The transition to new manufacturing processes in Great Britain, continental Europe, and the United States, in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.- Industrial Revolution
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Heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.
By the 19th century, stationary steam engines powered the factories of the Industrial Revolution.
Process of changing from working largely or exclusively by hand or with animals to doing that work with machinery.
The Industrial Revolution started mainly with textile machinery, such as the spinning jenny (1764) and water frame (1768).
Method of manufacturing using machinery and division of labor.
The factory system was first adopted in Britain at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in the late eighteenth century and later spread around the world.
Phase of rapid scientific discovery, standardization, mass production, and industrialization from the late 19th century into the early 20th century.
The First Industrial Revolution, which ended in the middle of the 19th century, was punctuated by a slowdown in important inventions before the Second Industrial Revolution in 1870.
Period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society.
After the last stage of the Proto-industrialization, the first transformation from an agricultural to an industrial economy is known as the Industrial Revolution and took place from the mid-18th to early 19th century in certain areas in Europe and North America, starting in Great Britain, followed by Belgium, Switzerland, Germany, and France.
Combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock, formed as rock strata called coal seams.
While coal has been known and used for thousands of years, its usage was limited until the Industrial Revolution.
Production of substantial amounts of standardized products in a constant flow, including and especially on assembly lines.
Some mass production techniques, such as standardized sizes and production lines, predate the Industrial Revolution by many centuries; however, it was not until the introduction of machine tools and techniques to produce interchangeable parts were developed in the mid 19th century that modern mass production was possible.
Regional development, alongside commercial agriculture, of rural handicraft production for external markets.
The term was introduced in the early 1970s by economic historians who argued that such developments in parts of Europe between the 16th and 19th centuries created the social and economic conditions that led to the Industrial Revolution.
Economic system based on the private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.
Modern capitalist societies developed in Western Europe in a process that led to the Industrial Revolution.
Manufacturing process in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added as the semi-finished assembly moves from workstation to workstation where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced.
Before the Industrial Revolution, most manufactured products were made individually by hand.