Information Age

digital ageInternet agedigital eracomputer ageInternet eraelectronic agedigital revolutioninformation-ageAge of InformationInformation Era
The Information Age (also known as the Computer Age, Digital Age, or New Media Age) is a historic period beginning in the 20th century and characterized by the rapid shift from traditional industry that the Industrial Revolution brought through industrialization to an economy primarily based upon information technology.wikipedia
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Digital Revolution

computer revolutioncomputerizationThird Industrial Revolution
The Information Age was enabled by technology developed in the Digital Revolution, which was itself enabled by building on the developments in the Technological Revolution.
Analogous to the Agricultural Revolution and Industrial Revolution, the Digital Revolution marked the beginning of the Information Age.

Transistor

transistorstransistorizedsilicon transistor
The onset of the Information Age can be associated with the development of transistor technology, particularly the MOSFET (metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor), which revolutionized modern technology and became the fundamental building block of digital electronics in the information age.
The MOS transistor has been the fundamental building block of modern digital electronics since the late 20th century, paving the way for the digital age.

John Bardeen

BardeenBardeen, JohnJ. Bardeen
The first practical transistor was the point-contact transistor, invented by the engineers William Shockley, Walter Houser Brattain and John Bardeen in 1947.
The transistor revolutionized the electronics industry, making possible the development of almost every modern electronic device, from telephones to computers, and ushering in the Information Age.

Silicon

Sisilicon revolutionsilicium
The silicon integrated circuit was then invented in 1959 by Robert Noyce at Fairchild Semiconductor, using the planar process developed by Jean Hoerni, who was in turn building on Mohamed Atalla's silicon surface passivation method developed at Bell Labs in 1957.
The late 20th century to early 21st century has been described as the Silicon Age (also known as the Digital Age or Information Age) due to elemental silicon having a large impact on the modern world economy.

History of the world

modern historymodern erahuman history
The Information Age (also known as the Computer Age, Digital Age, or New Media Age) is a historic period beginning in the 20th century and characterized by the rapid shift from traditional industry that the Industrial Revolution brought through industrialization to an economy primarily based upon information technology.

Mark Zuckerberg

Chen MingyuZuckerbergFacebook
However, as demonstrated by Mark Zuckerberg and Facebook, it now seems possible for a group of relatively inexperienced people with limited capital to succeed on a large scale.
Vanity Fair magazine named Zuckerberg number 1 on its 2010 list of the Top 100 "most influential people of the Information Age".

MOSFET

metal-oxide-semiconductorMOSMOS integrated circuit
The onset of the Information Age can be associated with the development of transistor technology, particularly the MOSFET (metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor), which revolutionized modern technology and became the fundamental building block of digital electronics in the information age. The MOSFET (metal-oxide-silicon field-effect transistor), also known as the MOS transistor, was invented by Mohamed M. Atalla and Dawon Kahng in 1959.
It was the first truly compact transistor that could be miniaturised and mass-produced for a wide range of uses, revolutionizing the electronics industry and the world economy, having been central to the computer revolution, digital revolution, information revolution, silicon age and information age.

20th century

twentieth century20th20th centuries
The Information Age (also known as the Computer Age, Digital Age, or New Media Age) is a historic period beginning in the 20th century and characterized by the rapid shift from traditional industry that the Industrial Revolution brought through industrialization to an economy primarily based upon information technology.
A technological revolution began in the late 20th century, variously called the Digital Revolution, the information revolution, the electronics revolution, the microelectronic revolution, the Information Age, the silicon revolution, the Silicon Age, and/or the third industrial revolution.

World Wide Web

WebWWWthe web
This expanded to become the Internet (coined in 1974), and then the World Wide Web in 1989.
The World Wide Web has been central to the development of the Information Age and is the primary tool billions of people use to interact on the Internet.

