Information Commissioner's Office

Information CommissionerData Protection RegistrarInformation Commissioner’s OfficeICOInformation Commissioner's Office (ICO)Deputy Information CommissionerFreedom of Information ActInformation Commissioner OfficeInformation Commissioner’s Office (ICO)Office of the Information Commissioner
The Information Commissioner's Office (ICO; stylised as ico.) in the United Kingdom, is a non-departmental public body which reports directly to Parliament and is sponsored by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS).wikipedia
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Richard Thomas (solicitor)

Richard ThomasRichard James ThomasRichard Thomas (lawyer)
Christopher Graham succeeded Richard Thomas in 2009.
Richard James Thomas is best known for his tenure as Information Commissioner of the United Kingdom, a post which he held from December 2002 to June 2009.

Christopher Graham

Sir Christopher Graham
The role of Information Commissioner is currently held by Elizabeth Denham who succeeded Christopher Graham in July 2016.
Christopher Sidney Matthew Graham (born 21 September 1950) took over the role of UK Information Commissioner from Richard Thomas on 29 June 2009 and concluded his tenure on 28 June 2016.

Freedom of Information Act 2000

Freedom of Information ActFreedom of InformationFOIA
It is the independent regulatory office (national data protection authority) dealing with the Data Protection Act 2018 and the General Data Protection Regulation, the Privacy and Electronic Communications (EC Directive) Regulations 2003 across the UK; and the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and the Environmental Information Regulations 2004 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and, to a limited extent, in Scotland.
The Act led to the renaming of the Data Protection Commissioner (set up to administer the Data Protection Act 1998), who is now known as the Information Commissioner.

National data protection authority

data protection authorityNational data protection authoritiesList of data protection authorities by country
It is the independent regulatory office (national data protection authority) dealing with the Data Protection Act 2018 and the General Data Protection Regulation, the Privacy and Electronic Communications (EC Directive) Regulations 2003 across the UK; and the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and the Environmental Information Regulations 2004 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and, to a limited extent, in Scotland.

ContactPoint

Universal Child DatabaseInformation Sharing IndexISI
During Richard Thomas' tenure as Commissioner, the ICO was particularly noted for raising serious concerns over the Government's proposed British national identity card and database, as well as other similar databases such as the Citizen Information Project, Universal Child Database, and the NHS National Programme for IT, stating that the country is in danger of sleepwalking into a surveillance society, drawing attention to the misuse of such information by the former states of the Eastern bloc and Francisco Franco's Spain.
In August 2004, the information commissioner, Richard Thomas, drawing a parallel with the way that governments in Eastern Europe and Spain gained too much power and information in the 20th century, expressed concern over this and other national databases, including the Citizen Information Project, NHS National Programme for IT, and the introduction of identity cards, warning that there was a danger of the country 'sleepwalk[ing] into a surveillance society'.

Identity Cards Act 2006

National Identity RegisterID cardsidentity cards
During Richard Thomas' tenure as Commissioner, the ICO was particularly noted for raising serious concerns over the Government's proposed British national identity card and database, as well as other similar databases such as the Citizen Information Project, Universal Child Database, and the NHS National Programme for IT, stating that the country is in danger of sleepwalking into a surveillance society, drawing attention to the misuse of such information by the former states of the Eastern bloc and Francisco Franco's Spain.
In a press release on 30 July 2004, Richard Thomas the Information Commissioner's Office stated that

General Data Protection Regulation

GDPRGeneral Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)General Data Protection Regulation 2016
It is the independent regulatory office (national data protection authority) dealing with the Data Protection Act 2018 and the General Data Protection Regulation, the Privacy and Electronic Communications (EC Directive) Regulations 2003 across the UK; and the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and the Environmental Information Regulations 2004 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and, to a limited extent, in Scotland.
In April 2019, the UK Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) issued a proposed code of practice for social networking services when used by minors, enforceable under GDPR, which also includes restrictions on like and "streak" mechanisms in order to discourage social media addiction, and use of this data for processing interests.

Register of data controllers

registration
The Data Protection Act 1984 created the post then named Data Protection Registrar with whom people processing personal data had to register the fact of their processing of that data on the Register of Data Controllers.
The Register of data controllers is a United Kingdom database under the control of the UK Information Commissioner's Office mandated by the UK Data Protection Act 1998 (The Act) which records the name of the data controller and the purpose(s) for the processing of the data processed by that controller within the meaning of The Act.

News International phone hacking scandal

phone hacking scandalNews of the World'' phone hacking affairphone hacking
In a July 2011 appearance in front of a parliamentary committee, a day after former News International CEO Rebekah Brooks had been arrested and bailed in light of the News International phone hacking scandal, Dacre told them that he had never "countenanced" phone hacking or blagging at his newspaper, as both acts were clearly "criminal".
In 2002, under the title Operation Motorman, the Information Commissioner's Office raided the offices of various newspaper and private investigators, looking for details of personal information kept on unregistered computer databases.

