Ingrid Newkirk

Newkirk, IngridIngrid E. Newkirk
Ingrid E. Newkirk (born June 11, 1949) is a British animal rights activist and the president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the world's largest animal rights organization.wikipedia
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People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals

PETAPeople for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA)Peta2
Ingrid E. Newkirk (born June 11, 1949) is a British animal rights activist and the president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the world's largest animal rights organization.
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA ) is an American animal rights organization based in Norfolk, Virginia, and led by Ingrid Newkirk, its international president.

Alex Pacheco (activist)

Alex PachecoPacheco, Alex
Newkirk founded PETA in March 1980 with fellow animal rights activist Alex Pacheco.
Pacheco came to wider public attention in 1981 for his role, along with Ingrid Newkirk, in what became known as the Silver Spring monkeys case, a campaign to release 17 crab-eating macaques who were undergoing experiments in the Institute for Behavioral Research in Silver Spring, Maryland.

Animal rights

rightsanimal-rightsanimal rights activists
Ingrid E. Newkirk (born June 11, 1949) is a British animal rights activist and the president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the world's largest animal rights organization.
ALF activists respond to the criticism with the argument that, as Ingrid Newkirk puts it, "Thinkers may prepare revolutions, but bandits must carry them out."

Silver Spring monkeys

Silver SpringSilver Spring monkey controversydeafferentation
They came to public attention in 1981, during what became known as the Silver Spring monkeys case, when Pacheco photographed 17 macaque monkeys being experimented on inside the Institute of Behavioral Research in Silver Spring, Maryland.
He worked on the anti-whaling ship, the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, joined the Hunt Saboteurs Association in England, and when he returned to the United States to study political science at George Washington, he teamed up with Ingrid Newkirk, a local poundmaster, to form People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals in March 1980.

Animal Liberation Front

Animal Liberation Front Supporters GroupALFBand of Mercy
Newkirk has also been criticized for her support of actions carried out in the name of the Animal Liberation Front.
Ingrid Newkirk, the president of PETA, writes that the first ALF cell was set up in late 1982, after a police officer she calls "Valerie" responded to the publicity triggered by the Silver Spring monkeys case, and flew to England to be trained by the ALF.

Animal welfare

welfareanimal protectionanimal rescue
Although PETA takes a gradualist approach to improving animal welfare, Newkirk remains committed to ending animal use and the idea that, as PETA's slogan says, "animals are not ours to eat, wear, experiment on, or use for entertainment".
According to PETA's Ingrid Newkirk in an interview with Wikinews, there are two issues in animal welfare and animal rights.

Animal Liberation (book)

Animal Liberation1975 bookAnimal Liberation'' (book)
Pacheco presented her with a copy of Peter Singer's Animal Liberation (1975).
Activist Ingrid Newkirk wrote of Animal Liberation, "It forever changed the conversation about our treatment of animals. It made people—myself included—change what we ate, what we wore, and how we perceived animals."

Animal rights movement

animal rights activistanimal liberation movementanimal liberation
Newkirk's position is that the animal rights movement is a revolutionary one and that "[t]hinkers may prepare revolutions, but bandits must carry them out".

Michael Specter

"It was the done thing for a British girl in India", she told Michael Specter for The New Yorker.
He has also written profiles of many people, including Dr. Oz, Lance Armstrong, Richard Branson, the ethicist Peter Singer, P. Diddy, Manolo Blahnik, AIDS activist Larry Kramer, and PETA founder Ingrid Newkirk.

Women and animal advocacy

animal advocate
*Women and animal advocacy
In 1980 the English-born British/American animal rights activist Ingrid Newkirk co-founded People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals.

Neutering

neuteredspayingspayed
Under her leadership in the 1970s as the District of Columbia's first female poundmaster, legislation was passed to create the first spay/neuter clinic in Washington, D.C., as well as an adoption program and the public funding of veterinary services, leading her to be among those chosen in 1980 as Washingtonians of the Year.

Silver Spring, Maryland

Silver SpringSilver Spring, MDdowntown Silver Spring
They came to public attention in 1981, during what became known as the Silver Spring monkeys case, when Pacheco photographed 17 macaque monkeys being experimented on inside the Institute of Behavioral Research in Silver Spring, Maryland.

Animal Welfare Act of 1966

Animal Welfare ActLaboratory Animal Welfare ActUS Animal Welfare Act
The case led to the first police raid in the United States on an animal research laboratory and to an amendment in 1985 to the Animal Welfare Act.

Testing cosmetics on animals

Leaping Bunnycosmetics testingtested for cosmetic purposes
Since then, Newkirk has led campaigns to stop the use of animals in crash tests, convinced companies to stop testing cosmetics on animals, pressed for higher welfare standards from the meat industry, and organized undercover investigations that have led to government sanctions against companies, universities, and entertainers who use animals.

Animal protectionism

Animal protectiongradualistanimal advocacy
Although PETA takes a gradualist approach to improving animal welfare, Newkirk remains committed to ending animal use and the idea that, as PETA's slogan says, "animals are not ours to eat, wear, experiment on, or use for entertainment".

Abolitionism (animal rights)

abolitionismabolitionistabolitionist approach
Some animal rights abolitionists, most notably Gary Francione, have criticized PETA, calling it and other groups "the new welfarists".

Gary L. Francione

Gary FrancioneFrancione, Gary
Some animal rights abolitionists, most notably Gary Francione, have criticized PETA, calling it and other groups "the new welfarists".

New Delhi

New Delhi, IndiaNew DehliDelhi
Her father was a navigational engineer, and when she was seven, the family moved to New Delhi, India, where her father worked for the government, while her mother volunteered for Mother Teresa in a leper colony and a home for unwed mothers.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
Her father was a navigational engineer, and when she was seven, the family moved to New Delhi, India, where her father worked for the government, while her mother volunteered for Mother Teresa in a leper colony and a home for unwed mothers.

Mother Teresa

Mother Teresa of CalcuttaTeresa of CalcuttaSaint Teresa of Calcutta
Her father was a navigational engineer, and when she was seven, the family moved to New Delhi, India, where her father worked for the government, while her mother volunteered for Mother Teresa in a leper colony and a home for unwed mothers.

Leper colony

leprosariumleper coloniesleper hospital
Her father was a navigational engineer, and when she was seven, the family moved to New Delhi, India, where her father worked for the government, while her mother volunteered for Mother Teresa in a leper colony and a home for unwed mothers.

Maternity home

home for unwed mothershomes for unwed mothersunwed mothers
Her father was a navigational engineer, and when she was seven, the family moved to New Delhi, India, where her father worked for the government, while her mother volunteered for Mother Teresa in a leper colony and a home for unwed mothers.

Himalayas

HimalayaHimalayanHimalayan Mountains
Newkirk attended a convent boarding school in the Himalayas for well-to-do Indian nationals and non-natives.

Formula One

Formula 1F1Formula One World Championship
He introduced her to Formula One racing, which—along with sumo wrestling—remains one of her great passions, according to The New Yorker: "It's sex. The first time you hear them rev their engines, my God! That noise goes straight up my spine."