Aguda, Emperor Taizu of Jurchen Jin
The full picture of Shengjing area 1734
Persian miniature depicting Genghis Khan entering Beijing
An imperial portrait of Nurgaci
Liaodong (Leao-Tong) in the early Qing, surrounded by the Willow Palisade. This map, published in 1734, was based on data collected by Jesuits in the early 18th century. The capital is in Shenyang (Chinyang); most other cities mentioned in Governor Zhang's report are shown as well
The Northern Yuan at its greatest extent
The Qing Empire ca. 1820
Landsat 7 image of western Liaoning
Mongolia plateau during early 17th century
Prince Zaitao dresses in modern reformed uniform of late Qing dynasty
Shenyang, the capital of Liaoning Province
Inner Mongolia and Outer Mongolia within the Qing dynasty, c. 1820
Noblewoman Wanyan Litongji, 1900s
Dalian, second largest city in Liaoning Province
Mongols stand in front of a yurt, 1912
"Banjin Inenggi" and Manchu linguistic activity by the government and students in Changchun, 2011
Jade Buddha Temple in Anshan
Delegates of Inner Mongolia People's Congress shouting slogans
the cover of the Eight Manchu Banners' Surname-Clans' Book
Chongzheng Hall in the Mukden Palace
Inner Mongolian steppes
A musketeer wearing a queue and formal hat
Dalian Sports Center Stadium.
Topography of Inner Mongolia in China
Han and Manchu clothing coexisted during Qing dynasty
Winter in Ulanbutan Grassland, Hexigten Banner
Han Chinese clothing in early Qing
Theater in Hohhot
Han Chinese general Zhang Zhiyuan wearing Qing military outfit.
Inner Mongolia Gymnasium
Painting of the Qianlong Emperor hunting
Muslim-themed Street in Hohhot
Manchu wrestlers competed in front of the Qianlong Emperor
A KFC in Hohhot, the capital, with a bilingual street sign in Chinese and Mongolian
The performance of Manchu palace skaters on holiday
Inner Mongolian carpet c. 1870
Octagonal drum performance on stage
Temple of the White Sulde of Genghis Khan in the town of Uxin in Inner Mongolia, in the Mu Us Desert. The worship of Genghis is shared by Chinese and Mongolian folk religion.
Akšan, Manchu singer and ulabun artist
Sign of the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center
Manchu autonomous area in Liaoning.{{#tag:ref|Autonomous counties are shown in bright green. Counties with autonomous townships are in dark green, with the number of Manchu townshipin each county shown in red (or yellow). So are another 2 pictures|group=note}}
Jade dragon of the Hongshan culture (4700 BC – 2900 BC) found in Ongniud, Chifeng
Manchu autonomous area in Jilin.
Ulaanbutan grassland
Manchu autonomous area in Hebei.
Inner Mongolian grassland
Manchu Hunting party
Honorary tomb of Wang Zhaojun (born c. 50BC) in Hohhot
Manchu Hunting party
Fresco from the Liao dynasty (907–1125) tomb at Baoshan, Ar Horqin
Manchu Hunting party
Khitan people cooking. Fresco from the Liao dynasty (907–1125) tomb at Aohan
Manchu Hunting party
Remains of the city Khara-Khoto built in 1032. Located in Ejin Khoshuu, Alxa Aimag
Manchu Hunting party
Maidari Juu temple fortress ({{zh|labels=no |c=美岱召 |p=měidài zhào}}) built by Altan Khan in 1575 near Baotou
Manchu Hunting party
Newly built arch in front of the Maidari Juu temple fortress (1575)
Manchu Hunting party
Da Zhao temple (also called Ikh Zuu) built by Altan Khan in 1579
Manchu Hunting party
Badekar Monastery (1749) near Baotou, Inner Mongolia. Called Badgar Zuu in Mongolian
Manchu Hunting party
Five Pagoda temple (1727) in Hohhot
Manchu Hunting party
Badain Jaran temple (1868) in western Inner Mongolia
Manchu Hunting party
Genghis Khan Mausoleum (1954)
Manchu Hunting party
Genghis Khan Mausoleum (1954)
Alshaa mountain scenery
Alxa Western Monastery (Alshaa Baruun Hiid) built in 1756

Among them, Liaoning has the largest population and Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Inner Mongolia and Beijing have over 100,000 Manchu residents.

- Manchu people

Liaoning is also known in Chinese as "the Golden Triangle" from its shape and strategic location, with the Yellow Sea (Korea Bay and Bohai Sea) in the south, North Korea's North Pyongan and Chagang provinces in the southeast, Jilin to the northeast, Hebei to the southwest, and Inner Mongolia to the northwest.

