كسلطانن رياو-ليڠڬ), also known as the Lingga-Riau Sultanate, Riau Sultanate or Lingga Sultanate was a Malay sultanate that existed from 1824 to 1911, before being dissolved following Dutch intervention.

Voice of America

VOAVoice of America (VOA)The Voice of America
The VOA and BBC use Indonesian as their standard for broadcasting in Malay.
Indonesian * +

Tetum language

TetumTetunTetum and
In East Timor, which was occupied by Indonesia between 1975 and 1999, Indonesian is recognised by the constitution as one of the two working languages (the other being English), alongside the official languages of Tetum and Portuguese.
When Indonesia occupied East Timor between 1975 and 1999, declaring it "the Republic's 27th Province", the use of Portuguese was banned, and Bahasa Indonesia was declared the sole official language, but the Roman Catholic Church adopted Tetum as its liturgical language, making it a focus for cultural and national identity.

East Timor

Timor-LesteTimor LesteTimorese
In East Timor, which was occupied by Indonesia between 1975 and 1999, Indonesian is recognised by the constitution as one of the two working languages (the other being English), alongside the official languages of Tetum and Portuguese.
"Timor" derives from timur, the word for "east" in Indonesian language, which became recorded as Timor in Portuguese, thus resulting in the tautological toponym meaning "East East": In Portuguese Timor-Leste (Leste being the word for "east"); in Tetum Timór Lorosa'e (Lorosa'e being the word for "east" (literally "rising sun")).

Medan

Galang, MedanKwala BangkoMedan city
While Indonesian is spoken as a mother tongue by only a small proportion of Indonesia's large population (i.e. mainly those who reside within the vicinity of Jakarta and other large predominantly Indonesian-speaking cities such as Medan and Balikpapan), over 200 million people regularly make use of the national language, with varying degrees of proficiency.
Unlike the Java-born Chinese, mostly Chinese people in Medan can speak fluent Hokkien, a dialect originating from Fujian, a province in southern part of China, they also has its own variation of Hokkien which known as Medan Hokkien and has the same similarity with Penang which is mixed with local language like Malay, and Indonesia.

Dutch language

DutchDutch-languagenl
The nationalist movement that ultimately brought Indonesian to its national language status rejected Dutch from the outset.
Yet the Indonesian language inherited many words from Dutch: words for everyday life as well as scientific and technological terms.