Garment workers on strike, New York City circa 1913
Diagram published by the Industrial Workers of Great Britain explaining industrial unionism in terms of two opposing battle fronts
Early 19th century workplace militancy manifested in the Luddite riots, when unemployed workers destroyed labour saving machines.
A cartoon from the May, 1919 IWW periodical One Big Union, published in Revolutionary Radicalism, shows a worker (representing the working class) choosing between an AFL slogan (A Fair Day's Pay for a Fair Day's Work) and an IWW slogan (Abolition of the Wage System).
Poster issued by the London Trades Council, advertising a demonstration held on 2 June 1873
Anti-IWW cartoon from The American Employer, published 1913, with the Industrial Workers of the World organizing drive editorialized as "a volcano of hate stirred into active eruption at Akron, by alien hands, which pour into the crater the disturbing acids and alkalis of greed, class hatred and anarchy. From the mouth of the pit rise poisonous clouds of suspicion, malice and envy to pollute the air, while from the cracked and breaking sides of the groaning mountain flow streams of lava of murder, anarchy and destruction, threatening to engulf in their path the fair cities and fertile farms of Ohio."
Trade union demonstrators held at bay by soldiers during the 1912 Lawrence textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts
A cartoon from the September, 1919 IWW periodical One Big Union, published in Revolutionary Radicalism (a government publication), shows a worker swimming through shark-infested waters. The shark is labeled capitalism, the boat is industrial unionism, the life buoy is IWW, and the harpoon is direct action.
Eight-hour day march circa 1900, outside Parliament House in Spring Street, Melbourne
Costa Rican agricultural unions demonstration, January 2011
2011 National Trade Union Council (Zenrokyo) May Day march, Tokyo
Workers on strike in Oslo, Norway, 2012
Public sector workers in Leeds striking over pension changes by the government in November 2011
Child labourers in an Indiana glass works. Labor unions have an objective interest in combating child labour.
Cesar Chavez speaking at a 1974 United Farm Workers rally in Delano, California. The UFW during Chavez's tenure was committed to restricting immigration.
The Great Southwest Railroad Strike of 1886 was a trade union strike involving more than 200,000 workers.
A rally of the trade union UNISON in Oxford during a strike on 28 March 2006

Industrial unionism is a trade union organizing method through which all workers in the same industry are organized into the same union—regardless of skill or trade—thus giving workers in one industry, or in all industries, more leverage in bargaining and in strike situations.

- Industrial unionism

Unions may organize a particular section of skilled or unskilled workers (craft unionism), a cross-section of workers from various trades (general unionism), or an attempt to organize all workers within a particular industry (industrial unionism).

- Trade union
Garment workers on strike, New York City circa 1913

3 related topics

Alpha

Garment workers on strike, New York City circa 1913

Craft unionism

Garment workers on strike, New York City circa 1913

Craft unionism refers to a model of trade unionism in which workers are organised based on the particular craft or trade in which they work.

It contrasts with industrial unionism, in which all workers in the same industry are organized into the same union, regardless of differences in skill.

280x280px

Strike action

Work stoppage, caused by the mass refusal of employees to work.

Work stoppage, caused by the mass refusal of employees to work.

280x280px
Strike action (1879), painting by Theodor Kittelsen
Agitated workers face the factory owner in The Strike, painted by Robert Koehler in 1886
A general strike on November 5, 1905 in Tampere, Finland
Female tailors on strike, New York City, February 1910.
A rally of the trade union UNISON in Oxford during a strike on 28 March 2006.
2005 New York City transit strike
Teachers' strike in Tartu, Estonia in front of the Ministry of Education building on 7 March 2012.
Teamsters, wielding pipes, clash with armed police in the streets of Minneapolis during a 1934 strike.
Lenin Shipyard workers, Poland, on strike in August 1980, with the name of the state-controlled trade union crossed out in protest
Strike in Pas-de-Calais (1906)
Display of demands during a strike in 2016 at Verisure, a French security company.
A strike leader addressing strikers in Gary, Indiana in 1919.
Strikebreaking driver and cart being stoned during sanitation worker strike. New York City, 1911.
Strike breakers, Chicago Tribune strike, 1986, Chicago, Illinois
To bring public attention, a giant inflatable rat (named 'Scabby') is used in the U.S. at the site of a labor dispute. The rat represents strike-breaking replacement workers, otherwise known as 'scabs'.
Strike, painting by Stanisław Lentz
Victims of a clash between striking workers and the army in Prostějov, Austria-Hungary, April 1917
The charge by Ramon Casas (1899)

A recognition strike is an industrial strike implemented in order to force a particular employer or industry to recognize a trade union as the legitimate collective bargaining agent for a company's workers.

For example, supporters of industrial unions, which have sought to organize entire workplaces without regard to individual skills, have criticized craft unions for organizing workplaces into separate unions according to skill, a circumstance that makes union strikebreaking more common.

220x220px

General strike

A general strike has two meanings that we can clarify with two separate names:

A general strike has two meanings that we can clarify with two separate names:

220x220px
William Benbow pictured in Punch in 1848
The 1905 general strike in Tampere, Grand Duchy of Finland
1926 United Kingdom general strike
Spanish general strike of 1988
General strike in Catalonia, 21 February 2019
On 26 November 2020, a nationwide general strike of 250 million people, as per trade unions claim, took place in support of Indian farmers' protests.

A General Strike or Solidarity Strike was when various trade unions would go on strike sympathetically to help another trade union.

Bill Haywood believed that industrial unionism made possible the general strike, and the general strike made possible industrial democracy.