- Liaoning

Between 1467 and 1468, the wall was expanded to protect the region from the northeast as well, against attacks from Jianzhou Jurchens (who were later to become known as the Manchu people).

- Liaoning

The Khitans were later replaced by the Jurchens, precursors to the modern Manchus, who established the Jin dynasty over Manchuria and Northern China.

- Inner Mongolia

"Inner Mongolia": This region corresponded to most of modern Inner Mongolia and some neighbouring areas in Liaoning and Jilin provinces. The banners and tribes in this region came under six leagues (chuulghan): Jirim, Juuuda, Josutu, Xilingol, Ulanqab, and Yekejuu.

- Inner Mongolia

5 related topics with Alpha


Map with historic extent of Manchuria. Inner Manchuria lies in Northeast China, coloured in red. Outer Manchuria to the north and the part today in Inner Mongolia to the west are in lighter red.


3 links

Deprecated in the People's Republic China after 1949 due to its association with Manchurian nationalism and the breakaway of Manchukuo.

Deprecated in the People's Republic China after 1949 due to its association with Manchurian nationalism and the breakaway of Manchukuo.

Map with historic extent of Manchuria. Inner Manchuria lies in Northeast China, coloured in red. Outer Manchuria to the north and the part today in Inner Mongolia to the west are in lighter red.
One of the earliest European maps using the term "Manchuria" (Mandchouria) (John Tallis, 1851). Previously, the term "Chinese Tartary" had been commonly applied in the West to Manchuria and Mongolia
1900s map of Manchuria, in pink
Climate map of Manchuria or Northeast China.
Hailang River near Hailin City in Heilongjiang
A 12th-century Jurchen stone tortoise in today's Ussuriysk
The Three Kingdoms of Korea occupied roughly half of Manchuria, 5th century AD
The Mongol Yuan province of Liaoyang included northern Korea
Manchuria is the homeland of the Jurchens who became the Manchus.
A Jurchen man hunting from his horse, from a 15th-century ink-and-color painting on silk
The Manchu-led Qing dynasty circa 1820. Later Jin area in purple line
Map showing the original border (in pink) between Manchuria and Russia according to the Treaty of Nerchinsk 1689, and subsequent losses of territory to Russia in the treaties of Aigun 1858 (beige) and Peking 1860 (red)
Harbin's Kitayskaya Street (Russian for "Chinese Street"), now Zhongyang Street (Chinese for "Central Street"), before 1945
1940 Manchukuo visa issued at Hamburg
Map of Manchukuo (1933–1945)
Map of the three provinces of Northeast China (1911) {{sfnp|EB|1911}}
Map of Manchukuo and its rail network, c.{{nbsp}}1945
Map with the historic extent of Manchuria. Inner Manchuria lies in Northeast China, colored in red. Outer Manchuria to the north and the part today in Inner Mongolia to the west are in lighter red.

(most often) Northeast China, specifically the three provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin, and Liaoning, but broadly also including the eastern Inner Mongolian prefectures of Hulunbuir, Hinggan, Tongliao, and Chifeng, and sometimes Xilin Gol;

Greater Manchuria, the region of Northeast Asia that served as the historical homeland of the Jurchens and later their descendants Manchus, which was controlled in whole by China before the Amur Annexation in 1860. The region was since then divided between China (Northeast China, also known as "Inner Manchuria") and Russia (the Amur drainage basin that is located south of the Uda River and Stanovoy Range, which is now comprised the southern part of the Russian Far East. Also known as "Russian Manchuria", "Outer Northeast" or "Outer Manchuria");


1 links

Northern province of China.

Northern province of China.

Nearly 1100-year-old Iron Lion of Cangzhou
Tricolor Duck-Shaped Cup, Tang Dynasty, unearthed from Anxin County
The Putuo Zongcheng Temple of Chengde, Hebei, built in 1771 during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor.
Hebei in 1936
Langyashan (Wolf Tooth Mountain), in Yi County
Section of the Great Wall of China at Jinshanling
Bashang Meadows in Fengning County
Downtown Shijiazhuang.
A building in downtown Zhangjiakou.
The Lingxiao Pagoda of Zhengding, Hebei Province, built in AD 1045 during the Song dynasty
Hejian-styled donkey burger
A Ding ware bowl
The Xumi Pagoda of Zhengding, Hebei province, built in 636 AD during the Tang dynasty
View of the Chengde Mountain Resort

The province is 96% Han Chinese, 3% Manchu, 0.8% Hui and 0.3% Mongol.