Privacy and Electronic Communications (EC Directive) Regulations 2003

Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations 2003PECR
It is the independent regulatory office (national data protection authority) dealing with the Data Protection Act 2018 and the General Data Protection Regulation, the Privacy and Electronic Communications (EC Directive) Regulations 2003 across the UK; and the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and the Environmental Information Regulations 2004 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and, to a limited extent, in Scotland.
The Information Commissioner's Office has responsibility for the enforcement of unsolicited e-mails and considers complaints about breaches.

Cambridge Analytica

Cambridge AnalyticsDavid Carrollshared and collected consumer data
On 23 March 2018, investigators with Britain's information commissioner searched the London headquarters of Cambridge Analytica amid reports that the firm harvested the personal data of millions of Facebook users as part of a campaign to influence the U.S. 2016 presidential elections.
In response to the media reports, the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) of the UK pursued a warrant to search the company's servers.

Consulting Association

The Consulting Association
On 23 February 2009, the Droitwich office of the Consulting Association (TCA) was raided by the ICO, which served an enforcement notice against TCA under the terms of the Data Protection Act.
Following initial newspaper reports in 2008, arising out of an investigation into worker dismissals during construction of Manchester Royal Infirmary, and Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) action in early 2009, it emerged that the Consulting Association held files on about 3,213 construction workers, including political activists, environmentalists, shop stewards and health and safety representatives (it was later alleged that the 3,213 was only a tiny proportion, and that up to 95% of TCA files were left untouched, leading to speculation, denied by the ICO, that 60,000 workers could have been blacklisted).

Data Protection Act 1998

Data Protection Actdata protectionData Protection Act 1984
The Data Protection Act 1984 created the post then named Data Protection Registrar with whom people processing personal data had to register the fact of their processing of that data on the Register of Data Controllers.
Compliance with the Act is regulated and enforced by an independent authority, the Information Commissioner's Office, which maintains guidance relating to the Act.

Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002

Freedom of InformationFreedom of Information (Scotland) ActFreedom of Information legislation
Enforcement of the Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002, which applies to devolved public authorities in Scotland is the responsibility of the Scottish Information Commissioner, a separate public official, as the UK Act does not apply to these authorities.
The Act also created a Scottish Information Commissioner, whose duties were similar to those of the Information Commissioner, but limited to the bodies covered by the 2002 Act.

Elizabeth Denham

Elizabeth Denham is the UK Information Commissioner at the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) in Cheshire.

Operation Motorman (ICO investigation)

Operation MotormanSteve Whittamore
Operation Motorman was a 2003 investigation by the Information Commissioner's Office into allegations of offences under the Data Protection Act by the British press.

Eric Howe

Eric James Howe (born 4 October 1931) is a British former business executive who in September 1984 became his country's first Data Protection Registrar.

Elizabeth France

Elizabeth Irene France
From 1994 to 2002 she was the Data Protection Registrar / Information Commissioner and from 2002 to 2009 Chief Ombudsman and Chief Executive of Ombudsman Services Ltd.

Facebook

Facebook LiveFacebook.comFacebook, Inc.
On 23 March 2018, investigators with Britain's information commissioner searched the London headquarters of Cambridge Analytica amid reports that the firm harvested the personal data of millions of Facebook users as part of a campaign to influence the U.S. 2016 presidential elections.
On March 23, 2018, The English High Court granted an application by the Information Commissioner's Office for a warrant to search Cambridge Analytica's London offices, ending a standoff between Facebook and the Information Commissioner over responsibility.

Wilmslow

Wilmslow, CheshireWidnesWilmesloe
The Information Commissioner's Office, one of the government's executive agencies, is also based in Wilmslow.

Blacklist (employment)

blacklistblacklistedblacklisting
The ICO action followed a 28 June 2008 article about alleged blacklisting in the construction industry, by journalist Phil Chamberlain, published in The Guardian.
However the Information Commissioner's Office was subsequently criticised for failing to take further punitive action against the employers using the blacklist, or carrying out any further investigation.

Uber

CriticismUber ElevateUber Health
In November 2018 the ICO fined Uber £385,000 for failing to protect customers’ personal information during a cyber-attack.
Uber's British divisions were fined £385,000 (reduced to £308,000) by the Information Commissioner's Office.

Information commissioner

Chief Information Commissioner of IndiaInformation Commissioner's OfficeInformation Commissioner.
In the United Kingdom, the Information Commissioner's Office is responsible for regulating compliance with the Data Protection Act 1998, Freedom of Information Act 2000 and the Environmental Information Regulations 2004.

Ofcom

Radio AuthorityBroadcasting Standards CommissionOffice of Communications
In April 2008, the High Court found in favour of the Information Commissioner's Office and over-ruled Ofcom's objections.

Privacy International

Privacy indexWorldwide Privacy Index
In March 2009, following the addition of 25 UK cities to Google's Street View service, Privacy International sent a formal complaint about the service to the UK Information Commissioner's Office (ICO).