Mohamed M. Atalla

Mohamed AtallaMartin Mohamed AtallaMohamed Mohamed Atalla
The silicon integrated circuit was then invented in 1959 by Robert Noyce at Fairchild Semiconductor, using the planar process developed by Jean Hoerni, who was in turn building on Mohamed Atalla's silicon surface passivation method developed at Bell Labs in 1957. The MOSFET (metal-oxide-silicon field-effect transistor), also known as the MOS transistor, was invented by Mohamed M. Atalla and Dawon Kahng in 1959.
The MOSFET is central to the microelectronics revolution, silicon revolution, and microcomputer revolution, and is the fundamental building block of modern digital electronics during the Digital Revolution, information revolution and Information Age.

Fiber-optic communication

fiber-opticfiber optic communicationsfiber-optic network
Eventually, Information and Communication Technology—computers, computerized machinery, fiber optics, communication satellites, the Internet, and other ICT tools—became a significant part of the economy. While working at Tohoku University, Japanese engineer Jun-ichi Nishizawa proposed fiber-optic communication, the use of optical fibers for optical communication, in 1963.
First developed in the 1970s, fiber-optics have revolutionized the telecommunications industry and have played a major role in the advent of the Information Age.

Digital media

digital editingdigitalonline media
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) coding, a data compression technique first proposed in 1972, enabled practical digital media transmission, with image compression formats such as JPEG (1992), video coding formats such as H.26x (1988 onwards) and MPEG (1993 onwards), audio coding standards such as Dolby Digital (1991) and MP3 (1994), and digital TV standards such as video-on-demand (VOD) and high-definition television (HDTV).
The ubiquity of digital media and its effects on society suggest that we are at the start of a new era in industrial history, called the Information Age, perhaps leading to a paperless society in which all media are produced and consumed on computers.

Information and communications technology

ICTinformation and communication technologiesinformation and communication technology
Eventually, Information and Communication Technology—computers, computerized machinery, fiber optics, communication satellites, the Internet, and other ICT tools—became a significant part of the economy.

Imagination age

Rita J. King
The imagination age is a theoretical period beyond the information age where creativity and imagination will become the primary creators of economic value.

Information revolution

Informational Revolutionincreasingly information-driven worldinformation breakthroughs
The information revolution was enabled by advances in semiconductor technology, particularly the metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) and the integrated circuit (IC) chip, leading to the Information Age in the early 21st century.

Jun-ichi Nishizawa

While working at Tohoku University, Japanese engineer Jun-ichi Nishizawa proposed fiber-optic communication, the use of optical fibers for optical communication, in 1963.
His inventions contributed to the development of internet technology and the information age.

Moore's law

Moore’s Lawcomputational powermass-produced
Moore's law, which was formulated around 1965, calculated that the number of transistors in a dense integrated circuit doubles approximately every two years.
Automated, potentially lossless digital technologies allowed vast increases in the rapidity of information growth in an era that now sometimes is called the Information Age.

Information society

digital societygrowth of informationInformation and Knowledge Society
Closely related concepts are the post-industrial society (Daniel Bell), post-fordism, post-modern society, knowledge society, telematic society, Information Revolution, Information Age, liquid modernity, network society (Manuel Castells), and society of the spectacle (Guy Debord).

Internet governance

Internet developmentgovernanceIAB
Given the crossborder, decentralized nature of the internet, an enabling environment for media freedom in the digital age requires global multi-stakeholder cooperation and shared respect for human rights.

Continuous wave

CWcontinuous-wavecontinuous-wave operation
Izuo Hayashi's invention of the continuous wave semiconductor laser in 1970 led directly to the light sources in fiber-optic communication, laser printers, barcode readers, and optical disc drives, commercialized by Japanese entrepreneurs, and opening up the field of optical communications.
Optical communication in turn provided the hardware basis for internet technology, laying the foundations for the Digital Revolution and Information Age.

Digital transformation

digitalizationdevelopment of digital infrastructureDigital technology and transformation

Social Age

Social Age encompasses both societal and technological changes succeeding the Information Age.