Hebei borders the provinces of Shanxi to the west, Henan to the south, Shandong to the southeast and Liaoning to the northeast, as well as the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to the north.


1 links

One of the three provinces of Northeast China.

One of the three provinces of Northeast China.

Winter rime trees of Jilin City
Statue of Mao Zedong in Jilin
Languages spoken in Jilin: yellow: Mandarin; blue: Korean; red: Mongolian
Changchun Stadium.

Jilin borders North Korea (Rasŏn, North Hamgyong, Ryanggang and Chagang) and Russia (Primorsky Krai) to the east, Heilongjiang to the north, Liaoning to the south, and Inner Mongolia to the west.

Jilin is inhabited by Han Chinese, Manchus, Hui, Mongols and Xibe.

1612 map by Isaac Massa showing Tingoesen landt (land of the Tungus, i.e. Evenks)

Tungusic peoples

1 links

Ethno-linguistic group formed by the speakers of Tungusic languages .

Ethno-linguistic group formed by the speakers of Tungusic languages .

1612 map by Isaac Massa showing Tingoesen landt (land of the Tungus, i.e. Evenks)
Tunguska rivers, forming the western boundary
Distribution of the Tungusic languages
Portrait of a Tungusic man by Carl Peter Mazer (1850)
The Manchu people in Fuzhou in 1915
A Manchu guard
An Evenks wooden home
Sibo Sibe military colonists (1885)
An Udege family
Tungus man in Vorogovo, Siberia (1914)
A Manchu man in traditional clothing

The Manchu originally came from Manchuria, which is now Northeast China and the Russian Far East.

The Oroqen, Solon, and Khamnigan inhabit some parts of Heilongjiang Province, Inner Mongolia, and Mongolia and may be considered as subgroups of the Evenk ethnicity, though the Solons and the Khamnigans in particular have interacted closely with Mongolic peoples (Mongol, Daur, Buryat), and they are ethnographically quite distinct from the Evenks in Russia.

A study on the Manchu population of Liaoning reported that they have a close genetic relationship and significant admixture signal with northern Han Chinese.

Xinle Ruins


0 links

Xinle Ruins
The Mukden Palace
Map of Shengjing Inner City in 1660s
Japanese-administered zone (orange) and the old Shenyang city (violet) in 1919
Zhang Zuolin's train after the Huanggutun Incident
Japanese troops entering Shenyang during Mukden Incident
People's Liberation Army Type 97 Chi-Ha tanks advancing into Shenyang during the Liaoshen Campaign
Layout of Shenyang's old city walls
Map including Shenyang (labeled as 瀋陽 SHEN-YANG (MUKDEN)) (AMS, 1956)
Aerial photograph of Shenyang
Satellite image of Shenyang-Fushun urban agglomeration
(larger western part is Shenyang, eastern part is Fushun), Landsat 5, 2010-09-29.
Map of Shenyang (labeled as SHEN-YANG) and surrounding region (1975)
Buildings along Youths Avenue (Qingnian Street, 青年大街) in southern Shenhe District
Chairman Mao statue at Zhongshan Square
Northeastern University (China) in Heping District, Shenyang
World Heritage Site: Zhao Mausoleum (Beiling park)
World Heritage Site: Fuling Tomb (Dongling Park)
Xita, world's 2nd largest Koreatown.
The arch entrance of Middle Street (Zhongjie), a 3.5 km-long pedestrian shopping strip in central Shenyang beside Mukden Palace, and is the longest shopping street in China.
The CRH5-001A EMU serving the Beijing–Shenyang high-speed railway
Shenyangbei Railway Station
The old Liaoning General Station
Shenyang Railway Station
Shenyang's districts, landmarks and major roads
G1 Beijing-Harbin Expressway, Shenyang segment
Taoxian International Airport
Hunnan Tram, a CRV 70% Low-Floor Tram serving Hunnan District
Shenyang Metro Line 1
Korean-Chinese style barbecue in mud brazier (泥炉烧烤) is exclusively in Shenyang
9.18 Historical Museum
Shenyang East Pagoda

Shenyang (, ; ; Mandarin pronunciation: ), formerly known as Fengtian or by its Manchu name Mukden, is a major Chinese sub-provincial city and the provincial capital of Liaoning province.

The Manchu people conquered Shenyang in the 17th century and briefly used it as the capital of Qing-dynasty China.

The county borders the Faku County to the south, the prefecture-level cities of Tieling to the east, Fuxin to the southwest and Inner Mongolia's Tongliao to the north.