traumainjuriesphysical traumatraumatictraumatic injurytraumatic injuriesinjuredinjurephysical injuryTrauma (medicine)
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.wikipedia
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Major trauma is injury that has the potential to cause prolonged disability or death.
Phenomena which commonly bring about death include aging, predation, malnutrition, disease, suicide, homicide, starvation, dehydration, and accidents or major trauma resulting in terminal injury.


A wound is a type of injury which happens relatively quickly in which skin is torn, cut, or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound).

Lightning injury

Lightning injuriesLightning burnKeraunomedicine
Lightning injuries are injuries caused by a lightning strike.


damagedInstitutional damageproperty damage
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
Damage to a living organism may be referred to as an injury.

Blast injury

blastblast injuriesblasts
A blast injury is a complex type of physical trauma resulting from direct or indirect exposure to an explosion.

Avulsion injury

avulsionAvulsion injuriesavulsions
In medicine, an avulsion is an injury in which a body structure is torn off by either trauma or surgery (from the Latin avellere, meaning "to tear off").

Catastrophic injury

catastrophic injuriescatastrophiccatastrophe
A catastrophic injury is a severe injury to the spine, spinal cord, or brain, and may also include skull or spinal fractures.

Crush injury

crush injuriescrushing injuriesCrushed
A crush injury is injury by an object that causes compression of the body.


burnsthird-degree burnsthird-degree burn
A burn is a type of injury to skin, or other tissues, caused by heat, cold, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation.


International Classification of External Causes of Injury
The International Classification of External Causes of Injury (ICECI) is a medical classification providing codes for external injuries.

Microwave burn

microwave burnsMicrowave injury
Microwave burns are burn injuries caused by thermal effects of microwave radiation absorbed in a living organism.

Toxic injury

A toxic injury is a type of injury caused by toxin.


Pathology is the study of the causes and effects of disease or injury.


A bruise, also known as a contusion, is a type of hematoma of tissue, the most common cause being capillaries damaged by trauma, causing localized bleeding that extravasate into the surrounding interstitial tissues.

Brain damage

brain injurybrain injuriesbrain lesion
A common category with the greatest number of injuries is traumatic brain injury (TBI) following physical trauma or head injury from an outside source, and the term acquired brain injury (ABI) is used in appropriate circles to differentiate brain injuries occurring after birth from injury, from a genetic disorder, or from a congenital disorder.


suicidalcommitted suicidesuicides
In the developing world rates are similar, but it makes up a smaller proportion of overall deaths due to higher rates of death from other types of trauma.

Spinal cord injury

spinal cord injuriesspinal injuryspinal injuries
In the majority of cases the damage results from physical trauma such as car accidents, gunshot wounds, falls, or sports injuries, but it can also result from nontraumatic causes such as infection, insufficient blood flow, and tumors.

Nerve injury

nerve damagePeripheral nerve injurynerve injuries
Nerve injury is injury to nervous tissue.

Diffuse axonal injury

shearing injuriesaxonal injuryAxonal stretch injury
DAI is the result of traumatic shearing forces that occur when the head is rapidly accelerated or decelerated, as may occur in car accidents, falls, and assaults.

Brachial plexus injury

brachial neuritisBackpack palsybrachial plexopathy
But in general, brachial plexus injury can be classified as either traumatic or obstetric.

Acquired brain injury

brain injuryacquired brain injuriesbrain injuries
These impairments result from either traumatic brain injury (e.g. physical trauma due to accidents, assaults, neurosurgery, head injury etc.) or nontraumatic injury derived from either an internal or external source (e.g. stroke, brain tumours, infection, poisoning, hypoxia, ischemia, encephalopathy or substance abuse).

Lisfranc injury

Lisfranc fractureLisfrancLisfranc sprain
Lisfranc injury, also known as Lisfranc fracture, is an injury of the foot in which one or more of the metatarsal bones are displaced from the tarsus.

Liver injury

liver bleedingtraumatic liver injury
A liver injury, also known as liver laceration, is some form of trauma sustained to the liver.