A report on JainismPanch Kalyanaka and Indra

The hand symbolizes Ahiṃsā, the wheel dharmachakra, the resolve to halt saṃsāra (transmigration).
Painting of Indra on his elephant mount, Airavata, c. 1820.
Classification of Saṃsāri Jīvas (transmigrating souls) in Jainism
Indra on his elephant, guarding the entrance of the 1st century BCE Buddhist Cave 19 at Bhaja Caves (Maharashtra).
Lord Neminatha, Akota Bronzes (7th century)
Buddhist relief from Loriyan Tangai, showing Indra paying homage to the Buddha at the Indrasala Cave, 2nd century CE, Gandhara.
Jain miniature painting of 24 tirthankaras, Jaipur, c. 1850
Banteay Srei temple's pediment carvings depict Indra mounts on Airavata, Cambodia, c. 10th century.
Jain temple painting explaining Anekantavada with Blind men and an elephant
Indra is typically featured as a guardian deity on the east side of a Hindu temple.
A Jain monk in meditation, wearing the characteristic white robe and face covering
Devraj Indra, Old Kalyan Print
Nishidhi stone, depicting the vow of sallekhana, 14th century, Karnataka
Bimaran casket: the Buddha (middle) is flanked by Brahma (left) and Indra, in one of the earliest Buddhist depictions (1st century CE).
Praying at the feet of a statue of Bahubali
Many official seals in southeast Asia feature Indra. Above: seal of Bangkok, Thailand.
Jain worship may include ritual offerings and recitals.
Celebrating Das Lakshana (Paryushana), Jain Center of America, New York City
The birth of Mahavira, from the Kalpa Sūtra (c.1375–1400 CE)
Idol of Suparśvanātha
A symbol to represent the Jain community was chosen in 1975 as part of the commemoration of the 2,500th anniversary of Mahavira’s nirvana.
Rishabhdev, believed to have lived over 592.704×1018 years ago, is considered the traditional founder of Jainism.
The ruins of Gori Jain temples in Nagarparkar, Pakistan, a pilgrimage site before 1947.
Ranakpur Jain Temple
Dilwara Temples
Parshvanath Temple in Khajuraho
Girnar Jain temples
Jal Mandir, Pawapuri
Lodhurva Jain temple
Palitana temples
Saavira Kambada Basadi, Moodbidri, Karnataka
Jain temple, Antwerp, Belgium
Brahma Jinalaya, Lakkundi
Hutheesing Jain Temple

Panch Kalyanaka (pan̄ca kalyāṇaka, "Five Auspicious Events") are the five chief auspicious events that occur in the life of tirthankara in Jainism.

- Panch Kalyanaka

2) Janma kalyāṇaka: Birth of the tirthankara. Janmabhisheka is a ritual celebrating this event in which Indra does abhisheka with 1008 Kalasha (holy vessels) on the tirthankara on Mount Meru.

- Panch Kalyanaka

Indra is also depicted in Buddhist (Indā in Pali) and Jaina mythologies.

- Indra

The Panch Kalyanaka rituals remember the five life events of the tirthankaras, including the Panch Kalyanaka Pratishtha Mahotsava, Panch Kalyanaka Puja and Snatrapuja.

- Jainism

Indra most commonly appears in stories related to Tirthankaras, in which Indra himself manages and celebrates the five auspicious events in that Tirthankara's life, such as Chavan kalyanak, Janma kalyanak, Diksha kalyanak, Kevala Jnana kalyanak, and moksha kalyanak.

- Indra

In paintings, incidents from his life, like his marriage and Indra marking his forehead, are depicted.

- Jainism
The hand symbolizes Ahiṃsā, the wheel dharmachakra, the resolve to halt saṃsāra (transmigration).

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